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Discussion Starter #1
Since we have a aviation and roads thread, thought that naval/seaports thread was needed. After all they carry almost all our trade with the world. Let us post pics/news/views of our ports and ships. :) :cheers:
 

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Here's a brief intro.

Ports in India

Indian Ports, Maritime Transportation, and Inland Waterways

India has eleven major sea ports: Kandla, Bombay, Nhava Sheva, Marmagao, New Mangalore, and Kochi (formerly known as Cochin) on the west coast, and Calcutta-Haldia, Paradip, Vishakhapatnam, Madras, and Tuticorin on the east coast. The port at Nhava Sheva, located across the harbor from Bombay Port, was established in 1982 under the administration of the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust as a separate port rather than an adjunct to Bombay. The eleven ports in India are the responsibility of the Ministry of State for Surface Transport but are managed by semi-independent port trusts overseen by boards appointed by the ministry from government departments, including the navy, port labor and industry, and ship owners and shipping companies.

In order of gross weight tonnage conveyed annually, Bombay , Vishakhapatnam, Madras, and Marmagao are the most important ports in India . In addition, there are some 139 minor working ports along the two coasts and on offshore islands administered by local, state, or union territory maritime administrations. Total traffic at the eleven major ports increased from 107 million tons in FY 1984 to 179 million tons in FY 1993. In FY 1993, some US$250 million in profits were earned, an achievement that attracted some US$4.5 billion in foreign investments in the ports in FY 1992-FY 1993.

In 1995 there were three Indian government-owned shipping corporations, the most important of which was the Shipping Corporation of India. There were also between fifty and sixty private companies operating a total of 443 vessels amounting to 6.3 million gross registered tons, more than 300 of which were 1,000 gross registered tons or more. Indian tonnage represented 1.7 percent of the world total. Overall, the share of Indian vessels in total Indian trade is around 35 percent. Approximately 40 to 50 percent of capacity is underused. As a result of the global slump of the late 1980s, shipping companies experienced financial difficulties; the leading private shipping company, Scindia Steam Navigation Company, collapsed in 1987. The collapse left most Indian shipping under public ownership. The government's director general of shipping provides oversight for all aspects of shipping.

India has four major and three medium-sized shipyards, all government run. The Cochin Shipyards in Kochi, Hindustan Shipyard in Vishakhapatnam, and Hooghly Dock and Port Engineers in Calcutta are the most important shipbuilding enterprises in India. Thirty-five smaller shipyards in India are in the private sector. Drydocks at Kochi and Vishakhapatnam accommodate the nation's major ship repair needs.

In addition to its coastal and ocean trade routes, India has more than 16,000 kilometers of inland waterways. Of that number, more than 3,600 kilometers are navigable by large vessels, although in practice only about 2,000 kilometers are used. Inland waters are regulated by the Inland Waterways Authority of India, which was established in 1986 to develop, maintain, and regulate the nation's waterways and to advise the central and state governments on inland waterway development.
 

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Wish we had some comparative data easily available! Some of the above data may be outdated.

The latest cargo rankings for (April - Nov 2004)

Visakhapatnam - 31.95 M.T.

Kolkata - 28.046 M.T.

Chennai - 27.711 M.T.

Kandla - 27.092 M.T

Note: Mumbai and JNPT are considered separate entities while Kolkata and Haldia are considered one.
 

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Reports say that nearly 90% of jetties and docks in the A&Ns are completely destroyed by Tsunami.

Car Nicobar naval base said to be fully operational again in one year
 

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Tsunami: Chennai Port escapes major damage


Three ships were damaged in a collision at the Chennai Port on the day of the tsunami but a major disaster was averted as they avoided hitting a tanker unloading crude. — Bijoy Ghosh



"THANK God, the Chennai port was saved from a major catastrophe," was the reaction of Mr K. Suresh, Chairman, Chennai Port Trust, when assessing the impact of last Sunday's tsunami that hit the country's coastline. Beyond a collision involving three ships, the port suffered no major damage. "It took us time to recover from the initial shock," said Mr Suresh. When the first wave hit port, 18 ships were inside the harbour. Three ships broke their mooring ropes and were floating free in the basin. The heavy currents pushed these ships together and they collided with one another.

According to an eyewitness, it all happened in less than an hour. A small ship swirled several times, before hitting a large ship and was dragged out of the harbour. Of the three ships involved in the collision, Gem of Tuticorin, loading sugar, sustained heavy damage; it is estimated that about 1,500 tonnes of raw sugar was in the hatch. The other vessels were ABG Kesava and Canadian Express. ABG-Kesava hit two hoppers on the wharf and damaged them. It also hit the wharf cranes and damaged the equipment. Gem of Tuticorin was damaged by the impact of ABG-Kesava.

A large car-carrier, Golden Ray II, which was loading, was vigorously tossed about inside the harbour basin. At one point, when two ships were swirling around, as if chasing each other, a third vessel was pushed towards them, hit one, damaging the vessel. "It was a dreadful sight," the eyewitness said. One of the ships then seemed headed to a tanker unloading crude.

"We were fortunate that a collision did not occur. Otherwise, it would have been a major disaster not only for the Chennai port, but also for the entire seashore in North Chennai," said Mr Suresh.

It was a major task for the ChPT administration to handle the post-tsunami situation. According to Mr Suresh, immediately after the first wave struck the port, all senior officials gathered at the signal station to assess the situation.

