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King Fahd Causeway
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King Fahd Causeway

The King Fahd Causeway as seen from space
Official name King Fahd Causeway(جسر الملك فهد)
Other name(s) Bahrain Bridge, Causeway
Carries Motor vehicles
Crosses Gulf of Bahrain
Locale Bahrain,
Saudi Arabia
Maintained by King Fahd Causeway Authority
Total length 25 km (16 mi)
Width 23 m (75 ft)
Opened 12, November 1986
Toll SAR 20 (Small Vehicles)
SAR 30 (Light Trucks & Small Bus)
SAR 50 (Large Buses)
SAR 3 per ton (Trucks)
Coordinates 26°10′57″N 50°20′09″E / 26.1825°N 50.33583°E / 26.1825; 50.33583Coordinates: 26°10′57″N 50°20′09″E / 26.1825°N 50.33583°E / 26.1825; 50.33583


View of the causeway, facing east.The King Fahd Causeway (Arabic: جسر الملك فهد‎, Jisr al-Malik Fahd) is a causeway connecting Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. The idea of constructing the causeway was based on improving the links and bonds between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain.[1] Surveying of the maritime began in 1968, and construction began in 1981 and continued until 1986, when it was officially opened to the public.

Contents [hide]
1 History
2 Construction Details
3 Border Station
4 Impact on tourism in Bahrain
5 Expansion
6 See also
7 References
8 External links

[edit] History
In 1965, the desire to construct the causeway began to take form officially when Shaikh Khalifah ibn Sulman Al Khalifah of Bahrain paid a courtesy visit to King Faisal and the king expressed his wish to have the causeway constructed. In 1968, both countries formed a joint committee to assess the financial undertaking required for the task. As a result the World Bank was requested by the committee to contribute their assistance in methods of implementation of the mammoth-sized project. This required taking into account the environmental and geographical aspects of the Saudi-Bahrain region. In the summer of 1973, King Faisal, in a meting which included Amir Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa as well as the then prince, Fahd bin Abdul Aziz and Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, suggested that committee overlook the economic and financial aspects of the project and concentrate on the actual construction of the causeway. In 1975, the World Bank submitted its study and advice after seeking assistance from specialist international expertise in studying the geographic, environmental factors and maritime currents. In the spring of 1976, during a visit by King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz to Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, the two monarchs agreed to set up a ministerial committee from the two countries to work on the implementation of the project.

On 8 July 1981, Mohammed Aba Al-Khail, the then minister for Finance and National Economy of Saudi Arabia and Yousuf Ahmed Al-Shirawi, the then minister of Industrial Development in Bahrain signed an agreement to start construction on the maritime causeway. On November 11 1982, King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz and Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa unveiled the curtain off the Memorial Panel in an official ceremony attended by the leaders of the GCC states for work on the project to commence. On 11 April 1985, Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa pushed the button required to install the final part of the box bridges thereby finally linking Saudi mainland with the island of Bahrain.

On 26 November 1986, the causeway was officially inaugurated by King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz and Shaikh Isa bin Salman as the King Fahd Causeway.[2]

As of 2008, it is estimated that number of vehicles using the causeway is about 45,000 on weekdays and up to 60,000 on weekends. The total number of travelers across the causeway from both countries in the year 2008 was 17.7 million passengers, or an average of 48,600 passengers per day. [3]

[edit] Construction Details
The project cost a total of US$1.2 billion (SAR3 billion). One of the major contractors of the project is Ballast Nedam Group, based in the Netherlands. The four-lane road is 25 km (16 mi) long and approximately 23 m (75 ft) wide, and was built using 350,000 m2 (3,800,000 sq ft) of concrete along with 47,000 metric tonnes of reinforced steel. The causeway is constructed in three segments starting from Saudi Arabia:

1.From Al-Aziziyyah , south of Khobar, to the Border Station
2.From the Border Station to Nasan Island in Bahrain
3.From Nasan island to the Al-Jasra, west of Manama, on the main island of Bahrain[4]
[edit] Border Station
The Border Station is located on embankment No.4, which, with a total area of 660,000 square meters, is the biggest of all embankments. The buildings of King Fahad Causeway Authority and other government Directorates were erected on the Border Station, as well as two mosques, two Coast Guard towers and two 65 meter-high tower restaurants. The border station also has beautiful landscaping all around the islands in addition to the services & road stations.

