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actual gherkin
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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)
I thought I'd share Liverpool's developments with the rest of the World :cheers:

Current skyline (thanks to adman)

Posted by and credit to Martin. S
Liverpool Development Summary​

These are the buildings of twenty or more storeys that are transforming the city skyline or promise to do in the not too distant future.


Beetham West Tower​

A 40 storey residential tower on the corner of King Edward Street and Brook Street (near to the first Beetham Tower). Work commenced early August 2005.

Location: King Edward Street, by Brook Street
Project Value:
Developer: Beetham
Architect: Aedas
Commenced: Early August 2005
Finish:Early 2008
Status (Apr '07): Tower topped out 26.04.06. Cladding to 3/4 of full height. Crane still in place.
Go to Beetham website
Go to forum thread.

Alexandra Tower

A residential tower with 201 apartments and ground floor commercial units.
Location: North west corner of Princes Dock.
Height: 288' (27 storeys)
Project Value:
Developer: Millennium Estates
Architect: AFL
Commenced: January 2005
Finish: December 2007 / January 2008
Status (April '07): Superstructure to 17 levels, service core to 20.

Go to forum thread.
Construction Photo Gallery

Vermont Tower

A 22 storey tower forming the centrepoint of the Sefton Street Quarter, a mixed development of 6 blocks of 398 residential units with office, retail, restaurant/ bar/ leisure and hotel uses and underground car parking. Planning permission obtained August 2006.

Location: Land bounded by Sefton Street, Parliament Street, Stanhope Street and Caryl Street, Liverpool L8
Project Value: £100m.
Developer: Vermont Developments
Architect: Falconer Chester
Commenced: Late 2006
Status (April '07): Foundation work in progress.

Go to forum thread.


Lime Street Gateway​

A 27 storey, 280' high tower on the site of the 16 storey Concourse House at the corner of Lime Street and Skelhorne Street. Mixed use development including retail and office units and adjoining retail units, 152 apartments and new pedestrian concourse on site of existing single storey shops.

Status (April '07): Project timescale affected by compulsory purchase problems with retail units. Demolition expected to commence on completion of adjacent roadworks in Lime Street.

Central Village​

Two towers of 25 and 20 storeys forming the centrepiece of a £160 million apartment, hotel, professional, retail and leisure development of the land surrounding Central underground station between Bold Street and Ranelagh Street by developers Ballymore Properties and Merepark. Buildings of 9, 9 and 5 storeys also to be constructed. To include a water feature and new pedestrian and vehicular linkages. Planning permission obtained August 2006.

Location: Former Central High Level Station site.
Project Value: £160m.
Developer: Ballymore/Merepark
Architect: Woods Bagot
Commence: Early 2007
Status (April '07): Works to former railway retaining walls and bridges in progress prior to commencement of main construction.

Go to developer's website

Go to Forum thread.

Kings Waterfront Towers​

One 23 storey and one 8 storey residential tower forming phase I of the residential development.

Location: South end of Kings Dock (formerly a car park).
Project Value:
Developer: David McLean
Commencement: 2007
Status (April '07): Planning permission granted. No work yet commenced on site.

Queens Dock Tower​

A 22 storey tower with 118 flats, a 3 storey block with garden decks fronting onto Queens Dock and a 3 storey block of flats fronting onto Sefton Street. Development will include a health club, shops and bars and will be faced in a smooth cladding comprising coloured glazing panels and sheet zinc.

Location: Site bounded by Queens Dock, the Dolby Hotel, Sefton Street and Mariners Wharf
Height: 68.5m. (22 storeys)
Project Value: £15 million
Developer: Lotta Properties Ltd.
Architect: Chapman Robinson
Status (April 07): Planning permission granted. No work yet commenced on site.

Go to forum thread


Princes Dock 3A​

A 32 storey tower with a height of 112.5m. (A.O.D.) containing 1/2 bedroom apartments, a hotel, offices and mixed commercial development including car parks, ancillary uses and associated infrastructure. Will have a semi-enclosed plaza with cafes and a seating area with views over the dock basin.

Location: North east side of Princes Dock.
Developer: Mersey Property Company Ltd.
Architect: RMJM (London)
Status (April '07): Revised planning application submitted 12.01.07 (previous design was for 36 storey tower). Decision still awaited.

Go to Forum thread.


