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Discussion Starter · #1 ·
Lawmakers in the upper chamber of the National Assembly are divided along ethnic lines on the propriety of a bill seeking to create grazing reserves and routes for Fulani nomads throughout the country.

South-West, South-South, South-East and Middle Belt senators are opposed to their colleagues from the far North on the issue.

While socio-political groups in the South-West, South-South, South-East and Middle Belt oppose the bill, the far North support it, saying it will reduce constant clashes between nomadic Fulani and host farmers.

The Senate, during its July 3, 2012 sitting, was sharply divided when the bill was discussed.

Among other provisions, the bill seeks to establish a National Grazing Reserves Commission, which will have the power to acquire land that will serve as grazing reserves and routes for herdsmen in any part of the country.

Senators who opposed the bill, said it negated the Land Use Act and the principle of federalism. They argued that the matter should be left to state assemblies to decide.

One of the supporters of the bill, Deputy Leader of the Senate, Abdul Ningi, argued that the bill had no conflict with the constitution and the Land Use Act.

He said that the Federal Government had the power to acquire land for the grazing project, just as it could acquire land to build roads across states.

Senate President David Mark referred the bill to the Joint Committee on Judiciary and Legal Matters and Agriculture and Rural Development for advice.

But on Thursday, the Federation of Middle Belt People opposed the bill, saying the grazing reserves and routes would create more problems for the country.

The coordinator of the group, Mr. Manasseh Watyil, in an interview with SATURDAY PUNCH, asked, “Where is the Fulani abode? Creating a grazing reserve for the Fulani is like creating trouble. They cannot be pinned down to one place.”

Also, the Yoruba socio-political group, Afenifere, faulted the bill.

Afenifere leader, Pa Reuben Fasoranti, told SATURDAY PUNCH in Akure that the herdsmen erred because they deliberately destroyed farmlands across the country without showing remorse.

He said, “I don’t support the bill seeking the Senate’s approval of grazing reserves for Fulani herdsmen in the country; rather, the government and their (Fulani) leaders need to re-orientate them.

“The most painful aspect is that they would not feel remorse after destroying farmlands. The tendency to destroy other people’s lives and property is in their minds and they seem to be deriving special pleasure in doing so.

“Their leaders should give them a fresh orientation. How many grazing reserves do you want to create for them? They will seek another one whenever they feel there is no enough grass again.”

Reacting to the bill, the Secretary, Ijaw National Congress, Mr. Robinson Esitei, said it was absolutely wrong and it should, therefore, be resisted.

The INC secretary said the bill would cause further divisions and crises in the country, stressing that the INC leadership would oppose it.

He said it would be inconceivable for the FG to acquire land belonging to the people for the purpose of cattle rearing.

He said land did not belong to the government, but to the people and could only be acquired with their consent.

He said, “That is absolutely wrong. Land is aboriginal to the inhabitants and owned by the people.

“If the government acquires any land without the consent and approval of the aborigines, then the government is running an illegal system, contrary to the stipulations of the constitution.

“The people own the land and the aborigines use the land as a means of survival. And if the government wants to use it for developmental purpose, that would be their equity share.

“If you acquire a piece of land from Delta State and you want to use it for cattle rearing, how will it benefit the people? It’s another way of causing division and crisis in Nigeria. The INC vehemently opposes it.”

The President of Izumunna Cultural Association, an Igbo socio-cultural organisation, Prof. Zebulon Okoye, described the grazing reserve bill as unreasonable.

He said the frequent attacks on host communities by Fulani nomads had justified the need for the Senate to reject the bill.

Okoye, in an interview with SATURDAY PUNCH in Jos, said that the constant clashes on the Plateau were only born out of the expansionist tendency of the pastoralists.

He said instead of establishing a grazing reserve for nomads, the FG should settle them in the North, where there are large acres of uninhabited land.

Okoye advised the government to provide amenities such as water and electricity for them.

He said, “From what is happening on the Plateau, it is now clear that a law of that nature is detrimental to other parts of the country, especially the South-East that is land locked.

“If they are doing it in a land that does not belong to them, what happens if such land is legally given to them? They will drive all the people from their homes.

