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EiGhT 5 & tWo
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落馬洲河套發展 深港同展諮詢
2010年11月23日


香港及深圳政府今天(11月23日)同步展開為期兩個月的「落馬洲河套地區發展規劃及工程研究」首階段公眾參與活動,該地區將以發展高等教育為主。



落馬洲河套地區發展研究於2009年6月開展,河套地區(A區)可容納最高樓面面積約120萬平方米,以發展高等教育為主,分為教育區、創新區、交流區、生態區及濱河休憩區5大功能區。



建議中教育區的最高樓面面積為72萬平方米,可容納1間或以上的高等院校及約24,000名學生,區內提供教學與研究設施、圖書館、辦公室及學生宿舍等。



規劃署副署長凌嘉勤說,河套地區有界於港深之間的區位優勢,加上兩地出入境日趨方便,在該區發展高等教育能培訓兩地需要的人才,兩地大專院校亦表示興趣和支持,合作方式有待進一步討論。



凌嘉勤說,港深兩地按共同研究、共同開發的原則,在互惠互利的基礎上,將落馬洲河套地區締造成可持續發展、環保、節能及以人為本的社區。



除河套地區(A區)外,規劃研究的範圍還包括香港境內連接地區(B區),會發展成鄉郊式的商業用途如餐廰、酒吧、零售商店及度假營等;以及深圳境內鄰近地區(C區),將發展成口岸綜合功能區、科技文化創與信息交流區、公共開放活動區及居往區。



第1階段公眾參與活動由即日起至2011年1月22日,活動包括在港深兩地舉辦公眾論壇,以及於兩地不同地區進行巡迴展覽,收集兩地公眾對河套地區的發展大綱圖及港深周邊範圍規劃意向的意見。
 

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河套高等教育區容4大學

基建成本百億 港大率先遞建議書






【明報專訊】港深兩地政府合作的落馬洲河套區發展計劃昨同步展開公眾諮詢,初步擬定將河套區心臟地帶打造為高等學府與創新科技區,預留供1至4間大學發展,以容納2.4萬名學生,預計最快2013年動工,首批教育設施於2020年率先啟用,初步基建成本為100億元。本港多間大學表態支持,其中港大已率先向政府提交建議書。


發展區佔地87公頃,劃分為三大地區,其中A、B區位於香港境內,港府將主力把可建樓面面積為120萬平方米的A區發展成5個功能區,當中核心地帶為高等教育區,會預留72萬平方米的樓面面積興建1至4間大學。規劃署副署長凌嘉勤稱,兩地多間大學均對計劃感興趣,當局亦歡迎歐美高等學府參與。至於是設立新大學、現有大學分校或由兩地高等院校協辦專科學院,會交由公眾諮詢和兩地教育局再作研究。他強調預留面積已相當於1.2間香港大學,有需要時會靈活調配其他發展區域。


面積相當1.2間港大


河套區另一亮點是佔地33萬平方米的高新科技研發區,面積相當於科學園,會作高新科技研發與文化產業,預計可創造2.9萬個就業機會。


多間本港大學表態支持,港大發言人指有興趣在該區建設校區,認為任何有助校方擴闊校區的建議,均可助港大進一步發展教研工作。中大對計劃初步表示有興趣,指校園有臨近深圳之便,可回應珠三角地區對高等教育和創新科技的需求;科大稱會積極研究,認為規劃有助本港高等教育和科技的長遠發展;理大亦指有意參與。


凌嘉勤透露,曾有意見把河套區發展成產品加工或商業展銷區,惟面對全球競爭,兩地最需要高知識型人才而非廉價勞工,香港可善用教育優勢,兩地合作培訓人才。


諮詢兩個月 最快2013年動工


相鄰的B區主要為河套區提供對外連接道路,會研究把沿路地區與A區的商業區闢作餐廳、銀行、酒店等,以供附近區域的人口使用。位處深圳皇崗口岸的C區已預留土地作科技文化與信息交流區,現有居住區亦會照顧A區人口的住屋需要,長遠會興建兩個車站連接深圳鐵路網,並縮減貨運功能。


河套區原屬深圳市範圍,經深圳河改道後納入香港範圍,深港分擁業權和管轄權。土木工程拓展署總工程師廖振新表示,道路、污水系統等基建成本預算為100億元,至於兩地如何攤分基建成本和整個計劃的工程費用則有待研究。


第一階段公眾諮詢為期兩個月至明年1月22日,其間將在兩地舉辦公眾論壇,蒐集初步意見,其後將公布具體設計並作第二階段諮詢,期望最快2013年動工,2020年首批教育設施率先啟用。
 

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Varsities eye role in loop education hub
The Standard
Wednesday, November 24, 2010

The government says universities in both Shenzhen and Hong Kong, including the University of Hong Kong, have expressed interest in setting up schools in the Lok Ma Chau loop.

