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Almost all or a huge majority of Muslims in Travancore region are Thulukkars (Tamil Muslims) - from sub-castes of Rawther, Labba, Marakkar, etc. This includes Muslims of TVM, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Idukki and Ernakulam districts. They are district of Mappila Muslims in Malabar, who are mainly concentrated in 6 Malabar Districts, Chavakkad Taluk, Coorg, and Mangalore.

Some hubs of Travancore Muslims in Travancore (not necesarily they are majority, but have a good chunk of population) - Beemapally (TVM), Nedumangad, Varkala, Kollam, Karunagapally, Kayamkulam, Alappuzha, Kollakadavu (near Chengannur and Mavelikara), Mannar, Pathanamthitta Petta, Kattoor Petta (near Kozhencherry and Ranni), Vaipur (near Mallapally), Kadakkad (near Pandalam), Erattupetta, Thodupuzha, Muvattupuzha, Aluva, Kizhakkambalam, etc.

In Pathanamthitta district, Muslims are very less (less than 5%) and it is the district having least percentage of Muslims. Still Muslims have their own hubs in Pathanamthitta district - like Pathanamthitta Petta and Kulashekharapathy (both in Municipality), Kattoor Petta, Naranganam Petta, Vaipur, Angadi Petta (in Ranni), Kadakkad, etc. One important thing to notice is, Muslims hubs in Pathanamthitta is known as Petta. Probably Erattupetta also got that name like this.

But now very few Travancore Muslims speak Tamil. They are integrated with Malayali society, and majority of them are in Business or Gulf.
It is Mappila Muslims who are the native Muslims and are majority in Muvattupuzha/Kothamangalam and northwards. They are connected to Perumbavoor-Aluva-Kodungallur belt than to south. Marriages are not really common between Mappila and Thulukkar (also called "Annan"). In Muvattupuzha, there are also Muslims from Mahi called "Mayyakkar" who are the local community leaders of the Mappila Muslims. Muvattupuzha market area has many Muslims who came from Malabar (Mappila Khalasi ancestors).

Rawther Hanafi Muslims are lesser in Ernakulam district including Muvattupuzha-Kothamangalam. They, may be some 20-25% of the Muslims in Muvattupuzha taluk. Apart from Muvattupuzha pettah, hanafi Muslims are present in some small pockets only in Ernakulam district..like Pattimattom (not Kizhakkambalam), Nellikkuzhi, Thottumukham, Kakkanad Athani, Ernakulam city, Aroor-Nettoor-Chandiroor regions etc. In Muvattupuzha, Hanafis are concentrated in the Pettah and Kizhakkekkara areas. While, Muslims are present in rural and village areas also in Kodungallur-N.Parur-Aluva-Perumbavoor-Muvattupuzha-Kothamangalam region unlike southern districts and Ernakulam city area, where Muslims are concentrated around ghettoes or particular region.

I think only in Karunagappilly, Kayamkulam, Trivandrum in south Kerala where Mappila Muslims are significant. Thazhathangadi, Kottayam also. Rest, I guess may be Hanafi Muslims only.
 
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There are no mappila muslims in Travancore Region??...
Mappila Muslims are present in Kottayam also. There are good number of them settled in Kollam-Trivandrum areas. It is difficult to distinguish Hanafi's in south Kerala because, they have embraced Malayali identity and left their Tamil heritage in most places (Exceptions - Thodupuzha-Erattupettah-Pathanamthitta-Changanassery-Alappuzha etc). You can ask any Muslim friend whether he is Shafikkar (Mappila Muslim) or Hanafi (Tamil Muslim). Apart from that, there are trickles of Pathan (Pattani), Shia Ismaili Bohras (sait's), Qadiyanis (Ahmediyya) present. Tamil Muslims are more present in highranges and Changanassery-Pathanamthitta areas. I think, perhaps Mappila Muslims make up 30-40% of the Muslims in the southern districts, perhaps?
 
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It is Mappila Muslims who are the native Muslims and are majority in Muvattupuzha/Kothamangalam and northwards. They are connected to Perumbavoor-Aluva-Kodungallur belt than to south. Marriages are not really common between Mappila and Thulukkar (also called "Annan"). In Muvattupuzha, there are also Muslims from Mahi called "Mayyakkar" who are the local community leaders of the Mappila Muslims. Muvattupuzha market area has many Muslims who came from Malabar (Mappila Khalasi ancestors).

