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ASEAN l Defence and Military Issued

93382 Views 556 Replies 59 Participants Last post by  Kopassus
Kepada SSCI Forum dan moderator ijinkan saya untuk memulai thread ini, semua perkembangan berita pertahanan dan isu-isu lainnya dari negara-negara asean. mengingat thread yang sama dengan judul yang berbeda di sub-forum sebelah berakhir tragis dengan serangan-serangan brutal dari negara api 1 tahun yang lalu. :cheers:

Note: no harsh comment, no personal attack, no wikipedia, no global power source, no country vs country who's the best in defense.

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TNI Navy KRI Nanggala Submarine

Byline: Gordon Arthur / Hong Kong

One of the more poorly equipped Asia-Pacific militaries is the Philippines, but even this money-starved force is calling for submarines to be fielded for deterrence effect. Earlier this year the Philippine Navy outlined the structure of its envisioned future fleet, and it included three submarines. However, such underwater ‘force multipliers’ are extremely costly to buy and operate, as Malaysia found out this with its two Scorpènes. Their purchase cost MYR4.3 billion, but maintaining them for the first five years alone is budgeted at MYR3 billion! Although a Philippine acquisition of submarines may sound far-fetched, it does demonstrate the regional rush to field these underwater assets. In actuality, the Philippines does not have to rely on purchasing its own submarines, for its closest ally possesses the world’s most capable fleet.

In September, USS Hawaii, a Virginia-class attack boat, motored into Subic Bay and moored alongside the tender USS Emory S. Land. This may not seem a particularly significant event, but taken in context, it was. This was the third visit of a US Navy (USN) submarine to Subic Bay since May. US officials described the visit as routine, but it is indicative of the shadowy work submarines are performing in Asian waters where territorial disputes have become extremely heated. The USA’s “strategic pivot” announced by President Barack Obama last November is already a reality. Significantly, Subic Bay is the closest friendly port for USN warships monitoring the extensive People’s Liberation Navy (PLAN) submarine base on Hainan Island. It is unclear what US forces are doing under the waves, but more than 50% of USN attack submarine missions are typically in the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) arena. The region’s maritime domain is becoming increasingly complicated and busy.

The ‘surge’
Conventional submarines are small enough to approach enemy coastlines and conduct spying missions such as tapping undersea cables or electronically eavesdropping on targets ashore. They can also transport elite teams of Special Forces. These boats rely on stealth, and loaded with torpedoes and missiles, they can threaten surface fleets in times of combat. This article looks at the region’s ‘submarine surge’, as well as discussing some of the technologies available for new-build and older vessels.

The USN is shifting its balance of power from the Atlantic to the Pacific. By 2020, 60% of American submarines will be based in the Pacific, including some of its most advanced designs. Presently, about 31 attack boats are in the Pacific, utilising bases at Hawaii, Guam and Japan. An American submarine typically stays on station for 60 days, but dedicated tenders allow submarines to forward deploy and conduct long-term missions.

It is not just the USA that is bringing more submarines to Asia-Pacific waters. One American defence industry representative described Asian countries as “joining the poker game”. For instance, the archipelagic nation of Indonesia confirmed a US $1.4 billion contract with DSME in August 2012 for three Type 209/1200 boats. This makes South Korea Asia’s first submarine exporter. Another Southeast Asian country increasing its submarine fleet is Vietnam. Hanoi ordered six Russian Kilo-class submarines, armaments and associated infrastructure in December 2009 for US $3.2 billion, with first delivery due next year. In addition, a highly strategic submarine base is being built at Cam Ranh on the southeast coast with Russian assistance.

Submarine type
Country Conventional Nuclear-Powered Coastal/Inshore
Australia 6 - -
China 52 6 -
Indonesia 2 (+3) - -
Japan 18 (+4) - -
Malaysia 2 - -
North Korea 22 - 48
Russia 18 - -
Singapore 5 - -
South Korea 11 - 12
Taiwan 4 - -
Vietnam (+6) - 2
US Navy Pacific Fleet - 39 -
Note: numbers in brackets refer to confirmed future acquisitions.
Figure 1 - Regional submarine inventories

When it comes to Western submarine manufacturers, choices are relatively limited. The most successful products are the German Type 209 and Russian Project 877/636 Kilo designs. The major producers of diesel-electric craft are Navantia in Spain, Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW) in Germany, Kockums in Sweden and DCNS in France. Politics have always played an important role in selling submarines, and the above limited palette is troublesome to Taiwan. No European manufacturer or government is willing to run the gauntlet of Chinese fury by selling Taipei new platforms. Nor is the USA in a position to help since American shipbuilders have not dallied in diesel-electric boat construction for half a century.

