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Discussion Starter #1 (Edited)
London - Full Summary of Projects

Here is a full summary of all London's high-rise projects, including the current status of each.


Bishopsgate Tower
City of London

Height: 307m
Floors: 63
Architect: Kohn Pederson Fox
Developer: DIFA (Deutsche Immobilien Fonds AG)

SSC thread

At 307m, the Bishopsgate Tower planned by DIFA will surpass even the height of London Bridge Tower. If built, it will form
the dramatic centrepiece and soaring pinnacle of London’s main financial district.

Plans for a tower on this site have been around since 2002. A previous design by Helmut Jahn was rejected after concerns
about the base and top, and its bulky appearance on the skyline. This new design, however, is far more sleek and elegantly
proportioned. The architects of this new version, Kohn Pederson Fox, have created a tower which is more sensitive to the
delicate City skyline, and complements the neighbouring proposals extremely well.

Given the high quality of this new design, and its central location within the emerging cluster of tall buildings, it stands a very
good chance of being approved.

Current Status:
A planning application was submitted in June 2005. The developers hope to gain approval by February 2006.


London Bridge Tower
Southwark SE1

Height: 306m
Floors: 71 + 16 radiator floors
Architect: Renzo Piano
Developer: Sellar Property Group

Official website
Renzo Piano Building Workshop listing
SSC thread

- Irvine Sellar's landmark tower, dubbed the "Shard of Glass" by the media, will be the first building in the UK to break the
1000ft barrier. It will dwarf the likes of Tower 42 and SwissRe.

- London's first truly "mixed use" tower, the floors will be divided as follows: 0-4 Public areas and retail; 5-28 Offices;
31-33 Public area and viewing gallery; 34-52 Hotel; 53-65 Apartments; 68-71 Upper viewing gallery;
72-87 Cooling radiator.

- At the lower levels, the skyscraper will extend the existing public concourse and open up routes connecting Guy's Hospital,
King's College and the southern residential areas to the business communities stretching along the river.

- 30% less energy will be required than for a conventional tall building through the extensive use of the latest
conservation and recycling techniques and materials. A ventilated double skin façade will considerably reduce heat gain
and increase comfort close to the facade. Excess heat from the offices will be used to heat the hotel and apartments
and any additional excess heat will be dissipated naturally through a 16-storey radiator at the top of the tower.
Winter gardens with operable louvre windows will be located on each floor allowing the occupants to connect with
the outside world.

- Following the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the tower was structurally redesigned to improve stability and reduce
evacuation times.

- The total cost of the project is in excess of £1.2bn and includes major refurbishment of London Bridge tube and
bus stations, along with other local transport improvements.

Current Status:
Following objections from English Heritage, and a lengthy public inquiry, London Bridge Tower was given final approval by
Deputy PM John Prescott on 19th November, 2003. Sellar have given PricewaterhouseCoopers (tenants of the current site)
12 months notice to vacate their building and say they are still fully commited to the project. The tower also secured its first
tenant, Shangri-La Hotels, who will be occupying floors 34-52. Demolition of the current site will start in summer 2006 and
will take exactly 12 months.


Columbus Tower
Docklands E14

Height: 239m
Floors: 63
Architect: DMWR Architects
Developer: SKMC

Official website listing
SSC thread

- Columbus Tower will stand to the north-west of the main Docklands cluster, just outside the Canary Wharf estate.
The project will comprise over a million square feet of retail, leisure, office and hotel space, contained within a 63-storey,
239m tall skyscraper. The developer, SKMC, is backed by a large amount of money invested by oil rich arabs. If built,
Columbus Tower will become the 2nd tallest building in the UK (and for a short time the actual tallest if London Bridge
Tower is delayed). The official website is extremely detailed and well worth checking out.

Current Status:
Fully approved, after a legal battle involving the building's height and its close proximity to City Airport. However, the tower
appears to be on hold at the moment. The lowrise building on the current site is being marketed and made available to tenants.


The Minerva Building
City of London

Height: 217m roof / 247m spire
Floors: 53
Architect: Nicholas Grimshaw
Developer: Minerva PLC

Official website listing
SSC thread

- If built, The Minerva Building would be the first building in the City of London to contain more than 1,000,000 sq ft
of office space.

