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Brief History​

Christianity in Morocco dates back to Antiquity, it was widely propagated during the roman era. After the collapse of the Western Roman empire, Christianity still existed even in remote places, like the city of Aghmat which was a Christian city by the time of Islamic conquests. [1] Unfortunately, there is no more christian building still standing from that period or from the medieval age.​
During the beginning of the XVIth century, Portugal conquered parts of the atlantic coasts of Morocco, therefore, they built some religious buildings, some of them are still standing, but some others are deteriorating like the cathedral of Safi.​
After being chased by Morocco, Portugueses came back to Morocco along with other Europeans, not as conquerors, but as merchants and ambassadors. It was during the XVIIIth century, in the city of Essaouira, that they've built a small church, which is still standing but in a very bad shape. [2]​
In the XIXth century, two churches were built in Tangier, one by a Spanish governor [3] and the other by the British community living there. [4]​
Another one was built inside the Medina of Casablanca, after the Sultan gave a piece of land to the Spanish kingdom, to built a church for the Spanish community living there. [5]​
The XXth century was marked by the French and Spanish "protectorate", it was during that time where the majority of churches in Morocco were built.​
NB: I may have forgotten some churches.​
Sources : 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
 

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Church of Mercy​


Name : Church of Mercy
Place : Inside the medina of El jadida (ancient Mazagan), El Jadida
Construction date/period : XVIth century, probably in 1514.

The church has been restored and converted to a hotel.

Qantara


 

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The parish Church of the Assumption​


Name : The parish Church of the Assumption
Place : Inside the medina of El jadida (ancient Mazagan), El Jadida
Construction date/period : XVIth century, probably in 1541.

The parish Church of the Assumption, which was designed in the Manueline style, was built during the extension of the citadel in 1541, the very year when the Portuguese were forced to leave Santa Cruz, Cabo de Gué (Agadir), Safi, and Azemmour. This church has a simple rectangular plan and contains a nave, choir, sacristy, and back-sacristy. Its roof is a wooden structure with tie beams, and its square-plan bell tower echoes the shape of local minarets. The mosque’s minaret that dates to the beginning of the nineteenth century is a readaptation of the Torre de Rebate and attests to a remarkable historical continuity.

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El Jadida (Morocco) by Anas Ak, on Flickr


El Jadida (Morocco) by Anas Ak, on Flickr

 

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Saint Sébastien​


Name : Saint Sébastien
Place : Inside the medina of El jadida (ancient Mazagan), El Jadida
Construction date/period : XVIth century.

Amongst these places of worship is the Church of Mercy (1514) and the fortress’s parish church dating to 1541. The citadel contained at least two other churches: that of Our Lady of Light, whose frame still exists tied to the south bastion and that of another church attached to the north bastion (St Sebastian), whose name it bears and which was reused first as a synagogue, then as a mosque.

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The Portuguese church of Essaouira​



Name : The official name is unknown, it's commonly known as "The portuguese church"
Place : Ibn Zohr st, Medina of Essaouira, Morocco
Construction date/period : XVIIIth century, probably in 1769.

In the medina near the south entrance of the Scala Kasbah, in a small dead end street, Rue Ibn Zohr, there is an old portuguese church just door to door with the old Portuguese consulat. It was probably built after the first installation of the Franciscan missionary in 1769 (according to spanish archives), by the first European merchants, the church was abandoned in 1936 after the construction of a new one.

En français :

Située au fond d’une impasse en partie couverte, l’église, dite aussi franciscaine, est accolée à l’ancienne consulat portugais (actuellement une propriété privée). L’église dite portugaise, sise au pied de la porte sud de la sqala de la kasbah, est construite fort probablement lors de l’installation de la mission franciscaine en 1769 (d’après les archives espagnols) par les premiers négociants européens installés dans la cité. L’église est abandonnée en 1936 suite à la construction d’une église extra-muros.

Intérêt de l'œuvre :

A côté de son importance aussi bien sur le plan historique que sur le plan architectural, l’église témoigne de l’esprit de tolérance qui régnait dans la cité depuis son édification.

Pour une description détaillée, suivez ce lien [URL="http://www.idpc.ma/view/pc_architecture/idpcm:D71AE5?doctype=&f_type_protection=&searchfield=fulltext&q=essaouira&quicksearch=OK&page=5&hpp=20&num=85"]Idpc.ma[/URL]







Photo sources : 1 | 2


This historic building should be restored.
 

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La Purisima​


Name : La Purisima - The Spanish church
Place : Medina, Tangier
Construction date/period : XIXth century, in 1871.

