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Fiat
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HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL TUNJA CITY

Tunja is on the main highway heading north from Bogotá (135 kilometers/81 miles) to Santa Marta on the Atlantic coast (three toll booths en route Bogotá-Tunja) and situated on a high-altitude plateau surrounded by mountains. It is the capital of Boyacá Department, whish in the Muisca language means "Land of Blankets" or "Royal Mantle." Some Colombians may tell you there's nothing to see in Tunja, but you'd be surprised. The city has preserved its colonial past and as what many purport to be the only surviving founder's house in all Colombia (some say all of Latina America), the Casa del Fundador Gonzalo Suárez Rendón. Many of the Catholic temples share a gold-leaf-on-red motif, most stunningly displayed in the Iglesia de Santo Domingo. Santa Bárbara church houses works embroidered by Juana la Loca, the "mad" mother of Spanish emperor Carlos V. A few fragments of the Muisca indigenous culture remain. The most important part of Tunjano history, however, is the Wars of Independence; 15 kilometers (8 miles) south is where the monumental Batalla de Boyacá was fought, after which the Viceroy of Nueva Granada knew the end of Spanish domination was at hand.

TUNJA OVERVIEW



Tunja is on the main highway heading north from Bogotá (135 kilometers/81 miles) to Santa Marta on the Atlantic coast (three toll booths en route Bogotá-Tunja) and situated on a high-altitude plateau surrounded by mountains. It is the capital of Boyacá Department, whish in the Muisca language means "Land of Blankets" or "Royal Mantle." Some Colombians may tell you there's nothing to see in Tunja, but you'd be surprised. The city has preserved its colonial past and as what many purport to be the only surviving founder's house in all Colombia (some say all of Latina America), the Casa del Fundador Gonzalo Suárez Rendón. Many of the Catholic temples share a gold-leaf-on-red motif, most stunningly displayed in the Iglesia de Santo Domingo. Santa Bárbara church houses works embroidered by Juana la Loca, the "mad" mother of Spanish emperor Carlos V. A few fragments of the Muisca indigenous culture remain. The most important part of Tunjano history, however, is the Wars of Independence; 15 kilometers (8 miles) south is where the monumental Batalla de Boyacá was fought, after which the Viceroy of Nueva Granada knew the end of Spanish domination was at hand.

- Tunja Things to See and Do



Little remains of the Muisca culture in Tunja, despite having been the capital of its domain: the Cojines del Zaque and the Pozo de Hunzahúa. The colonial era is still much evidenced, and the city preserves one of the last Spanish founder homes yet extant in Latin America, the Casa del Fundador Gonzalo Suárez Rendón, as well as other impressive mansions, many of which are now museums. Other colonial buildings can be visited, including the Casa de la Familia Niño y Capitán Martín de Rojas, now the Boyacá tourism office and the Paredón de los Mártires in Parque de la República, which still evidences the bullet holes of independence patriots executed. South of the city is the massive monument complex commemorating the Battle of Boyacá. For movie buffs, Tunja has three cinemas. If you are in the mood to shoot 18 holes, several golf courses are in the area. Sports fans can also check out bullfighting and soccer matches, depending on the season.

- Tunja Top Hotels



Good, inexpensive lodging is difficult to find in Tunja. The cheapest hostels are near the bus terminal—an area that is said to be unsafe and to have a lot of prostitution and drugs. Better hotels are found in the center of the city, a steep, up-hill climb, though expect to pay a few dollars more. At present, several of the more expensive inns are under renovation or have recently been fixed-up.

- Tunja Top Restaurants



Tunja has two mercados, on either extreme of the city; market days at the southern one are Thursday and Friday, and at the northern one Saturday and Sunday. Several supermarkets are located on Carrera 10, between Calles 18 and 19, e.g. Ley (Monday-Saturday 9 a.m.-9 p.m., Sunday and holidays 9:30 a.m.-7 p.m.). The average price of an almuerzo or a comida corriente is $1.85. Tunja has several scores of pastry shops baking all sorts of delights, as well as pan integral, multi-grain and

- Tunja Top Tours



Perhaps because of its proximity to the nation's capital to attractions popular amongst Colombians, Tunja has more tour operators than other small cities. A tremendous pride in the riches of Boyacá Department is another impetus to the recent growth of this industry. Besides the obligatory tours to Villa de Leyva and Paipa, a number of circuits to villages and natural sites are being promoted. You can also arrange a trip to Parque Nacional Natural El Cocuy from Tunja. The majority of guides




:righton::eek::drool:

http://www.vivatravelguides.com/south-america/colombia/eastern-colombia/tunja







Algunas joyas arquitectonicas, culturales, religiosas, civiles, al igual que imagenes, pinturas y fotografias de la capital de boyacá, patrimonio por el que fué declarada DISTRITO HISTÓRICO Y CULTURAL de Colombia.

