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2,355 Posts
Discussion Starter #1 (Edited)
Gujarat Power Plants

Existing Scenario - Summary
  • 4996MW: Gujarat State Electricity Corporation
  • 1216MW: Other Govt of Gujarat Public Sector Utility Companies
  • 8732.5MW: Private Sector
  • 1993 MW: Gujarat allocation from Central Govt Power plants in Gujarat
  • 2219MW: Gujarat allocation from Central Govt Power plants outside Gujarat
  • 3000MW: Wind Power (upto May 2012)
  • 597MW: Solar Power (upto May 2012)
  • 22753.5MW: Grand Total
Existing Scenario - Detailed

Surat/South Gujarat

Ahmedabad/Central Gujarat

GSECL (Government of Gujarat) (Red)
Total Capacity: 4996MW

Ukai (Thermal), Tapi District
  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Unit 1: 120MW (19/03/76)
  • Unit 2: 120MW (23/06/76)
  • Unit 3: 200MW (21/01/79)
  • Unit 4: 200MW (11/09/79)
  • Unit 5: 210MW (30/01/85)
  • Total Capacity: 850MW
  • link
Ukai (Hydro), Tapi District
  • Hydro-Electric Dam
  • Unit 1: 75MW (08/07/74)
  • Unit 2: 75MW (13/12/74)
  • Unit 3: 75MW (22/04/75)
  • Unit 4: 75MW (04/03/76)
  • Left Bank Unit 1: 2.5MW (08/12/87)
  • Left Bank Unit2: 2.5MW (19/02/88)
  • Total Capacity: 305MW
  • link
  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Unit 1: 120MW (13/03/77)
  • Unit 2: 120MW (10/04/77)
  • Unit 3: 210MW (20/03/90)
  • Unit 4: 210MW (20/07/91)
  • Unit 5: 210MW (17/03/98)
  • Total Capacity: 870MW
  • link
Wanakbori, Kheda District
  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Unit 1: 210MW (23/03/82)
  • Unit 2: 210MW (15/01/83)
  • Unit 3: 210MW (15/03/84)
  • Unit 4: 210MW (09/03/86)
  • Unit 5: 210MW (23/09/86)
  • Unit 6: 210MW (18/11/87)
  • Unit 7: 210MW (31/12/98)
  • Total Capacity: 1470MW
  • link
Sikka, Jamnagar District
  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Unit 1: 120MW (26/03/88)
  • Unit 2: 120MW (31/03/93)
  • Total Capacity: 240MW
  • link
Panandhro, Kutch District
  • Lignite Based Power Plant
  • Unit 1: 70MW (29/03/90)
  • Unit 2: 70MW (25/03/91)
  • Unit 3: 75MW (31/03/97)
  • Unit 4: 75MW (22/10/08)
  • Total Capacity: 290MW
  • link
Dhuvaran, Anand District
  • Gas Based Power Plant
  • CCPP1: 67.85MW + 38.77MW = 106.62MW (28/01/04)
  • CCPP2: 72.51MW + 39.94MW = 112.95MW (01/11/07)
  • Total Capacity: 219MW
  • link
Utran, Surat
  • Gas Based Power Plant
  • CCPP1 (135MW)
  • Unit 1: 30MW (17/12/92)
  • Unit 2: 30MW (28/12/92)
  • Unit 3: 30MW (07/05/93)
  • Unit 4: 45MW (17/07/93)
  • CCPP2 (375MW)
  • Unit 1: 228MW
  • Unit 2: 147MW
  • Total Capacity: 510MW
  • link
Kadana, Panchmahal District
  • Hydro-Electric Dam
  • Unit 1: 60MW 31/03/90
  • Unit 2: 60MW 02/09/90
  • Unit 3: 60MW 03/01/98
  • Unit 4: 60MW 27/05/98
  • Total Capacity: 240MW
  • link
Panam, Panchmahal District
  • Hydro-Electric Dam
  • Unit 1: 1MW (24/03/94)
  • Unit 2: 1MW (31/03/94)
  • Total Capacity: 2MW
  • link
Other State Govt PSUs (Orange)
Total Capacity: 1216MW

GIPCL Vadodara
  • Gas & Naphtha Based Power Plants
  • Plant I: (3 x 32MW) + (1 x 47MW) = 145MW
  • Rs 215 Cr (Feb 92)
  • Plant II: (1 x 111MW) + (1 x 54MW) = 165MW
  • Rs 367 Cr (Nov 97)
  • Total Capacity: 310MW
  • link & link
GIPCL Mangrol, Surat District
  • Lignite Based Power Plant
  • Plant I: (2 x 125MW) = 250MW
  • Nov 99
  • Plant II: (2 x 125MW) = 250MW
  • April 2010
  • Rs 1210 Cr
  • Total Capacity: 500MW
  • link & link
GSEGL Hazira, Surat
  • Gas Based Power Plant
  • Unit 1: 52MW (30/09/01)
  • Unit 2: 52MW (01/12/01)
  • Unit 3: 52MW (01/06/02)
  • Total Capacity: 156MW
  • link
GMDC Akrimota, Kutch District
  • Lignite Based Power Plant
  • Unit 1: 125MW (31/03/05)
  • Unit 2: 125MW (19/12/05)
  • Total Capacity: 250MW
  • link
Private Sector (Yellow)
Total Capacity: 8732.5MW

Torrent Power: Sugen Surat

  • Gas Based Power Plant
  • 3 x 382.5MW
  • Total Capacity: 1147.5MW
  • link
Torrent Power: Vatva Ahmedabad

