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When it comes to aesthetic aspects, cultural and traditional costumes of the Vietnamese people often think of the ao dai and conical hats, in fact, go through each period, each period along with changes process of historical development, ao dai Vietnam existed over time, is considered the traditional costume carrying a long history of the Vietnamese people.



Back through time to find the roots, Vietnamese ao dai pictures with two slender dress in the wind has been found through the carvings on the drum of the Dong Son and artifacts thousands of years now (2879.BC -258.BC):
Dress shown on the ancient Vietnamese Dong Son earn.
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Legend has it that when the battle broke elephant, Hai Ba Trung (40-43.AD) was wearing two gold borders on evil, golden mask. Because both her honor, ancient Vietnamese women avoid wearing clothing that we are instead themselves.

Over time, ranging from 17th century to the 19th century, formal appearance to appear and give you more power, where urban women was the contingent variations suit dress came from the four bodies to demonstrate wealth and social status of women. Just as a rule, dress is also associated with historical events, the ao dai is the army itself could not stop the traditional costume of Vietnam.

Long dress themselves.

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In the book "Nouvelle Relation de la Mission des Peres de la Compagnie de Jesus au Royaume de la Cochinchine", published in Lille in 1631, Borri clergy have clearly described the dress of the Vietnamese in early 17th century: "The Six years is wearing a long coat, dress shirt covered it the other, each one color ... The few classes under your belt coat is cut into long strips. When traveling, the band is pretty sweeping in eyes ... "

Perhaps Borri clergy have mistaken the mantle of the ancient Vietnamese people wear when outside. In fact external several layers of clothing were cut into long strips below the waist that clergy Borri mention only a Siamese lotus, or a place called paddle pool bar, which the ancients wore chest or below the waist external tunic. Siam has three or four layers of silk garments overlap. The longest range in the same class, then the outer layer becomes progressively shorter. Jade Girl statue carved from the 17th century at Dau Pagoda, Bac Ninh, is the clearest evidence for the dress, the solution lotus, and the question of need Borri clergy have entries from the previous four centuries.
Jade Girl Statue (17th Century)

1819, dress of the people still like the clergy saw in Thuan Quang Borri from more than two centuries earlier with black silk trousers and long garments close to the ankle.

Until the early 20th century, most urban women dress according to the appliance are in the body, or in evil. Body before and after each coat has two flaps, sewn together along the life jacket. Add to that the evil Thursday at right, in front. Sewing sleeves below the elbow connector because the fabrics are woven on the old width is only 40cm. Neck, arms and upper body clothing is often nude, and then wide from sewing dresses rib and chit waist to bear. Garments bear hammock, tie a very large, averaging about 80 centimeters. High-collar only about 2 - 3cm.

Particularly in the north around the year 1910 - 1920, more women may prefer a 3 cm defect on the right side of the collar, and button-neck out there differences. How will the collar open for more attractive and also to look more round beads jewelry.

Much of the old days are long dress double garment, ie a backing garment. Permeable layer in the same sweat shirt, so the application of fabric sewn to the white color is not afraid of being alone, easy to wash. Dual wearing a shirt with a vest in a single dress was a tangle of three. Width, sewing clothes, with low usage. That early, most women from South to North are wearing black pants with a tunic, while women prefer white shorts again Hue. Especially the elite in Hue or even three types of clothing scattered, ie along the edge of the pants are made with three times fold, so when traveling pants will spread more widely.

In the 1930s and 1940s, how long dress has not changed much, bears often sewn on dress ankle about 20 cm, are usually worn with white or black pants.

The first innovation

Some stylists dress began to appear at this stage, but they just give up almost the connection between life jacket, because Western textile fabrics of a width more. Garment sleeve is connected. The most famous was at home sewing Lisianthus Hang Da Street in Hanoi. This designer in 1939 to launch a European style of dress him. Le Mur shirt dress remains the connection may not live below. But heart-shaped collar cut. Once, she was fitted jacket and a bow in front of the neck. Sleeve garments hold hands at shoulder connection. Sewing buttons on the shoulder and along the right side. But this suit only exist until about 1943.
Hanoi girls dress old with Lemur
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By about 1950, began rib dress has waist garment. The tailors then cut dress has always subtle body. The wider body shirt body shirt before, according to body hugging shirt designs without chit waist. Narrower cut skirt. The body jacket was cut short in gradually from this period. High start up collar, while the bear is lowered.

Long dresses are changed the most in the '60s, began sewing clothes scattered long waist, high waist dress cut up. Bear this dress straight horizontal cut and sew close to ankle length. Many people then also cut long dress with round neck. Toward the end of the '60s, mini dress became fashionable. May narrow and short skirt, sometimes to the knee, larger garments, not chit waist anymore, but keep curves under the body. Low-down collar 3cm. Garment sleeves were rolled out. Especially during this time period, starting long sleeve Raglan cut way to the chest and sleeves hold more wrinkle less, but cheaper fabric. Sleeve is connected to the body from the shoulder cross. Long pants with bears apparel to 60cm wide and often lined with three layers. By the '90s, long dress is back, more sophisticated, more elegant and start thinking of the International Friends as a symbol of women in Vietnam.

(Doremon360 synthesized from the author's article and Dung Nguyen Thuy Mai design, additional material and pictures collection)
 
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