King Edward Tower​

Two residential towers on the site of the derelict King Edward pub.
Location: West side of King Edward Street.
First renderings made available 19.01.07.

Status (April '07): Formal announcement still awaited.

Go to forum thread.

Brunswick Quay Tower​

An 'iconic' mixed use development on the site of the closed Brunswick Dock Small Business Centre. This is to take the place of the 51 storey tower proposal designed by Ian Simpson and rejected following a public inquiry by government minister Ruth Kelly. Whether it will include a significantly tall building has not been divulged, nor the name of the architect. Announced by Maro Developments in early 2007.

Status (April '07): No further announcement.

Albany Tower​

A tower proposed for the Old Hall Street area.

RSA Tower​

A proposal for the development of the Royal Sun Alliance Car Park.

A £5.5 billion development of the former Central Docks to include 50 storey plus office and apartment towers, a monorail to Liverpool John Lennon Airport and a cruise liner terminal. The brainchild of Peel Holdings, owners of the Mersey Docks and John Lennon Airport, it is to be developed over a period of 50 years with the obtaining of planning consent expected to take five years. It will complement the equally ambitious Wirral Waters scheme announced earlier for the East Float in Wallasey (see below).

LIVERPOOL ONE (The Paradise Street Development Area)​
The £1,000 million mainly retail development in central Liverpool billed as the largest regeneration project in Europe.

A £1,000 million plan for the transformation of the southern part of the city centre to provide 1 million square feet of retail space plus residential and media / commercial developments.

Completion: In stages up to and including 2008.

Go to Paradise Project website.

Individual Buildings:

Chavasse Park
The centre of the development will be the reconstructed Chavasse Park. This will incorporate a large underground car park and be flanked on its south side by an excavated section of the historic Old Dock.

Status (April '07): Underground car park structurally complete. Tunnel access to car park from the Strand under construction. Park surface being installed using specially engineered soil on top of polystyrene blocks.

Location: Corner of South John Street and Lord Street (west side)
Status (April '07): Building externally complete and fit-out commencing.

Friends Meeting House/BBC Radio Merseyside
Location: North side of Hanover Street, alongside School Lane.
This building replace the former Friends Meeting House and BBC Radio Merseyside headquarters in Paradise Street that have now been demolished.

Completed and opened: Late 2006.

Herbert of Liverpool​
Located on the corner of Hanover Street and School Lane, it provides a salon and training school for Herbert of Liverpool hairdressers following their displacement from Paradise Street. Herbert's former building in Paradise Street now demolished.

Started on site: Early 2005
Completed and opened:Late 2006

Strand Apartment Block
The tallest building in Liverpool One, a 17 storey tower and 11 storey tower by internationally acclaimed architect Cesar Pelli will front onto the Strand to the South of the existing Halifax Building.

Commenced: Late 2006

Status (April '07): Two service cores underway with the tallest nearing 10 storeys. Work commenced on main structure.

John Lewis
Location: Corner of Paradise Street and Canning Place (west side)
This will provide 240,000 sq.ft of retail space over four floors with basement servicing.
Architect: John McAslan and Partners

Status (April '07): Externally complete. Fit out in progress.

Peters Lane
A covered shopping arcade linking the existing shopping area in Church Street with Liverpool One. Will be partially constructed inside existing buildings.

Status (April '07): HMV shop relocated and work commenced on arcade.

Paradise Street Apartment Tower

Status (April '07): Tallest freestanding crane in Britain erected to commence work on the tower.

Paradise Street Multiplex Cinema
A 14 screen Odeon multiplex cinema under construction in Paradise Street on the site of the former bus station and car park, which was demolished in January 2006.

Status (April '07): Steel frame completed and cladding in progress.

Canning Place Car Park​
Location: Canning Place to the east of the police headquarters.
New multi-storey car park. Includes a security screen to the police elevation.
Completed and opened: November 2005

Status (April 2007): Work soon to commence on long span suspended footbridge to link car park to main development.

Bus interchange​
Rendering awaited
Location: Canning Place to the immediate north of the police headquarters.
A new bus station to replace the previous one in Paradise Street which has now been demolished.

Completed and opened: November 2005

A major redevelopment of the former Kings Dock to create a new arena and convention centre, exhibition space, hotels and a large residential development

A development of the Kings Dock (formerly used as a car park and temporary concert venue) into an arena, convention and exhibition centre and a residential, hotel and office development. The site is to be developed on a long term basis up to 2018 and will on completion have 1700 homes as well as office and retail space.

