Total area: 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 38,813,722 (growth rate: 1.88%); birth rate: 23.99/1000; infant mortality rate: 21.76/1000; life expectancy: 76.39; density per sq mi: 42.2
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Algiers, 2,916,000
Other large cities: Oran, 783,000; Constantine, 530,100; Batna, 278,100; Annaba, 246,700
Nearly four times the size of Texas and the largest country on the continent, Algeria is bordered on the west by Morocco and Western Sahara and on the east by Tunisia and Libya. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north, and to the south are Mauritania, Mali, and Niger. The Saharan region, which is 85% of the country, is almost completely uninhabited. The highest point is Mount Tahat in the Sahara, which rises 9,850 ft (3,000 m)
A citadel was built over the camp in 1145 and has been one of the town's centrepieces ever since. The Zianide ruler Yaghmorassen moved his residence inside the Mechouar walls in the early 14th century and a mosque was built in the 1310s. The Ottoman admiral Barbarossa used it as his stronghold in the 16th century and the French followed suit after the fall of Tlemcen, using it as a barracks and hospital. Today the Mechouar offers a place of peace inside its massive walls and across its broad
The villa was built by Mustafa Pasha , during the Ottoman period, in the middle of the 18th century, it served as a very luxurious hotel that was designed to receive rich and noble of foreign compounds and especially British travelers . The villa Brossette is currently occupied by the CPRA (National Agency of Great Achievements Management Projects of Culture)
Photograph by George Steinmetz, National Geographic.
This triumphal arch awed visitors to the city of Thamugadi, founded by the emperor Trajan around A.D. 100 as a civilian settlement near the fort of Lambaesis. The grooves left by wagon and chariot wheels can still be seen in the stone road.