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^^ I just say that the "BAD" is changing. There's always something which is worse than the thing before. I don't say that anything is false.

Why do most Germans think that nuclear power is bad and power plants must be closed immediately but in many other countries, e.g. France, much more people think that it's not that bad or even good? For instance good to slow down the climate change?

You could weigh what's worse. Climate change or a nuclear disaster..
I don't know, why our post went missing. What people forget is, that there is not enough uranium to run much more power plants. in the last decades much of the used up uranium was from old warheads of rockets luckily unused in cold war.

I read in the newspaper an old man saying: but i know we learned in school how much energy is in a single gram of uranium, so it is a good thing!

Except the risks, it is not about how much energy is in a single gram, but how much you need to dig to get that gram, and that you need to enrich it afterwards. the price for uranium rises as for all other fuels, because costly fuel are avoided which evens the field.

I think it makes no sense to destruct functioning power plants (not energetical and not ecological) no matter if it are nuclear plants oder coal plants... i would just not built new ones. It the same as with throwing away cars to built some who emit less CO2, because the construction of new cars emits much more...
 

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What people forget is, that there is not enough uranium to run much more power plants. in the last decades much of the used up uranium was from old warheads of rockets luckily unused in cold war.
There is still enough uranium in current mines for over 100 years. And there are billions of tonnes of uranium in seawater. Extraction will soon become economically viable. And breeder reactors are also becoming more and more technically advanced which make nuclear energy renewable. So I wouldn't write off nuclear energy yet.
 

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You could weigh what's worse. Climate change or a nuclear disaster..
Locally/regionally nuclear disaster. On a bigger scale climate change..

Nuclear disasters in advanced western countries are extremely unlikely. Even Fukushima, whilst obviously terrible, has only affected a small area of Japan. Closing all the nuclear generation in Germany was highly irrational
 

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^^ Tsunami is a Japanese word. Coastal Japan has a lot of risk of them and of earthquakes, it is an active area. But Tsunami risk for most of Germany is... extremely low. That the Fukushima event was used as political cover to phase-out nuclear power in Germany is just so very very irrational to say the least. Especially considering the French :lol:

I don't know, why our post went missing. What people forget is, that there is not enough uranium to run much more power plants. in the last decades much of the used up uranium was from old warheads of rockets luckily unused in cold war.

I read in the newspaper an old man saying: but i know we learned in school how much energy is in a single gram of uranium, so it is a good thing!

Except the risks, it is not about how much energy is in a single gram, but how much you need to dig to get that gram, and that you need to enrich it afterwards. the price for uranium rises as for all other fuels, because costly fuel are avoided which evens the field.

I think it makes no sense to destruct functioning power plants (not energetical and not ecological) no matter if it are nuclear plants oder coal plants... i would just not built new ones. It the same as with throwing away cars to built some who emit less CO2, because the construction of new cars emits much more...

This is only because de-arming of the cold war made a lot of surplus nuclear weapons that were recycled. There are a lot of uranium mines existing and they are not making much money... price is low and companies are mostly in loss... there is much excess uranium supply than demand. And, I don't want to sound like Keynes but any solution doesn't need to last "forever", the nuclear power plant only will work for 50 years or something.
 

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Isn't all this off topic?
It is. But it also confirms that media makes headlines, stories and fears!
Not just about pure ecological topics but also about road construction. Some contries prefer building expressways with motorway standard but don't call it motorway just because an expressway sounds less bad et cetera...

Green party is the favorite party of German journalists (26.9%): https://de.statista.com/statistik/daten/studie/163740/umfrage/parteipraeferenz-von-politikjournalisten-in-deutschland/. Maybe it's simliar in France? :dunno:
It appears to be the same in the Netherlands. The Dutch mainstream media is in a state of total hysteria about climate change and sustainability, it wouldn't surprise me if this is by far the most produced topic of news articles by the public broadcaster. It's on the news literally every day and usually multiple times per day. It feels like a propaganda machine to justify expensive "green" reforms.
 

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Road authorities can do their part to combat the pollinator problem: plant flowers along the road and mow the grass less often. In most countries there is a substantial right-of-way for this, but they only plant trees (Belgium, Germany) or mow it all (France, Netherlands).
 

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I suspected that as well.

This creates an awkward situation, though. Coming from the A6, if you take the A6a (which is left) there is no way to take the Periph towards the right; conversely, if you take the A6b (on the right), there is no way to get to the Periph towards the left. Basically you cannot exit at Port de Gentilly coming directly from the A6.
 