According to Planning Department deputy director Ling Kar-kan, the authorities in both cities have launched a two-month consultation on developing the area into a tertiary education hub.

"The best way to enhance the competitiveness in the knowledge- based economy is to nurture professionals capable of working in both places," Ling said.

"Universities in Hong Kong and Shenzhen have expressed interest to us in setting up schools in the zone."

The 88-hectare loop, bounded by the new and old Shenzhen River channel next to Huanggang port, is a closed area with no one living on the land.

Ling said the zone can accommodate up to four education institutes totalling 24,000 students, adding the government will seek views from the public on the mode of operation, and who would run these institutes.

The Chinese University of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and the University of Hong Kong have all expressed interest.

An HKU spokeswoman said: "The university has submitted proposals to the government to build campuses in Lok Ma Chau. We are now pending responses from the authorities."

The planning department also said the remaining 33-hectare area will be reserved for high technology facilities and cultural and creative industries.

All buildings in the loop will be restricted to a maximum height of 15 stories, Ling said, adding an ecological zone will be included to preserve the existing bird-flight lines in the loop.

Civil Engineering and Development Department chief engineer Liu Chun-san said work on the HK$10 billion infrastructure will start in 2013 and will be completed not later than 2020. All costs will be shared by the Hong Kong and Shenzhen governments, Liu added.
 

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Education hub too large and ecological zone too narrow, says WWF
24 November 2010
South China Morning Post

While toxic mud may no longer be an issue, a green zone mapped out for protecting the flight path of migratory birds has a conservation group worried that it is too small.

The mud, dumped on the land sliced off from Shenzhen during the straightening of the polluted Shenzhen River in the 1990s, was a major obstacle to plans to develop the loop. There were concerns that dumping the mud in Sha Chau would harm the endangered Chinese white dolphin.

However, studies showed the mud was less of a problem than thought, said Liu Chun-san, of the Civil Engineering and Development Department.

Liu said tens of thousands of cubic metres of toxic mud could be deposited in five separate areas and be treated on site at a cost of HK$100 million. The heavy metals in the mud would be solidified with cement and the mud buried without causing more pollution.

But Alan Leung Sze-lun, of WWF Hong Kong, said the environmental concern would be the scale of the education hub. "It is much larger than we expected. The loop lies in the flight path of migratory birds. The ecological zone is simply too narrow," Leung said.
 

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What is the progress of the Lok Ma Chau Loop?

When did Lok Ma Chau Loop change from China's to Hong Kong's possession? This official HK map from 1999 shows it as part of China, but this official HK map from 2015 shows it as part of Hong Kong.
Source : http://www.lmcloop.gov.hk/eng/study.html



The Study Area comprises the following three areas:

Area A – about 88ha
Area B – about 182ha
Area C – about 167ha

Area A and Area B fall within the boundary of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. These two areas are covered by the Loop Study. Area C falls within the boundary of Shenzhen. A separate study for this area has been commissioned by the Shenzhen side, which has also commenced and is expected to be completed in a similar timeframe as for the Loop Study.
 

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Environmental groups warn government’s Lok Ma Chau Loop proposal could cause ‘ecological disaster’ for wetlands, wildlife
The area lies within the flight path of various migratory birds and is home to the endangered Black-faced Spoonbill
South China Morning Post Excerpt
January 3, 2017



Environmental groups have criticised a government plan to develop the Lok Ma Chau Loop, warning it could trigger an “ecological disaster” for the surrounding wetlands and wildlife.

Matthew Sin Kar-wah, senior environmental affairs manager of Green Power, said developing the loop would require building roads, drainage systems and other infrastructure in the area, which otherwise had very limited access.

“I’m worried that such a massive development would cause an ecological disaster in the area,” Sin said.

His concerns came after the Hong Kong and Shenzhen governments on Tuesday agreed to jointly develop the Lok Ma Chau Loop into an innovation and technology park.

The 88-hectare piece of land was formed in 1997 after a curve in the Shenzhen river was straightened to improve flow.

The loop is located four kilometres from the Mai Po Marshes, one of Hong Kong’s most valuable nature reserves, and surrounded by wetlands and fish ponds.

