I find it hard to believe that Bensham isn't mentioned in the Jewish Encyclopedia. It is after all the largest Jewish community outside of Poland I think?Little snippet of information that I have on my hard drive :
The Jewish Cemetery was founded in 1835 when the Jewish Community in Newcastle purchased a plot of land, which at that time lay outside of the City Walls in an undeveloped area which was basically "countryside". However with the development and expansion of the Town Centre the Cemetery became jealously viewed by the developers of the time.
Plans were made for the area, including “The Tyne Theatre and Opera House”. Unhappy with the decision by Newcastle's Town Fathers to permit the development the Jewish Community appealed to the then Prime Minister, Lord Palmerston, but to no avail and the plans were authorised.
However, as part of the ultimate agreement to sell off the Cemetery, a section measuring some 55 square yards was to be preserved as a testimonial to the fact that a Jewish Cemetery had been there. That is what remains to this day.
Found this on the Temple Street Synagogue @ http://www.jewishgen.org/JCR-uk/community/newcast_temple/index.htm
Official Name: Temple Street Synagogue
Address: Temple Street, Newcastle
Date Formed: 13 July 1838
Current Status: Closed about 1878
Ritual: Ashkenazi Orthodox
Congregation Numbers: 1845 - congregation had about 33 adults and 33 children
Also this @ http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=253&letter=N
in 1838, the first regular synagogue was erected in Temple street. By 1868 the synagogue had become too small for the increasing community, and another congregation was formed under the presidency of J. de Hart, a place of worship being acquired in Charlotte square. In 1873, through the efforts of the Rev. A. L. Green, an amalgamation was arranged between the two congregations. Six years later the foundation-stone of the United Synagogue was laid by De Hart, and the building, in Leazes Park Road, was consecrated in the following year (1880). At the present time (1904) the synagogue has 220 seat-holders. There are various charities, clubs, and friendly societies, besides a bet ha-midrash
Read more: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=253&letter=N#ixzz1GnBPyADD
Now I might be talking through my back side here, but as part of the deal to sell off the land the Jewish Community were granted their own cemetery that remains to this day in Hazlerigg.