  • Gas Based Power Plant
  • (2 x 32.5) + (1 x 35MW)
  • Total Capacity: 100MW
  • link
Torrent Power: Sabarmati Ahmedabad

  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Unit C: 60MW (1997)
  • Unit D: 120MW (1978)
  • Unit E: 110MW (1984)
  • Unit F: 110MW (1988)
  • Total Capacity: 400MW
  • link
Essar Power: Hazira Surat

  • Gas & Naphtha Based Power Plant
  • Indias first multifuel power plant
  • Total Capacity: 515MW
  • 215MW captive for Essar
  • 300MW to Gujarat Grid
  • link
Essar Power: Salaya, Jamnagar

  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Imported Coal from Indonesia/Mozambique
  • Phase I 2x600MW = 1200MW (1000MW Gujarat Grid)
  • Unit 1 operational April 2012 link
  • Unit 2 operational June 2012 link
  • 200MW captive for Essar
  • 1000MW to Gujarat grid
Essar Power: Vadinar (expansion), Jamnagar District
  • Multifuel Power Plant (Coal, naphtha, light cycle oil, clarified slurry oil and furnace oil)
  • 2 x 255MW = 510MW
  • Unit 1 (255MW) operational June 2012 link
  • link
  • Unit 2 (255MW) operational Nov 2012 link
China Light & Power: GPEC Paguthan, Bharuch District

  • Gas & Naphtha Based Power Plant
  • (3 x 135MW) + (1 x 250MW)
  • Total Capacity: 655MW
  • link
Adani Power: Mundra, Kutch District

  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Unit 1: 330MW (26/05/09)
  • Unit 2: 330MW (Mar 2010)
  • Unit 3: 330MW (30/07/10)
  • Unit 4: 330MW (24/11/10)
  • Unit 5: 660MW (23/12/10)
  • Unit 6: 660MW (06/06/11)
  • Unit 7: 660MW (Dec 2012)
  • Unit 8: 660MW (??)
  • Unit 9: 660MW (16/03/12)
  • Total Capacity: 4620
  • link
Central Govt Allocation – plants located in Gujarat link (Green)
Total Capacity: 1993MW (of 4933MW)

  • Kakrapar, Surat: (Nuclear Power Plant) 125MW (of 440MW)
  • Kawas, Surat: (Gas Based Power Plant) 187MW (of 645MW)
  • Jhanor-Gandhar, Bharuch: (Gas Based Power Plant) 237MW (of 648MW)
  • Tata Mundra UMPP, Kutch: (Coal Based Power Plant) 1444MW (of 3200MW) Gujarat eventually to have 1805MW/4000MW, split each unit accordingly
Central Govt Allocation – plants located outside Gujarat link
Total Capacity: 2219MW (of 11720MW)

  • Tarapur, Maharashtra: (Nuclear Power Plant) 434MW (of 1400MW)
  • Korba, Chhatisgarh: (Coal Based Power Plant) 456MW (of 2400MW)
  • Vindhyachal, MP: (Coal Based Power Plant) 735MW (of 3260MW)
  • Sipat, Chhatisgarh: (Coal Based Power Plant) 453MW (of 2320MW)
  • Kahalgaon, Bihar: (Coal Based Power Plant) 141MW (of 2340MW)
Renewable Energy
Total Capacity: 3597MW
  • Wind: 3000MW (May 2012) link
  • Solar: 597MW (May 2012) link
All based on available data at the time, any comments/suggestions on how to make this thread more useful are welcome

2,355 Posts
Discussion Starter #2 (Edited)
Upcoming Power Plants

  • Under Construction: 12768.5MW
  • Proposed: 25530MW
  • Grand Total: 39298.5MW
North and Central Gujarat

South Gujarat, South Saurashtra

Under Construction
Total Capacity: 13129.5MW
(excluding already operational units at Tata/Essar)
Essar Power: Salaya, Jamnagar District
  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Imported Coal from Essar mines in Mozambique/Indonesia
  • Phase 1: 2 x 600MW = 1200MW (unit 1 completed Apr 2012, unit 2 completed June 2012 )
  • Phase 2: 2 x 660MW = 1320MW
  • Phase 3: 600MW petroleum coke based unit
  • Completed: 1200MW (1000MW to Gujarat grid)
  • Grand Total: 3120MW
  • link
Essar Power: Hazira (expansion), Surat District

  • Coal and Corex Gas Based Power Plant
  • Imported Coal from Essar mines in Mozambique/Indonesia, Corex Gas from Essar Steel Hazira
  • 2 x 135MW = 270MW
  • link
Tata Power: Mundra, Kutch District
  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Central Govt UMPP to supply Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Haryana & Punjab
  • 5 x 800MW = 4000MW
  • 1st unit Mar 2012 link
  • 2nd unit Jul 2012 link
  • 3rd unit Oct 2012 link
  • 4th unit Jan 2013 link
  • 1805MW of 4000MW allocated to Gujarat, ie: 361MW of remaining 1600MW link
  • official website
Torrent Power Sugen (expansion), Surat District
  • Gas Based Power Plant
  • 382.5MW
  • link
Torrent Power Dgen: Dahej, Bharuch District
  • Gas Based Power Plant
  • 1200MW
  • link
NPC Kakrapar (expansion), Surat District
  • Nuclear Power Plant
  • 2 x 700MW = 1400MW
  • link
Universal Crescent Power: Bhatvadia Jamnagar District
  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • Phase 1: 2 x 660MW = 1320MW
  • Phase 2: 2 x 660MW = 1320MW
  • Phase 3: 2 x 660MW = 1320MW
  • Total Capacity: 3960MW
  • link
OPG Power: Bhadreshwar, Kutch District
  • Coal Based Power Plant
  • 2 x 150MW = 300MW
  • link
GSECL Expansion Projects
  • 500MW Coal Based, Ukai, Tapi District
  • 500MW, Coal Based, Sikka, Jamnagar District
  • 395MW, Gas Based, Dhuvaran, Anand District
  • link
GPPC Kovayya (Pipavav) Amreli District
  • Gas Based Power Plant
  • Phase I: 2 x 351 = 702MW
  • link
Total Capacity: 25530MW