- A revised planning application for the 53-storey version was submitted during the week ending July 12th 2002. The
original proposal for this site, known then as St. Botolph's House, was a 14-storey office block. In 2001 this was revised
to a 36-storey, 159m (522ft) tall office tower. A post-September 11th revision brought structural and design changes
and a further increase in height, to 53-storeys and 216.9m (712ft).

- Its location marks the eastern gateway to the City and the building will act as a focus for the regeneration of the eastern
City fringe. The site is outside the strategic views of St Paul’s, is not within a conservation area and does not contain listed
buildings. It lies outside two of the three proposed viewing cones for the Tower of London, and whilst it falls inside the
third, so do SwissRe, 110 Bishopsgate, Tower 42 and the other towers of the existing and emerging City skyline.

- Although the official height is 217m, the building has planning permission for an antenna which could see its pinnacle height
rise to a whopping 247 metres (over 200ft taller than SwissRe).

- A restaurant will be open to the public on the highest floor.

Current Status:
Fully approved. Demolition of the current site was scheduled to commence in Autumn 2005, but is currently on hold.
A major pre-let - or several smaller pre-lets - will be needed before this 1 million sq ft tower can start construction.


Heron Tower
110 Bishopsgate
City of London

Height: 203m roof, 242m spire
Floors: 46
Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates
Developer: Heron International PLC

3-D Flash animation
Heron Tower approval
Mayor Ken Livingstone's comments
Architects' project description
The Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE) listing
SSC thread

Heron Tower was "called in" by John Prescott the Secretary of State on 27th February 2001, who directed the Corporation
not to grant planning permission and instead refer the application to him. The Public Inquiry was opened on 23rd October 2001
and closed on Monday 17th December 2001. On 22nd July 2002 The Secretary of State announced his decision;
accepting and agreeing with the conclusion reached by the Inspector, and granted planning permission for the development
of the Heron Tower.

Prescott agreed that no significant harm would come to the setting of St Paul's cathedral and that some marginal impact
on heritage interests was inevitable with any major development. He acknowledged that the tower would be
"an elegant, graceful and well proportioned structure" and would contribute to the overall supply of office accommodation
in the City, as well as boosting the economy.

Since that time, London has seen numerous other towers being proposed and approved, while Heron has continued to be
delayed. Tenants of the current site, Norton Rose, recently agreed to move offices to the More London development next to
City Hall but this development is unlikely to be completed until 2006/2007. However, current rumours suggest that Norton
Rose will negotiate a deal with Heron, allowing them to leave the Bishopsgate site some time in 2005 and take short-term
temporary accommodation. Heron International have stated that they will build the tower as soon as they obtain vacant
possession of the site, meaning that groundwork on the skyscraper could start next year.

At 183m its height will be identical to that of Tower 42, with a spire taking its pinnacle height to 222m.

The scheme includes a second, smaller tower of around 90m, immediately adjacent to the main building's north side. This is
Heron Plaza and will include 250,000 sq ft of retail space.

Current Status:
An additional 4 floors have been added to the final design of Heron Tower making it the 3rd tallest planned tower in the City of London. Preliminary work is being carried out on the site before demolition and construction can begin. It is reported that demolition of the current buildings can take up to 36 months due to the presence of asbestos.


122 Leadenhall
City of London

Height: 225m
Floors: 48
Architect: Richard Rogers
Developer: British Land PLC

Official website listing
SSC thread

If built, the Leadenhall Building would become the tallest skyscraper in the City of London, at a whopping 225 metres.
It is designed by Richard Rogers, the man behind Lloyds of London, the Dome, and the Pompidou Centre in Paris. Despite its
height, the building has a relatively small amount of office space (500,000 sq ft), due to its unusual profile which means
the floorplates gradually decrease the higher up it goes. The slanting wedge-shaped design would be a stunning addition to
the London skyline. The base will feature a 90-foot high atrium that will extend the public area of St Helens whilst
providing shelter from wind and rain. Glass lifts will carry employees up the outside of the building, similar to those on the
Lloyds Building only twice the height!

Current Status:
Following an eight month planning application, the building was approved on 26th October 2004. The lease on the current
site won't expire until 2008. However, it is possible that British Land will start construction before then. Click here
to view the full planning report from the Corporation of London.