Taking a Los Angeles-class fast attack submarine as an example, we gain a picture of the complex level of equipment required to fit out a hull. For starters, the American craft has a BQQ-5 active/passive sonar suite, BQS-15 detecting and ranging sonar, WLR-8V(2) electronic support measures (ESM) receiver, WLR-9 acoustic receiver for detecting active-search sonar and acoustic homing torpedoes, BRD-7 radio direction finder, BPS-15 radar and WLR-10 countermeasures set.

The ‘nerve centre’ of a submarine is its combat management system that controls and integrates sensors and weapons. An American staple is the Raytheon AN/BYG-1 Combat Control System. Australia has been modernising its Collins class with the AN/BYG-1(V)8 under Project SEA 1439 Phase 4A, and HMAS Waller was the first to receive an initial operational release in 2008. Indeed, such submarine modernisation programmes are just as important to defence contractors as new-builds, especially as defence budgets become tighter. For example, Lockheed Martin is fitting Submarine Integrated Combat System (SUBICS) modules in each of Taiwan’s two Hai Lung submarines. The scalable SUBICS can be forward-or back-fitted, and Spain is also inserting it in its S-80 boats.

Several European combat management systems are on offer too. Kongsberg offers the MSI-90U Mk 2, based on an earlier version fitted on German, Italian and Norwegian submarines. Meanwhile Saab is building a new-generation system for the Swedish Navy. French manufacturer DCNS has its generic SUBTICS available for the Scorpène. SUBTICS has been installed on more than 40 submarines to date, including Indian, Malaysian, Pakistani and Singaporean vessels. Atlas Electronik offers the ISUS 90, while BAE Systems has the SMCS NG.

Submarines are benefitting greatly from new technologies such as air-independent propulsion (AIP) and optronic masts. Kollmorgen is the sole designer and manufacturer of optronic masts for all modern-day US submarines, with the first fitted to a Virginia-class boat in 2004. On an optronic mast, a digital array replaces mechanical, line-of-sight periscopes; this has the advantage of freeing up space and reducing the risk of leakage. Such electro-optical masts include high-resolution electronic imaging and integrated sensor packaging such as ESM, direction-finding and communication antennas. Sagem is now offering the optronic Series 30 Search Mast System, while Britain’s Astute class uses similar masts from Thales Optronics. Japan licence-produces the Thales Optronic Mast, which was the company’s first export sale. In Asia, only China and Japan have the technological wherewithal to produce electro-optical, sonar sensors and combat management systems – though South Korea is not far behind - so export opportunities abound for specialist-product firms.

On the horizon is the mating of submarines with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV). Sweden’s new 1,800-ton A26 due later this decade, for example, has an integrated ‘multi-mission portal’ for swimmers and UUVs. Gabler Maschinenbau in Germany has developed the TRIPLE-M mast system that can accommodate a VOLANS UAV launcher.

Air-independent propulsion
AIP is essential for modern conventional submarines. Without snorting, a submarine can stay beneath the surface for an average of 100 hours whilst operating at 4 knots. AIP can at least triple this endurance. Three Western AIP systems are on the market – the Module d’Energie Sous-Marine Autonome (MESMA) from France (since 2007), Stirling as used by Sweden, Singapore and Japan (1990), and Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells as used by Germany, Spain and South Korea (2005). The latter is considered the most efficient. In its ‘National Defence Programme Guidelines, Fiscal Year 2011’, Japan announced it was enlarging its diesel-electric fleet from 16 to 22 platforms. Japan operates one of the youngest submarine fleets in the world and the latest type is the 84m-long, 2,900-ton Soryu class. Its enhanced length was necessary to accommodate a Kockums Stirling 4V-275R Mk-III AIP system. Four boats have been commissioned to date, and more will join the Japanese fleet in 2013, 2015 and 2016.