  • 6000MW: NPC, Nuclear Power Plant, Mithi Virdi, Bhavnagar District
  • 3300MW: Adani Power, Coal Based Power Plant, Bhadreshwar, Kutch District
  • 2640MW: Adani Power, Coal Based Power Plant, Dahej, Kutch District
  • 1000MW: Torrent Power & GPCL, Coal Based Power Plant, Pipavav, Amreli District
  • 1300MW: DMICDC, Gas Based Power Plant, Vaghel, Patan District
  • 1000MW: DMICDC, Gas Based Power Plant, Vadnagar, Mehsana District
  • 800MW: GSECL, Coal Based Power Plant, Wanakbori, Kheda District
  • 1600MW: GSECL, Coal Based Power Plant, Dholera, Ahmedabad District
  • 500MW: GIPCL (expansion), Lignite Based Power Plant, Mangrol, Surat District
  • 1320MW: Visa Power, Coal Based Power Plant, Bherai, Amreli District
  • 350MW: GPPC, Gas Based Power Plant, Kovaya, Amreli District
  • 1720MW: Sintex Power, Coal + Gas Based Power Plant, Lunsapur, Amreli District
  • 4000MW: IL&FS, Coal Based Power Plant, Nana Lajya, Kutch
(still some projects missing, will be updated)

2,355 Posts
Discussion Starter #3
Gujarats Power Sector turnaround story

Gujarat's power sector was in a shambles in 2001, when Narendra Modi became chief minister. A decade later it is in the forefront of states that have carried out sweeping power reforms, as a result of which it now has surplus power. This case study details the key steps the government took to bring about the change, which was carried out in a manner fair to all stakeholders.

When Narendra Damodardas Modi took over as chief minister of Gujarat in October 2001, he found the state's power situation grim. The Gujarat State Electricity Board, or GSEB, had posted a loss of Rs 2,246 crore for 2000/01, on revenues of Rs 6,280 crore. Interest costs alone were Rs 1,227 crore. Transmission and distribution, or T&D, losses were a substantial 35.27 per cent, and load shedding was frequent. GSEB had no funds to add generation capacity on its own, nor was it able to persuade the private sector to invest.

Reforming the GSEB, thus, became one of Modi's top priorities. "He feared that a bankrupt power utility could derail his vision for the state," says Saurabh Patel, Gujarat's Industries and Power Minister, then as now. "He knew electricity is crucial for growth."

Modi's first step was to identify a bureaucrat capable of taking on the enormous challenge. He chose Manjula Subramaniam, a Gujarat cadre officer, who had been joint secretary in the prime minister's office from 1993 to 1998, playing a key role in the country's liberalisation, and appointed her Chairperson of GSEB and Principal Secretary, Energy and Power.

Subramaniam quickly realised that GSEB was too large an entity to be managed effectively. But she did not rush into unbundling it. Instead, she initially concentrated on two areas: bolstering the power utility's finances and building employee morale. Discovering that GSEB had secured loans at interest rates of 18 per cent or more, she sought debt restructuring, convincing banks and financial institutions to lower their rates, which resulted in savings of Rs 500 crore in 2002/03.

Her next step was more radical. Rarely before had electricity boards renegotiated power purchase agreements, or PPAs, already signed with private players. But having examined the PPAs her board had entered into, Subramaniam felt the heat rate - a measure of generator efficiency - had been inflated by the power suppliers, who were consequently charging more than they should have.

Energy drought threatens India's growth Though the private players initially resisted, the government-constituted committee set up for the process stood firm, and ultimately, after more than 18 months of hard bargaining, got the rates lowered, leading to a further saving of Rs 675 crore in 2002/03 and Rs 1,000 crore in 2003/04.

Simultaneously, Modi's government began plugging the leakages in distribution. Power thefts in Gujarat then ranged between 20 per cent in urban areas and 70 per cent in rural regions. It passed a law against power thefts and set up five police stations across the state, solely to nab such thieves. Stringent action began against those who ran up large power bill arrears, including disconnecting their supply.

Unmetered power supply, which some rural areas were getting was stopped altogether, with GSEB entering into a structural loan re-adjustment with Asian Development Bank to fund the installing of meters.

Subramaniam also found that many employees, disturbed by widespread talk of power reforms, feared for their jobs, and were feeling somewhat alienated from GSEB. She appointed a consultant to suggest ways to win back their loyalties.

From mid-2002, armed with the consultant's suggestions, the board began its special effort to reach out to employees. It started training programmes at all levels to reassure them that while people may be redeployed, no one would be laid off. Senior officials increased their interactions with the staff, including holding 'town hall' meetings where they shared details of the board's financial position and encouraged employees to ask questions. An internal newsletter was also started.

Once assured of retaining their jobs, the employees themselves began discussing possible reforms. A 'reforms progress management group', comprising GSEB employees, was also set up.

It was now time for the unbundling. In May 2003, the Gujarat government passed the Gujarat Electricity Industry (Reform and Reorganisation) Act, which divided the GSEB into a holding company, a power generation company, a power transmission company and four distribution companies. This enabled better management and more efficient operations.