The Border Station was designed as two connected islands, where the west side is designated to Saudi Arabia and the east to Bahrain.[5] The Saudi side of the Border Station has outlets of McDonald's & Kudu.

[edit] Impact on tourism in Bahrain
This has led to increased tourism to Bahrain from Saudi Arabia, especially bachelors and other men traveling to Bahrain for the weekend. Since the liquor and other laws are more lax in Bahrain compared to puritanical Saudi Arabia, the causeway has caused a boom in this tourism.[6]

[edit] Expansion
On July 6, 2010, Saudi newspapers quoted King Fahd Causeway Authority chief Bader Abdullah Al-Otaishan as saying that the King Fahd Causeway was to undergo a major expansion projected to cost $5.3 million. It was announced that the number of departure lanes would be increased from 10 to 17 and the number of arrival lanes from 13 to 18 on both sides. The renovation includes construction of a commercial center on the Bahraini side.

“It will have a number of restaurants, coffee shops, a grocery shop, telephone stalls and a shop to meet travelers’ needs,” said Al-Otaishan. “We saw that there was a need for such a center to assist travelers.” He said work is under way and the center will be completed by the first quarter of next year. A Bahraini health center is also being built to serve travelers and causeway staff. “It will feature an emergency room and ambulance to serve whoever is using the causeway — travelers or employees,” he said, noting a Saudi health center is also planned for 2011. A security checkpoint will be set up near the Bahraini entrance of the causeway, in addition to the one near the Saudi entrance. “It will allow us to control the causeway and close it,” Al-Otaishan said.

The project also includes expanded public utilities such as washrooms and mosques on both sides of the causeway, to be completed by the end of the year. The two tower restaurants, one Saudi and one Bahraini, will be revamped through a separate project. The towers will be renovated without altering their historic appearance. Al-Otaishan told local newspapers that tenders for the project on the Saudi side had already been approved, with the Bahraini side set to follow suit shortly.[7]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Fahd_Causeway
 

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Discussion Starter · #2 ·
^^
::)

Here are the pictures :


the bridge from Google earth :


Various Pictures :








THis Picture Is Taken From Saudi Arabia ( Khobar ) :




And This is A picture for King Fahad Causeway Restaurant

you will notice a saudi flag on it ! :





Hope You Were Enjoyd by the great photos !:)
 

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Thanks for the pictures. Definitely worth a visit if ever in the area!

This bridge is nowhere near the second longest in the world.

This list has it as 12th with a length of 25,000 meters (25 km).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_longest_bridges_in_the_world

Also your thread title claims "28 Km Long", but further down in the text is says "25 Km".

It would appear from Google Earth that it is 25km from natural shoreline to natural shoreline. In reality due to the islands and the long earth filled causeways along this 25km stretch, that about half that distance is actually elevated structure with the longest single bridge being just 5 km.
 

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Discussion Starter · #4 ·
^^^^^^^^
I think there is a wrong by length
it's 25 KM not 28 !! right now >>:)
 

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Discussion Starter · #5 ·
Way over the bridge with double opposite directions, each display (11.6 meters) and has two lanes, and pavement forced to stop.


- The length of the bridge twenty-five miles and starts in the Saudi side of the Aziziyah area located south of the city of Khobar in the Bahraini side of the bridge starts Jasra area to the west of the capital Manama.


- Includes the bridge in five bridges and seven hardcore.

- The number of concrete columns under bridges along the bridge (536) column.

- Roads linking the bridge to a network of internal roads in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Kingdom of Bahrain length
(32) km to the city of Khobar and Dhahran, and a length (13) kilometers to the city of Manama.