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N2: Crepy-en-Valois – east of Gondreville 3.5km (<= 2016 to Late 2018) [2nd c/w] – ? – map
N2: east of Gondreville – Vaumoise/Vauciennes 3.5km (<= 2016 to Late 2018) – ? – map
To be opened tomorrow :)

http://abonne.lunion.fr/22950/article/2018-12-16/la-deviation-de-la-rn2-entre-soissons-et-paris-ouvre-mercredi
It was opened with one lane per direction in September 2018 but 2x2 on 19th December 2018. The construction of the first bridge (over railway) began in 2013. Source

I'm not sure whether it was opened 2x1 or 1x2 but OSM had indicated that both carriageways are in service for a while. That counts for my overview.
 

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I guess I was wrong after all. No lesson has been learnt from the Gilets Jaunes furor. :|
Lille: speed limited to 70 km/h from February on the ring road

Le Figaro
December 21, 2018

The maximum speed limit on the Lille ring road will change in February from 90km/h to 70km/h to fight pollution, announced today the mayor Martine Aubry (Socialist). "The first time I spoke about it with the prefect was in 2012," recalled Martine Aubry during a press conference.

[...]

Because of air pollution, around 1,700 people die prematurely each year in the [Lille] Metropolis, which has 1.2 million inhabitants in 90 communes and is connected by five motorways (Paris, Brussels, Ghent, Valenciennes and Dunkirk) recalled Ms. Aubry.

This announcement comes as two petitions on the harmful consequences of air pollution in the capital of Flanders, including fine particles, have collected several thousand signatures this week on the internet. "Pollution peaks are breaking all records in the region, and no one seems to care, it's about our health and our children's health,. Let's force public authorities to wake up to the situation and take responsibility in the face of this catastrophic health situation", explains the text of the petition "For the mayor of Lille to act!".

"These petitions, I have received them positively: there are thousands of Lille inhabitants who feel that it is an absolute necessity of public health and who say to me 'call the [French] State'. I have told them that it was already done", reacted Ms. Aubry, mayor of Lille since 2001. The city also announced its desire to soon expand the perimeter of streets where speed is limited to 30 km/h. This limit already affected several sectors since the implementation of a new traffic plan in 2016.

http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2018/12/21/97001-20181221FILWWW00275-lille-vitesse-limitee-a-70-kmh-des-fevrier-sur-le-peripherique.php
Let's recall that Ms Aubry, a former Socialist minister in the 1990s, is only the Mayor of the small commune of Lille (200,000 inhabitants), she is not the president of the Lille Metropolis (1.2 million inhabitants), but apparently she behaves as if she was, with disregard for the non-entity that she helped get elected at the head of the Metropolis (to prevent the Right-wing parties from winning the presidency of the Metropolis)...

This has already given bad ideas in the rest of France. The left-wing and heavily biased (think of a Left version of Fox News) La Dépêche du Midi, which opposes the Right-wing mayor of Toulouse, is already launching the debate in Toulouse and openly challenging the mayor of Toulouse:
Toulouse: as in Lille in February 2019, should we decrease the speed to 70 km/h on the ring road?

La Dépêche du Midi
December 22, 2018

In order to fight pollution, Martine Aubry has asked and obtained from the prefect the decision to reduce the speed limit to 70 km/h on the Lille ring road. Should this measure which will be applied from February inspire Jean-Luc Moudenc, the mayor of Toulouse?

[...]

Contacted by "La Dépêche du Midi" this Saturday, Mr. Moudenc considers "that in this matter, we must be pragmatic and provide responses that vary according to local situations. I am not sure that such a reduction in speed would have much effect on the pollution of our ring road; otherwise, I would answer 'why not?' In the case of our ring road the problem is that its congestion during rush hours causes the emission of polluting gases in a strong and very concentrated way. It is this excess traffic and congestion, much more than speed, which is a source of pollution", explains the Mayor of Toulouse.

[...]

https://www.ladepeche.fr/article/2018/12/22/2929674-toulouse-comme-lille-fevrier-2019-faut-abaisser-vitesse-70-km.html
La Dépêche du Midi is in fact much worse than Fox News, because at least Fox News is not the only media in the US, there are also liberal media to challenge Fox News, but in the Toulouse region La Dépêche du Midi is the only regional media. There is no other newspaper, and no real regional TV or radio channel that is used as a news source by the local population.

The speed limit on the Toulouse ring road was already decreased from 110 to 90 km/h in 2007, and this applies all days, day and night, and was extended to the motorways leading to the ring road, up to 15 km from the ring road (which leads to the ridiculous situation where if you travel from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic in the middle of the night you suddenly have to drive at 90 km/h on completely empty motorways and ring roads for nearly 25 km).

The way French politics work, at the next municipal elections in 2020 probably the left-wing opponent of the mayor of Toulouse will propose to reduce the speed to 70 km/h, supported by La Dépêche du Midi, and either the current mayor will give in and agree to reduce it, or he will be defeated, if not this time around then in 2026, and the next left-wing mayor will reduce it anyway, no matter what car drivers think.

