Kampala is the capital and largest city in Uganda, having a population of 1,208,544 in 2002. It is located near the north shore of Lake Victoria. The city's main industry is the manufacture of furniture and machine parts. Agricultural exports include coffee, cotton, tea, and sugar. Kampala grew up around a fort constructed in 1890 and became the national capital of Uganda in 1962, replacing Entebbe. Much of the city was destroyed after the 1979 overthrow of Idi Amin's dictatorship and the subsequent civil war. The city is home to Makerere University.