Location: Kings Dock, South Waterfront
Project Value: £143m.
Developer: Liverpool Vision
Masterplanner: Wilkinson Eyre

Status (April '07):
Infrastructure: Work officially commenced 04.07.05. Now well advanced with new roads, paving and trees. Further infrastructure work will take place as other parts of the site are developed.

Arena and Convention Centre (ACC Liverpool)​

A 10,000 seat arena, convention centre and exhibition centre with central 'Galleria' containing retail and leisure facilities.

Architect: Wilkinson Eyre
Contractor: Bovis Lend Lease.
Commenced: 12.10.05.
Completion: Late 2007.

Status (April '07): Topped out 26.04.07. Structurally complete. Cladding and glazing well advanced. Internal fit-out in progress.

Multi-storey car park: A car park to serve the new arena. It is to be surrounded by apartment blocks to be constructed by Artisan on the north, south and east sides.

Completed and open late 2006.

Apartment Towers (see under 'Skyscrapers): Two residential towers on the south side of the site. One 23 storeys, the other 17 storeys.
Developer: McLean Developments.
Status (April '07): Planning permission obtained. No work on site.


Two hotels planned for the north east corner of the site. One a Stalbridge and the other Jory's Inn.

Commenced: Late 2006
Status (April '07): Two cranes working on reinforced concrete frame.

Go to Project website

Construction Photo Gallery


The apartment block to be erected by Artisan around the multi-storey car park.

Commence: Early 2007
Complete: 2008

Status (April '07): Foundation piling in progress.

An office and residential development on the historic Princes Dock north of the Pier Head. Work commenced in the mid-1990s and, to date, three office blocks, a pair of residential towers, a multi-storey car park, two hotels and extensive infrastructure works have been completed.

In addition to the mid-rise developments listed here, the 27 storey Alexandra residential tower is under construction and the 32 storey Princes 3A residential tower is about to enter the planning process (See Skyscrapers above)

Go to forum thread.


Malmaison Hotel​
An 11 storey 'boutique style' hotel with 131 rooms and 41 luxury apartments.
Location: South east side of Princes Dock (by Crowne Plaza hotel)
Project Value:
Contractor: Amec
Commenced: 20th. June 2005
Completion: Early 2007
Status (April '07): Hotel opened on 26.01.07. Apartments still being fitted out and some finishing - off work on the cladding.

Construction Photo Gallery

City Lofts (Princes Half Tide Dock)​
A nine storey apartment development along the east side of Princes Half Tide Dock. It follows on from the succesful completion of the 21 and 11 storey towers on the east side of Princes Dock.
Developer: City Lofts
Commenced: Late 2006
Status (April '07): Steel frame for one half of development erected.

New World Square​

A hotel and residential complex comprising 8 and 11 storey buildings and a 16 storey residential tower. The development will straddle the canal link extension and feature a public square. The present design represents the second redesign of a scheme which commenced as a series of curved blocks and was superseded by the present rectangular design but with a 25 storey residential tower.

Location: South West corner of dock (site of IoM Steam Packet Co. offices)
Project Value: £133m.
Developer: Lead Asset Strategies
Commence: 2007
Status (April '07): Planning permission granted. Start date unknown.

The developments that will transform Liverpool's world famous waterfront.

Museum of Liverpool​

A £65million museum devoted to Liverpool on Mann Island, site of the abandoned Fourth Grace project. It will contain 10,000 square metres of exhibition space. The building will bridge the canal link and is intended to feature large exhibits currently in storage, which include the massive model of the Lutyens design for the Metropolitan Cathedral and a carriage from the Liverpool Overhead Railway.

Following a grant of £32.7m being awarded by the NWDA in mid-April 2006 and the announcement of a grant of £11m. from the Heritage Lottery Fund towards the internal fit-out (previously refused) in late January 2007, the project has been given the green light.

Prior to construction, an archaeological investigaton took place that exposed the former Manchester Dock and Chester Basin.

Architects: 3XN (Denmark)
Status(April '07): Contract let to Gallifords 25.04.07. Construction work on site in connection with the canal link.
Commencement: Imminent
Completion: Main structure 2008, Interior fit-out: 2010

Architect's website

Pier Head Canal Link​

A scheme by British Waterways to link Princes Dock with the Canning Dock via a 110m. canal link across the Pier Head. The intention is to link the Leeds Liverpool canal with the South Docks to increase usage of this end of the canal and create a major tourist attraction.

