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Crimea, the pearl of the Black Sea

22786 Views 156 Replies 21 Participants Last post by  Velaxa
I visited Crimea a few days ago, with a few of my friends and relatives, by 2 cars. Hopefully, I'll tell you more below.

We chose this time of the year because on the 18-th of May each year we commemorate the genocide of the Crimean Tatars, a crime perfected by Soviet Russia. We tried and managed to be there.

In the 20th century, the government of the Soviet Union perfected the crime of ethnic cleansing. During World War II, the Stalin regime used the resources of a highly organized state with a modern rail system to rapidly exile entire nations from their ancestral homelands. The Soviet government targeted the Muslim nationalities of the Caucasus and Crimea for deportation in their entirety. The Soviet political police, NKVD (Peoples Commissariat of Internal Affairs) exiled the Karachays, Chechens, Ingush, Balkars, Crimean Tatars, and Meskhetian Turks to Kazakhstan, Central Asia, Siberia, and other remote areas of the USSR in 1943 and 1944. These brutal forced relocations to desolate areas with poor material conditions resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths.
The German and Romanian armies entered the Crimean peninsula in September 1941. By November only Sevastopol still remained under Soviet rule. In July 1942, Sevastopal also came under German rule. Between November 1941 and April 1944, the Germans controlled most of the former territory of the Crimean ASSR. Despite the defeat of the Red Army by the Germans and Romanians in the Crimea, Soviet resistance did not cease. Soviet partisans organized by the NKVD and Communist Party activists continued to struggle against the Germans throughout the occupation of the peninsula. These partisans engaged in sabotage and other guerrilla operations. They often targeted German supplies and communications in the Crimea. They also ruthlessly terrorized elements of the civilian population of the peninsula suspected of cooperating with the German occupation. Despite the fact that Crimean Tatars were the second largest nationality in the partisans after Russians, partisan units led by Russians and Ukrainians often targeted Crimean Tatar villages for destruction.
The Germans formed six battalions and 14 companies of Crimean Tatars with 1,632 men by 15 February 1942.[13] In total, close to 20,000 Crimean Tatars served in German organized self-defense battalions during WWII.
More here:

http://www.iccrimea.org/scholarly/jopohl.html

Now, I'll focus on pictures and description. :)
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Crimea or the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Ukrainian: Автономна Республіка Крим, Avtonomna Respublika Krym; Russian: Автономная Республика Крым, Avtonomnaya Respublika Krym; Crimean Tatar: Qırım Muhtar Cumhuriyeti, Къырым Мухтар Джумхуриети) is a sub-national unit, an autonomous republic, of Ukraine. It is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea, occupying a peninsula of the same name.

The territory of Crimea was conquered and controlled many times throughout its history. The Cimmerians, Greeks, Scythians, Goths, Huns, Bulgars, Khazars, the state of Kievan Rus', Byzantine Greeks, Kipchaks, Ottoman Turks, Golden Horde Tatars and the Mongols all controlled Crimea in its early history. In the 13th century, it was partly controlled by the Venetians and by the Genovese; they were followed by the Crimean Khanate and the Ottoman Empire in the 15th to 18th centuries, the Russian Empire in the 18th to 20th centuries, Germany during World War II and the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and later the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, within the Soviet Union during most of the rest of the 20th century.

Crimea is now an autonomous parliamentary republic which is governed by the Constitution of Crimea in accordance with the laws of Ukraine. The capital and administrative seat of the republic's government is the city of Simferopol, located in the center of the peninsula. Crimea's area is 26,200 square kilometres (10,100 sq mi) and its population was 1,973,185 as of 2007.

Crimean Tatars, an ethnic minority who now make up about 13% of the population, formed in Crimea in the late Middle Ages, after the Crimean Khanate had come into existence. The Crimean Tatars were forcibly expelled to Central Asia by Joseph Stalin's government. After the fall of the Soviet Union, some Crimean Tatars began to return to the region.[9] However, a majority of the population consists of Russians, and the Russian language has official status in the autonomous republic.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimea


BlackSeaMap by AqirZaman, on Flickr

This was our route on departure. As you can see, there is no bridge or link somehow to get into Ukraine over the Danube without entering Moldova, which is a time and nerve consuming "thing". So we had to enter Moldova and lose about 1,5 hours there because the customs clerks were so bored and most probably asking for money. They were very rude and quite aggressive I'd say.