Rawther Hanafi Muslims are lesser in Ernakulam district including Muvattupuzha-Kothamangalam. They, may be some 20-25% of the Muslims in Muvattupuzha taluk. Apart from Muvattupuzha pettah, hanafi Muslims are present in some small pockets only in Ernakulam district..like Pattimattom (not Kizhakkambalam), Nellikkuzhi, Thottumukham, Kakkanad Athani, Ernakulam city, Aroor-Nettoor-Chandiroor regions etc. In Muvattupuzha, Hanafis are concentrated in the Pettah and Kizhakkekkara areas. While, Muslims are present in rural and village areas also in Kodungallur-N.Parur-Aluva-Perumbavoor-Muvattupuzha-Kothamangalam region unlike southern districts and Ernakulam city area, where Muslims are concentrated around ghettoes or particular region.

I think only in Karunagappilly, Kayamkulam, Trivandrum in south Kerala where Mappila Muslims are significant. Thazhathangadi, Kottayam also. Rest, I guess may be Hanafi Muslims only.
Mappila Muslims (Malayalam-speaking Muslims) are the Muslims native Malabar region, and they are native to the areas from Chavakkad to the north. They are distinct community (like Syrian Christians, Bohra Muslims, Kutchi Memons, etc).

Muvattupuzha, Aluva, etc were in erstwhile Travancore. Those Muslims who are native to these places are Travancore Muslims (Thulukkars). They had oirigin from Tamil Nadu. So they are also called Tamil Muslims. Some popular sub-caste among Travancore Musloms are: Rawthar, Labba, Marakkar. Even in Tamil Nadu, you can see Muslims having these surname. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is a Tamil Muslim.

In Tamil Nadu, there are 2 types of Muslims - Urdu Muslims (mostly in Vellore, Vaniyambadi, Jolarpettai, Ambur, etc) and Tamil Muslims (mostly in Ramanathapuram, Nagore, etc). Nawab of Arcot is an Urdu Muslim, while Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is a Tamil Muslim.
 

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Mappila Muslims are present in Kottayam also. There are good number of them settled in Kollam-Trivandrum areas. It is difficult to distinguish Hanafi's in south Kerala because, they have embraced Malayali identity and left their Tamil heritage in most places (Exceptions - Thodupuzha-Erattupettah-Pathanamthitta-Changanassery-Alappuzha etc).
Yes, Mappilas are there in TVM, Kollam, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kochi, etc. They are settled in these places from Malabar for job or business. They are not native to these places.

The Muslims native to TVM, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Kayamkulam, Alappuzha, Erattupetta, Thodupuzha, Muvattupuzha, Kochi, etc are Travancore Muslims/Thulukkars. They have Tamil origin.

Even the Travancore Muslims of Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Kayamkulam, Alappuzha and Changanacherry (whom I interacted most) are very much assimilated to Malayali culture, and they no longer maintaining much Tamil culture. They speak Malayalam even at home (while Konkani Brahmins in Kozhencherry and Alappuzha speak Konkani at home). The only thing is, their root is from Tamil Nadu and settled in Travancore before 500 years or so.

I cnanot say about Muslims in Erattupetta. But Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Kayamkulam, Kollakadavu, Mannar, Alappuzha and Changanacherry Muslims are very much Malayalis.
 

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Muvattupuzha, Aluva, etc were in erstwhile Travancore. Those Muslims who are native to these places are Travancore Muslims (Thulukkars). They had oirigin from Tamil Nadu. So they are also called Tamil Muslims. Some popular sub-caste among Travancore Musloms are: Rawthar, Labba, Marakkar. Even in Tamil Nadu, you can see Muslims having these surname. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is a Tamil Muslim.

In Tamil Nadu, there are 2 types of Muslims - Urdu Muslims (mostly in Vellore, Vaniyambadi, Jolarpettai, Ambur, etc) and Tamil Muslims (mostly in Ramanathapuram, Nagore, etc). Nawab of Arcot is an Urdu Muslim, while Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is a Tamil Muslim.
The Muslims in Ernakulam district, most of them are Mappila Muslims only. Majority here are not Thulukkars and that is 100% surety. Thulukkars or Annan are the minority in Ernakulam district. You haven't understood this, despite being keen on knowing about most parts of Kerala? :) They are North Travancorean in culture unlike Malabar; But, they are Shafites and native Malayalis. The hanafis build separate mosques. As I posted earlier, the Muslims in Muvattupuzha-Kothamangalam-Perumbavoor-Aluva-Kodungallur are well connected to the coastal Malabar belt. I hope some members clear this for you. Muslims in south Kerala may be Hanafis. It is too complex. May be @Thanseem or @Malayali can elucidate it for you. It is better to stop here, as this is a district projects and discussions thread.
 