Commenced: Late 2006
Completion: 2007

Status (April '07): Pier Head hoarded off for excavation work. Section of tunnel across floating roadway cut completed. Work on tunnel in Museum of Liverpool area underway. Contracts understood to be let for remaining part of the work.

Go to website

Mann Island Development​

A mixed use scheme consisting of two residential blocks and an office block with retail and leisure use at ground floor level and a substantial public realm. It will involve the demolition of the unlisted former Voss Motors car showroom in Mann Island by Herbert Rowse. Planning permission obtained late 2006 following an interim ruling by UNESCO that its construction would not adversely affect the setting of the World Heritage Site.

Architect: Broadway Malyan

Commence: 2007
Status (April '07): Work commenced on demolition of former car showroom.

An ongoing regeneration of the area between Duke Street and Bold Street and surrounding streets to the south of the city centre - the long straight streets that were laid out to make ropes for sailing vessels. It also includes the regeneration of the Chinatown area.

Work has been underway for several years and completed projects to date include the FACT Centre in Wood Street, the East Village mixed use apartment / college / retail development in Duke Street, the Chinese Arch in Nelson Street, the Georgian style Dukes Terrace residential complex, Campbell square, office, apartment and bar / restaurant complex, public realm schemes and restoration of existing buildings

Elysian Fields​
An 8 storey apartment building by developer Illiad on the site of the former Liverpool Community College building in Colquitt Street.

Status (Jan '07): Construction of frame and lift / service core well underway. Crane collapse in January '07 will have delayed progress.

Duke Street Car Park Site​
A development of 82 apartments and penthouses.

Location: Former NCP car park site east corner of Duke St and Slater St
Project Value:
Developer: 2001 Developments
Status (Jan '07): Construction in progress.

The Foundry​
An apartment development in Henry Street.

Status (Jan. '07): Under construction.

Scandinavian Hotel​
An apartment and retail development of the former Scandinavian Hotel on the corner of Duke Street and Nelson Street.

Status (Jan '07): Compulsory purchase of hotel by Liverpool City Council believed to be in progress. Some external refurbishment in progress but no substantial development.

Named after the Baltic Fleet pub and bounded by Wapping, Jamaica Street and Blundell Street, this is now one of the fastest growing areas of the city - located half way between the Paradise Project and Kings Waterfront. Formerly an area of warehousing, it is now being developed as a mixed use area.

Chandlers Wharf​
An eight storey apartment block in Corn Hill. Development in two sections straddling Corn Hill

Status (Jan 07): The first (south) phase of the development now complete. The second (north) phase now structurally complete with cladding in progress.

A fourteen storey apartment block on the site of the Joseph Lamb & Sons building (the Maritime Building) in Wapping.

Status (Jan. '07): Building frame constructed to second level with lift and service cores to eighth level. Four tower cranes in place. However, work has been stalled for several months following an impasse between the developer and contractor (Laing O'Rourke).

Liverpool suffers from a shortage of good quality office space. The following developments should go some way to addressing this.

St Pauls Square​

Location: East side of Old Hall Street adjacent to Bruntwood Tower.
Project Value: £100 million
Developer: English Cities Fund.

Construction Photo Gallery

Building 1: Offices and retail. To include an internal shopping street.
Contractor: Shepherd Construction Ltd.
Commenced: Spring 2005
Status Jan '07: Externally almost complete.

Building 2: Residential
Status Jan '07: Structurally complete, cladding well advanced.

Buiding 3: A 400 space car park
Status Jan '07: Externally almost complete.

Building 4: Offices
Status Jan '07: Steel services core under construction and steel frame being erected.

Building 5: Offices
Status Jan '07: Not yet started​

Pall Mall Business Quarter​

Announced 29th. July 2005
A large scale office, residential and retail development on the site of the NCP car park (former Exchange Station site) due to deliver 3000 jobs.
Location: Old Exchange Station site (now an NCP car park) bounded by Mercury Court, Pall Mall, Leeds Street and Bixteth Street.
Project Value: £130m.
Proposer: Liverpool Vision
Architects: RHWL
Finish: 2015 (staged development)
Status (Jan '07): Outline planning permission granted 25.10.05. Detailed masterplan now submitted. Detailed planning permission to be obtained for individual sites.