Another key reform was the separation of the feeder line that supplied power to the rural areas into two: one to supply power for agricultural needs and other for household and other needs. This was part of the Jyoti Gram Yojna, a scheme Modi announced in 2003 to supply round-theclock power to villages.

"A single feeder has its limitations," says Mukesh Puri, Managing Director of the holding company, Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam. "The villages got power for only 12 to 15 hours a day, often of poor quality and at odd hours."

Since the tariff for power used for agricultural purposes was much lower, many used this subsidised supply for their household needs as well, resulting in huge losses for GSEB.

The Man behind Gujarat's growth "The chief minister asked us to have separate feeders, which was a path-breaking step no state had attempted before," Puri adds, "The results were good." Though many rural residents had higher power bills to pay than in the past, they cooperated with the government, once they found they were assured of uninterrupted, better quality power.

A study by Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad has estimated that the project saved the state capital expenditure of around Rs 23,000 crore, or about 5,000 megawatts, or MW.

The Modi government has also taken scrupulous care to ensure that the state electricity regulator - unlike in most states - remains truly independent of political pressures. The regulator has, thus, been able to revise power tariffs every year, which ensured the state bridged the gap between the average cost of supply and what users paid for it.

The result? The state electricity board posted its first profit of Rs 203 crore - after tax - in 2005/06. By 2010/11, net profit had risen to Rs 533 crore, while T&D losses had fallen to 20.13 per cent. Tariff collection efficiency is close to 100 per cent. Private players, once reluctant to invest in Gujarat's power generation, are now rushing in: of the power plants with a total installed capacity of 16,945 MW coming up in the state, 6,864 MW - or roughly, a third - is by the private sector. "Abundant power is a major USP of our state today," says minister Patel.

A few worries remain. Though T&D losses have fallen, they are still higher than those of the southern states such as Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. The cost of power in Gujarat has been traditionally high, and remains so.

"Our share of hydel power is very low and our power plants are very far away from coalfields," says Puri. "At times the cost of transporting coal equals the cost of the coal." A sizeable proportion of its power - around 29 per cent - also comes from gas-based plants, and the high cost of gas has forced scaling down the operations of some of them.

But ultimately, it is a remarkable transformation for a state which was power deficient barely a decade ago, but now has a surplus of 2,114 MW and a vibrant energy sector.

495 Posts
When Power minister crushed the opposition with figures

For last many months, in almost every press conference and public meeting of Gujarat Congress, Shri Arjunbhai Modhwadia, the President, repeatedly told us that the number of pending agricultural power connections is over one million.

However, keeping the record straight, the minister of state for power Shri Saurabh Patel yesterday clarified that the right figure is not one million but 4,60,249. This includes 59,000 connections in the dark zone areas where agri power connection was not permitted since 2003 due to over exploitation of ground water.

The minister while replying an answer in the assembly said that the Arjunbhai keeps talking about 10 lakh pending power connections, but the real figure is 4.6 lakh. Shri Modhwadia was seen smiling when minister Patel said this.

Minister Patel said that 50,704 new power connections were given in last ten months, which was a record in any single year. He added that in last three years, 1.27 lakh connections were given to the farmers.

He said last year the power surplus state of Gujarat sold 5,105 million units to states like Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Delhi and Maharashtra, through which the govt managed to give Rs 3,000 crore as subsidy to farmers.

Minister Patel said a fuel surcharge due to increase in the freight charges and rising prices of coal was collected from industries, but not from the farmers.

On opposition party’s allegations over Adani power issue, the minister replied that the government has challenged Adani power in regulatory authority, and Adani has been directed to supply power to Gujarat as promised in the MoU.

On electricity duty issue that Congress raises frequently, the minister asked opposition leader Shaktisinh Gohil that what was the rate of such duty when he(Gohil) himself was a minister? It was more than what the state government charges presently, the minister said adding that this government has actually brought down the duty while Congress was in business of raising it.

Saurabh Patel’s detailed and forceful answers kept the opposition in mute mode.

farithi congress no popat thai gayo :lol: :lol: :lol:


2,355 Posts
Discussion Starter #5
Adani Power synchronized 5th unit of Mundra Power plant

Adani Power synchronized the fifth unit of the Mundra power plant this week, taking its total generating capacity to 4,620MW, making it the world's largest single-location coal-fired plant in the private sector. China, Poland and Taiwan have three thermal power plants exceeding 5,000 MW but they are all state-owned, making Mundra also the fifth largest globally.

Adani, which ventured into power generation in 2009-10, has become India's largest power generation company in the private sector and its current capacity is 15% more than the ultra mega power projects being executed by Reliance Power and Tata Power in states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand. Even India's biggest state-owned power producer NTPC does not produce over 4000 MW of power in a single location.

Mr Ravi Sharma CEO power business of Adani Power told TOI that "When we started executing the power plant, our name didn't figure in Planning Commission's 2007-2012 five year plan period and now we contribute 10% of the planned target.” However, the issue of imported coal will continue to hound Adani Power as the plant is based on coal from Indonesia.

Mr Sharma said that "The issue of imported coal is an industry issue and its being actively addressed at the level of the Prime Minister's Office. We have got linkages from Coal India for some of the units and the remaining coal we intend to import adding that the plant will currently operate at over 70% plant loan factor.”

The company has signed long term power purchase agreement with Gujarat and Haryana for sale of 80% of the capacity while the remaining 20% the company intends to sell at merchant basis.