Plan included the construction of the bridge facilities and the subsequent implementation of the four contracts is as follows:

The first contract: includes the construction of bridges and embankments at a cost of 2.237 million Saudi riyals.

The first contract: includes the construction of bridges and embankments at a cost of 2.237 million Saudi riyals.

Second Decade: respect the process of establishing the border station and buildings at a cost of 362 million Saudi riyals.

Third Decade: the administration of the access roads and intersections that connect the bridge connected to the main roads in the Kingdom at a cost of 200 million Saudi riyals.

The fourth decade: the administration of the access roads and intersections that connect the bridge to a network of roads in Bahrain at a cost of 128 million Saudi riyals.

Costs of technical and administrative supervision of 86 million Saudi riyals.

The total cost of the bridge and ancillary facilities to (3.013) three thousand and thirteen million Saudi riyals.






Length of embankments
1 - landfill (1) 668.00 m (the Saudi side)

2 - landfill (2) 891.00 m (the Saudi side)
3 - landfill (3) 921.00 m (the Saudi side)
4 - landfill (4) 2388.50 m (Island border)
5 - landfill (5) 3635.50 m (Bahraini side)
6 - landfill (6) 665.50 m (the Bahraini side)
7 - landfill (7) 1900.50 m (Bahraini side)
8 - Island or Nassan 1500.00 meters (Bahraini side)
Total length of embankments 12.570.00 meters



Lengths of bridges
1 - Bridge (1) 934 meters (the Saudi side)

2 - Bridge (2) 2034 m (the Saudi side)
3 - Bridge (No. 3) 5194 m (the Saudi side)
4 - Bridge (4) 3334 m (the Bahraini side)
5 - bridge (5) 934 meters (the Bahraini side)
Total length of bridges 12.430.00 meters



Materials used in bridges
1 - 47.000 tons of iron armed

2 - 160.000 tons of cement
3 - 350.000 cubic meters of concrete
4 - hardcore sand to 7,770,000 cubic meters
5 - rock of hardcore 3,140,000 cubic meters


Official website :

http://www.kfca.com.sa/ar/home.asp
 

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Thanks for the pictures. Definitely worth a visit if ever in the area!

This bridge is nowhere near the second longest in the world.

This list has it as 12th with a length of 25,000 meters (25 km).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_longest_bridges_in_the_world
I agree that it's not the second-longest in the world, but the Wikipedia ranking that you cites does, I think, err in the opposite direction. Any construction which is elevated over ground, sea or (in one case) swamp level is considered as a bridge. They even list the Shanghai airport maglev line as a "bridge" and include several Chinese edifices (impressive constructions, but that's beside the point...) where a limited-length bridge is prolonged on each side by very long viaducts.

It all depends, of course, on how one defines "bridge", but I for one would say that at least 80 per cent of a construction should be above water to qualify.
 

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It all depends, of course, on how one defines "bridge", but I for one would say that at least 80 per cent of a construction should be above water to qualify.
According to that definition Viaduc de Millau would not be a bridge. And thousands of other bridges crossing other obstacles than just water (valleys, roads, railways etc.).
 

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Discussion Starter · #9 ·
Thanks for your updates
but I read it before 3 or 4 years it 's the 2nd longest bridge in the world !!!
 

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Discussion Starter · #10 ·
Otaishan "Riyadh": long-term expansion plan for thirty years to come
Announced the largest expansion of the King Fahd Causeway .. Saturday

King Fahd Causeway will see a quantum leap over the past Kadmpbr - Ibrahim Oldsters

Waiting for the citizens of Saudi Arabia and the Kingdom of Bahrain announced the details of the third phase of development and expansion of the King Fahd Causeway, which will include the island and areas of action on both sides, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, and in an effort to ensure a superior service for travelers between the two countries during a press conference to be held back for Saturday's The Bahraini side in the presence of the President of the Board of Directors General of the King Fahad Causeway, Mr. Saleh bin immune cell.