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I used to be in Kottayam most of time as mother from there and settled here. I am surprised to see the growth of muslim bussiness community in Manarcad, puthuppally etc. I know few hindus from alapuzha settled and few christians from kasarkod, and ernakulam settled here through marriage and a lot from alapuzha and bit from pathanamthitta. but these muslims run successful shops from bakery to fruit to veg shop. Most other shops cannot even compete as muslims shop quality is very good. To further shock, they buying property here. I am wondering about it as this area was mostly Christians and few hindus mostly nairs and ezhavas before.
 

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Those planning to visit Meesappulimala in Idukki:

മീശപ്പുലിമല കാണാനാഗ്രഹിക്കുന്നവരോട്...


http://localnews.manoramaonline.com/idukki/local-news/2017/12/22/i3-meesappulimala-and-ramakkalmedu-22.html
 

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Thodupuzha KSRTC Bus depot is not efficient in chain services


http://localnews.manoramaonline.com/idukki/local-news/2017/12/23/it-lead-story-bus-service-23.html

Thodupuzha is growing as a main centre in the lowranges. People from Palai, Erattupetta, Vannappuram, parts of Muvattupuzha are visiting the town for shopping. However, Thodupuzha town sleeps after 7.30-8 PM unlike neighbouring Muvattupuzha or Kothamangalam, more similar to Pala in this regard. Thodupuzha KSRTC depot can profitably run Thodupuzha-Muvattupuzha/Thodupuzha-Muvattupuzha-Eranakulam (via Thrippunithura and Kakkanad) as people from the lowranges are increasingly aware of the accessibility and connectivity to Kochi which is not so far from here (60kms). Passengers to Thodupuzha/Palai often gets stranded in Muvattupuzha in the night time. Thodupuzha-Muvattupuzha-Eranakulam chain service should be ran in the night also perhaps in 2 hours gap. Also, for tertiary medical facilities, whole of Thodupuzha relies on MOSC Medical college, Kolenchery. Night services to Ernakulam will be a blessing for all from the lowrange towns Thodupuzha, Moolamattom, Palai, Erattupetta etc.
 

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http://localnews.manoramaonline.com/idukki/local-news/2017/12/23/it-lead-story-bus-service-23.html

Thodupuzha is growing as a main centre in the lowranges. People from Palai, Erattupetta, Vannappuram, parts of Muvattupuzha are visiting the town for shopping. However, Thodupuzha town sleeps after 7.30-8 PM unlike neighbouring Muvattupuzha or Kothamangalam, more similar to Pala in this regard. Thodupuzha KSRTC depot can profitably run Thodupuzha-Muvattupuzha/Thodupuzha-Muvattupuzha-Eranakulam (via Thrippunithura and Kakkanad) as people from the lowranges are increasingly aware of the accessibility and connectivity to Kochi which is not so far from here (60kms). Passengers to Thodupuzha/Palai often gets stranded in Muvattupuzha in the night time. Thodupuzha-Muvattupuzha-Eranakulam chain service should be ran in the night also perhaps in 2 hours gap. Also, for tertiary medical facilities, whole of Thodupuzha relies on MOSC Medical college, Kolenchery. Night services to Ernakulam will be a blessing for all from the lowrange towns Thodupuzha, Moolamattom, Palai, Erattupetta etc.
People from idukki district relies more on kottayam medical college...even the people in the northern highranges like adimaly-munnar(esp. tribal people and other poor people). For shopping purposes i think people from thodupuzha and northwards nowadays depend more on ernakulam.. it used to be kottayam in older days...But for medical purposes its still KMC
 

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People from idukki district relies more on kottayam medical college...even the people in the northern highranges like adimaly-munnar(esp. tribal people and other poor people). For shopping purposes i think people from thodupuzha and northwards nowadays depend more on ernakulam.. it used to be kottayam in older days...But for medical purposes its still KMC
Yes. People from as far as North Paravoor comes to Kottayam Medical college. But, regarding Idukki patients MOSC sees equal or more numbers as far as tertiary reference hospitals are concerned. Newly opened Rajagiri Hospital (Chunangamvely near Aluva) also is focusing on people from highranges.

Yes, people from Thodupuzha taluk are now going to Ernakulam unlike earlier. STILL, they would easily prefer Kottayam, if the businesses there are good. But, it is not. That's sad. Even, from Palai and Erattupetta, Kanjirappilly and from the Kottayam city and suburbs also, people are visiting Ernakulam city for shopping. The growth of Kochi also saw the ailing Alappuzha, Kottayam cities which were once much more important.