The PPAs signed with the state governments envisages sale of power at INR 2.34 per a unit to INR 2.94 per unit. However, with the price of Indonesian coal going up substantially with the new Indonesian law to sell it at market linked prices, the company is looking at renegotiating the terms of the PPAs.

2,355 Posts
Discussion Starter #6
Essar Synchronises first 600MW unit at Salaya

Essar Group-owned Essar Power Limited informed that the first unit of 600 megawatt (Mw) of Salaya-1 project in Gujarat has commenced commercial operations, while the second unit of 600 Mw has been synchronised with the state transmission grid.

The project is scheduled to be fully commissioned during this financial year. The second unit is expected to start commercial production in May, 2012.

The company is setting up two sub-critical units of 600 Mw at Salaya project with a total generation capacity of 1,200 Mw at an estimated investment of US $ 1.1 billion (approx. Rs 5,570 crore).

The company had signed a power purchase agreement (PPA) with Gujarat government utility, Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Limited (GUVNL) to supply 1,000 Mw of power at a price of Rs 2.40 per unit, one of the highest the company has received among its projects in other parts of the country.

Essar sources coal from Indonesian suppliers under a long term coal supply agreement.

"We are comfortable with international coal prices and confident to achieve nominal margins expected at the time of signing of PPA. We are also planning to start mining at our coal block in Indonesia over the next 9-12 months," said K V B Reddy, director, Essar Power Ltd.

The preliminary work has started at the company's Indonesian coal block, which has estimated coal reserves of about 17 million tonnes.

Besides Salaya-I, Essar Power is also implementing two more power projects, which will be commissioned in fiscal 2012. Mahan-1 project with the capacity of 1,200 Mw and the 510 Mw at Vadinar P2 project, the company informed in a statement issued on Wednesday.

Post commissioning of these projects, Essar Power's total capacity will rise from 1,600 Mw currently to 4,510 Mw by the end of this year.
So it seems like 1000MW of the 1200MW is for Gujarat, assuming rest must be captive for Essar

2,355 Posts
Discussion Starter #7
Gujarats 2nd UMPP to come up in Junagadh

Government of India conveyed to the Gujarat government on Thursday that it is all set to begin the procedure for setting up the second ultra mega power plant (UMPP) in the state within three months. Central government officials in Gandhinagar on Thursday told state officials that time has come for the latter to be ready with offers on cost of land and infrastructure facilities like water, port and permissions like right of way and right of use, needed to implement the Rs 20,000 crore project.

A high-level delegation consisting of senior officials of the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) and the National Power Finance Corporation Ltd said they had "finalized" 500 hectares of land for setting up UMPP at Lodhwa village in Junagadh district and will now begin implementing the project.

Lodhwa has been preferred over two other locations CEA had considered - one in Jamnagar district near Dwarka and another at Kandla.

To be a 4,000 MW imported coal-based project, Gujarat became the first state in India where Government of India has decided to set up the second UMPP. Phase one of the first UMPP (800 MW) has been implemented by the Tata Power at Mundra in Kutch district.

"We have earmarked the land needed by CEA to set up the second UMPP. Certain mining issues need to be sorted out before handing over the land," said a senior government official.

During discussions, the Central team, led by chief engineer, CEA, M S Puri said the layout plan for the second UMPP has been completed. "We were told that the bidding process, including requests for expressions of interest in the project, will now commence," the official said.

Already, a surplus power state by 2,000 MW, Gujarat government officials are not sure on whether to sign a power purchase agreement with the proposed developers of the second UMPP. "We may decide on it after looking into the cost at which the developers will sell power," the official said.

Currently, power plants in Gujarat have the capacity of 13,500 MW. The place where the second UMPP is to come up is next to the proposed multi-purpose port being developed by Shapoorji Pallonji at Chhara in Junagadh district.
Am surprised to read the Central Govt are going for imported coal, surely that can lead to the same problems that were faced by Tata Mundra UMPP?

2,355 Posts
Discussion Starter #8
Tata Power likely to commission Mundra UMPP second unit in August

Country's largest private power producer Tata Power expects to commission the second 800-MW unit of the Mundra UMPP (ultra-mega power project) in August this year.

The first unit was commissioned in March. The second 800 MW of the project is expected to be commissioned in August, Tata Power Managing Director Anil Sardana told reporters on the sidelines of a CII conference here today.

The 4,000-MW plant in Gujarat, fired by imported coal, is country's first UMPP to start generation.

At present, the project is using 50 per cent poor grade coal and 50 per cent normal grade coal, Sardana said.

Tata Power bagged the Mundra project in 2007 on the basis of the lowest tariff bid of Rs 2.26 a unit, but a change in the coal pricing policy in Indonesia has upset the cost structure of the project.

The Mundra project utilises super critical boiler technology that is environment friendly.

Power generated from the plant would be supplied to Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab.

In the current fiscal, Tata Power expects to import 15 million tonnes coal, which would be utilised for Mundra and Trombay projects, Sardana said.

The company imported about 5.5 million tonnes coal in 2011-12.

He said the company would look at acquiring fuel assets abroad.

"Government needs to facilitate bilateral government to government deals on energy resources in overseas nations," he said.

Severe coal shortages are hurting power generation in the country.

1,018 Posts
Gujarat sets agenda for energy security

A hot political debate in Argentina some weeks back was on the Argentinian Government’s decision to nationalise a Spanish-owned oil producer. The move came after that oil company had doubled its estimate of shale oil reserves in Argentina, putting the country behind only China and the United States. The Argentinian debate is not a lone exception. Writing in the Financial Times last month, Sylvia Pfeifer argues that shale could bring energy independence to many nations, freeing them from reliance on imports. Drawing a parallel with the sentiment in the 1950s on how atomic power was viewed with the same promise, Ms Pfeifer makes a poignant observation on how the debate on shale reserves is recasting geopolitics and influencing national investment decisions.

