Al-Qāhirah, which means "The Vanquisher" or "The Triumphant" - locally referred to as Misr(Egypt) - the city of 1000 minarets is the capital of the Arab Republic of Egypt, with 7.5 million people from hundreds of ethnic backgrounds residing in it's inner city and a metropolitan population of around 17 million, it is the most populous, powerful and influential city in both Africa & the Middle East. Modern Cairo was founded in 648 AD as a military garrison for Arab troops after the Islamic conquest however the area which the modern city now occupies has been continously habitated for over 10,000 years and a city was first established circa 5000 years ago when a young prince by the name of Narmer (Menes) unified the Red (North) and White (South) kingdoms and became Egypt's first Pharaoh. As brilliant a politician as he was a warrior, Narmer chose the site of Memphis (south-west Cairo) as his capital. For the next 2000 years, as Egypt's borders expanded far into south/western Asia, Cairo was the most powerful and influential city on earth. A title which few if any other city in history can boast. Egypt is one of the most heavily militarized countries and Cairo is the center of the Arab world.