In social functions at Thodupuzha I've attended, always heard the casual talks of the people there, and felt we (Muvattupuzha) as strangers :). Their talks mentions generally places like *Palai*, *Erattupetta*, *Kottayam*, *Changanassery*, *Ranni*, *Kattappana* , *Kothamangalam*. The pulse of Thodupuzhakkar are still Kottayam/Meenachil taluk aligned. Geography and distances are not a concern as far as people are concerned. They love Kottayam and considers the neighbors as slightly different in culture and attitude.
 

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Nedumkandom-Thevaram-Theni road proposed
நெடும்கண்டம்-தேவாரம்-தேனி புது சாலை திறப்பு


http://highrangevartha.com/2018/02/24/ndkm-thevaramroad/

This highway if completed has the greatest potential. It will connect Dindigul/Madurai/Trichy to Kochi city and will bring development for Northern Highranges (Nedumkandom-Munnar-Rajakkad-Adimaly etc) and Ernakulam district. The alignment will be, hopefully through Ernakulam-Kakkanad-Muvattupuzha-Vannappuram-Rajakkad-Thevaram-Theni and will facilitate trailer lorries and container truck traffic and will grow as an economic corridor.
 

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Rajakkad-Pooppara road will be upgraded to NH level width



March 10, 2018
ദേ​ശീ​യ​നി​ല​വാ​ര​ത്തില്* രാ​ജാ​ക്കാ​ട് – പൂ​പ്പാ​റ റോ​ഡ്

സി​ആ​ര്*​എ​ഫ് ഫ​ണ്ടി​ല്* ജി​ല്ല​യു​ടെ ച​രി​ത്ര​ത്തി​ല്* ആ​ദ്യ​മാ​യാ​ണ് റോ​ഡു നി​ര്*​മി​ക്കു​ന്ന​ത്.


  • സെ​ന്*​ട്ര​ല്* റോ​ഡ് ഫ​ണ്ടി​ല്* നി​ര്*​മി​ക്കു​ന്ന രാ​ജാ​ക്കാ​ട് – പൂ​പ്പാ​റ റോ​ഡി​ന്*റെ ടെ​ന്*​ഡ​ര്* ന​ട​പ​ടി​ക​ള്* പൂ​ര്*​ത്തി​യാ​യ​താ​യി ജോ​യ്സ് ജോ​ര്*​ജ് എം​പി അ​റി​യി​ച്ചു. 12 കോ​ടി രൂ​പ ചെ​ല​വി​ല്* 16 കി​ലോ​മീ​റ്റ​ര്* ദേ​ശീ​യ​നി​ല​വാ​ര​ത്തി​ലാ​ണ് റോ​ഡ് നി​ര്*​മി​ക്കു​ന്ന​ത്.


    സ്വാ​ത​ന്ത്ര്യ​ത്തി​നു​ശേ​ഷം ഇ​ടു​ക്കി മ​ണ്ഡ​ല​ത്തി​ല്* ഇ​തു​വ​രെ സി​ആ​ര്*​എ​ഫ് ഫ​ണ്ട് ല​ഭി​ച്ചി​രു​ന്നി​ല്ല. ഇ​ക്കാ​ര്യം ചൂ​ണ്ടി​ക്കാ​ണി​ക്കു​ക​യും പാ​ര്*​ല​മെ​ന്*റി​ലും ഹൈ​വേ റോ​ഡു​വി​ക​സ​ന മ​ന്ത്രാ​ല​യ​ത്തി​ലും ന​ട​ത്തി​യ ഇ​ട​പെ​ട​ലി​നെ​ത്തു​ട​ര്*​ന്നാ​ണ് ഫ​ണ്ട് അ​നു​വ​ദി​പ്പി​ക്കാ​ന്* ക​ഴി​ഞ്ഞ​തെ​ന്നും എം​പി വ്യ​ക്ത​മാ​ക്കി.
    രാ​ജാ​ക്കാ​ട് – രാ​ജ​കു​മാ​രി – പൂ​പ്പാ​റ വ​രെ റോ​ഡ് ബി​എം​ബി​സി ടാ​റിം​ഗ് ഉ​ള്*​പ്പെ​ടെ​യു​ള്ള ന​വീ​ക​ര​ണ​വും റോ​ഡ് സു​ര​ക്ഷാ മാ​ര്*​ഗ​ങ്ങ​ളു​മാ​ണ് ഏ​ര്*​പ്പെ​ടു​ത്തു​ന്ന​ത്. പൊ​തു​മ​രാ​മ​ത്ത് മ​ന്ത്രി​യു​ടെ തീ​യ​തി ല​ഭി​ച്ചാ​ലു​ട​ന്* നി​ര്*​മാ​ണോ​ദ്ഘാ​ട​നം ന​ട​ത്തി ഏ​പ്രി​ല്* ആ​ദ്യ​ത്തോ​ടെ നി​ര്*​മാ​ണം ആ​രം​ഭി​ക്കു​മെ​ന്നും എം​പി അ​റി​യി​ച്ചു. മൂ​വാ​റ്റു​പു​ഴ ആ​ന്*​ടെ​ക് ക​ണ്*​സ്ട്ര​ക്ഷ​ന്*​സാ​ണ് നി​ര്*​മാ​ണ ചു​മ​ത​ല ഏ​റ്റെ​ടു​ത്ത് സ​ര്*​ക്കാ​രു​മാ​യി ക​രാ​റി​ലെ​ത്തി​യി​ട്ടു​ള്ള​ത്.
Source:

