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Brașov, the city crowned by mountains​








Brașov, named Kronstadt in German and Brassó in Hungarian, has 227,961 inhabitants, making it the 8th most populous city in Romania.



History
The city was first attested in 1235 AD under the name Corona, a Latin word meaning "crown", a name given by the German colonists.

In 1211, by order of King Andrew II of Hungary, the Teutonic Knights fortified the Land of Bârsa (the depression where Brașov stands) to defend the border of the Kingdom of Hungary. On the site of the village of Brașov, the Teutonic Knights built Kronstadt – the city of the crown. Although the crusaders were evicted by 1225, the colonists they brought in remained, along with local population.


Germans living in Brașov were mainly involved in trade and crafts. The location of the city at the intersection of trade routes linking the Ottoman Empire and Western Europe, together with certain tax exemptions, allowed Saxon merchants to obtain considerable wealth and exert a strong political influence.

In the Romanian neighbourhood of Șchei (situated outside the walls), was created before 1399 the first Romanian school.

In 1918, after the "Proclamation of Union" of Alba Iulia (adopted by the Deputies of the Romanians from Transylvania), Deputies of the Saxons from Transylavania supported it, with their vote to be part of Romania, and declared their allegiance to the new Romanian state.



Economy
Brașov is Romania's main industrial centers, with some of Romania's largest plants, including Roman Company that produces tractors and trucks and IAR Brașov, the main Romanian producer of aircrafts (at Ghimbav, a village near Brașov).



Tourism
Brașov is situated in Land of Bârsa Depression, at the limit of vaste forested Carpathians Mountains that surrounds the historical province of Transylvania. Carpathians are a range which in Romania is ~1200 km long. They are the wildest mountains in Europe, still covered by virgin forests and inhabited by thousands of bears, wolves, lynxes and other wild animals. Seeing bears on the streets of of Brașov is not a rare sight.

The old part of Brașov is situated between three hills, among which Tâmpa, completely forested, is the highest, 960 m (400 m above the city). On Tâmpa's top is a belvedere place and a cable car transports tourists there.

The city is a gem of medieval architecture, surrounded by picturesque fortifications. In the middle is the beautiful Council Square, with the Council House (former townhall) built between 13-18th centuries. The Gothic Black Church (14th century) is the largest church in Romania.

In the vicinity of Brașov there are many beautiful villages with Romania's most impressive castles: Bran, Râșnov, Prejmer and others.

Few km from Brașov is Romania's most modern ski resort, Poiana Brașov, of international fame. It is situated in Postăvaru Massif, in breathtaking natural settings. Predeal, other first class ski resort is not far and Bucegi and Piatra Craiului Mountains are at some 20 km each. They are the most visited mountain ranges in Romania and have amazing sights.


 

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