And when the next Gilets Jaunes' explosion takes place (of note: half, yes half, of all French speed radars have been either destroyed or covered with paint and plastic bags in the past 2 months according to government sources), the media and politicians will once again not understand why people are so angry...
 

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I can't resist translating the comments following the article in the La Dépêche du Midi. :D

I'm only translating the first two pages.
Driving at 70 km/h on the Lille ring road will allow motorists to count rubbish on the roadside... Considering their number ..... good luck!
Let them impose 20 km/h on us and be done with it!
And why not 17 km/h since we're at it?
Those autophobic types are seriously starting to get on our nerves!

Fortunately Moudenc, for once, is saying sensible things.
And why not 50 km/h!! And then on the city streets we'll push the car with our hands!!
And why not make the entire ring road pedestrian ah ah ah... what a band of idiots...
In other times, other places and other weather conditions I with great pleasure use a mule.

Maybe it would be useful to bring this animal to those who decide on speed limits.

What do those working on the Hyperloop at Francazal [a suburb of Toulouse where E. Musk is setting up a Hyperloop factory] think about it?
:rofl:
There's an even simpler solution: we close the ring road and we ban all vehicles except emergency vehicles in the entire [Toulouse] Metropolis. Between the motorway exits, we set up some light trams where the vehicles will be transported on shuttles at the preferential tariff of 2,000 euros. For the collection of garbage, we do it in carts drawn by asses recruited at ENA [the top school forming the highest civil servants and many politicians] and among politicians and Greens. Salary: the minimum income. As for the fleets of official cars for politicians, we sell them, and the chauffeurs are reconverted as coachmen of the aforementioned carts.
Of course we have to reduce the speed limit to 70 km/h. That way the speed cameras will generate even more money and make up for the losses since the "events" [the destruction or impairment of half of all speed cameras by the Gilets Jaunes]. Better still, downgrade the ring road to a 30 km/h speed zone, that way everybody will be caught by the speed cameras and it will generate even more money than the congestion charge once envisioned [the French government wanted to introduce congestion charge areas in the large French cities based on the London congestion charge, but they dropped the idea after the start of the Gilets Jaunes protests]!!!
Why not during rush hours! But in the middle of the night or outside of rush hours 70 km/h is counter-productive.
The ring road at 70 km/h????.... Sick and tired of these types of solutions which solve nothing... quite the opposite... Let those who propose these types of restrictions share a week in the life of those who have to use the ring roads.
During rush hours, I propose 5 km/h, because sometimes you can easily reach 15 km/h if you don't pay attention...
 

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Good news for a change! Despite opposition from all local parties except the ruling one, the mammoth 6-lane 5.4-km overseas viaduct in Réunion is almost completed. Work should end in the first half of 2019.

The massive dike that will prolong the viaduct towards the south has unfortunately not started yet, and is severally delayed, because of local opposition by Greenstremists and NIMBYs who oppose the opening of stone quarries on the island, and have launched dozens of lawsuits. According to them, the quarries would be a multi-factor danger to the population, from risks of provoking earthquakes to releasing dangerous nuclear dusts. :crazy2:

This opposition, which is partly political (some local mayors opposed to the president of the regional council) and partly fake-newsy (citizens up in arms against pretty much anything in France these days), has so far blocked the quarrying of stones needed to build the dike, so either the regional council will have to import stones from Madagascar or wait for the lawsuits to play out.

As a result, the builders of the motorway now say they could open the viaduct, and the viaduct only, in 2020, by connecting it to the old motorway below the cliffs, at a cost of 8 to 12 million euros. That way, motorists could use 7 km out of 12 (i.e. the viaduct and its access dikes) as early as 2020, while the long 5 km dike would remain to be built later. The viaduct runs parallel to the most dangerous part of the old motorway, so this would already greatly improve security and reliability of the road (no more closures as have been taking place every years due to falling rocks).

Some videos :


Latest video. The viaduct (or rather its access dike) starts at 1:45 in the video, and the 5-km dike to be built after the viaduct starts (or will start) at 6:35.


Given the multi-faceted opposition to this project, both in Réunion (Left parties favoring public transportation, Greens opposed as they always are) and in Metropolitan France (national media publishing sensationalist stories along the lines of "look how our Metropolitan French tax money is used to build the costliest motorway per km in the world"), it's a miracle that this project has become reality at all. It's all due to the sheer determination of the Right-wing president of the regional council, who has single-handedly carried this project since his victory (and defeat of the long time Communist president) in the regional elections of 2010 (the former Communist president favored a tram line running in a tunnel to be bored inside the cliff, but this project was going nowhere, and many opposed the tunnel in the first place, for the same reason as NIMBYs oppose tunnels in Italy, toxic dusts, risks of soil tremors, etc).

I have a feeling, however, that given the level of opposition to this project, this is probably the last major road project in Réunion (perhaps even France).
 
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