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Discussion Starter · #1 ·
Hello fellow Hong Kongers,

Check out this great new site on educating people about HIV and AIDS - take the test, get protected, and become an Anti-HIV Champion!

www.vir.us

Don't forget to pass it on to your friends and family - keep the world a safe place.

_00_deathscar
 

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Two babies get HIV from moms
27 May 2009
The Standard

Two babies have been born with HIV contracted from their mothers in the first quarter of this year, the latest official figures on AIDS have revealed.

Health chiefs refused to give the nationalities of the mothers involved, whether they knew they were HIV before they gave birth and when the babies were tested.

Centre for Health Protection consultant Wong Ka-hing would only say that one mother was local and the other from overseas.

Mother-to-baby transmissions are rare in Hong Kong and, Wong said, if there were no more such infections this year this would not be of significant concern. ``There were no cases in 2008, and at most one or two in 2007,'' he added.

It is usually difficult to verify if an infant has contracted the HIV virus until after it is born. Transmission takes place during birth.

Wong said women who feel at risk should go for early antenatal HIV testing.

He said putting an at-risk infant on medication within 48 hours of its birth for six weeks can help reduce its chances of getting HIV.

Infants HIV sufferers are most likely to develop AIDS at an early age, Wong said. ``An infant's immune system is weaker, and their organs can become infected by different diseases, and the results can be fatal.''

Overall, the quarter has seen 104 new cases of HIV-infected patients, and 17 new AIDS cases.

AIDS is a consequence of HIV plus an AIDS defining illness, the most common being tuberculosis, fungal infection and pneumocystis pneumonia.

Of the 104 cases, 80 were males.

Sexual contact (65 cases) remained the most common method of transmission, 25 of which were heterosexual, 38 homosexual and two, bisexual. In 35 cases the mode of transmission remained undetermined.

Wong said an AIDS hotline for HIV testing, 2780-2211, can offer anonymous and confidential advice.

Hong Kong now has a total of 4,151 HIV and 1,047 AIDS patients.
 

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Discussion Starter · #4 ·
HIV: Male circumcision does not shield women
Posted: 17 July 2009 1324 hrs

PARIS - Circumcision of men with HIV does not reduce the risk of infection for women, according to a study published by The Lancet.

Male circumcision unleashed a wave of optimism among AIDS campaigners three years ago when trials in Kenya, Uganda and South Africa found foreskin removal
more than halved men's risk of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV).

Last year, longer-term analysis of one of the trials found the benefit to be even greater than thought, with a risk reduction of 65 per cent.

One of the big questions, though, is whether male circumcision could also reduce the risk for women who have intercourse with an HIV-infected man.

The answer, according to a randomised trial carried out in Uganda, is a clear "No."

Doctors enrolled 922 uncircumcised Ugandan men aged 15-49 who were badly infected with HIV but who did not show any symptoms.

Half of the group then had circumcision, while the other half remained uncircumcised.

The researchers also enrolled HIV-uninfected women who were partners of the male volunteers. These numbered 90 women in the circumcised group, and 70 in
the uncircumcised groups.

All participants were intensively schooled in HIV prevention.

The trial was halted at a partway stage because it would have been futile and questionable to carry on.

Analysis of data after two years made it clear that there was no protection: 18 per cent of women in the circumcised group who were examined at the follow-up point had become infected, as opposed to 12 per cent in the control group.

Most of the infections in the circumcised group occurred within six months after circumcision.

This may have been because some of the men had intercourse without giving time for the circumcision wound to heal properly, thus exposing the woman to HIV-infected blood in the ******.

That finding was surprising and provides a lesson for programmes to promote male circumcision as a cheap, effective method of preventing HIV among men, say the authors.

Men who undergo circumcision must be closely counselled about strictly observing sexual abstinence until the wound heals, and about also using condoms to stop infecting their partner.

The doctors, led by Maria Wawer of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland, say they were disappointed with the outcome.

They stress, though, that circumcision campaigns are still valid.

Even if women do not directly benefit from male circumcision, they get an indirect advantage, because the fewer men who are infected with HIV, the lesser the risk to women.

A study published in October last year in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) found that the protective benefit of circumcision to male heterosexuals does not appear to extend to male homosexuals.

Among 53,567 men who reported having male sexual partners, researchers found little difference in the rate of HIV infection between those who were circumcised and those were not.

The theory behind the effectiveness of circumcision is that the inner foreskin is an easy entry point for HIV. It is rich in so-called Langerhans cells, tissue that the AIDS virus finds particularly easy to latch on to and penetrate.

Other questions surrounding circumcision campaigns are the need to ensure that operations are done hygienically and with the full knowledge and consent of the male. - AFP/rs
Source: http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/health/view/442983/1/.html

Medical advancements do not equal safety - not yet. Right now, the best prevention is education.

Spread the knowledge, not HIV.
 

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Discussion Starter · #5 ·
There are now 66 Anti-HIV Champions in Hong Kong - that means they took the test on the site and scored over 80%. 158 people in Hong Kong are protected, which means they visited the site and took test.

But there are 7 million in Hong Kong...

Surely we can do better than that? All it takes is 5 minutes of your day, to protect you for life.
 
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