Little wonder that the same debate also found its way to India in April. Speaking on April 16 at the Chief Ministers’ conference on internal security, Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi made a strong pitch on what he termed the “serious security implications” of our “current energy dependence”. Curiously enough, the remarks by Mr Modi not only found their echo within social media but also made their way into a blog post on the Reuters by Myra McDonald who went on to the extent of saying that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s Pakistan policy now faces a Narendra Modi veto. The reason being the pitch Mr Modi made on energy independence had its heart a call for exploring the potential for hydrocarbon reserves in Sir Creek including shale gas. Mr Ashok Malik, writing in The Pioneer, on April 14, a couple of days before Mr Modi’s speech, while dwelling on the proposed Pakistan visit by Manmohan Singh points to how advances in fracking and the accessibility to shale reserves in Sir creek make it a potential game-changer.

These one-off remarks on shale reserves in Sir Creek have to be viewed in combination with the sequence of events in Gujarat in what appears to be an emerging political roadmap for energy independence.

It began first with the launch of one of the largest solar farms to come up in barren land with the promise of producing more than 500 megawatts of solar power. Next, there was a unique pilot project from Chandrasan village of Kaditaluka in Mehsana district of Gujarat on generating about one megawatt of solar power. The power generation capacity may be small but the innovation of the pilot project lay in covering up real estate over the Narmada branch canal with solar panels to simultaneously generate power and conserve water. It may be early days but the estimate is that up to 90 lakh litres of water would be prevented from evaporating annually with this dual use of technology. This may be scratching the surface on the potential of distributed power generation, with the many pilot projects across Gujarat on roof-top power generation that allow consumers to become produces of power by selling back energy into the grid.

There is a long way to go before we address all the challenges around renewable sources of energy in general and solar power in particular. But it is in order that this emerging roadmap is put into perspective. Since 2009, the number of commercial and residential installations that generated solar power grew by 75 per cent. In the United States alone, distributed power generation using solar is estimated to be at least a $ 30 billion market over the next 15 years. Taking the lead on energy independence, the US Department of Defence is looking at solar taking a five per cent slice of its multi-billion dollar spend on renewable sources of energy for its non-combat facilities. Major American cities like Los Angeles are also undertaking massive city-wide initiatives, with electric vehicles in mind. The speed with which concept to commissioning of the solar park happened in Gujarat is a credible demonstration that India can leapfrog and play catch-up with the West.

There is a political contrast, however, in this energy independence that must be highlighted. This political contrast is relevant as some people have sought to link the Gujarat public sector undertaking firm, GSPC’s troubles in KG Basin with Mr Modi’s penchant for thinking big while deriding the various experiments towards energy independence as hype.

Back in his first term, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had staked political capital he did not possess to push through a promise of energy security in the form of the India-US civil nuclear deal. Halfway into his second term, it is clear that he is far from even laying the foundation on which that promise was to be built on. The contrast could not have been starker between Gujarat that has become the mainstay of sorts for the BJP and Andhra Pradesh which is the mainstay for the Congress. While Gujarat is looking at a power surplus, Andhra Pradesh is not just suffering a serious power shortage but has had a steep hike in tariff, making it a double whammy on entrepreneurs.

At a time when shale reserves and renewables are spurring a global debate on the race towards energy independence, it is a shame that this debate is occurring along the margins in India. We are no closer to making energy independence a potent political issue for the Congress. Its extended ecosystem of Left liberal NGOs and activists inside and outside the media has been successful in labelling any debate on investing for the future as being hype, elitist and anti-poor.

In a political climate where polemics of the past dominate the political discourse in the present, even the worst of Narendra Modi’s critics will have to grudgingly admit that he is setting the agenda for the future on energy, unmindful of such labelling.

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GERC move for reduction in power bills of Gujarat consumers

According to reports, while raising the power tariff rate by 10 paise per unit, the Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission (GERC) today reduced the Fuel and Power Purchase Adjustment (FPPA) charges up to 20 paise per unit, which will result in reduction of overall electricity bill for consumers.

The GERC initiated suo motu proceedings for truing-up of FY 2010-11 and for determination of tariff for FY 2012-13 under the Multi-Year Tariff (MYT) framework for the state-owned power distribution companies, as they had not filed their tariff petitions within the time limit as required under the regulations.

The GERC directed four distribution companies to submit the audited accounts of FY 2010-11 and other relevant details in this regard. “We have decided to increase the tariff rates by 10 paise per unit for all the power distribution companies,” GERC chairman P K Mishra said. “However, this hike will not be implemented for BPL consumers, for the first 50 units of monthly consumption of residential consumers and for agricultural consumers.

“The additional revenue is projected at Rs 329 crore, which works out as tariff hike of 1.53 per cent. The revised rates will be effective for electricity consumption from June 1, 2012,” Mishra said. “However, the FPPA charges will be reduced, as we have devised a new methodology of calculations for them. They are likely to be reduced by 16 to 20 paise per unit,” Mishra said.

“Looking to the current fuel charges, it is expected that the FPPA charges will be reduced from the current level and effectively there will be reduction in the electricity bill of the consumers even after a moderate revision in energy charges,” Mishra further said. This will have to be implemented by all the government and private power distribution companies of state,” Mishra further said.