http://idukkibulletin.com/2018/03/10/pooppara-rajakkadu/
 

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Thevarammedu-Thevaram road construction fund allocated

This highway - Ernakulam-Kakkanad-Muvattupuzha-Pothanicad-Vannappuram-Rajakkad-Chemmannaar-Chakkulathimedu-Thevaram-Theni is the shortest route to reach Madurai and Dindigul from Ernakulam district. It opens another route apart from Palakkad gap to Tamilnadu. The potential to reach through this shorter route is faster access to Chennai via Theni-Dindigul-Trichy. It has the potential to develop as a highway suitable for container truck traffic. Possibly, Kochi-Muvattupuzha-Rajakkad (for Munnar)-Theni railway connectivity too can happen.

https://localnews.manoramaonline.com/idukki/local-news/2018/03/01/ik-road-1.html

 

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^^^the Neutrino Project will fasten the BG Gauge conversion between madurai and Bodi and pave way for a bigger road in the area. The Theni-Chennai Highway will become a gateway for EKM bound vehicles as well
 

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^^^the Neutrino Project will fasten the BG Gauge conversion between madurai and Bodi and pave way for a bigger road in the area. The Theni-Chennai Highway will become a gateway for EKM bound vehicles as well
The road and railway connectivity from Ernakulam to Theni is a win-win situation for both Kerala's highranges and western Tamilnadu. The Kochi-Madurai railway also can get implemented in the said alignment. This will be going to be a busy highway as obviously, the connectivity is very good. Unlike Kollam-Thenkasi or Trivendrum-Nagerkovil, Muvattupuzha-Theni is in good coordinates, which connects Trichy, Madurai and Chennai in reduced distances. Idukki MP and MLAs from the district should really push for Muvattupuzha-Rajakkad-Thevaram-Theni developed as a state highway or even national highway. No highway from the western coast to east have such a potential as this: See, Munnar hill station, fast access to Tamilnadu cities and Bangalore by not depending on Palakkad-Coyaammuttoor NH544.
 

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The road and railway connectivity from Ernakulam to Theni is a win-win situation for both Kerala's highranges and western Tamilnadu. The Kochi-Madurai railway also can get implemented in the said alignment. This will be going to be a busy highway as obviously, the connectivity is very good. Unlike Kollam-Thenkasi or Trivendrum-Nagerkovil, Muvattupuzha-Theni is in good coordinates, which connects Trichy, Madurai and Chennai in reduced distances. Idukki MP and MLAs from the district should really push for Muvattupuzha-Rajakkad-Thevaram-Theni developed as a state highway or even national highway. No highway from the western coast to east have such a potential as this: See, Munnar hill station, fast access to Tamilnadu cities and Bangalore by not depending on Palakkad-Coyaammuttoor NH544.
Kochi-Madurai Railway line, if developed, can attract heavy goods traffic to Kochi port. But nobody seems to be interested.
 

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Kochi-Madurai Railway line, if developed, can attract heavy goods traffic to Kochi port. But nobody seems to be interested.
my belief is this region (Muvattupuzha-Kothamangalam, Thodupuzha) has very high growth potential to grow an urban area with many medium sized cities with abundant resources (water especially!) unlike many parts of Kerala. What is happening is important towns like Muvattupuzha are neglected and no proposal from Kochi side to develop 4 lane highway connectivity to Muvattupuzha in less than 30-35kms or suburban railways. Their only interest is in developing city with faithless projects and neglect the rest of Ernakulam district. We will develop anyway, in coming decades. Muvattupuzha, Kothamangalam, Thodupuzha, Perumbavoor all will align together in foreseeable future and this is precisely what is needed to press on focus to our region and bring much needed funds.
 
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