En français :

Cet édifice a d’abord appartenu au milieu du XVIIIème siècle à deux familles juives. Vers 1760, le Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Abd Allah a acheté la bâtisse pour la céder au gouvernement suédois, qui y installera son premier consulat en 1788. En 1871, le gouverneur espagnol acquiert l’édifice pour l’aménager en résidence pour des franciscaines de la mission catholique, et y construire une grande église appelée la « Purisima » (la très pure) désignant ainsi « Meriem ». Depuis une vingtaine d’années, la « Purisima », de moins en moins fréquentée par les Chrétiens, va se consacrer à des activités sociales. De la construction primitive, il ne subsiste que la partie supérieure de l’escalier principal.

Idpc.ma




DSC004851 by Anass Dziri, sur Flickr


IMG_9256 by SyrianSindibad, sur Flickr

 

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Discussion Starter · #8 · (Edited)
Church of Saint Andrew​


Name : Saint Andrew
Place : Tangier
Construction date/period : XIXth century, in 1880.

In 1880, Hassan I of Morocco donated land to the British community in order to build a small Anglican church in Tangier. After a church was built, it was found that it was not sufficient for the increasing number of worshippers, and a new one was built in 1894 which became the Church of Saint Andrew. It was consecrated in 1905. The interior is designed as a fusion of numerous styles, notably Moorish. The belltower, shaped like a minaret, overlooks the adjacent cemetery.

 

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Spanish church​


Name : The Spanish church
Place : Medina, Casablanca
Construction date/period : XIXth century, in 1890.

This church was built inside the Medina of Casablanca in 1890, after the Sultan of Morocco gave a piece of land in 1877 to the Spanish kingdom, to built a church for the Spanish community living there. It stopped all religious activity in 1968, after its rehabilitation in 2010, the church was converted in a Cultural House.

 

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St. Peter's Cathedral of Rabat

Name: St. Peter's Cathedral
Place: Rabat
Construction date/period : 1919

St. Peter's Cathedral of Rabat (French: Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Rabat) is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in downtown Rabat, Morocco, at place du Golan (Golan Square). It is built in Art Deco and is the seat of the Archdiocese of Rabat.

Construction of the cathedral started in 1919. The chief architect was M. Laforgue. The inaugural ceremony was presided by Hubert Lyautey in 1921, and the cathedral became operational in November of that year. The two towers of the cathedral, distinctive of the Rabat skyline, were added in the 1930s.

The cathedral is still operational, and mass is celebrated every other day.



 

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The Church of Holy Resurrection

Name : Holy Rescurrection Church ''Russian Orthodox Church''
Place : Rabat
Construction date/period :1931

Holy Resurrection Church (Russian: Церковь Воскресения Христова) in Rabat is the first and currently one of two functioning Russian Orthodox churches in Morocco. It is under the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The first stone of the church was laid on July 6, 1931. The temple was consecrated on November 13, 1932 in honour of the Holy Resurrection of Jesus Christ by metropolitan Eulogius (Georgiyevsky).

The church was painted completely by icon-painters from Moscow in 2011.



 

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Sacred Heart of Jesus Cathedral

Name :Sacred Heart of Jesus
Place : Casablanca
Construction date/period : 1930


Casablanca Cathedral (French: Eglise Sacré-Cœur de Casablanca), church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, is a former Roman Catholic church located in Casablanca, Morocco. It was built in 1930. It ceased its religious function in 1956, after the independence of Morocco, and became a cultural centre which is open to visitors.[1]

The church was designed by French architect Paul Tournon, using the Neo-Gothic style.[1] It is commonly referred to as a cathedral although in reality it has never technically been one as it was never the seat of a bishop.







 

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Notre Dame de Lourdes Church

Name : Notre Dame de Lourdes
Place : Casablanca
Construction date/period : 1956



 

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The Church of Francesa

Name : l’Iglesias Francesa

Place : Tangier



 

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The Church of Sagrado Corazon

Name : Iglesias del Sagrado Corazon ''Spanish Catholic''

Place : Tangier



 

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The Church of Saint-François d’Assise

Name : Saint-François d’Assise

Place :Rabat

 

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The Evangelist Church of Rabat

Name : Eglise Evangélique

Palace : Rabat



 

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The Church of Notre-Dame de la Victoire

Name :Notre-Dame de la Victoire

Place :Tetouan

Construction date/ period :1939





 

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The Church of Charles de Foucauld

Name : Charles de Foucauld

Place : Casablanca



 
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