Kingston House​

An office development proposal for the site of Kingston House (former Mersey Mission to Seamen)

Location: South-east corner of James Street and the Strand.

Status (April '07): Development announced.

The residential population of central Liverpool has increased dramatically in the last few years with a population of around 20,000 predicted for a few years time.

Here are some individual apartment developments that are not part of a larger project.

Garden Quarter Development​
A residential development by Downing Developments of the old magistrates courts in Hatton Garden in two phases. The first phase includes two new blocks (Eden Square) and the opening of a new pedestrian access through the block. The second phase will involve conversion of the old magistrates courts.

Status (Jan '07): First Phase apartment buildings nearing completion externally.

Go to website.

Byrom Street / Fontenoy Street​

A 12 storey development with 114 apartments, underground car park and commercial use on ground floor. Planning permission granted 11.10.05.
Location: North side of Byrom Street / Crosshall Street junction.
Project Value: £20m.
Developer: Green Flag
Architect: Falconer Chester
Status (Jan '07): Demolition of existing building being carried out at a very slow rate.

Herculaneum Quay​

A 16 storey apartment tower complex on the site of the former Herculaneum Dock.

Status (Jan '07): Foundation excavation well underway. Crane erected.

Liverpool Edge​

Rendering Awaited

A 32m. 7 / 10 storey apartment block by architect Marks Barfield (designer of the London Eye and the Mersey Watersports Centre). It will feature 125 apartments, a private walled garden, creche and nursery and other community facilities and will have 4 wind turbines providing 10% of the building power requirement. Outline planning permission granted 12.10.05.
Location: Between Caryl Street and Grafton Street, Dingle
Project Value:
Developer: Carpenter Investments
Architect: Marks Barfield
Status (Jan '07): Outline planning permission granted 12.10.05.

Developments that will transform Liverpool's internationally renowned sporting venues.

Liverpool FC New Stadium​

A new 61,000 seater stadium on a site in Stanley Park, adjacent to the existing Anfield Road Stadium. Planning permission granted.

Status (Feb '07): An imminent start is predicted following the takeover of Liverpool football club by American tycoons.

Aintree Racecourse​

A £34 million development of the racecourse spectator accommodation.

Commenced following the 2005 Grand National.

Status, (Jan '07):

The transport developments to enhance both access and trade

Landing Stage Extension​

An £18million 1,000 ft. northern extension of the existing landing stage to accommodate cruise liners. Will include a car marshalling area in St Nicholas Place and a new linkspan in the floating roadway cut.

Status (22.03.06): Following agreement between Peel and Liverpool City Council, work to start in April 2006. Pontoon sections to be constructed in Cammell Lairds old shipyard at Birkenhead. Reconstruction of complete stage now likely to take place following sinking of southern (Georges) landing stage.

Completion - 2007

City Centre Movement Strategy​

A programme of road widening, pedestrianisation etc to improve vehicle movement around the City Centre.

Status (02.02.06): First phase (Byrom Street / Scotland Road) completed.
Berry Street / Renshaw Street completed with
restoration of two way traffic
Work commenced 1st August on Hope Street scheme.
Hope Street now partially closed to traffic.

Go to website

Go to forum thread.

New Mersey Crossing​

A £335 million scheme for a new bridge to relieve congestion on the existing road bridge between Runcorn and Widnes. Bridge would extend from the Central Expressway in Runcorn to the Eastern Bypass in Widnes.

Status (02.02.06): Decision on government support expected in February or March 2006 following visit of Gateway team to London on 22.11.05.

Liverpool South Parkway​

A new interchange station between the existing Allerton Station on the Liverpool to London line and a relocated Garston Station on the Merseyrail Northern Line Hunts Cross branch. It will include parking and a bus terminal and provision for Line 3 of the Merseytram system.

Status (22.03.06): Main building almost complete. Allerton Station still closed and will reopen with new station.

Completion: June 2006

Port of Liverpool: New River Berth​

A new river berthing facility for Post-Panamax container vessels, that are too large to use the dock entrance at Gladstone Dock.

Status (02.02.06): Planning application submitted. Harbour
revision order posted in August.