Singapore currently operates three ex-Swedish Challenger-class submarines that are being supplemented by two second-hand 1,500-ton Archer-class craft. RSS Archer was commissioned in December 2011 while the second’s arrival is imminent. They were retrofitted with the same Kockums Stirling AIP system via a 12m plug in their hulls. Their combat data, weapon control, flank array and mine/obstacle avoidance sonar systems were all modernised too.

China has also employed locally developed AIP systems in its Type 041 Yuan class that is set to be a mainstay of the PLAN fleet. Pakistan has three Khalid-class Agosta 90B diesel-electric boats, with the final one procured possessing the MESMA. Interestingly, this is the only boat worldwide with MESMA to date, but it is also being retrofitted to the first two Pakistani boats. The Pakistan Navy also has two older Agosta 70 types, and in 2010 DCNS was contracted to upgrade them with SUBTICS. In 2006, Pakistan announced a requirement for six new SSKs to replace its Agosta 70s and it has opted to cooperate with China in buying AIP-equipped submarines.

Whilst on the topic of China, PLAN submarines do not venture far from shore very often, and the navy’s anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capability is comparatively weak. For example, no dedicated indigenous ASW helicopter is yet in Chinese service. Gary Li, an analyst with Exclusive Analysis, stated: “From the longer strategic point of view, regional submarine fleets are not going to be a threat within the next five to ten years. So China’s strategists probably think they have three or four years of breathing space before they have to seriously start expanding ASW capabilities.”

As well as needing propulsion and sensors, a submarine must also be armed in order to wield any deterrence value. A number of armaments are available – torpedoes, missiles and sea mines. An American Los Angeles-class attack submarine has four 533mm torpedo tubes and a payload of 37 Mk 48 torpedoes, Mk 67 Submarine-Launched Mobile Mines (SLMM) or Mk 60 CAPTOR mines, plus a twelve-tube vertical launcher system (VLS) able to fire Tomahawk land attack cruise missiles (LACM) and Harpoon anti-ship missiles.

Torpedoes are of two types – lightweight and heavyweight. The heavyweight torpedo typically has a 530mm diameter, and this semi-autonomous weapon is primarily an anti-submarine weapon today. Modern examples include the Whitehead Alenia Sistemi Subacquei (WASS) Black Shark, BAE Systems Spearfish and Atlas Electronik DM2A4. Pakistan uses the latter and Singapore the former, for example. After swapping to Atlas Electronik as a new partner, DCNS is developing the F21 with an expected release date of 2016. As a replacement for the incumbent F17 Mod2, the F21 is being marketed as the world’s most advanced torpedo.

Regionally, LIG Nex1 in South Korea has manufactured the K731 Baeksangeo since 2000, and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in Japan developed the Type 89. The Chinese Yu-6 is regarded as the equivalent of the American Mk 48. Speaking of the Mk 48, the US has co-developed the Mk 48 Mod 7 CBASS with Australia, and a Collins class successfully fired one in 2008. Russia has the versatile wake-homing UGST that weighs 2,200kg. India’s Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL) is developing Varunastra heavyweight and Thakshak thermal torpedoes. The Varunastra weighs 1.25 tonnes and is ready to commence trials.

On the other hand, lightweight torpedoes are around 324mm in diameter and are usually reserved for anti-submarine operations by surface combatants and airborne platforms. One third-generation example is the EuroTorp MU90/IMPACT, widely regarded as the world’s most advanced lightweight torpedo.

Malaysia was thus the first Asian power to acquire underwater-launched anti-ship missiles. Its Scorpène boats are equipped with MBDA SM39 Exocet missiles, and Malaysia’s first subsurface test-firing took place in mid-2010. Pakistan is the only other Asian country to use the submarine-launched Exocet, but India will join it once it fields its six Scorpène submarines beginning in 2015. They will also be equipped with Black Shark torpedoes and India is debating whether to fit AIP to its last two boats. India is also planning six Project 75I submarines that are expected to boast supersonic BrahMos cruise missiles. Indian Kilo-class and newly leased Akula-class boats carry Novator 3M-54E1 anti-ship missiles plus 3M-14 LACM of the Klub-S system.

Boeing’s Harpoon is widely used by allies of the USA, and the submarine version is deployed by Australia, Japan, Taiwan and South Korea. Taiwan’s two Dutch-built submarines have been modified to fire UGM-84L Block II Harpoons. The most capable American system is the Raytheon UGM-109E Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM Block IV) with a 1,700km range. The only other country to use the Tomahawk is the United Kingdom, although Australia is reportedly interested.

