What's there to see
Doesnt take long to figure it out. Vilnius' OldTown, at 3.6 sq km, is one of the biggest ones in Europe. Despite suffered great destruction, nearly 2.000 buildings of highiest value, representing all of the major European architectual styles have survived in OldTown, nearly 3.000 in all of the city. It's uniqueness was prooved when Vilnius' OldTown was included into UNESCO World heritage list as a site of highiest cultural value in 1994. The Chaotic street network that didnt changed since 15th century, arch's, narrow cobblestone streets, with various kinds of music floating from every window. It's also the biggest Baroque city north of the Alps, where a guest can eassily get lost, thus experiancing a pleasure of unexpectedly discovering one o many stuning churches (27 in OldTown alone), a small quiet park or maybe a wildwater Vilnia river (from which the city's name was born), with cozy looking small bridges leading to Vilnius' montmartre district. The friendly, joyfull looking people who are always glad to help, would lead your way to one of many hills around, from which, a real life view would remain in your mind forever and every time you'd remember it, optimism and hapyness would overrun your heart. Beautifull architecture and nature, friendly people, unique atmosphere and delicious cuisine, has made every person, who spent even as few as a day or two in summer Vilnius, completly fall in love with it and everyone either visited Vilnius again or promissed themselves to do it as soon as possible.
Vilnius' OldTown... Or should i say atleast a bigger part of it.
Defensive ring of Vilnius consisted of castle's of Trakai, Dubingiai, Senieji Trakai, Peninsulla, Lida, Kreva and Medininkai. There were 4 more castles in city itself - The Upper and Highier, used also as residence of dukes, Rokantiskiu and Kreivoji. In early 1500's, by order of Grand duke Aleksandras, Vilnius defensive wall was built in renaissance style. It was 6km long and 6m high wall, had 13 gates, 20 defensive towers and an artillery bastery. In early 1800's by order of Tsar of Russia, for reasons previously mentioned, fortifications were torn down, bricks sold out. The gates of dawn, artillery bastery and ~1km of wall survived to this day.
The Bastion is an original Renaissance fortification. It consists of a tower installed in the city wall, the underground gun ports and a corridor connecting them, which becomes a 48-metre long tunnel. The Bastion was built in the first half of the 16th century, and you are rewarded with a stunning view of the Old Town from its terrace.
Ausros vartai (The gates of dawn/Ostra Brama)
The Gates of Dawn is the only surviving gate of the original thirteen gates in the city wall that was built in 1514. This is a three-storied Renaissance building. The entry, with a draw bridge over the defensive moat, was in its first storey. From the side of the town, on the upper premises of the gate, a wooden chapel was erected. Following the reconstruction in 1829 the Chapel of the Gates of Dawn acquired the shape of the later Classical period. The sacred picture of the Holy Mother of God, which is thought to have miracle-working powers and which is one of the most significant Renaissance paintings in Lithuania, is stored in the Chapel. The picture was painted at the beginning of the 17th century by an unknown painter.
Renaissace interior is very rich. Altar and painting are claded with gold, rest of the chapel, with silver