Beetham Tower
Southwark SE1

Height: 226m
Floors: 69
Architect: Ian Simpson Architects
Developer: Beetham Organization
Current Status: Proposed

SSC Thread


North Quay
Docklands E14

Height: 216m (tower one) and 203m (tower three) and 120m (tower two)
Floors: 44 and 38 and 18
Architect: Cesar Pelli
Developer: Canary Wharf Group

Cesar Pelli website listing stories/pr_11.htm

This trio of towers would be situated on a 7-acre site at the northern edge of the Canary Wharf estate. Previously known
as Shed 35, the site was sold to CWG with planning permission for a mixed-use development. Development of North Quay
is likely to take place after the completion/letting of the Churchill Place and Riverside South districts - possibly in 2006/7.
In total, the North Quay scheme will provide over 4 million sq ft of floorspace for retail and offices. As part of the Crossrail
development, a new station will be built here. A bridge designed by Will Alsop will also feature as part of the project.

Current Status:
Proposed, and in any case unlikely to start construction until 2007 or later, unless a major tenant comes forward.


Heron Quays West
Docklands E14

Height: 214m and 156m
Floors: 40 and 29
Architect: Richard Rogers
Developer: Canary Wharf Group

Richard Rogers website listing

- Several designs have been proposed for the Heron Quay West site. One design at 101m, one at 150m and this twin tower
design - with one tower at 214m and the other smaller twin at 156m tall.

- This scheme (then known as Heron Quays I & II) was granted planning permission in 1997, but remained unbuilt.
In November 2002, the developer (South Quay Properties Ltd.) decided to implement the scheme and has since been seeking
approval of conditions attached to the planning permission.

- The taller tower is already believed to have been granted consent. The planning application for a neighbouring site shows
a 150m-tall tower at Heron Quays West in a massing diagram, stating that it is 'consented' at this height.

- At a cost of £300 million pounds this project won't come cheap and it's not expected to be started until both North Quay and
Riverside South are complete (circa 2010).

Current Status:
Still in pre-planning. Unlikely to start construction before 2010.


Riverside South
Docklands E14

Height: 214m and 189m
Floors: 44 and 38
Architect: Richard Rogers
Developer: Canary Wharf Group

Richard Rogers website
RS2 stories/pr_11.htm

These twin towers, joined at the base, would be situated on the south-western edge of the Canary Wharf estate.
Accountancy giants, PricewaterhouseCoopers, have expressed an interest in taking these buildings for their new HQ.

Current Status:
Approved in summer 2004. Unlikely to start construction until a pre-let has been secured though.


St George's Wharf
Vauxhall, SW8

Height: 181m
Floors: 49
Architect: Broadway Malyan
Developer: St George

Broadway Malyan listing

- Energy efficiency is one of the Vauxhall Tower's most important aspects. The structure is topped by a wind turbine, which
will power the tower's common lighting. At the base of the tower, water will be drawn from the London Aquifer and heat pump
technology will be used to remove warmth from the water in the winter to heat the apartments. The tower will require one
third of the energy compared to a similar building and CO2 release will be between one half and two thirds of normal
emissions. It will be triple glazed to minimise heat loss and gain, with low ‘e’ glazing and ventilated blinds between the glazing
to further reduce heat gain.

- If built, Vauxhall Tower would be the tallest residential building in the United Kingdom and one of the tallest in Europe. The
total height from the basement is 185.4m (608.3ft) - 180.6m (592.5ft) of which is above ground. There is 1 basement floor,
1 ground floor (with mezzanine), 48 residential floors and a mechanical penthouse, all topped by an 11.4m (37.4ft) tall
wind turbine.

Current Status:
Following ongoing advice from the government architectural body CABE (Commission for Architecture and the Built
Environment), two revised planning applications were submitted and subsequently withdrawn. A final decision was made by the
ODPM in April 2005 and the tower was approved. Construction may start later this year. The site has already been
demolished and cleared.


Broadgate Tower/201 Bishopsgate
City of London

Height: 164m
Floors: 31
Architect: Skidmore Owings and Merril
Developer: British Land


British Land have announced they will build this project, the Broadgate Tower, speculatively (i.e. without a pre-let). It will stand
on the northern edge of the City, quite far from the main cluster, but still in a fairly prominent location next to the Broadgate Complex.

Current Status: Under Construction!

Pan Peninsula Tower
Docklands E14

Height: 139m (160m to spire)
Floors: 50
Architect: Skidmore Owings & Merril
Developer: Ballymore

Current Status: Under Construction!