Crossing the Danube at Vadu Oii (Hârșova)= 9 lei.


col by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Here is a conversation at the Romanian-Romanian Moldovan border:

"-Pașpoartili vâ ruog.
-Poftim.
-Da' uni vâ dușiț ?
-La Odessa.
-Da' ca sâ ș'fașeț ?
-Poftim ?
-Ca sâ șe fașeți acolo ?
-Păi, în plimbare, vizită...
-Aha. Vâ ruog s'vapropriaț di vamâ.
-Cum ?
-Apropriați-vă di vamâ !
-(*ne uitam unii la altii)
-Apropriți-vâ cu pașpoartili la ghișău ca s'vâ punâ ștampiuă ! Ș'nu-nțilejăți ???

Trinc.
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2
Abia astept pozele si descrierea :cheers: De mult imi doresc sa ajung in Crimeea, insa n-am reusit pana acum, am mers in Ucraina doar pana la Ismail. Intr-adevar complexul vamal RO-RO-Ucraina este un calvar, trebuie sa ai nervii tari sa treci. Daca le spui ca faci turism se uita la tine foarte ciudat, parca n-au auzit in viata lor de asa ceva.
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:)
Acum urc pozele din jud. Constanta cu podul de la Giurgeni-Vadu Oii inclusiv, ca sa va faceti o idee despre drum.
Urmeaza Braila si Galati, dar din mers pentru ca nu am oprit.

Cand ai fost pana la Izmail, cum era drumul ? :D Ca la noi a fost un calvar...
Getting out of Constanta


DSCF6900 by AqirZaman, on Flickr


DSCF6902 by AqirZaman, on Flickr

The Black Sea in the right, while entering Mamaia:


DSCF6905 by AqirZaman, on Flickr


DSCF6907 by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Turning left


DSCF6914 by AqirZaman, on Flickr

The town of Ovidiu, just outside Constanta on the Siutghiol Lake's shore:


DSCF6925 by AqirZaman, on Flickr


DSCF6933 by AqirZaman, on Flickr


DSCF6923 by AqirZaman, on Flickr


DSCF6934 by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Work under progress on the E60:


DSCF6946 by AqirZaman, on Flickr

The Catholic Church in Mihail Kogalniceanu, a historic building.


DSCF6944 by AqirZaman, on Flickr


DSCF6971 by AqirZaman, on Flickr


DSCF6981 by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Other works:


DSCF6989 by AqirZaman, on Flickr

And on the bridge too:


DSCF6992 by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Sorry for the...visibility. :D


DSCF6995 by AqirZaman, on Flickr
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16
:)
Acum urc pozele din jud. Constanta cu podul de la Giurgeni-Vadu Oii inclusiv, ca sa va faceti o idee despre drum.
Urmeaza Braila si Galati, dar din mers pentru ca nu am oprit.

Cand ai fost pana la Izmail, cum era drumul ? :D Ca la noi a fost un calvar...
Acum 2 ani, in aprilie 2010. La fel a fost drumul, groaznic. De fapt alternau portiuni bune unde te duceai spre 80-90km/h dupa care brusc apareau gropi in care ar fi intrat toata masina. Si in Reni in localitate imi aduc aminte ca a fost foarte rau.
Noi era s-o patim urat la vama de intrare in Ukraina, unde un soldat cu arma ne-a amenintat ca ne aresteaza pe motiv ca uitasem (de fapt nu stiusem) sa mai obtinem o stampila pe un formular in care ne-au pus sa trecem o adresa exacta din Ucraina unde mergem. Cica voiam sa emigram ilegal in Ucraina :bash: . Ca sa obtinem o adresa am intrebat si noi pe cineva care mergea spre Ucraina si ne-a spus o adresa din Reni, Proletarskaya 35:lol:
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:)
Noi n-am prea dat de portiunile alea...Ca sa iti faci o idee, de multe ori localnicii mergeau pe acostament, tocmai ca sa evite gropile de pe sosea. Lasau in urma un nor de praf amestecat cu fum, din cauza masinilor vechi...