The Director of the General Corporation for the King Fahd Causeway Mr. Badr bin Abdullah Otaishan "Riyadh" The conference will reveal many details about the plan long-term the next thirty years, the coming and the announcement of future scenarios and shape of the island and areas of technical procedures and other details will delight the citizens in each of the two brotherly countries, is in a major expansion of the island of the bridge, after two plans short and medium term has been successively implemented immediately after the approval of the Governing Council at its meeting held on 07.04.2007 a number of urgent solutions to the situation on the bridge and the island of the proceedings.

The Otaishan in his speech that the technical procedures will change and be better, refusing to disclose and to respond to interpretations that indicate it will be before the entrance of the bridge from both sides, explaining that the cost of the projects that were implemented during the past three years amounted to about 130 million riyals, while the value projects approved in the budget of the Foundation during 2010 about 140 million riyals.

He also clarified that the first phase was promised short-term to make some amendments to the areas of passengers, vehicles and shipping areas on both sides, as well as to modify and develop some of the actions in coordination with the Saudi and Bahraini working in the bridge to contribute to the smooth flow of traffic .. Was completed this stage in the middle of 2008, followed by the second phase "medium term", which included two parts, one to develop and increase cabinets complete the procedures of passengers and their vehicles in each of my name customs and passport in the areas of entry and exit on both sides, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, bringing the number of booths termination proceedings vehicles traveling 18 cabins, an increase of eight booths (an increase of 80 per cent), and the other part of the phase (medium term) is to expand and develop shipping area beside the bridge, and the most important components to increase the gates of entry and exit of trucks and allocated to sort the truck to empty and loaded, and transit in order to facilitate movement and movement and to accelerate the end of their customs procedures required by each type of applications and the introduction of women's cabinets.

He said in his closing remarks, had been completed the full implementation of development projects in the plans, with just a second phase of umbrellas on both sides are being implemented.

The source :
http://www.alriyadh.com/2010/08/06/article549517.html
 

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Discussion Starter · #11 ·
King Fahd Causeway expansion by 60% to ease traffic .. And the number of booths to 48 transit

Cell: Rapid expansion of the bridge list .. And new end in 2012


The new project aims to ease congestion on the King Fahd Causeway («Middle East»)

Dammam: Obaid Suhaimi
Saleh revealed Cell, Director General of Customs, and Chairman of the King Fahd Causeway yesterday, it will increase the area of the island, which mediates the King Fahd Causeway linking Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, including more than 60 per cent of its current size, and that the implementation of a new draft of expansion ends in 2012 and will raise The new project the number of cabins to 48 cabins transit in addition to cancellation signal so that it is easy and a flow path between the two sides.
The cell phone that the Governing Council during its meeting yesterday, the first on the expansion project, the main bridge, he noted that the expansion project, the former aims to increase the number of booths customs and passport to 18 cabins, will be implemented in the current period, he said, adding that the project will be completed (Rapid expansion of the bridge ) during the month of July.

The cell had been approved the project as a plan in general, where they will be assigned a consultant to develop the details of the project during the next month and will end management of the bridge of the studies before the end of this year, as will be awarded the project in 2010, The Cell that the duration of the new project 30 months and will be completed expansion and coming into service in 2012. And the cell that there are a number of actions have been taken to alleviate the congestion on the bridge, including the draft automated link between the Saudi and Bahraini sides to speed up the proceedings.

The cell that fingerprint facing some difficulties and it is still under the pilot application in the King Fahd Causeway, he said, adding that in the event to avoid the difficulties faced by new and fast service reduce waiting times in the arena of Customs ports will be circulated to the rest of Arabia.

And take cell phone that the truck congestion at the bridge is outside the will of the Foundation of the bridge, saying that the bridge has a capacity limited can not be exceeded, as specified quantity absorbed by the scene of customs in the bridge is estimated at 10 thousand tons, adding that there was a new arrangement will ease the crisis, and said cell It was to address those departments that have in the bridge to increase the number of employees into line with the number of new expansion projects.