The expanding universities and other education developments

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine​

A new extension to the existing world-famous school, which forms part of the University of Liverpool.
Location: Pembroke Place
Project Value:
Developer: University of Liverpool
Commencement: 2006
Status: (Feb '07): Structure complete, cladding in progress.

JMU Design Academy​

A new art gallery, public exhibition space and public open space to bring all John Moores Univerity's art and design programmes into one space.

Location: Site of St Nicholas Centre by Metropolitan Cathedral.
Project Value: £23m.
Developer: Liverpool JMU
Architect: Rick Mather Architects
Commence: 2006 (subject to planning)
Finish: Summer 2008
Status (Jan '07): Site cleared and foundation excavation in progress.

Development of the redundant docks between Princes and the working port.

Stanley Dock Tobacco Warehouse​

A £100 million masterplan to convert the disused Stanley Dock Tobacco Warehouse and its associated warehouses into a residential, leisure and retail development. The canal link will run through Stanley Dock on its way to the Pier Head.

Status: Permission granted October 2004 for conversion of North Warehouses (the Jesse Hartley design) to provide 88 apartments and ground floor office space and for the demolition of the adjacent silo and extension.

Commencement: Not known (previously early 2005)

Proposals for the Left Bank

Wirral Waters​

A £4.5 billion plan by Peel Developments for a commercial, residential, leisure and retail development of Wallasey's East Float Dock to be carried out over a period of 30 years. It is to be split into two parts:

1. The East Float
A giant mixed use development costed at £4.3 billion and comprising 1m square metres of residential space, 450,000 square metres of commercial space, 55,000 square metres of retail and leisure space.

2. Bidston Moss
A £200 million retail and leisure quarter comprising 52,000 square metres of retail space, 6,500 square metres of leisure space, 3,200 square metres of restaurants, 2,000 square metres of health and fitness suites and 8,300 square metres of hotels.

Go to website

Developments in Liverpool's uptown.

Stella Nova​
A 15 storey tower on the site of the former Stella Maris building. Will contain 142 apartments, a gymnasium, landscaped rooftop garden and 18,000 square feet of retail space on the lower floors. Planning permission granted 25.10.05.
Location: Junction of Strand Road and Washington Parade
Project Value: £11m.
Developer: Dreaming Spires Ltd.
Architects: K & J Woodward and Calder Peel (both Liverpool)
Commence: Early 2007
Finish: 2008
Status (Feb '07): To commence shortly.

Bootle HSE​
A £57 million development for the Health and Safety Executive planned to employ 1,553 staff.

Status (Feb 07): Completed

Investment Centre​
An office development comprising 3,100 square metres of business accommodation.
Architect: Building Design Partnership
Location: Stanley Road (site of Vermont House)
Completion: Spring 2008
Status (Feb '07): Former building being demolished.​


Gotta lite?
7,327 Posts
I have to say this is simply amazing.

First of all, the current photograph shows a real developing skyline. And some of these projects are really amazing. Of cause those two giant skyscraper projects Liverpool and Wirral Waters are long term dreams that may never surface, or be completed long after I am dead, but at least the idea is there. Absolutely stunning.

In the past I have to say I was quite disspointed with Liverpool. A city that had so much, and then lost so much. But it really has turned around and this thread leaves me thinking real positive thoughts about this city.

Put it in your mouth
12,046 Posts
Brilliant projects!

I'm suprised that Liverpool isn't investing in anymore underground rail though. But these projects will make the Manchester/Liverpool area a lot more exciting to visit.

I only wish Newcastle had won....

145 Posts
Great Gherkin007, anyway I got a question :

Is Wirral area integrated part of Metropolitan Liverpool?
Based on Wikipedia, this peninsula has its own authority (do correct me if I'm wrong, thanks) :)

12,341 Posts
Is Wirral area integrated part of Metropolitan Liverpool?
Based on Wikipedia, this peninsula has its own authority (do correct me if I'm wrong, thanks)
The Wirral is not part of the City of Liverpool. It is a separate borough. The same goes for Sefton in the north and Knowsley in the east. All are basically Liverpools outer suburbs, yet the city boundary does not encompass them. Stupid really. Sort of like calling Manhatten New York, and having Brooklyn, The Bronx, Queens etc as separate urban centres. It makes the 'real' Liverpool seem unnaturally small.

Merseyside doesn't even include proper Liverpool overspill such as Skelmersdale, Runcorn, Widnes, Ellesmere Port and Neston.

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