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Beirut Transport System Upgrade

6060 Views 12 Replies 6 Participants Last post by  Beiruti
Beirut Transport System Upgrade

The objective of the transport study was to establish a sound framework for developing and managing transport within Greater Beirut Area. This included the rationalisation of the use of existing urban transport capacity and identifying new capacity and systems to meet the requirements of the future. The proposed project covers a number of components to improve the operational and economic efficiency of the Greater Beirut Area urban transport system. Four of these components consist of a traffic management component, a grade separation component, a parking component and the rehabilitation of the public transport services.


The Traffic Management Component is composed of three inter-related elements. The first being the installation of traffic signals covering 211 intersections in the Greater Beirut Area. The second is the installation of a pilot video surveillance system along four corridors, as part of a plan for other corridors in the future. The third element is the establishment of a traffic control centre, which will be a communication hub connecting all traffic control sub-systems and from which monitoring, control and intervention can be managed.


The Grade Separation Component consists of installing overpasses and/or underpasses at 16 highly congested intersections in the Greater Beirut Area. Traffic management at these intersections is not possible with just the use of traffic signals. Therefore, the proposed grade separation was the only remaining solution to address the congestion problem. Construction began in 2000 and is expected to last about five years.


The Parking Component had consisted of constructing five underground parking facilities on municipal land in the Greater Beirut Area. This component has been reviewed in the Environmental Assessment and has been dropped from the proposed project and may be considered as a future element of the Greater Beirut Area Transport plan.

This has been replaced with a Parking Improvement Programme; the programme will consist of organising on-street parking and controlling parking along main arteries and in selected zones. There will be increased off-street parking in those zones by developing appropriate strategies. These activities will focus on the introduction of modern metering systems and the development of an effective parking enforcement programme.


The environmental impact analysis showed that the greatest environmental impact occurs during the construction phase particularly with respect to dust and noise emissions and the re-routing of traffic. The potential presence of unknown buried sites of archaeological significance may require site-specific mitigation activities and/or monitoring measures during the construction phase.

During the operational phase, with the exception of visual intrusion of overpasses, the analysis showed that the proposed project results in more positive to neutral environmental impacts when compared with not implementing the project.


The main objectives of the rehabilitation of public transport component was bringing into service the 200 buses that were ordered in April 1996 and delivered in December 1996. The training of 500 to 600 people on a new technique of managing a transport system and the launching of 27 lines that form the Public Bus Transport Plan of Greater Beirut was a major task.


The total projected cost for three of the components of this project is $95 million. The grade separation component is projected to cost $65 million, with the traffic management component costing $25 million and the parking component costing $5 million.


In June 2002, the World Bank approved a US$65 million loan to be administered by the The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), an arm of the World Bank Group. At that point in time, The Government of Lebanon planned allocating $32 million of its own funds to the project.
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fine wat about parking garages??? its gonna take up so much room to do it the way they're planning, but at least its a step in the right direction

thanks hassoun
^^ U r welcome Lebgurl,i also just read that a light rail system was proposed in 1987 (Can you believe that? during the civil war).but it failed :S
do u think we'll ever have a metro or rail or subway etc etc???
I doubt it .. the terrain is too rugged... I think better roads and public transportation is our only hope!
Well,well,terrain in Beirut is not to ugged,i mean,it's just a bit rugged.we can have a metro in beirut,and i think it's the Best solution for the traffic,u have to put in mind that Beirut population is Gonna exceed 2 millions soon.
well better transportation can mean that people not from beirut can drive there for work and then drive back home ... can u tell im a frustrated beiruti?!?!?
^^ A metro in Beirut would drive hundreds of taxi drivers out of business, not to mention the countless other problems.
^^ a handfull of rails across major parts of beirut or between beirut and other cities wouldn't have that problem. If anything, it would cut down on traffic, but taxi drivers would still have their jobs .. besides I think we can all agree that there are too many taxi drivers in beirut anyways.
metro costs around $40-50 million dollars per mile(this can double or tripple according to terrain)...i dont think it's a good idea to spend the lebanese tax payer's money that way, not yet anyway.
wouldnt u prefer if the government fixed the roads, and made new road-regulations etc...then set up a modern, effective bus system that covers all partts of the greater beirut, also a city link bus service (that link beirut with all the other cities, towns, villages outside beirut)

does anyone know when the transport upgrade project is due, and when it will be completed?
Metro is nearly impossible to see in Lebanon. We all know the reasons...

The only thing that has a positive impact on the influx and outflux of cars between major cities is an Express train system from North to South.

does anyone know when the transport upgrade project is due, and when it will be completed?
Well, some phases of the project have been accomplished, some are underway and others still to be executed.
Maybe instead of dealing with the terrain..the best option would be for a monorail...lets trafiic disruptions and digging etc..besides we dont want to damage any antiquities:) Miami has a above ground track that lil busses roll on..It used to be .25 cents now does two loops and has full automated busss' is every 1 or 2 mins...It even goes thru a couple buildings which is cool..In beirut it can be down around solidere..and have extensions to the airport, stadium etc

Along the Beirut waterfront?

Over the Beirut River?:)

Maglev trains with no moving parts (suspended by magnetic forces) could also be a optionup and dwn the coast
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^^^ monorail costs $25-35 million/mile. and beside the cost, they're EXTREMELY ugly, and ruin the surrounding scenery of the area. the beams and elevated tracks wouldn't fit in the solidere area at all. :S.
and even outside the solidere areae (ie: hamra, achrafiye, etc... monorail would make the streets look very messy, i mean imagine having those tracks in the crowded narrow street of the greater beirut)
the only place monorail would fit in beirut, would be the coast, i think.

can anyone post pictures of beirut public taxis/buses/bus stops/etc...? cheers!
^^ I dont think they look "ugly" but I agree they are very expensive and unnecessary in the case of Beirut. But if built tastefully, they can have a futuristic look that can give the city a more modern image.
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