SSC Thread


The name of this tower was recently changed from 1 Milharbour to Pan Peninsula Tower.


51 Lime Street (The Willis Building)
City of London

Height: 125m
Floors: 26
Architect: Foster and Partners
Developer: British Land

The OFFICIAL 51 Lime Street (Willis Building) Construction thread
Webcam 1
Webcam 2

Foster’s second major tower for the City of London, this will stand opposite the Lloyds Building and SwissRe.
Demolition of the current site has finished and construction has begun. It is expected to be finished by around late 2006.
All 400,000 sq ft of the building has been let to the Willis Group, who wanted “an iconic building” for their new HQ.

Current Status:
Under construction!


Ontario Tower, New Providence Wharf
Canary Wharf

Height: 104m
Floors: 32
Architect: Skidmore Owings & Merril
Developer: Ballymore

The OFFICIAL Ontario Tower (New Providence Wharf) Construction thread
More renderings

This lipstick-shaped tower will become one of the tallest residential developments in the Docklands. It was recently given a
height increase to 104m. Construction is well underway and the building’s core has started to rise.

Current Status:
Under construction!


Exchange Tower
City of London

Height: 100m
Floors: 26
Architect: Nicholas Grimshaw
Developer: Hammerson

SSC thread

The old Stock Exchange tower, in the heart of the City, is set to undergo a major renovation. This will involve a
complete recladding of the exterior, and substantial expansion of the internal office space. A crane recently arrived on site,
meaning this project is now active. Work is set to be completed in early 2007 and once finished it will contain more than
45,000 square metres of refurbished office space, plus 2,500 square metres of new retail space on the lower floors and
new pedestrian links joining Old Broad Street with Throgmorton Street.

Current Status:


Ropemaker Place
City of London

Height: 93m
Floors: 23
Architect: Gensler Associates
Developer: Helical Bar

The OFFICIAL Ropemaker Place Construction thread


A new midrise for the City which will stand literally next door to Citypoint and Moorhouse. The height is fairly significant
and will help to bulk out the northwestern part of the cluster.

Current Status:
Under construction!


Other projects

Other projects worth mentioning include these (in descending order of height):

  • 80-88 Bishopsgate. Great Portland Estates are planning a major redevelopment of the site immediately south of the
    Heron Tower. Rumours have suggested a skyscraper of 260m/55 storeys. Given its central location, this would form an
    excellent pinnacle to the skyline when viewed from Waterloo Bridge. This project is a long way off, however, and still in
    pre-planning. The lease on the current site runs until 2011.

  • Various towers in Croydon. A major redevelopment of the area is taking place. A planning application for a 180m/40 storey
    landmark tower – Suffolk House - was submitted in April 2005. It has been suggested that Fairfields House, another scheme
    nearby, will consist of three towers - two of 40 floors and one of 60.

  • 20 Blackfriars Road. Land Securities are planning a 176m/35-storey tower that will stand on a site almost
    immediately adjacent to the Beetham Tower mentioned above. The architect is Wilkinson Eyre.

  • Stratford City Tower, in Newham. This is still a long way off (2010 perhaps), but is very likely to get the go-ahead
    and will most likely be a skyscraper of around 170m/50 storeys. It will form the pinnacle of a new cluster.

  • Wood Wharf. This will include two towers of around 140m. Construction of these could begin around late 2005/early 2006.

  • 22 Marshwall. 140m tall and 110m tall residential towers for Marshwall in the Isle of Dogs literally next door to riverside south.

  • Islington City Basin Towers. Two towers with heights of 135m and 110m have outline planning permission for a site
    in Islington, North London.

  • Grand Union Building. 132m office tower, part of the Paddington Basin redevelopment. Currently on-hold due to downturn
    in the office market.

  • Crossharbour. 131m residential tower being planned for the Docklands. The original proposal for this building was
    53 storeys tall, with a structural height of 170 metres. It was reduced in height following concerns from local residents
    and the planning authority.

  • Kings Reach Tower. Reclad of the existing tower, plus a height increase to 130m. Consent for the scheme was granted in July 2005.

  • Dome Waterfront Hotel. Situated on the Greenwich Peninsula, this has been approved and will become
    the UK's tallest hotel. 127m.