Germany is working on the torpedo tube-launched, 20km-range IDAS missile that can shoot down ASW helicopters, as well as attack warships and coastal targets. Based on the IRIS-T air-to-air missile, it is being developed by Diehl BGT Defence and HDW, and is expected to join the German Navy in 2014. IDAS is the world’s first system that allows submerged submarines to engage air threats. Another German innovation is the HDW Muraena mast-mounted automatic gun system featuring a Mauser RMK 30mm cannon. It can fire from periscope depth, and the gun itself is accommodated within the submarine superstructure. Muraena will form part of Gabler’s TRIPLE-M mast system in the future Type 216 submarine. Meanwhile, HDW is upgrading Israel’s three Dolphin submarines with Rafael’s Torbuster, a fourth-generation hard-kill decoy that seduces incoming torpedoes through acoustic deception.

Local production
South Korea is growing into a formidable naval power on the back of indigenous construction. The Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN) is pursuing a three-phase programme, the first of which involved nine license-produced Type 209/1200 craft. After an international competition, Sagem was selected last year to modernise them with Sigma 40XP inertial navigation systems. Type 214s are being inducted under phase two, and three 1,860-ton boats were ordered in 2000 equipped with Thales SPHINX-D radar plus Thales X-band satcom terminals. In 2007, the government announced an intention to buy six more Type 214 boats fitted with Siemens PEM fuel cells that offer a three-week underwater endurance. The first craft should be delivered by 2014. The pinnacle of South Korea’s programme is the domestically designed KSS-III that will carry vertically launched Hyunmoo-3 cruise missiles, although first delivery has been put back till 2020. Samsung Thales has been tasked with developing this new type’s combat management system.

Australia opted for local construction of its six Collins-class submarines, each of which can carry 22 Mk 48 Mod 7 CBASS torpedoes or UGM-84C Harpoons. These submarines have proved unsatisfactory in terms of cost, technology and maintenance, so it will be intriguing to see what decisions occur regarding the acquisition of twelve new boats under Project SEA 1000. Will Australia again pursue a high-risk pathway of indigenous design and production, or will it opt for a more established platform? While the ability to mix and match different systems and armaments sounds attractive, the Collins-class experiment serves as a warning to the unwary. Military off-the-shelf contenders for the Australian programme are the DCNS Scorpène, Navantia S-80, HDW Type 212A/214 and Japanese Soryu class.

A regional proliferation in submarines is occurring, one that will enthuse submarine manufacturers and numerous specialist suppliers. Indeed, the Asia-Pacific area is expected to account for some 23.6% of the international market between now and 2021. Furthermore, one by-product of the American strategic shift is that we may expect more training between allied navies, something the USA already does regularly with Australia, Japan and South Korea. As one former USN submariner remarked, “It’s going to get quite crowded out there.”
^^ gak ada yang licik kok, siapa cepat dia dapat. kalo emang mau mandiri dan maju.

di boeing dengar-dengar ada 30 orang indonesia, 4 orang di antaranya pegang posisi penting. di embraer brazil juga ada, sama di Iran juga, bayarannya mahal kalo di iran.
^^ cerita lama, kebanyakan rakyat indonesia tau itu saya rasa. sinetron politic lebih menarik ketimbangan ngurusin hal-hal yang berguna buat negara.
T-50 Indonesia aerobatic team, this aircraft will be joint in TNI Airforce independence day april 2013. not yet for delivery, still in south korea.

the paint remind me the U.S Navy blue angels aerobatic team. -_-
Whats the difference between Rimau and Anoa?
correct if i'm wrong, Rimau 6x6 engine is mercedes, while anoa is renault.
Japan FM to visit Philippines for Coast Guard Ships in Spartlys

Kyodo reported yesterday as Japanese Foreign Minister Kishida lining up visit to Philippines to meet his counterpart Foreign Secretary del Rosario.

Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida plans to go to the Philippines in his first overseas trip as a member of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's Cabinet, government sources said.

His visit, which could begin as early as Wednesday, has been arranged as part of Abe's efforts to strengthen Japan's ties with members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations at a time when China is asserting its territorial and other claims in the region with increasing forcefulness.