The cell phone that the Department of the bridge is currently working on adding a center for the Red Crescent, as well as a health center, within the facilities of the bridge, and he has to address the competent authorities of these centers is to provide the appropriate number of staff.

The board of the King Fahd Causeway, as confirmed by cell phones, has approved health insurance to the staff of the bridge, as well as to study the direction and characteristics of financial incentives to staff, be approved in the coming period. The cell phone that the Department of Customs rose to improve conditions of customs officers in all ports Arabia, as between the customs administration to increase the numbers of staff in the King Fahd Causeway until the appropriate number of staff with the volume of work assigned to customs, whether in the arena of customs of goods or in the transit area for travelers . And up the number of passengers in the leaves and spring break holidays to more than 80 thousand passengers, and crossing the bridge about 7 thousand students a day, to study in the Kingdom of Bahrain.

the source : http://aawsat.com/details.asp?section=43&article=510735&issueno=11063
 

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Discussion Starter · #12 ·
sorry These are old news !!!!


now there is a new expansion for it !!
 

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Discussion Starter · #13 ·
The Newest news and the best ever for it !! The Expansion wii finish in 2015

:)^^^^

E Saturday - August 14, 2010

6 stages of the project includes a major and completed 20,151,060,000,000 Real cost of expansion and development of the King Fahd Causeway


Saudi Arabia

Informed sources said that the preliminary estimated cost of the development and expansion announced by the King Fahd Causeway Foundation Finally, an estimated 1.06 billion riyals.

Include the expansion of the establishment of artificial islands by filling in the sea, and the establishment of the infrastructure of the Islands, synthetic, and construction of buildings, gates and routes of procedures, systems security and safety at a cost estimated at 998 million riyals, while will be the rehabilitation of the island's present for the termination of the proceedings, which will be converted to area tourist at a cost of 70 million riyals.

The sources said according to the newspaper "Life" Arabia said that the project will be completion of his studies at the first in March 2011 contains 6 stages a major, and is expected to be awarded the project to an international company developed within a system of tenders, and will be awarded the project in July of 2012, that ends in December 2015.

She added that the islands that will be created on a kilometer and a half kilometer of land area in both Saudi and Bahraini estimated area of about 400 thousand square meters for each island, will include the procedures, which include all 48 of which a path for the arrival and departure of vehicles small, with the allocation of sufficient space for expansion works future path for about 20, while the allocation of four bus routes, and eight tracks of trucks in each direction, inspection and yards to accommodate 400 trucks, and four paths of persons authorized to enter without passing through the area of action.

The islands will include paths and side gates will be allocated for the emergency to facilitate the process of entry and exit procedures for areas, buildings and Cabins, slopes and awnings, and areas of action, in addition to car parking will be allocated to the departmental officers, and security control system equipped with cameras.

And will convert the island's present to the tourist attraction and services include construction of public services and restaurants, visitors and service station for cars and a mosque and green space, an area of about 40 thousand square meters including 30 thousand square meters will be attached to the adequate parking for about a thousand cars in the island's present

the source : http://www.alaswaq.net/articles/2010/08/14/36515.html
 

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As noted before, the 25 km length is the shore-to-shore length. The causeway is built on several embankments, artificial islands and actual bridges. The longest single bridge is 5194 meters long.
 

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ترسية المرحلة الأولى من مشروع توسعة الجانب السعودي
الأحد 03 ربيع الأول 1436 هـ الموافق 22 فبراير 2015 ا​