  • Lots Road, Chelsea. Two residential towers, one of 122m/37 storeys and another of 85m/25 storeys. The taller tower
    was originally planned at 99m, but was given a height increase and has now been approved. The shorter building,
    originally planned at 130m, has now been reduced in height, and is still awaiting approval.

  • News International, Wapping. The headquarters of News International will feature two towers - one of 122m/27 storeys
    and another of 56m/12 storeys. These will stand mid-way between the City of London and Canary Wharf. If approved,
    construction could begin in 2005.

  • Granite Wharf. London and Regional Properties are planning twin residential towers of 35 storeys. The architects are
    Squire and Partners. A rough estimate of the height would be around 120m.

  • Convoy's Wharf. A trio of 3 residential towers in Greenwich, all of which were recently approved. The tallest
    will be 116m/40-storeys, but its AOD height will be significantly higher, at 148m. The other towers
    will be 91m/32 storeys and 72m/26 storeys respectively. Architect is Richard Rogers.

  • 100 Middlesex Street. A midrise tower that will stand close to the Minerva Building and help to stretch the City skyline
    northeastwards. This was approved in May 2004 and is unlikely to begin construction until a significant pre-let has
    been made. 112m/25 storeys.

  • Norton Folgate. A new midrise for the northern edge of the City. It will stand literally next door to the Broadgate Tower.
    Approved, but currently on hold. Height is 108m/24 storeys.

  • United Standard House. This combined hotel and office will stand near the Minerva Building. It will contain a glass atrium
    of interlocking sheets that rise up the middle all the way to its top. The height will be just under 100m/24 storeys.

  • Reuters Blackwall Yard Redevelopment. Another project designed by Squire and Partners which includes a residential
    tower of 98m/29 storeys. The development has been approved and will be located near Canary Wharf.

  • West End Green. A residential tower that could start construction next year. Reduced in height from 133m to 85m.

  • Tabard Square. Residential tower under construction in Southwark. Height is 82m. The building is now topped out.

  • Elektron Building. Developer Barratt Homes has secured planning consent for a massive housing scheme along
    Aspen Way, opposite the Millenium Dome. This will feature three towers ranging in height from 73m to 81m.

  • Mitre Square. Another new midrise from Helical Bar, planned for EC3 in the City. Architect is Sheppard Robson.
    It was recently confirmed that construction will start in 2006. Height will be 80m/19 storeys.

  • 44 Hopton Street. Residential tower that would stand close to the Tate Modern on the South Bank. The original 107m
    proposal was significantly reduced in height following complaints from local residents and the Tate Modern gallery. It was
    submitted again, at 71m, but this too was rejected. Following an appeal by the developers it was then approved. 71m/20 storeys.

  • Royex House. A 70m midrise for the City. Groundwork is underway. It will add to the cluster around CityPoint/Moorhouse.

  • 1 Commercial Street. A new 70m tower for the eastern edge of the City. It will join several other new towers
    in the Aldgate area, the largest of course being Minerva.

  • Potters Fields. A cluster of 8 towers, resembling Daleks, that would be built on the green space currently situated between
    Tower Bridge and City Hall. The tallest would be 69m. Currently on hold.

  • Palestra. Will Alsop's 56m office block, already under construction in Southwark. Not exactly tall, but it has nearly the same
    amount of floorspace as Tower 42. This groundscraper is a striking design and will massively enhance the area.

  • Cardinal Place SW1. Another big groundscraper under construction. It is nearing completion.

  • 20 Fenchurch Street. Redevelopment of the existing site which is likely to include a taller tower than the current one.
    Height unknown, but could be significantly taller than the current 90m building.

  • Ellerman House, 15-20 Camomile Street. This new office tower was being planned by Henderson, but the site has now
    been acquired by Great Portland Estates as part of the 80-88 Bishopsgate redevelopment. It is a very prominent location, being at
    the heart of the tall buildings cluster, and whatever is built here would nicely fill the gap between SwissRe and Tower 42.

