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Mind Reader
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原材料价格上涨、利率上调等“变数”,使在建的世界最长跨海大桥———宁波杭州湾跨海大桥的建设成本陡增。昨天,上海东方早报记者从大桥工程指挥部了解到,大桥投资额将超过原定的118亿元,变更方案已报交通部及国家发改委。另据民企股东向上海东方早报记者透露,大桥投资额将增至140亿;通行费方案也已报浙江省政府,约为80元/辆。

  投资额将攀至140亿

  2003年开工的杭州湾跨海大桥连接嘉兴海盐和宁波慈溪,全长36公里,是目前世界最长的跨海大桥。通车后,宁波到上海的车程将缩短120多公里,对长三角地区的经济融合意义重大。截至日前,工程累计完成投资114亿元,主桥桥梁架设完成97%。

  “在上月召开的股东会上,指挥部表示原先的投资不够,计划增至140亿。”昨天,慈溪海通集团(600537)董秘吴立忠告诉上海东方早报记者。杭州湾大桥由宁波、嘉兴两地以9:1的比例出资兴建,海通集团控股的慈溪建桥投资有限公司在宁波方公司中持股10%。

  昨天,杭州湾大桥工程指挥部副总指挥、宁波杭州湾大桥投资开发有限公司总经理金建明向上海东方早报记者证实,原材料上涨、利率上调及部分设计变更,导致投资增加,但未透露金额,“投资额变更需交通部、国家发改委核准,目前还没有正式开始增资。”

  据了解,大桥投资额中的35%为注册资本金,由股东按持股比例分担,其余通过贷款等获得。大桥指挥部另一人士透露,利率多次上调已使还贷增加8亿-10亿。

  而在公开报道中,杭州湾大桥增资已是第5轮———此前出现4种说法分别是:最早的64亿、2002年初的87亿、2002年10月的107亿和此后的118亿。

  民企股东不再减持

  谈及杭州湾大桥,不得不回述其繁杂的股权之变。2001年,杭州湾跨海大桥开发公司成立之初,宁波民企雅戈尔集团宣布持股45%。华晨集团亦欲入局,后因“仰融事件”不了了之。到开工前夕,雅戈尔突然减持至4.5%。其后,宋城集团杀出,以17.3%股权领衔17家民企,使大桥民资股本超过国有资本。

  2005年的股东会后宋城集团全身而退,由央企中钢集团接盘;另一方面,投资由107亿增至118亿后,部分民企股东不愿增资,持股比例下降。最终,大桥的民资份额由原先的50.25%减至30%左右,原本“民资控股”的光环黯然。

  不过,此轮增资,民企股东似乎并未动摇。吴立忠告诉上海东方早报记者,总投资增加22亿,海通集团会按比例增资。该公司4月17日的公告也称,因所需建材价格上涨及利率提高,大桥项目投资额及资本金需继续增加,预计公司尚需向慈溪建桥公司增资不超过3000万元,增资将在2007年度、2008年度内实施完毕。大桥另一民企股东———宁波方太厨具公司投资部人士也向上海东方早报记者表示,公司会按增资计划追加投资。

  杭州湾跨海大桥工程指挥部人士认为,随着大桥6月贯通、奥运会前通车的计划顺利推进,股东们已看到即将到来的丰厚收益。“到现在,还有企业想进来投资。”

  过桥费拟定80元/辆

  稳定而可观的收益回报,曾是大桥建设初期“民资争着参股、银行抢着贷款”的理由。根据当初的《可行性报告》,6车道的跨海大桥可收费30年,建成后第1年的通行量为4.5万辆/日,2015年将增至8万辆/日,投资回报期约14.2年。但此后,随着杭州湾绍兴通道、萧山通道的行将上马,民企股东出现“收益率恐慌”,直接导致股权之变。

  上海东方早报记者了解到,在上月的股东会上,中交公路规划设计院专门作了大桥投资调整后经济效益的测评报告。“新做的投资收益预测比前一份更好,”金建明说,“宁波汽车数量的快速增长、杭州湾绍兴通道迟迟未动工,对回收投资都是利好。”

  但在民企股东看来,投资回报仍然不是很确定。“建成前给出的大桥收益是预测,并不代表实际回报。”一位与会的方太公司人士说。

  在投资额增加、收费年限不变的情况下,真正让民企继续持股的动力也许是通行费的诱惑。“收费标准已递交浙江省政府,等待批复,标准约为80元/辆。”一位民企股东人士透露。据了解,当初计算大桥收益率时,参照的通行费标准为55元/辆。

  桥上混凝土结构施工昨全面完成

  新华社浙江海盐5月21日电21日9时30分,全长36公里的杭州湾跨海大桥最后一片70米箱梁精确落位,标志着这座世界最长的跨海大桥全桥上部混凝土结构施工全面完成。

  记者在施工现场看到,一片重达2200吨的70米箱梁由我国最先进的2500吨海上运输架设一体船———小天鹅号“叼”至预定大桥架设海域,经精确定位后,稳稳地放在了桥墩之上。

  “杭州湾跨海大桥工程规模大、技术含量高、安全风险大,施工时必须面对台风、大浪、潮汐、涌沙等多种复杂气候和水文环境。大桥项目部通过100多项技术创新,把大部分海上施工转变为陆上作业、大部分高空作业转变为平地作业,避开恶劣环境,大大降低了海上作业的危险性,从而顺利提前完成了70米箱梁的全部架设。”中铁大桥局股份公司总经理、杭州湾跨海大桥项目部指挥长谭国顺说。

  从2005年6月杭州湾跨海大桥第一片70米箱梁首架成功,到540片70米箱梁全部架设完毕,施工方中铁大桥局大胆创新,较预计46个月的工期提前半年完成,为2008年全桥竣工通车奠定了坚实基础。总投资达118亿元的杭州湾跨海大桥,北起浙江省嘉兴市,南抵宁波市,全长36公里。 (来源:东方早报)
 

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Airborne Sniper
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Hangzhou Bay Bridge Opens

Title says it.