Government assessments of the area found the locally rare Rose Bitterling fish species living in the neighbouring ponds. The loop also lies within the flight path of various migratory birds and is home to the endangered Black-faced Spoonbill.

A Green Power study also found the area to be one of Hong Kong’s major butterfly habitats.

While the government proposed a 13-hectare off-site ecological area to compensate for the loss of marsh area, Roy Ng Hei-man, assistant campaign manager of the Conservancy Association, said it would be impossible as the loop was part of a complete ecological system.
 

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Why the angst over hi-tech park on border with Shenzhen?
The Lok Ma Chau Loop has sat idle for two decades, yet critics lambast deal to develop it into an innovation hub that will bring benefits to Hong Kong
South China Morning Post Excerpt
January 6, 2017

Build it and they may come, fingers crossed. One supposes that’s the idea behind the joint Hong Kong and Shenzhen innovation and technology park in faraway Lok Ma Chau.

This huge site – an 87-hectare loop – has been lying idle for the past two decades. It was created by water works in the area. I, for one, am glad they have found a use for it. For critics who are ready to blast the plan as another white elephant like Cyberport or Science Park, or another instance of unaccountable government decisions, consider the alternatives.

We could have sold it to developers, built a university, turned it into a centralised storage and cargo transit point, built schools for cross-border pupils, or public housing units. Each option has problems but you can be certain that no matter which one was picked, the usual critics would still be jumping up and down. A tech park does not seem to be the worse option for Hong Kong.

After the planned Palace Museum at the arts hub in West Kowloon, it’s another one of Chief Secretary Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor’s babies. She has managed to get Shenzhen authorities to acknowledge that Hong Kong owns the land.

More : http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight...0/why-angst-over-hi-tech-park-border-shenzhen
 

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Lok Ma Chau Loop has nothing to do with hi-tech – it’s all about profit
A deal with Shenzhen to jointly develop an innovation and technology park is more about property development and making big money from transferring the land to Hong Kong’s jurisdiction
January 8, 2017
South China Morning Post Excerpt

Let’s get it straight. This is not about innovation and technology. This is about property development and a clever idea for making big money from it by transferring land from Shenzhen to Hong Kong jurisdiction.

The Lok Ma Chau Loop is an 87-hectare piece of land that used to be on the Shenzhen side of the Shenzhen river until a loop of the river was straightened out and it came to be on the Hong Kong side of the river. It was then transferred to Hong Kong jurisdiction.

Almost immediately there then arose a clamour from Shenzhen that it be intensively developed. At one time it was to be a heavy equipment exhibition fairground, then an office district, and now an innovation and technology centre.

Strangely, however, while our government regularly announces some new scheme to permit development, the direct owners of the land have never yet been identified, not by themselves nor by our government officials.

One is led to suspect that ownership is held by a consortium of Shenzhen tycoons who believe that they can make much more money from selling a Hong Kong property than from selling a Shenzhen one and who have become increasingly frustrated by the delays. But we don’t know for sure. All is murky, all official discussions between the representatives of the owners and our government are held behind closed doors.

There are delays because there are problems. The biggest one of them is that the loop was earlier used as a dumping ground for about one million cubic metres of dredged mud that was contaminated by various toxic metals and other hazardous materials.

Doing nothing about it is not an option. This is Hong Kong. We have more environmental strictures than Shenzhen. But we also cannot dig it up again and dump it at sea. Hong Kong is signatory to the London Convention on marine pollution which very clearly prohibits this sort of thing.

There are more problems. The only road connection is a one-lane track, there are no power connections, no water, no sewer, no services of any kind and getting them all in would cost a great deal of money.

Thus when the future of the Lok Ma Chau loop came up in public consultations more than 10 years ago for the big Strategy 2030 planning exercise, the public response was that the loop should be left as is.

More : http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight...p-has-nothing-do-hi-tech-its-all-about-profit
 

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South China Morning Post Excerpt
Lok Ma Chau Loop development backed by 60 per cent, Hong Kong survey finds
But only 44 per cent think city has adequate capacities to pull off project
February 4, 2017

The plan to develop Lok Ma Chau Loop along the mainland border into a high-tech zone was supported by around 60 per cent of respondents in a Chinese University of Hong Kong study.

In addition, more than 70 per cent of the 733 people interviewed by phone in Hong Kong agreed the development of innovation and technology industries was important for the city’s future.