“If they can visit this amount of calamity on Plateau and other places where there had been intermittent clashes between them and the natives, then we wonder what will happen in the South-East.

“This is more so as the majority of the nomads are non-Nigerians, but coming from Mali, Chad, Cameroon and so on.”

He said that the Igbo had experienced the attacks going by the friction between the nomads and the natives in Nsukka area of Anambra State.

Okoye added, “It is a thing of big concern in the South-East and based on the experience we already have in Nsukka area, where they have forcibly taken over land and driven away farmers from the little land they have, we feel strongly that the law will not achieve the purpose for which it is intended.”

But the North’s socio-political group, the Arewa Consultative Forum, said the bill was long overdue.

The group noted that the creation of the grazing reserves would greatly reduce the incessant clashes between farmers and the Fulani.

The National Publicity Secretary of the forum, Mr. Anthony Sani, told SATURDAY PUNCH in Kaduna that the country needed a national policy for the development of livestock, which provides meat for consumption and means of livelihood for Nigerians.

He called for reconciliation between Berom and the Fulani in Plateau State.

Sani advised leaders of the two ethnic nationalities to reconcile and forgive each other.

“After all, the two communities had lived peacefully in the past. How they did it in the past should be repeated for common good,” he added.

A former Kaduna State Governor, Alhaji Balarabe Musa, said the bill was in order.

He, however, said it could only reduce the clashes between the Fulani and farmers.

Musa stated, “I support it, but there are a lot of problems. In the past, there was a provision for that and it was respected.

“There were grazing reserves and the routes that cattle could follow, but all that have now been abandoned. There is no grazing reserve for the nomads. They always keep fighting with farmers. It (grazing) would reduce the clashes in a substantial way.”

Musa added, “The clashes between the Fulani and the people of Plateau State have nothing to do with grazing. In Plateau, Kaduna and some other states, there is always the issue of political power rivalry.”

According to him, the only way to stop the clashes is for the government to muster the political will to confront the problem.

Backing the bill, the Convener/Chairman of the group of Northern Professionals, Politicians and Businessmen, Dr. Junaid Mohammed, said setting up grazing reserves would curb communal clashes between herdsmen and farmers.

Mohammed, in a telephone interview with SATURDAY PUNCH, accused successive governments, especially in the North, of mismanaging the land issue, using the Land Use Decree as cover.

He said, “The entire North was surveyed aerially and otherwise. And in every state and local government, there were areas set aside – we call them burtali in Hausa, where these herdsmen were allowed to go and graze their animals.

“These people were busy giving the land away. If you go through the archives of the former Northern Nigeria, you will find evidence. These things were not done off hand, they were gazetted.

“So, no one can say that this is anything new. If they don’t do it (pass the bill), they will continue to have problems.

“There was land set aside right from Niger Republic down to Northern Nigeria, I don’t know what happened in the South.

“The land had been surveyed and areas where they were to graze their animals were specified. Even the Fulani themselves know these areas.”
Source:http://www.punchng.com/news/senators-fight-over-grazing-land-for-fulani-herdsmen/
 

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Discussion Starter · #2 ·
my opinion is that everyone is less concerned with the 'fighting' and more concerned with where this gazing land will come from.

It think that if the fulani want land for their cattle, which they don't, they should buy it like anyone else in nigeria. If they are given free grazing land allocated exclusively to them they will deplete it and need more. their understanding of replenishing fields or purchasing/gathering feed for their cattle seems primitive at best.


They're more into finding green fields then creating them, and more into cows then people. They need to be called into order, a lot of their activities are illegal and parasitic and counter productive and only work to further isolate the north thought leaders in that region are too narrow sighted to see that.

These people, if they want land, need to buy land, and if they abuse the law need to be arrested. This is the rule for everyone else in the world and they shouldn't be an exception. Nigeria has a bad habit or compensating and accommodating the unreasonable and troublesome (these guys, MEND, and soon Boko Haram) while neglecting the hardworking and productive.
 

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Sighs.....

Ful6e really needs to start looking into modern animal husbandry methods, like mass ranching.
 