Kishida is expected to discuss bilateral cooperation on maritime security, including the possible provision of coast guard vessels, with his Philippine counterpart, Alberto del Rosario.
Six Foreign Countries offering Frigates to the Philippines

MANILA - At least six foreign countries are offering frigates to the Philippines after the Department of National Defense (DND) expressed interest in purchasing at least two more warships to boost territorial defense amid the dispute at West Philippine Sea.

Fernando Manalo, Defense Undersecretary for finance, munitions, installations and materiel, disclosed that aside from Italy, countries that are offering their frigates are South Korea, Spain, United States, Israel, Croatia, and Australia.

Manalo said that earlier, the Philippines is only eyeing the refurbished Maestrale-class frigates from the Italian navy worth over P11 billion, but more countries have made their offers in the latter part of 2012.

“Other countries are now just being convinced that the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) is serious in its efforts to make itself stronger and more credible,” Manalo said.

Manalo further disclosed that some of the countries were offering brand new frigates. He added that the DND is still in the process of conducting studies to determine which type of frigate will be best for the country.

He said the department hopes to come up with a decision by the end of January. “Within this month something must happen,” Manalo said.

“Due diligence is being exercised here because we are talking of billions of pesos,” he added.

Meanwhile, the AFP’s Western Command has not monitored any Chinese vessels on disputed territories at West Philippine Sea.

Air reconnaissance conducted Thursday showed no signs of Chinese warships, said Lieutenant General Juancho Sabban, Western Command commander.

“As per information from my commanders, we conducted aerial recon (Thursday), we didn’t see any of the new vessels that China said they will deploy to West Philippine Sea, and I understand also that from reports (that) China already retracted its statement that they will board and search all vessels passing through West Philippine Sea. I think this is a good development,” Sabban said.


semoga beli..
US drone came from Guam, says embassy

US spy plane bumagsak, narekober sa Ticao, Masbate
by Mr. Bok Borsaga

MANILA - (UPDATE, 1 p.m.) The United States-made drone recovered off Masbate last Sunday was used in a military exercise in Guam, the US embassy here said Tuesday.

"The unarmed target drone that washed ashore off the coast of Masabate Island is an expended BQM-74E Aerial Target drone that was launched from the USS Chafee (DDG 90) during exercise Valiant Shield 2012 on September 19, 2012 off the coast of Guam," the US embassy said.

"It appears that ocean currents brought the drone to where it washed ashore last week off Masbate Island," it said.

The Armed Forces of the Philippines, in a separate statement, said the drone could have just drifted to Philippine waters due to "strong currents and weather disturbances that frequent the Pacific."

"We sent an EOD (explosives and ordnance team) team for initial investigations on the navy drone. The EOD team found that the drone already has some barnacles and assessed it to be safe for transport," said AFP spokesman Col. Arnulfo Burgos.

Local police earlier reported the recovery of the drone, which was a BGM-74E Chukar III. Fishermen found the drone floating off the waters of Ticao Island Sunday morning and thought it was a bomb.

"The AFP maintains that the drone found in Masbate is not a spy plane but an aerial target drone. Its orange color and US Navy logo suggests that it is used primarily to simulate enemy missiles and aircraft during exercises," Burgos said.

The drone is now with the Naval Forces Southern Luzon.

just curious what uncle sam doing, near that area :D
myanmar navy launching 2 vessel with stealth technology

Fregat F12

Built in Rangoon shipyard navy,F12 know as UMS Kyansittha with Russia and China armament. no more than 4 year, myanmar engineer navy succeed acquistion stealth technology design. F12 has the same hull with F11 UMS Aung Zeya was made in 2008.
the armament for myanmar new vessel still the same like F11 UMS Aung zeya, 76mm oto melara super rapid gun, CIWS 4x6 barrel, 30mm AK630, anti-submarine torpedo launcher 324mm Yu-7 and anti-ship missile 2x2 C-602.

F-11 UMS Aung Zeya

FAC-M (Fast attact missile Craft)

Myanmar navy already operates 6 FAC-M houxin class from china since 1990. and futher build their own FAC-M on their dry dock. and then know as FAC-M 5 Series up to 5 units.

while for the armament, the main canon 2x30mm AK230, cannon anti-air attack 2x14.5mm Type 69 4 anti-ship launcher missile C-802.