The university’s Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies conducted the survey between January 19 and 23, after local authorities announced earlier this year a deal with Shenzhen authorities to develop the 87-hectare area into an innovation and technology park.

The muddy wetland located along the Shenzhen River is four times larger than Science Park in Sha Tin.

Among those who expressed support for the project, some 43 per cent said the park would help Hong Kong develop its innovation and technology industries. Others believed it could create more job opportunities and make good use of the mainland’s industrial advantages.

But for the 24.6 per cent that rejected the cross-border plan, a quarter feared it would draw too many mainlanders to work in Hong Kong. Another 22 per cent said they wanted to keep a distance between the city and mainland.

Yet nearly half of those surveyed – 47 per cent – believed the development project would benefit both sides of the border.
 

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Hong Kong’s new tech frontier: Yuen Long
Hong Kong Economic Journal Excerpt
July 14, 2017

Big things are coming to Yuen Long. In January, Hong Kong and Shenzhen joined hands to turn the Lok Ma Chau Loop into the Hong Kong/Shenzhen Innovation and Technology Park, and a 87-hectare project that will be four times bigger than the Science Park in Sha Tin.

The announcement settles a 20-year border dispute over the loop, which is a muddy piece of land created when the Shenzhen River was straightened in 1997. Both Hong Kong and Shenzhen claimed the land, but now that Shenzhen has acknowledged Hong Kong’s ownership, its development potential can be unleashed.

The Hong Kong government will build the park’s basic infrastructure, but it will be up to the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation to manage its 1.2 million square meters of floor area. A special committee with representatives from both Hong Kong and Shenzhen will oversee the development.

Start-up scenes

Innovation is the buzzword in today’s economy, and any new support for start-up technology businesses is welcome. New high-quality space custom-built for start-ups and research and development companies can provide an outlet for entrepreneurs graduating from the city’s universities, and it can convince more technology companies to relocate to Hong Kong.

Things are already looking up in Hong Kong’s tech scene. Last year, the government announced a HK$2 billion Innovation and Technology Venture Fund, and mainland giant Alibaba has contributed US$130 million to a Hong Kong investment program for start-ups. Shenzhen’s scene is even hotter: some of China’s biggest tech companies are located in the booming border city, while grassroots entrepreneurs are flourishing in the city’s do-it-yourself culture.

Building connectivity

There are still many questions about the loop to be answered. Transportation is one of them. At the moment, there is just a one-lane road between the loop and the rest of Hong Kong, and there is no direct connection to Shenzhen. To overcome this isolation, new road and rail infrastructure will need to be built – perhaps a spur of the existing East Rail Line to Shenzhen, or a modern tramway system that leads to the Lok Ma Chau border crossing.
 

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Nov 15, 2017
Hong Kong Economic Journal Excerpt
Green groups hit out again at Lok Ma Chau Loop development plan

With the government completing a consultation exercise on the development of the Lok Ma Chau Loop, environmental organizations have again expressed their opposition to the plan, citing threats to the biodiversity in the area.

Environmentalists insisted that the plan, which would entail a lot of construction activity and new structures being put up, will bring about irreversible damage to the biodiversity and living environment near the Lok Ma Chau area.

They argued that the government must reduce the developmental density and increase the buffer areas, the Hong Kong Economic Journal reports.

The Lok Ma Chau Loop plan has been discussed over nine years and authorities held two public consultations.

The latest consultation on the proposed development ended in mid-August after a proposal was laid out in June.

The Town Planning Board (TPB) is said to have received serious feedback from eight entities, of which only one supported the government’s plan.

Under a plan agreed earlier this year by the Hong Kong and Shenzhen governments, the Lok Ma Chau Loop will be used in part for development of an innovation and technology park.

That would mean constructing new roads, sewage systems and various buildings in the area, prompting an outcry from environmentalists who feared an ecological disaster.

According to the plans, around 53.49 hectares will be used for education, culture, innovative industries, research and development, an ecological zone, and a sewage treatment plant.

The TPB believes that once the place is fully developed there will be around 50,000 to 53,000 students and workers in the area.

After the second consultation ended on August 9, only the San Tin Rural Committee had supported the idea, even suggesting that they open up new traffic networks to support the development.

The Hong Kong Bird Watching Society Office (HKBWS) and the Conservancy Association, meanwhile, were among seven entities that submitted statements voicing their opposition to the development.

Most of them stressed that the loop is part of the Mai Po Marshes and that the development would cause irreversible harm to the environment.
 