ردم جزيرة الإجراءات بجسر الملك فهد خلال 18 شهرًا
جرافيك يوضح منطقة التوسعة



اليوم ـ الخبر

خلال 18 شهرًا سيتم إنهاء أزمة الزحام على جسر الملك فهد بشكل جزئي، حيث قامت إدارة المؤسسة العامة لجسر الملك فهد، مؤخرًا، بترسية المرحلة الأولى من مشروع التوسعة الرئيسة لجسر الملك فهد -الجانب السعودي- المتمثلة في مشروع ردم جزيرة الإجراءات الجديدة بالجانب السعودي من الجسر، ومساحتها "750.000م٢" على إحدى الشركات العالمية المتخصصة في مجال ردم المناطق البحرية، وذلك تنفيذاً لقرار مجلس إدارة المؤسسة العامة لجسر الملك فهد، بإقرار مشروع التوسعة الرئيسة للجسر على عدة مراحل، في كل من المملكة العربية السعودية ومملكة البحرين، والتي صدرت حولها موافقة حكومتي البلدين، وتخصيص منطقة إجراءات داخل كل بلد، وتقع جزيرة الإجراءات الأولى عند بداية الجسر بالمملكة العربية السعودية والجزيرة الأخرى عند بداية الجسر بمملكة البحرين.
وجاءت ترسية هذا المشروع على إحدى الشركات المتخصصة بعد طرح المشروع في منافسة عامة، وبتكلفة إجمالية مقدارها "292.67" مليون ريال، ويأتي ذلك استكمالاً لما سبق الإعلان عنه من عزم المؤسسة القيام بإنشاء جزيرتين جديدتين قرب الحدود السعودية والبحرينية، ضمن خطة التوسعة الرئيسة لمناطق الإجراءات بالجانبين، وسوف يستغرق تنفيذ مشروع ردم الجزيرة - الجانب السعودي - "18" شهرًا من تاريخ تسليم الموقع، الذي يُتوقع أن يتم خلال الشهر المقبل مارس 2015م، وخلال فترة تنفيذ أعمال الردم سوف يتم عمل الدراسات والتصاميم للمرحلة التالية من المشروع، والمتمثلة بالبنى التحتية والمباني والتجهيزات ليبدأ تنفيذها فور انتهاء مشروع أعمال الردم وتسليمه.
وحسب الدراسات والتصاميم المعتمدة للمشروع، فإن كل جزيرة من الجزيرتين الجديدتين المخصصتين للتوسعة الرئيسة لجسر الملك فهد، في كل بلد، كافية لاستيعاب ما يزيد على "4.000" مركبة في آن واحد و"240" شاحنة لكل ساعة، إضافة الى صالة مخصصة للباصات التي تقل المسافرين بين البلدين بطاقة استيعابية لعدد "40" باصا في كل إتجاه، وكذلك مناطق مخصصة لانتظار الشاحنات، تتسع لأكثر من "600" شاحنة في وقت واحد.
وتهدف التوسعة الرئيسة لجسر الملك فهد، إلى تسهيل حركة عبور المركبات والشاحنات والمسافرين بين المملكة العربية السعودية ومملكة البحرين، التي شهدت في السنوات الأخيرة زيادة مطردة في حركة عبور المسافرين، والتبادل التجاري بين المملكتين، حيث تجاوز عدد المسافرين الذين عبروا جسر الملك فهد خلال عام 2014م "22.35" مليون مسافر في الاتجاهين، وهذا يؤكد أهميّة هذا الصرح الحيوي للمملكتين وما يربطهما من علاقة وثيقة، سواء على المستوى الرسمي أو المستوى الاجتماعي والشعبي.
وكان مجلس إدارة المؤسسة العامة لجسر الملك فهد، قد شدد على أهمية كل ما من شأنه تطوير الأعمال في جزيرة الجسر بالجانبين السعودي والبحريني، ومناطق الإجراءات، ورفع مستوى الخدمات التي تقدمها المؤسسة لعابري ومرتادي الجسر.
وحث المجلس إدارة المؤسسة العامة لجسر الملك فهد، على السعي المستمر لمواكبة التطور في الخدمات، ومواصلة التنسيق بين الإدارات العاملة في جسر الملك فهد؛ لتيسير إجراءات السفر، بما ينعكس أثره على انسيابية حركة النقل والتنقل بين البلدين الشقيقين "المملكة العربية السعودية ومملكة البحرين".


رابط موضوع جسر الملك فهد
في المنتدى
 
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