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Student Architect جاري&#15
GG
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They need to get with the times, there is no need for this type of activity when there are cheaper and more effective ways of raising cattle.

Also doesn't herding defeat the purpose of raising a cattle. Many of the fulani cattle are skinny, weak and lack meat because of the calories they burned during their long nomadic journey.

I'm pretty sure that most people will rather buy fat cows from farms than a skinny nomadic cows that is on live support.
 

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Student Architect جاري&#15
GG
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Domestic farm cattle

vs

Nomadic Cattle

 

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Discussion Starter · #6 ·
never even considered that but you guys are 100% right. In the african heat, why are your allowing your cattle to be on a constant march if your trying to rear the fattest cows possible? In America cows are kept fenced up and immobile and the end up so fat that they can't march if they wanted to, stomachs inches from the ground. They reproduce more because that's all there is to do and produce more meat and milk per cow than anywhere else in the world. My state has more cows than people according to recent statistics and the majority of our land is used for farming corn but there's absolutely no conflict between these two worlds. The Fulani feel like regression is culture and it's not.
 

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I think, for the Ful6e, this transhumance, is something, that involves, just more than abandoning a lifestyle for another. For them, it means everything. As one would expect, their psyche, thinking methods, songs, folklore, Etc, would revolve around the act of cattle grazing, and they would tell stories, of how their forefathers, travelled, thousands of Miles, in search of the best pasture, for their cattle.

Also, as the Sahel becomes drier, the Fulanis, of that area, would be forced to move, even further south, into more Middle-beltan and Southern territories, as they have the best grasslands, and clashes are definitely going to occur, when a Tiv man sees a Fulani herd pulverizing his new rice plantation. :lol:

believe me, i dont even know what the solution to the problem is, that would involve not stripping a people, of their cultural identity.
 

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Well I am glad you find this funny, because I certainly do not.

Personally I believe that if they (The Fulani) cannot contain themselves or restrain themselves or control themselves, then they need to be restricted from accessing certain LGA or even States if need be.

We cannot have a situation whereby migrating ethnic groups, ravage the communities, livestock and land of indigenous communities like locusts.

This situation 5 years ago, is perhaps something that we can discuss over tea or kunu, but in 2012, it is no longer something that we should be discussing. It is now so dire and so disastrous, that the only thing left is for decisive actions.

This goes beyond Plateau State, it goes beyond the Tiv. This goes into Nasarawa State, it goes into Kogi State, heck it even goes into the South East. Yes these Fulani herdsmen cause chaos as far south as the South East! This is not a minor crisis, it is a major national incident that should be a state of emergency.

Like I said, 5 years ago, maybe cooler heads could prevail and we could talk about this over a glass of palm wine and Isi Ewu. In 2012, I cannot talk about this with a calm head.

It infuriates me to say the least, enough people have died.
 

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^^ your hate for Ful6e will never die!
U dont even live in Nigeria, and ure talking like u know whats happening on ground.

Lest talk about the day some Cross river ethnic groups butchered themselves, the other day , because of Land disputes....... :shifty:

U fail to realize that conflicts based on Pressure on Land, is not limeted to Fulani Vs Others, alone, but affects everyone.
 

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P.E. Aubameyang
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Fulani herders must integrate civilization. modern technique of breeding and maintenance of land, development of livestock breeding strategies in the long run to be more productive and less mobile, change of mind and sobriety for good neighborly relations with the natives where they are going must to be a necessity for the Fulani, etc.
 

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Student Architect جاري&#15
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Those aren't fat cattles, they look normal. The point of domestic farm cattle is to get them big and fat. Nomadic cattle can never get as large as farm cattle because they burn calories and fat during their thousand mile journey. It defeats the purpose of having a cattle. In addition, I don't think all the pics you post are all nomadic cattle, probably just grazers that travel from nearby locations and not a long journey.
 

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^ No, that isnt the reason at all..... The reason the cattles like the ones you posted turn out big is because They are selectively breeded over and over again for size.

Trust me, there are very big nomadic cattle, but I didnt want to look like i was cherry-picking pictures to prove my point.....And yes they are all nomadic cattle..... That pictures you posted, are of starved malnurtured cattle.
 
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