City of London and City Fringe Map

A - 99 Bishopsgate
B - Draper's Gardens
C - Angel Court
D - Tower 42
E - Stock Exchange Tower
F - St. Helen's
G - Lloyd's Building
H - 54 Lombard Street
I - 20 Fenchurch Street
J - 30 St Mary Axe (SwissRe)
K - 58 Fenchurch Street (AIG Europe)
L - Plantation Place
M, O, P - Barbican Towers
N - Citypoint
Q - 125 London Wall
R - 200 Aldersgate Street
31 - Moor House

2 - Ropemaker Place
6 - 51 Lime Street (Willis Building)
30 - Royex House

1 - Alie Street Hotel
3 - 100 Middlesex Street
4 - Heron Plaza
5 – Heron Tower (110 Bishopsgate)
6 - 51 Lime Street
7 - 64-74 Mark Lane
10 - Minerva Building
14 - 122 Leadenhall Street (British Land)
33 - 1 Commercial Street

8 - Norton Folgate
9 - 80-88/104 Bishopsgate & 1-11 Camomile Street Redevelopment (Great Portland Estates)
11 - 30 & 32-38 Duke's Place Redevelopment (Corporation of London)
12 - International House Redevelopment (20-storey tower by Helical Bar plc.)
13 – Bishopsgate Tower (DIFA)
15 - Ellerman House
16 - Beetham Tower
17 - Aldgate Union
18 - United Standard House
19 - Bury Street Tower

I will add additional information when I have more time

Medo :cheers: :banana:

Registered User
1,225 Posts
what is the green area just north of Ropemaker Place called?

Large Member
1,126 Posts
It's great that so many of these projects are actually under construction!!?? I think most of these will stay on hold until the economy is looking steady and the property market has stabilised. That could be two to three years away at least.

Great post for daydreamers though (me included!).

3,872 Posts
You can remove Norton Folgate.

The site has bee merged with the Northgate site.

Tea. Earl grey. Hot.
3,144 Posts
Okay. But is SSC still reffering to it as 1 Millharbour? I've got'into the habbit of calling it 1 Millharbour and don't particularly fancy the name "Pan Peninsula"

18,395 Posts
Discussion Starter #14
^^ I got used to that name quite easily, we need more names like that for projects in London imo ;)

18,800 Posts
Sparks said:
what is the green area just north of Ropemaker Place called?

It is the grounds of the Honourable Artillery Company whose base is there. They have an underground car park beneath the field where they store the military vehicles. The field is used for cricket, school sports, corporate events and a helicopter landing point including Chinnocks! The main Honourable Artillery Company building faces the green and looks very attractive. I think it is such a shame that the City havent Master-planned the area better so that this hidden piece of London is opened up, especially as Ropemaker Place and the thin row of buildings between that and the field are being demolished or empty.

The Honourable Artillery Company

The British Army's only Surveillance and Target Acquisition Patrol Regiment

"The HAC provides target information and intelligence for the deep strike systems of the British Army and NATO (such as the Multiple Launch Rocket System and strike aircraft).

The Regiment also has a unique ceremonial role in the City of London providing the Saluting Battery at the Tower of London and Guards of Honour for State Occasions..

The HAC also provides an enormous array of opportunities for sports and adventurous training. It is fortunate to have its headquarters at Armoury House in the City of London, which provides excellent training and sporting facilities and throughout the year is the backdrop to a very active social calendar. The Regiment also has a unique and fascinating history"

1,122 Posts
All this time, i thought that the Bishopsgate Tower was of a deep purple colour all over the building like this one:

But it's not - look:

It looks like more of a fresh, soft-blue colour - I like it even more now! :D

Look here aswell:

It's a really fat, over-weight, immense building! I found a new render that shows its chunky side :colgate:

Registered User
1,173 Posts
Just did a bit of independent research on Benfield Group. They employ 1,700 people Worldwide with around 1000 employees in their London Headquarters. If they want to move their London offices to 122 Leadenhall Street then they would have a requirement of around 150,000 - 200,000 square feet.

122 Leadenhall Street contains 500,000 square feet of space. Benfield Group are reinsurance brokers and for them, location and proximity to Lloyds of London is paramount. I imagine they will either take space in either 122 Leadenhall or the new Bishopsgate Tower.

It is likely if they sign up to space in 122 Leadenhall 30-40% of the space will be full from the off. It'll take 4-5 years to build since there is a 14 storey 1960s office which needs to be demolished on site first.

This is believe will be the case if the rumours about Benfields wanting to move turn out to be true. Hence I would expect this skyscraper to be built and complete around 2010 and certainly by the Olympics. Everyone will have to be patient I'm afraid.
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