Actualmente se van visto avances de todo tipo en la ciudad, y es interesante que se ha reactivado el sector turismo de la misma, pero falta mucho por conocer, incluso para los habitantes de la ciudad y del Departamento.



La historia no solo recorre las calles del centro histórico, hay puntos distantes donde los museos, universidades, monumentos e iglesias recogen tradiciones de diferentes épocas de la historia de la ciudad.

Visitar a Tunja es como hacer un viaje en el tiempo, para admirar, en un solo lugar, la más espectacular colección del legado artístico y cultural del corazón de Colombia.








Discover: THE HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL TUNJA CITY


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Tunja, capital of Boyaca

 

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Fiat
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Discussion Starter · #6 ·
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Fiat
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Discussion Starter · #11 ·
Great City - TUNJA / Colombia's Mother

For centuries the Muisca (of the Chibcha linguistic group) lived in the Boyacá region. Hunza was the principal political seat These 800,000 to a million inhabitants are considered to have been the most advanced civilization of the time.​



The Chibcha fought hard against the Spanish invaders. In 1539, the Spaniards succeeded in their conquest of this region, and Gonzalo Suárez Rendón established Tunja on the site of Hunza. The city declared its liberty from Spanish rule in 1811. During the struggle for the colonies' independence, one of the most decisive battles was fought at Puente de Boyacá.


When to go and Holidays and Festivals




Like other areas of the Colombian Andes, Tunja experiences a three-month cycle of wet and dry seasons.

Tunja has a number of civic, cultural and religious celebrations. No matter what time of year you come, you will undoubtedly be here for one. For exact dates visit the tourism offices' websites.



March/April—Semana Santa (Easter Week)

June—Fiestas de la Virgen del Milagro

August—Fiestas de San Bartolomé 6 August—Founding of Tunja/Semana de la Cultura Tunjana
7 August—Commemoration of the Battle of Boyacá

September—Fiestas del Señor de la Columna; also: Festival Internacional de la Cultura and Fiestas de San Lázaro I

October—Festival del Frío

November-December—Feria Artesana

December—Fiestas de San Lázaro II
16-22 December—Aguinaldo Boyacense



Camera




Like all other services in Tunja, camera shops are not concentrated in one area. None, apparently, repairs cameras. However, the best one-stop option seems to be Foto Veracruz. It has all sorts of batteries and battery chargers, black-and-white and color films (Kodak, Fuji, Konica, AGFA in 100, 200, 400 ASA), all types of digital camera cards, and analog and digital cameras for sale, as well as film processing (Monday-Friday 8 a.m.-7:30 p.m., Saturday 9 a.m.-7:30 p.m., Sunday and holidays 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Carrera 10 18-24, Tel: 8-742-3982).




Laundry



Away from the downtown area are scattered several laundries. One you might try is Lavandería Nuevo Milenio, across from Parque Bosque de la República (Monday-Friday 7:30 a.m.-1 p.m., 3-7 p.m., Saturday 8 a.m.-7 p.m. Carrera 10 13-20, Tel: 8-743-6857/310-333-3508).



Medical



The public health facility, Hospital San Rafael, is a full-service center (Carrera 11 27-27, Tel: 8-742-2041). There are also a number of private clinics. The main droguerías, or pharmacies, are on Calle 19, between Carreras 9 and


Keeping in Touch



Many shops have local and national service for $0.10-0.20 per minute. Telecom is located on the corner of Calle 19 and Carrera9. International calls begin at $0.45 per minute (Monday-Friday 8 a.m.-8:30 p.m., Saturday 8a.m.-noon. A cheaper option for international calls is [email protected] , beginning at $0.20 per minute (Carrera 10 21-42, Centro Comercial Pinal). A plethora of internet cafés populate Tunja, charging $0.50-$1.30 per hour. Benicnet is one of the only cheapies open on Sunday and Holidays (Monday-Saturday 8 a.m.-8 p.m., Sunday and holidays 9 a.m.-5 p.m. Calle 19 12-69). Adpostal, the post office, is at Calle 18 11-79 (Monday-Friday 8 a.m.-noon, 2-6 p.m., Saturday 8 a.m.-noon).



MoneyMajor banks have branches in Tunja; many have 24-hour ATMs:
Bancolombia (AmEx travellers cheques; ATM: MasterCard, Visa, Cirrus)—Monday-Friday 8-11:30 a.m., 2-4:30 p.m. Carrera 10 22-35, near Iglesia San Francisco.

