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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)
The Walls of Constantinople are a series of stone walls that have surrounded and protected the city of Constantinople (today Istanbul in Turkey) since its founding as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. With numerous additions and modifications during their history, they were the last great fortification system of Antiquity, and one of the most complex and elaborate systems ever built.

Initially built by Constantine the Great, the walls surrounded the new city on all sides, protecting it against attack from both sea and land. As the city grew, the famous double line of the Theodosian Walls was built in the 5th century. Although the other sections of the walls were less elaborate, when well manned, they were almost impregnable for any medieval besieger, saving the city, and the Byzantine Empire with it, during sieges from the Avars, Arabs, Rus', and Bulgars, among others (see Sieges of Constantinople). Only the advent of gunpowder siege cannons rendered the fortifications obsolete, resulting in the final siege and fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans on May 29th 1453.

The walls were largely maintained intact during most of the Ottoman period, until sections began to be dismantled in the 19th century, as the city outgrew its medieval boundaries. Despite the subsequent lack of maintenance, many parts of the walls survived and are still standing today. A large-scale restoration programme has been under way in the past twenty years, which allows the visitor to appreciate their original appearance
Map showing Constantinople and its walls during the Byzantine era

The restored Gate of Charisius or Adrianople Gate, where Sultan Mehmed II entered the city.

Theodosian Walls

The Second Military Gate or Gate of Belgrade

The sinister Yedikule today

The section of the Theodosian Walls that adjoins the walls of Blachernae, with the Palace of Porphyrogenitus in the background, as they appear today in suburban Istanbul.

3-D Model of the Walls

Sea Walls don´t exist anymore,in the background Hagia Sofia and Hagia Eirene


Strange User
13,906 Posts
Yes obviously restoration worked well, and the restored pieces are easily recognized, but i guess we can't have everything, by the way what happened to the sea walls dismantled or just time destroyed them?
On the south, except Topkapı Palace and Cankurtaran (south of Sultanhamet Square) Zone , all of them mainly destroyed at 1950's and sea is filled, old harbor disapeared and John F. Kennedy Avanue constructed.

On the north along the Golden horn, partly destoryed along the hitory (mainly during the re-construction of the city by Mehmet II The Conqueror) but there are some pieces at Balat.

the magnificent
972 Posts
A while ago, there were news about closing that area into traffic so tourists and people could enjoy the historical scene more. Also they said that they would re-built some of the historical structures over there. But i have no idea what happened to that project. :nuts:
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