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Discussion Starter #12
Post Nuclear-deal, first US reactor is bound for Gujarat

India and US are on track to cross a significant milestone by firming up an early works agreement for the installation of the first 1100 MW American nuclear reactor in India under the India-US nuclear deal. It is learnt that India has finalised the technical specifications for the reactor to be installed at Mithi Virdi in Gujarat’s Bhavnagar district, and handed these to the US.

While Washington’s problems with the Civil Nuclear Liability Law remain, sources said, it was decided not to let that come in the way of technical negotiations. This got a major boost when the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission certified Westinghouse Electric’s latest version of the AP-1000 reactor, the same reactor which the company has proposed to set up in Gujarat.

The Department of Atomic Energy had sought a specific safety approval from US nuclear regulators on the AP-1000 series after the Fukushima incident. Sources said this assurance has also been conveyed, lending confidence for the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) to proceed with negotiations.

The other issue which now stands resolved is the role of Toshiba from Japan which is the majority stakeholder in Westinghouse. It is learnt that the US company assured the Indian side that no major sourcing would be done from Japan for the India contract and so a separate arrangement with Tokyo is not mandatory.

This came as a relief since India and Japan have been struggling to stitch a civil nuclear cooperation agreement. Fukushima also put the whole process on hold.

With the US assurance in hand, then NPCIL chairman S K Jain visited Westinghouse’s Vogtle site in Georgia, US.

NPCIL teams were taken to the two Westinghouse sites in China where 80 per cent of the work is done.
As things start to progress with it, its time to see if this nuclear project runs into the kind of protests that the one in TN did.

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Discussion Starter #13
Essar commissions 600MW unit of Salaya I project

Essar Energy, a part of the Essar Group, on Friday announced commencement of commercial operations at the second 600-MW unit of its 1,200-MW Salaya-I power project.

This follows the commencement of commercial operations at the first unit in April. This means that the entire project has now been fully commissioned, taking Essar Energy’s total installed generation capacity to 2,800 MW.

Salaya-I, in Jamnagar, is Essar Energy’s first coal-fired power project. It has been built at a total investment of Rs4,500 crore. Most of the power produced at the plant would be sold to GUVNL under a long-term contract.

It is also one of the three power projects due to be commissioned by Essar Energy in 2012, the others being the 1,200-MW Mahan I project and 510-MW Vadinar project. These projects will take Essar Energy’s total installed capacity to 4,510 MW.
Of the 1200MW of Salaya I, 1000MW will go to Gujarat grid with 200MW remaining captive for Essar.

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Discussion Starter #14
Essar Vadinar unit 1 synchronised with grid

Essar Energy plc, the India-focused integrated
energy company, today announced that the first of two 255 megawatt units at
its Vadinar Phase 2 (P2) power generation project in Gujarat state has been
synchronised with the transmission grid.

The coal fired Vadinar P2 project, with a total 510MW capacity, is one of
three power plants being completed by Essar Energy during 2012. The 1,200MW
Salaya I project has already been fully commissioned and is commercially
operational, while the 1,200MW Mahan I project is expected to be synchronised

Together these three projects will take Essar Energy's total installed
capacity to 4,510MW.

Most of the power generated by Vadinar P2 will be sold to Essar Oil's refinery
at Vadinar, which will help improve margins at the oil refinery given the
relative lower cost of coal-fired generation. Some power will also be sold to
Essar Steel and some sold into the merchant market.

Naresh Nayyar, Essar Energy chief executive, said: "The synchronisation of
unit 1 at Vadinar P2 is another step forward for our power business and when
it is commercially operational, this project will also improve margins at the

Work is ongoing to prepare unit 2 at Vadinar P2, which is also 255MW, for
synchronisation with the grid.

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Discussion Starter #15
Tata Power synchronises second unit of Mundra UMPP

Private utility Tata Power today said the second unit of 800 MW of its 4,000 MW ultra mega power project (UMPP) at Mundra in Gujarat, has been synchronised.

With this, the total power generation capacity of Tata Power now stands at 6,099 MW, the company said in a statement.

Tata Power's wholly-owned subsidiary Coastal Gujarat Power Ltd, which is implementing the project, had commissioned the first unit of 800 MW of the Mundra UMPP in March.

With the synchronisation of Unit 2, the thermal power generation capacity of Tata Power stands at 5,247 MW while the generation through clean sources such as hydro, wind and solar stand at 852 MW.

"The synchronisation of second unit is a significant milestone given the power shortage in the country. Mundra power plant will not only provide affordable power but is also one of the most efficient and environment friendly plant due to super critical technology and various environment initiatives supporting this state-of-the-art power plant," company's managing director Anil Sardana said.

He said the technology used and the distinct unit sizes helps it save fuel for the project and cut down greenhouse gas emissions upto 15 per cent as compared to a sub-critical coal-fired power stations.

In addition, the choice of coal significantly lowers sulphur emissions to virtually insignificant levels, he said.

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Overall comparison of all the states power consumption

(Just notice Diu, Daman and D&NH)

Name of the Country / Per Capita Consumption (kWh)

Canada / 17179
USA / 13338
Australia / 11126
Japan / 8076
France / 7689
Germany / 7030
United Kingdom / 6206
Russia / 5642
Italy / 5644
India / 631.41

Source: International Energy Agency publication “ Key word Energy Statistics, 2006



Name of the State /U.T.s - Per Capita Consumption* of Electricity (kWh)

Northern states

  1. Haryana - 1090.39
  2. Himachal Pradesh - 765.86
  3. Jammu & Kashmir - 711.01
  4. Punjab - 1436.79
  5. Rajasthan - 572.20
  6. Uttar Pradesh - 311.82
  7. Uttarakhand - 654.84
  8. Chandigarh - 1553.96
  9. Delhi - 1766.94
Sub-Total(NR) - 602.56