Nu ne-au cerut o adresa anume, in schimb ne-au dat un formular sa declaram ce aveam, inclusiv valuta. Formularul a ramas la noi. Ciudat e ca doar noi am primit acel formular, cei din cealalta masina nu. Pe noi ne-a bagat la control bagaje, pe ei nu.

Urmeaza Braila si Galati, mai pe scurt ca mi se termina limita de upload. :D Ma pastrez pentru Crimeea.
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Iesirea din Galati spre granita, un drum de cativa kilometruti...


drum galati by AqirZaman, on Flickr


Galati iesire by AqirZaman, on Flickr


galati giurgiulesti by AqirZaman, on Flickr


drum giurgiulesti by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Cum intram in Moldova incepe sa ploua...


vama romania by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Una din putinele locuri de unde puteti cumpara ceva, daca aveti bani moldoviniești...


in moldova by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Cum intram in Ucraina, iese soarele. Și nu era decât o porțiune de vreo 4 kilometri...Urâtă vremea în Moldova. :D


ucraina by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Am avut drum prin Reni, ca sa lasam o tipa din vama, pe care ne-a plasat-o unul din vamesi. :D Nu stiu care era treaba, intelegea romaneste si doar ce sosise in vama...


drum izmail by AqirZaman, on Flickr


ucraina 2 by AqirZaman, on Flickr


prin reni by AqirZaman, on Flickr


Acelasi Reni by AqirZaman, on Flickr


Parcul central cu biserica aurita by AqirZaman, on Flickr


strada proletarskaya by AqirZaman, on Flickr


bloc in reni by AqirZaman, on Flickr

Oprit si intrebat la localnici, care drum o fi mai bun...

-La Odessa, care drum e mai bun ?
- ?!?
-Odessa, la Odessa vrem s-ajungem !
-Haaa !!! Adziesâ ???
&*&^$# @#$%@$ #[email protected]%[email protected] ???
- Da...
-($%&@#% Izmail !
-Asa...
-Harașo !
Cred ca a vrut sa zica sa nu mergem prin Izmail...:(


trecere cale ferata pazita by AqirZaman, on Flickr


drum reni by AqirZaman, on Flickr


drum reni 2 by AqirZaman, on Flickr


trafic reni by AqirZaman, on Flickr


continuare drum by AqirZaman, on Flickr


outside the road by AqirZaman, on Flickr


Lacul Ialpug by AqirZaman, on Flickr


Delta wannabe by AqirZaman, on Flickr


Livada in Bugeac by AqirZaman, on Flickr


entering Odessa by AqirZaman, on Flickr
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24
Baaii da' sunt drumuri pe acolo, nu gluma!

Mai vrem Cadir! :popcorn:
Am avut drum prin Reni, ca sa lasam o tipa din vama, pe care ne-a plasat-o unul din vamesi. :D Nu stiu care era treaba, intelegea romaneste si doar ce sosise in vama...
shpioanca!
La vara merg si eu cu masina in Odesa si Sevastopol . Spre fericirea mea nu merg cu masina mea:naughty:
Abia astept urmatoarele poze .
^^ Probabil infrastructura a contat si pt echipele de la Euro, doar Franta si Suedia stabilindu-si cartierul general in Ucraina

After an initial list of 38 potential base camps (21 in Poland, 17 in Ukraine) was distributed by UEFA in September 2010,[17] the national associations then chose their locations during 2011; 13 will stay in Poland and 3 in Ukraine in the following towns:
Croatia – Warka
Czech Republic – Wrocław
Denmark – Kołobrzeg
England – Kraków
France – Donetsk
Germany – Gdańsk
Greece – Jachranka
Italy – Kraków
Netherlands – Kraków
Poland – Warsaw
Portugal – Opalenica
Republic of Ireland – Sopot
Russia – Warsaw
Spain – Gniewino
Sweden – Koncha-Zaspa
Ukraine – Kiev
La un moment dat ma gandeam ca Odessa ar fi fost mai potrivita ca oras gazda pt Euro in loc de Lviv dar drumurile din zona n-o prea recomanda, desi nici in zona Lviv nu par cu mult mai bune..Probabil a contat si proximitatea de Polonia..
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