Santander (AmEx travellers cheques; ATM)—Monday-Friday 8-11:30 a.m., 2-4:30 p.m. Carrera 10 18-16. AV Villas (ATM: Visa, Plus, MasterCard, Cirrus) Monday-Friday 8 a.m.-7 p.m ., Saturday 9 a.m.-3 p.m. Calle 19 10-83.
BBVA (ATM: MasterCard, Cirrus) Monday-Friday 8-11:30 a.m., 2-4:30 p.m. Carrera 11 18-41.

The Western Union agent in Tunja is Giros and Finanzas (Monday-Friday 8:30 a.m.-5 p.m., Saturday 8:30 a.m.-1 p.m. Carrera 10 16-81, inside Almacén Comfaboy, Tel: 8-740-9877); the MoneyGram agent is in the Davivienda bank (Monday-Friday 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m., Saturday 9 a.m.-3 p.m. Carrera 10 and Calle 14, Tel: 8-742-4898).



Pics






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Main countries of origin of tourists to Tunja



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Thailand

United Arab Emirates

Malaysia
 

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Fiat
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Discussion Starter · #14 · (Edited)
I appreciate yours notes :), now a city video:




<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>





THE TREASURE OF THE ANDES


Weapons of Tunja

Heraldic Shield Spanish-French, similar to the Imperial capital of Spain, Toledo; way cross and shield quartered tip triangulated. The first and last quarter on silver field signal integrity, lion rampant Gules langued and crowned himself the symbol of authority and strength. The second and third quarter on a red field color crenellated stone towers, as an emblem of greatness. Gusset on a silver tip; pomegranate gules and hojada cracked sínople, symbol of religious unity and territorial Spain from Ferdinand and Isabella and also personifies the New Kingdom of Granada. As timbre and framing esployada eagle shield saber, attribute supreme power. Hanging by the wings "Golden Fleece" currency of the Duchy of Burgundy, instituted by Charles I of Spain and V of Germany, whose collar is made of gold and flints links flames issuing from which hangs the fleece of a ram. As royal crown crest.







Colombia's Rome: Tunja


City Real Title

King gave him the title of city, 9 March 1541, and weapons, which are those of Leon and Castile, the first and last quarters of the white field ravening lion crowned, and in the second, on the golf colorado, castle stone color, and below the shield, the two barracks medium, triangle gusset in white with a grenade, and embracing all the shield one two-headed black eagle crowned with golden wings estusón pending; has three religious parishes and convents of Dominicans, Franciscans and Augustinian nuns of Santa Clara and the Conception, college of the Society of Jesus and hospital by the religion of San Juan de Dios and four hermitages and convent jurisdiction Candlemas, the Augustinian Recollect religious, and the home of Our Lady of Chiquinquirá, one as village assisted religious of the Order of Preachers. It is subordinate to the city the village of Nuestra Señora de Leiva, who puts in yearlings mayors and aldermen, is the head of township, the provision of His Majesty, and has seventy trustees of Indians, their buildings are very good factory and ostentation.
Genealogies Original Text of the New Kingdom of Granada, Don Juan Flores of Ocáriz, Volume First, the National Historical Archive Publication 1943. Originally published in Madrid in 1674.


Source: http://www.tunja-boyaca.gov.co/sitio.shtml?apc=msxx-1-&r=Lugares Atractivos#Lugares Atractivos







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Fiat
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Discussion Starter · #15 ·
TUNJA Polis Civita


#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr







#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #puentedeboyaca #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr







#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #puentedeboyaca #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr










#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr









#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #puentedeboyaca #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr







#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #puentedeboyaca #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr








#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #puentedeboyaca #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr








#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #puentedeboyaca #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr








#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #puentedeboyaca #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr








#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr







#enmicolombia #colombia #tagsforlikes #like4like #boyaca #noche # hermoso #suramerica #southamerica #chile #colombiano #colombianboy #feliz #igerscolombia #ig_colombia #tunja por enmicolombia1, en Flickr







Tunja, Boyacá por Lu Fe, en Flickr










Tunja Moro 10x10 por marketingre9, en Flickr









Atardecer Rojo 1 por DIEGOAGD, en Flickr










Tejados Fértiles por DIEGOAGD, en Flickr












El Señor de los Helados por DIEGOAGD, en Flickr
 

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Fiat
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Discussion Starter · #16 ·
*

Welcome Explorers, Visitors, Hikers and Cultural Travelers to MUSEUM CITY



Quito? Oaxaca? Cuzco? - | - It is Santiago de TUNJA







Tour of enchantment to discover the Treasure Chest





The clues to its jewels are in each monument and in each archaeological remains



- One of the 4 cities with the most history in all of Colombia, along with Popayán, Cartagena and Bogotá, were the first regional capitals of the New Kingdom of Granada.

***
 

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Fiat
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