The Christmas holiday for pilots and captains was cancelled, and five tugs were put into operation (two were working) in 20 minutes. Of the 18 vessels working inside the port, 13 vessels were sent out to the anchorage point. One ship tried to get out of the harbour on its own, without a tug, and damaged some of the port's infrastructure, including dolphin mooring. Fortunately, it did not block the ship entry channel, he said. It was a terrible sight to see ships hitting the wharf, and some even climbing on top of the structure, he said.

The loss for the port due to the tsunami could be around Rs 10 crore on damage to infrastructure, including wharf, equipment and cranes. Another Rs 10 crore would need to be spent on dredging to remove the silt formation, according to Mr Suresh.

Mr Ennarasu Karunesan, Terminal Manager, Chennai Container Terminal (CCT), the private container terminal operator at the Chennai port, said the first reaction after the first wave hit the port was to evacuate the employees immediately. Vessels were secure and also equipment. Further, the equipment was "storm tie down" — the equipment is hooked and cannot move, and can withstand any natural disaster.

The ChPT plans to commission a study on what it needs to do to prepare itself to withstand nature's fury. The Chennai Port suspended operations for two days and resumed full operations only to find a road used by container trailers blocked by homeless fishermen who had put up temporary structures.

The tsunami not only created havoc inside the Chennai Port, but also affected the Tuticorin port to some extent. According to media reports, Sri Lanka took the major brunt of the tsunami and that perhaps saved Tuticorin from major damage. The minor port of Cuddalore, located some 150 km from Chennai and used mainly for fishing, a concrete wall was damaged.

At the Nagapattinam minor port, some of the old structures, including the office of the junior engineer, were damaged. But oil storage tanks and godowns escaped, say media reports. The Ennore port did not suffer major damage, said sources.
 

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5 firms submit bid for Rs 3,000 cr JNPT projects

5 firms submit bid for Rs 3,000 cr JNPT projects

PTI[ SUNDAY, JANUARY 02, 2005 04:25:45 PM]

MUMBAI: Five project management companies including two global majors -- UK-based Scot Wilson and French major Stup -- have submitted bids to conduct a techno-economic feasibility study for the Rs 3,000-crore expansion plans of Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT).

"The board of JNPT, which is scheduled to meet early this month, would shortlist and finalise a company for the study. This, however, has to be approved by the Ministry of Shipping (MoS)," shipping industry sources told PTI.

Besides Scot Wilson and Stup, three Indian companies in the fray are L&T Ramboll, Howe India Pvt Ltd and Consultancy Engineering Services, they said from Delhi. The Rs 3,000 crore expansion project entails setting up of a fourth container terminal and a Marine Chemical Terminal (MCT) at JN Port, they added.

Meanwhile, a senior port official said the JNPT would initiate efforts to obtain approvals from Ministry of Environment and Forest for container and chemical terminals. "JN Port has already begun

`Rapid Environment Impact Study', and IIT Bombay will also submit an environment impact report on setting up of the terminals by March," he said. It would take at least six to eight months to get environmental clearance and MoS would take a final decision on the proposed projects, he added.

"However, the board is yet to decide finance models for the terminals which will be completed in a phased manner. They will be debating a mix of private investment and government share for both the terminals", an industry source added.

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/978229.cms
 

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Rs 15,500 crore to be invested in ports

Gujarat today signed 32 deals worth Rs 15,500 crore on the concluding day of global investor summit for various projects in the port sector, of which Rs 13,000 crore is for development of five greenfield ports, a top official of Gujarat Maritime Board said.

The amount is more than what has been invested in the state’s port sector in the last ten years, chief executive officer of the GMB H K Dash said here.

The greenfield port at Maroli in south Gujarat has attracted the highest investment of Rs 6,000 crore with six investors proposing to investment in the project. The other four greenfield port projects are Vansi Borsi, Simar, Mithivirdi and Bedi.
 

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PM to lay foundation for container terminal

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will arrive in Kerala for a two-day visit on Tuesday. The main programme of his hectic schedule is the foundation stone laying ceremony of Vallarpadam International Container Terminal (VICT) on Tuesday.

VICT is taking off at last after a 14 year long process The project was originally planned way back in 1990 and global tender had been invited twice.

The Rs 1,868 crore project is vital for the infrastructure development of Kerala. Dubai Port International (DPI) had been awarded the contract for developing a hub port at Vallarpadam on a build-operate-transfer (BOT) basis in 30 years.

For that purpose Rajiv Gandhi Container Terminal (RGCT) will also be handed over to DPI and they will operate the terminal. The full-fledged functioning of RGCT under DPI will commence in three months, according to port officials.

The revenue from the terminal will be shared between DPI and the port on a 67:33 basis.
 

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Dubai Ports International signs agreement for Vallarpadam port development

Details at http://www.ameinfo.com/news/Detailed/54104.html

Dubai Ports International (DPI), one of the world's leading port operators, today announced that it has formally signed an agreement with The Kochi Port Trust (KoPT) to construct, develop and operate an International Container Transhipment Terminal (ICTT) – An India Gateway Terminal – at Vallarpadam.

The project was formally launched with the laying of the foundation stone by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The ceremony was attended by Thomas Jacob, Chairman, KoPT and Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, Executive Chairman Dubai Ports.

Vallarpadam is the largest single-operator container terminal currently planned in India and the first in the country to operate in a Special Economic Zone(SEZ). The new terminal will make Kochi a key centre in the shipping world reducing India's dependence on foreign ports to handle transhipment.

Construction is expected to be completed in four years and commercial operations to begin within a year of completion.

The total cost of the project is estimated at US$500 million and will be funded by DPI through non-recourse debt funding. The debt is provided by a consortium of banks led by the Infrastructure Development Fund Company (IDFC), set up to provide growth capital for infrastructure projects in India.
 
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