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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)


Great Zimbabwe is a ruined city in the southeastern hills of Zimbabwe near Lake Mutirikwe and the town of Masvingo, close to the Chimanimani Mountains and the Chipinge District. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Zimbabwe during the country's Late Iron Age. Construction on the monument by ancestors of the Shona people began in the 11th century and continued until the 14th century,[1][2] spanning an area of 722 hectares (1,780 acres) which, at its peak, could have housed up to 18,000 people. It is recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
























trading with the asians and Chinese before clonialism^^

Archaeological evidence suggests that Great Zimbabwe became a centre for trading, with artefacts suggesting that the city formed part of a trade network linked to Kilwa[24] and extending as far as China. Copper coins found at Kilwa Kisiwani appear to be of the same pure ore found on the Swahili coast.[25] This international trade was mainly in gold and ivory; some estimates indicate that more than 20 million ounces of gold were extracted from the ground.[26] That international commerce was in addition to the local agricultural trade, in which cattle were especially important.[14] The large cattle herd that supplied the city moved seasonally and was managed by the court.[20] Chinese pottery shards, coins from Arabia, glass beads and other non-local items have been excavated at Zimbabwe. Despite these strong international trade links, there is no evidence to suggest exchange of architectural concepts between Great Zimbabwe and centres such as Kilwa.[27]












khami ruins









 

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Discussion Starter · #18 · (Edited)
Kingdom of mutapa 1430–1760





The Kingdom of Mutapa, sometimes referred to as the Mutapa Empire ( Portuguese: Monomotapa) was a Shona kingdom which stretched between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers of southern Africa in the modern states of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Its founders are culturally and politically related to the builders who constructed Great Zimbabwe.
 

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Discussion Starter · #19 ·
The Portuguese term Monomotapa is a transliteration of the title Mwenemutapa (Prince of the conquered land), Mwene meaning (Prince) and Mutapa meaning (Territory).[2] However the title came to be applied to the Kingdom as a whole, and was used to indicate its territory on maps of the period

 

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Discussion Starter · #20 ·
The origins of the ruling dynasty at Mutapa go back to some time in the first half of the 15th century.[4] According to oral tradition, the first "Mwene" was a warrior prince named Nyatsimba Mutota from the Kingdom of Zimbabwe sent to find new sources of salt in the north.[4] Prince Mutota found his salt among the Tavara, a Shona subdivision, who were prominent elephant hunters. They were conquered,[5] a capital was established 350 km north of Great Zimbabwe at Zvongombe by the Zambezi

 
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