Rolling eyes...PT.PAL :lol:
Vietnam 2nd Kilo Class Submarine Launched

On December 28, 2012 at JSC "Admiralty Shipyards" in St. Petersburg, was taken out of the factory and launched the second built for the Vietnamese Navy large diesel-electric submarine of Project 06361 - "HQ-183 Hồ Chí Minh" (construction number 01340). The boat was laid down in the workshop № 12 "Admiralty Shipyards" on September 28, 2011.

The contract for the construction of Vietnamese six submarines 06361 to about $ 2 billion dollars was awarded by "Rosoboronexport" in December 2009. Given the construction of infrastructure, supply of arms and other total cost of the agreement reached 4 billion.

First boat for Vietnam "HQ Hà Nội" (building number 01339) was founded on the "Admiralty Shipyards" August 24, 2010, launched on August 28, 2012, and went to the factory test runs on December 3, 2012. Currently "Hà Nội" is in the port of Svetly near Kaliningrad, in January it should start training Vietnamese crew. Transfer of the boats to Vietnamese Navy is scheduled for August 2013.

envy with vietnam navy :(
Pangkalan Militer Jiran..
Philippine Coast Guard to receive 10 patrol boats from Japan
By Tina G. Santos
Philippine Daily Inquirer
4:41 pm | Saturday, January 12th, 2013

MANILA, Philippines–The Philippine Coast Guard is set to hire some 300 new personnel to man 10 new patrol boats expected to arrive from Japan.

PCG spokesman Commander Armand Balilo said they would prioritize applicants who would fit the qualifications of those who will man the new acquisitions.

“We need to recruit people with maritime-related courses such as marine engineers and marine navigation course. But we would also be needing technical experts such as those who have mechanical, welding and electrical skills or background,” said Balilo.

Foreign Affairs Secretary Albert Del Rosario discussed with Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida, during the latter’s visit early this week, a loan agreement for the Philippines’ procurement of 10 multi-role response vessels for the Coast Guard.

The new patrol vessels, which are expected to arrive in 2014, are expected to boost the country’s territorial defense in the West Philippine Sea.

PCG usually accepts applicants who finished even non-maritime-related courses.

“But we should now prepare for our new assets. We should prepare the right people or the crew and asset management team who would be in charge of our new vessels’ maintenance,” Balilo explained.

He added that they have one year to hire the needed personnel, who would be assigned for deck operation, navigation, gunnery and engineering.

Those who would be selected would undergo one-year training on board the new ships.
lumayan... :)
^^ boleh deh, PNG, TL, australia, palau, india tetangga jauh. sebenarnya sih lebih seru klo dibawa ke sub-forum asia. tapi thread yang dulu berakhir tragis, digembok gara2 LCS. T_T
^^ kalo ke sub-forum asia data2 yang keluar dari wikipedia, globalpower. senyum2 sendiri gw. :D

BREAKING NEWS: Malaysia in standoff with “Royal Sulu Sultanate Army”

Malaysia's government security forces have surrounded 80 to 100 of suspected Philippine “heavily armed” militants in Lahad Datu, Sabah.

Malaysia’s national police chief Ismail Omar was quoted as saying the militants had declared themselves followers of “a descendant of the Sultan of Sulu.”

Earlier Thursday Malaysia Prime Minister Najib Razak was quoted saying police were negotiating with the gunmen “to get the group to leave peacefully to prevent bloodshed”.

Philippine officials, said Manila is trying to get information about on going standoff and was in touch with Kuala Lumpur. Also added that the Filipinos are unarmed and had been promised land in Sabah.

According to source, Royal Army of Sulu aim to push for the recovery of Sabah as part of the Sulu Sultanate.
Versions differ in Malaysia, Philippines border standoff

(Reuters) - Malaysian security forces have surrounded about 100 armed men believed to be from a breakaway rebel faction in the southern Philippines, Malaysian police and a government official said on Thursday, but a Philippine official said they were unarmed Filipinos who had been promised land.
Thai insurgents attack army base, troops kill 16

(Reuters) - A pre-dawn raid on a Thai military base ended with 16 Muslim insurgents killed on Wednesday in the deadliest violence in the country's south in nine years, marking a dangerous escalation in one of Asia's least-known conflicts.

