Citadel of Aleppo
The Citadel of Aleppo stands at the centre of the old city of Aleppo, which was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. The earliest levels of occupation found at the Citadel go as far back as the sixteenth century BC. Most of what remains standing today was built by the Ayyubid (12th to 13th centuries) and Mamluk (13th to 15th centuries) rulers of the city who used the site for both military and ceremonial purposes. The citadel is built on top of a natural limestone hill rising some 50 metres above the level of the surrounding city and is a powerful symbol of the city’s heroic past. Inside the walls, a succession of invasions, bombardments and earthquakes have taken their toll.
Aleppo Citadel is one of Syria’s foremost monuments, much visited by tourists, and an important place of recreation for the city’s inhabitants.