Western States

  1. Gujarat - 1283.77
  2. Madhya Pradesh - 580.34
  3. Chhattisgarh - 685.81
  4. Maharashtra - 934.43
  5. Goa - 1970.08
  6. Daman & Diu - 8300.12
  7. D. & N Haveli - 11567.67
Sub-Total(WR) - 916.28

Southern states

  1. Andhra Pradesh - 723.10
  2. Karnataka - 720.43
  3. Kerala - 424.13
  4. Tamil Nadu - 976.81
  5. Lakshadweep - 368.29
  6. Pondicherry - 2509.25
Sub-Total(SR) - 757.79

Eastern states

  1. Bihar - 85.86
  2. Jharkhand - 548.74
  3. Orissa - 633.93
  4. West Bengal - 380.61
  5. A.& N. Islands - 407.77
  6. Sikkim - 429.81
Sub-Total(ER) - 332.21

North-Eastern states

  1. Assam - 170.65
  2. Manipur - 215.21
  3. Meghalaya - 517.54
  4. Nagaland - 179.34
  5. Tripura - 190.62
  6. Arunachal Pradesh - 297.66
  7. Mizoram - 250.15
Sub-Total(NER) - 201.44

Total (All India) - 631.41

11,726 Posts
Adani Power eyes over 7,200MW capacity projects


Ahmedabad: Adani Power said that the company hopes to begin construction of three projects having total capacity of over 7,200MW, once various sectoral issues, including coal shortage are sorted out.

Gautam Adani, chairman of Adani Group said that he was confident that the current crisis in the Indian power sector would be resolved in a year’s time. “Coal shortages, high prices of imported coal and limited availability of transmission lines are among the major issues that the sector faces today,” Adani said during a meeting with shareholders of Adani Power at its annual general meeting held at Ahmedabad on Thursday.

The three coal-fired projects are 1,320MW Chhindwara project in Madhya Pradesh, 3,300 MW Bhadreshwar and 2,640 MW Dahej plants—both in Gujarat.

The company would seek higher electricity tariffs while signing power purchase pacts for these projects on account of increased import duty on equipment.

Adani has an installed generation capacity of 4,660MW, including a 40MW solar plant in Rajasthan. Adani Group aims to have a total capacity of 20,000MW by 2020.

2,355 Posts
Discussion Starter #19 (Edited)
Amreli emerging as Power hotspot in Gujarat

With a host of companies queuing up to set up power projects in Amreli, the coastal district of Gujarat is fast emerging as a power hotspot.

An estimated 7,000 MW of power projects, which would require investment of around Rs30,000 crore, are coming up in Amreli. This would make Amreli as the district having highest power generation capacity after Kutch, where around 10,000 MW of power plants are coming up.

GSPC Pipavav Power Company (GPPC), a subsidiary of the state-owned GSPC, is setting up a 1,050-MW gas-based power plant at Kovaya village in Amreli at an investment of Rs4,000 crore. The first 350-MW unit of the much delayed plant is likely to be commissioned in October.

Hyderabad-based Patel Energy is setting up a 1,320-MW thermal power plant at Lunsapur and Lothpur villages in Amreli’s Jafrabad taluka. The plant, to be based on super critical technology, will come up at an investment of over Rs7,000 crore.

Officials attribute the power companies’ rush to Amreli to presence of good road and rail network.

“Amreli is very well connected with other districts, and land is easily available. The fast developing gas pipeline infrastructure in and around Amreli is another reason why power companies are finding it an attractive destination,” said a senior government official.

According to officials, Ahmedabad-based Torrent Power is also in the process of setting up a 1,000 MW coal-based power plant at Rampara in Amreli along with the state-owned Gujarat Power Corporation Limited (GPCL).

Visa Power is another company that has plans to set up a 1,320-MW coal-based power plant at Amreli. Likewise, Videocon Industries is setting up a 1,600-MW thermal power project at Bherai village in Pipavav. The plant will use imported coal as fuel.

And joining the queue is Sintex group, a manufacturer of water storage tanks. Sintex wants to set up a 1,720-MW power plant at an investment of Rs8,300 crore at Lunsapur in Jafrabad. The plant will comprise two coal-based units of 660-MW each and one 400-MW gas-based unit.

The proximity to Pipavav port, which would enable coal imports, has also contributed to power producers’ rush to Amreli. “The Mundra Port has played a big role in attracting power companies to Kutch. The Pipavav port is playing a similar role in the case of Amreli,” said an official.

With projects of more than 10,000 MW under construction, including 4,000-MW ultra mega power project of Tata Group and 4,600-MW project of Adani Group, Kutch leads as far as power generation capacity is concerned. Amreli would boast of power generation capacity of 7,000-MW in the next three to four years
Tried to get hold of some follow up info on the projects mentioned that I had not heard of before:

  • 1052MW GPPC = 702MW phase I link and 350MW phase II link. (Phase I added to u/c, Phase II in proposed)
  • 1320MW Visa Power: link. (Added to proposed list)
  • 1720MW Sintex Power project seems to be going through a public hearing process as at 1st August for land acquisition. link. (Added to proposed list)
So along with the proposed 1000MW Torrent+GPCL plant, that takes the potential total for Amreli District up to 5092MW. So, by my reckoning. Amreli would be behind both Kutch and Jamnagar districts in power production capacity.

Hyderabad-based Patel Energy themselves as well as the 1320MW project seem to be dead, so am not adding that to the first page of the thread.

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Good to know that Amreli is developing. It has always been a dry investment district; now its changing...
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