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the kalmar nyckel is an exact replica of the "kalmar nyckel" (meaning the key to kalmar), one of the two ships that carried swedes to the new world. the other ship, the "vogel grip", was the smaller of the two. the ships left gothenburg, sweden, in november 1637, and arrived in the new world in march of 1638. they docked at "the rocks", a shelf-like projection of rocks sloping down from the land. the rocks provided a natural wharf at deep water, where the kalmar nyckel could dock.

the swedes came to the new world with the same intentions as other countries: to profit from the land. the expedition to the new world was led by peter minuit, the same man who had helped to found new amsterdam for the dutch. minuit became the leader of the new sweden company, which planned on inhabiting some of the land not yet claimed by other countries. the two ships left gothenburg in 1637 under the direction of peter minuit. dutch sailors and sea captains were hired, since sailors were scarce in sweden at the time. only men were aboard the two ships on the first trip to the americas; women and children would come later. minuit had been given specific instructions to sail up the south river (the name the dutch had given the delaware river), without ever coming close to the north river or new amsterdam (now the huson river and new york city, respectively). this is because the swedes did not want the dutch to know that the swedes wee in the new world, since the dutch claimed all of the land from the north river to the south river.

minuit's instructions also told him to sail up the minquas kill (meaning river of the minquas), which is now the christina river in delaware. he was told to sail into this small river for two reasons. first of all, minquas kill was never settled by the dutch, and that permitted sweden to claim the land that was never occupied by sweden. second of all, the dutch had built a fort farhter north up the south river, at the present site of gloucester, new jersey, and so having the swedish settlement on the minquas kill two miles inland from the south river would prevent the dutch from seeing their settlement (the dutch did claim the land, after all, and had given the minquas kill it's name).

in the end, new sweden (consisting of part of delaware, and slivers of land in pennsylvania and new jersey) in the americas was captured by the dutch, who had built forts in various places aruond new sweden. new sweden lasted only until 1655, and the swedes never tried to colonize in north america again. but sweden's influence can still be felt in the city of wilmington and in the state of delaware.

looking up east down the chrsitina river from the river bend. the market street bridge is half-up as it undergoes renovation. in the distance, you can see the kalmar nyckel docked at tubman-garrett park.



the kalmar nyckel, docked for the day at tubman-garrett park.



looking east down the river, with views of tubman-garrett park on the left and christina landing on the right. the back of the kalmar nyckel can been seen.



a closer look at the back of the kalmar nyckel. the details on the ship showcase swedish art. partially visible are decorative heads and faces all along the ship.



the kalmar nyckel, with the residences at christina landing in the background on the left.



another picture of the kalmar nyckel with the residences at christina landing in the background. the flag of delaware flies on the front of the ship.



looking through tubman-garrett park at the kalmar nyckel and the residences at christina landing.





and now, some pictures of the city of wilmington. this is just a sample of all of the pictures i have of the city; i post picture threads of wilmington in the northeast u.s. forum occasionally, and you'll find many more pictures there. also, my signature below has links to threads with pictures from the city of wilmington and the state of delaware.

wilmington, delaware: city population of 72,000; metro population of 650,000. wilmington had earned the nicknames of "chemical capital of the world:, "credit card capital of thw world", and "corporation capital of the world". :)







































fittingly, the final picture is of the very rocks that the swedes first landed on in march of 1638.



i plan on doing a more detailed thread on sweden's history in delaware some time later. i studied delaware's history several time in school, and have lots of information on new sweden. in addition, i have many pictures of wilmington and of delaware, and i plan on giving a detailed history of delaware as well as new sweden. look for this thread some time in the future; maybe in a few weeks, maybe in a few months. it will take a long time to make, since i'll be packign it with facts, history, information, and pictures.
 

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Very interesting, thanks for sharing! It's nice to see you guys made a replica of the ship it looks beuatiful! Swedes really mastered the art of ship-making those days. Great ship.
 

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Mmany Finnish-Swedes and Finns also went to the states on that ship.... it's a real beauty !!
 

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Kalmar looks really cool, didn't know they had so many high-rises there!!Awesome!
 

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Discussion Starter · #7 ·
designwise said:
Mmany Finnish-Swedes and Finns also went to the states on that ship.... it's a real beauty !!
kind of. it's believed that some finns came on the ship, but there's no proof of that since no records were made of everyone on the ship. only a few names of crew members were written down; judging from last names, some are believed to be finnish or part finnish.
 

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xzmattzx said:
kind of. it's believed that some finns came on the ship, but there's no proof of that since no records were made of everyone on the ship. only a few names of crew members were written down; judging from last names, some are believed to be finnish or part finnish.
of coarse there were many finnish-swedes who have swedish names so it was hard to tell who was finnish and who was swedish.

then there was the Finnish/Swedish (?) question about Måns Andersson who is held to be a distant relative to george w. bush. He was one of the passengers of the Kalmar Nyckel :

http://www.svd.se/dynamiskt/utrikes/did_12291094.asp
 

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designwise said:
of coarse there were many finnish-swedes who have swedish names so it was hard to tell who was finnish and who was swedish.

then there was the Finnish/Swedish (?) question about Måns Andersson who is held to be a distant relative to george w. bush. He was one of the passengers of the Kalmar Nyckel :

http://www.svd.se/dynamiskt/utrikes/did_12291094.asp
Yes, there were many finns as well, Finland was a part of Sweden back then. In fact Finland was swedish for longer than Skåne has been to the present date!
 

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Borgvik said:
Yes, there were many finns as well, Finland was a part of Sweden back then. In fact Finland was swedish for longer than Skåne has been to the present date!
right u r... my whole family originates from what is now mainland sweden.
 
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