Stacey Kent-what the world needs now is Love.
sayang dilewatkan, padahal lagi panas2nya ini. menunggu tanggapan dari teman2 SSCI Indonesia.

Malaysian forces open fire on Pinoys in Sabah, Sulu Sultan's brother claims

March 1, 2013 10:20am
(UPDATED 12:10 p.m.) — Malaysian security forces on Friday morning started firing at a group of Filipinos holed up in a village in Sabah, the brother of Sulu Sultan Jamalul Kiram III said.

In his first interview with radio dzBB on Friday at around 10:00 a.m., Raja Muda Agbimuddin Kiram, the leader of the group in Sabah, said they were being shot at and had to "defend" themselves.

"Biglang pumasok sa amin, we had to defend ourselves," Raja said.

Asked what time the Malaysian forces allegedly moved in, Raja said, "oras na ito (at this time)."

Reached for a comment, Department of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Raul Hernandez said "we are still validating as of the moment."

Hernandez said they only found out about the shooting from news reports.

The Malaysian Embassy through Raveendran Nair, First Secretary of Information and Public Diplomacy told GMA News Online, "At the moment, the embassy has no comment. The embassy will not issue a statement on the matter."

Meanwhile, radio dzBB's Carlo Mateo reported that President Benigno Aquino III has summoned Justice Secretary Leila de Lima to a meeting amid reports about the alleged fighting in Sabah.

De Lima said the Philippine government has to be careful in giving statements on the matter at this time.

Gunshots in the background

Sounds of gunshots were heard in the background while the interview was being conducted. The first interview was cut, however.

However, in a report aired over GMA's News TV Live, reporter Mariz Umali quoted Kiram's spokesman Abe Idjirani in Manila as saying that Malaysian forces began surrounding the Filipinos at around 6:00 a.m.

He likewise said the first shot "was done by Malaysian police authorities."

"We would like to bring into your attention to an advice of our sultan his royal highness Jamal Kiram III that the hope that we had for nearly three weeks for a peaceful resolution of the Sabah standoff resulted now into the first fire perpetrated by the Malaysian police authorities," he said in an interview earlier in the day in Manila.

Wounded Filipinos

In a second interview with radio dzBB on Friday, Raja said he had received reports some of his men were wounded but said there will be no retreat or call for a ceasefire.

"Meron na," he said in an interview on dzBB radio when asked if some of his men had been wounded, several moments after a first interview was cut off.

When asked if there were members of the Malaysian police who were wounded, he said, "ewan ko."

In the News TV Live report, however, Umali said Raja claimed that two of their men were already wounded.

Shots were still heard in the background in the second interview with Raja.

When asked what his immediate plans were, he said, "lalaban."

He added that he himself was trading shots with the Malaysian forces. "Tuloy pa rin," he added.

When asked if he would call a ceasefire, he said, "Sino mag-ceasefire? Sila mag-ceasefire."

Another member of the Sulu Sultan's family, Princess Jacel Kiram, told radio DZBB, "About a few minutes ago before this started, my uncle (Engr. Idjirani) was about to leave with the Malaysian ambassador kaya nagulat kami nang tumawag ang Sabah na nagsimula na ang putukan."

"Hindi na po natuloy ang pag-uusap dahil sa nangyari," the princess explained.

Defiant stance

The group had adopted a defiant stance after being surrounded by Malaysian forces, and when the first deadline for them to leave peacefully lapsed midnight of Tuesday.

The group, which claimed Sabah is their homeland, arrived in Sabah on February 9 and engaged Malaysian forces in a standoff.

Malaysian forces blocked off their food and water supplies but until Friday did not fire on them while waiting for a peaceful resolution to the situation.

On Thursday, Malaysia's The Star online reported the group of armed Filipinos coped with the blockade by living off houses abandoned by local villagers.

However, the report on Thursday said the Filipinos claimed they were "all fine" despite the land and sea blockade by Malaysian security forces.

Call for prayers

Idjirani, meanwhile, appealed for prayers for a peaceful solution.

The group and the police had been separated by a 300-meter distance, he said.
- with Marc Jayson Cayabyab, Kimberly Jane Tan, VVP, GMA News
^^ tidak atas nama philippine sepertinya, sebenarnya mereka punya bukti sah untuk klaim itu tanah mereka. karena malaysia memang bayar uang sewa ke sultan sulu.
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