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Advisers focus on loop area development
Jan 16, 2018
Shenzhen Daily Excerpt

FUTURE development of the Lok Ma Chau Loop area was a key issue discussed during a panel discussion of the fourth meeting of the Sixth Shenzhen Municipal Committee of the Chinese Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), which opened yesterday.

Political advisers, including dozens of CPPCC members from Hong Kong, put forward a few proposals yesterday to enhance the development of the area located near Futian District between Hong Kong and Shenzhen.

Since Premier Li Keqiang debuted the concept of the Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Greater Bay Area last March, much attention has been paid to the development among the three regions.

The Lok Ma Chau Loop area, managed by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), is believed to be one of the major sites for joint development in the Greater Bay Area, especially between Shenzhen and Hong Kong.

The proposals raised by the political advisers covered various aspects regarding the area’s development, with some advising that the loop area incorporate special administration rules to facilitate more effective cooperation between the two cities, while others giving more specific suggestions, such as bringing in more projects from the medicine or technology sectors.

Luo Xiaoyin, one of the CPPCC members, suggested that the Futian District Government, Shenzhen’s foreign affairs bureau and other related departments on the Shenzhen side, set up an innovative management system that only applies to enterprises and personnel that have settled in the loop area.

According to Luo, the system could align with favorable policies to help create more job and business opportunities for youths from both Shenzhen and Hong Kong.

Cooperative projects in the technology sector was another hot topic at the panel discussion. Members from Shenzhen’s CPPCC foreign affairs committee suggested that more work be done to boost the construction of technology parks in the loop area so as to solicit more high-tech firms and startups.

The committee members introduced the new concept, the “Greater Loop Area,” in the proposal, and attempted to enlarge the area’s influence by including three areas in Shenzhen, namely the parking area at Huanggang Checkpoint, the Futian Free Trade Zone and a smaller loop area in Luohu District.
 

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HK spending on border IT loop questioned
Mar 29, 2018
The Standard Excerpt

Hong Kong should not be spending HK$75 billion on the Lok Ma Chau Loop for the sole benefit of Shenzhen enterprises, lawmakers said.

The government is requesting HK$800 million from the Legislative Council for preliminary work on the loop area project.

Construction is expected to start in the middle of this year, and the first usable piece of land will be developed by Hong Kong-Shenzhen Innovation and Technology Park Limited in 2021.

In a Legislative Council Public Works Subcommittee meeting yesterday, Hong Kong First lawmaker Claudia Mo Man-ching questioned if the city would bear the brunt of the costs while Shenzhen would reap the benefits.

Democratic Party legislator Wu Chi-wai also called on the government to attract international enterprises instead of relying on the mainland. By doing so, the hub will play a leading role in the city's IT development, he said.

A lawmaker for the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong, Lau Kwok-fun, said that when developing the science hub the SAR government should take transportation in the northeastern part of the New Territories into consideration.

His fellow party member, Leung Che-cheung, said construction at the Lok Ma Chau Loop is expected to be complete in 10 years. However, he hopes that the process can be speeded up.

He also expressed his concerns about the traffic flow in the district, as trucks will frequently travel in the area during the construction period.

Civic Party legislator Kwok Ka-ki said the construction of the new science park is likely to go over-budget and may cost HK$100 billion.

He said many mainland enterprises are expected to join the hub, and added that the Chinese government should also pay for the construction of the venue.

Commissioner for Innovation and Technology Annie Choi Suk-han expects the new science park to have an annual income of HK$60 billion and create 50,000 jobs.
 

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Thorough planning needed to make “one zone, two parks” a success
Hong Kong Economic Journal Excerpt
Nov 30, 2020





In the latest Policy Address, the Chief Executive proposed an “one zone, two parks” in the Lok Ma Chau Loop for establishing innovation and technology industry. I have high hopes for this initiative.

I hope that this initiative would boost our research and development (R&D) capability and expenditure. To make this happen, we should focus on attracting new and global enterprises which are fundamental in strengthening Hong Kong’s position as an international R&D hub in the Greater Bay Area.

Actually, the Policy Address in 2017 had set a goal to increase R&D from 0.73% of GDP to 1.5% by 2022, or around $45 billion a year. However, the progress so far has been disappointing. According to the Census and Statistics Department, our R&D expenditure in 2017, was revised to 0.8% from the original 0.73%. It increased to 0.86% in the following year. This was still quite a shortfall from the goal of 1.5%.

More : Thorough planning needed to make “one zone, two parks” a success EJINSIGHT - ejinsight.com
 
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