The 36 kilometer hyper long bridge has just joined, workers now are busy with Asphalt paving. Still one year to go!

 

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World's longest sea bridge opens in east China

2008-05-01


JIAXING/NINGBO, Zhejiang Province, May 1 (Xinhua) -- China inaugurated the world's longest cross-sea bridge on Thursday as part of its effort to boost economic integration and development in the Yangtze River Delta.

Hundreds of people attended the opening ceremony for the 36-kilometer bridge spanning Hangzhou Bay near Shanghai on Thursday afternoon. It was held in the middle of the bridge.

Zhao Hongzhu, secretary of the Zhejiang Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China, declared the opening of the bridge at 3:40 p.m., followed by ceremonial fireworks.

Tens of thousands of local residents gathered on both banks of the bay, many of whom performed dragon dances in traditional costume to celebrate the span's opening.

The bridge will open to traffic on a trial basis at midnight.

Trucks, overloaded vehicles and vehicles that carry dangerous chemicals will be barred from passing through the bridge during the trial operation period in a bid to ensure smooth traffic and visitor safety.

"The bridge has become well-known and is expected to attract many visitors," said Jin Jianming, deputy chief commander of the bridge construction project.

"We haven't decided how long the trial operation period will last. That depends ... on the bridge condition, and we need time to improve management of its operation."

'MADE-IN-CHINA' BRIDGE

The bridge has been hailed as a "Made-in-China" model in large infrastructure construction that fully uses homegrown technologies and demonstrates the country's architectural expertise.

Wang Yong, head of the bridge project, said the design had led to more than 250 technological innovations and engineering breakthroughs.

The project survived 19 severe challenges, including typhoons, sea tides and geological problems, during construction, he said.

Jin added the complicated climate conditions in Hangzhou Bay made the construction one of the most difficult in the world.

"That is the biggest difference from the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway Bridge in southern United States."

He was referring to the 38.4-km bridge across Lake Pontchartrain in New Orleans, considered the world's longest water-spanning structure.

The cross-sea bridge in China links Haiyan, Jiaxing City, with Cixi, Ningbo City in Zhejiang Province.

It will cut the length of the road trip from Shanghai to Ningbo,a busy port, by 120 km. It is designed to last 100 years.

The bridge, with a 32-km section spanning the sea, is a cable-stayed structure built at a cost of 11.8 billion yuan (1.69 billion U.S. dollars).

Private investors funded almost 30 percent of the project, the first time China's private sector had invested in a major public infrastructure project in the country.

Construction of the six-lane bridge, which will allow a maximum speed of 100 km per hour, started on Nov. 14, 2003 and was completed on June 26, 2007.

A waste water disposal plant with a daily capacity of 270,000 tons has been built near the bridge in Jiaxing to collect and treat waste water from neighboring areas.

"Taking environmental protection into account, the top priority for us is to prevent the Hangzhou Bay water from being polluted," said Qiu Dongyao, Jiaxing executive vice mayor.

GREAT CHANGES EXPECTED

As a shortcut between Zhejiang and Shanghai, the bridge is expected to greatly alleviate traffic flow in the booming Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo triangle.

"It's predicted the transportation costs will be reduced by 40 billion to 50 billion yuan in the coming 10 years for Zhejiang," said Huang Renwei, Shanghai Municipal Academy of Social Sciences deputy head.

"In addition, another 55 billion to 60 billion yuan will be saved because of the reduction in fuel use," he said.

The bridge is also expected to help boost economic integration and development in the Yangtze River Delta, which covers almost 100,000 square kilometers of land comprising Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jiangsu. It is home to 72.4 million people.

"I think it will be easier for our company to recruit high-caliber employees in the future, who always prefer working in small cities like Cixi but living in big cities like Shanghai," said Sun Ningwei, vice president of the Xinhai Electric Co. Ltd. based in Cixi, Ningbo.

"They can leave Shanghai for Cixi in the morning and go back in the afternoon. It's only about 1.5 hours' drive," she said.

Sun Bingdui, a resident from Cixi's Tian'an Village located near the bridge, anticipated a better life after its opening.

"There used to be a desolate beach near our village. Later many factories were built there due to the bridge," he recalled. "I opened a seafood restaurant a few years ago, drawing many nearby factory workers."

"I was one of the poorest in the village in the past. Now, I'm one of the richest," he said.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-05/01/content_8088321.htm



 

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My 2010.5.1 Hangzhou bay bridge pics

We drove from Shanghai to Ningbo and crossed Hangzhou Bay bridge, it's really magnificent, nearly 36km, requires hard work and perfect project management, the rest area is not fully completed yet but we stopped there anyway to take these photos :)

on the bridge






90m on the top of the suspension arch


Driving to the unfinished rest area :)


guest hall and ob-tower, workers told us it'll be finished in 2nd half of 2010


entrance under construction


rest area can be accessed from both side of the traffic




plus, our trip destination -- ancient Taishun covered bridges (near Wenzhou, zhejiang province)
 
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