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Discussion Starter · #1 ·
Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Jabalpur, Gwalior, and Ujjain being the other major cities. Nicknamed the "Heart of India" due to its geographical location in India, Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in the country by area. With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the fifth-largest state in India by population. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest. Its total area is 308,252 km2. Before 2000, when Chhattisgarh was a part of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India and the distance between the two furthest points inside the state, Singoli and Konta, was 1500 km. Konta is presently in Sukma district of Chattisgarh state.

The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti Mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India. By the early 18th century, the region was divided into several small kingdoms which were captured by the British and incorporated into Central Provinces and Berar and the Central India Agency. After India's independence, Madhya Pradesh state was created with Nagpur as its capital: this state included the southern parts of the present-day Madhya Pradesh and northeastern portion of today's Maharashtra. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region was removed and merged with the then Bombay State. This state was the largest in India by area until 2000, when its southeastern Chhattisgarh region was made as a separate state.

Rich in mineral resources, MP has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India. More than 30% of its area is under forest cover. Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11.[6] In recent years, the state's GDP growth has been above the national average.

(मध्य प्रदेश भारत का एक राज्य है, इसकी राजधानी भोपाल है। मध्य प्रदेश १ नवंबर, २००० तक क्षेत्रफल के आधार पर भारत का सबसे बड़ा राज्य था। इस दिन एवं मध्यप्रदेश के कई नगर उस से हटा कर छत्तीसगढ़ की स्थापना हुई थी। मध्य प्रदेश की सीमाऐं पांच राज्यों की सीमाओं से मिलती है। इसके उत्तर में उत्तर प्रदेश, पूर्व में छत्तीसगढ़, दक्षिण में महाराष्ट्र, पश्चिम में गुजरात, तथा उत्तर-पश्चिम में राजस्थान है।

हाल के वर्षों में राज्य के सकल घरेलू उत्पाद की विकास दर राष्ट्रीय औसत से ऊपर हो गया है।

खनिज संसाधनों से समृद्ध, मध्य प्रदेश हीरे और तांबे का सबसे बड़ा भंडार है। अपने क्षेत्र की 30% से अधिक वन क्षेत्र के अधीन है। इसके पर्यटन उद्योग में काफी वृद्धि हुई है। राज्य में वर्ष 2010-11 राष्ट्रीय पर्यटन पुरस्कार जीत लिया।)
 

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Largest Dam and Biggest Reservoir of Madhya Pradesh
Dams and reservoirs of Madhya Pradesh are constructed over several rivers such as Chambal River, Son River, Narmada River, Barna etc. Narmada River valley is the largest west flowing river and also known as the Life Line of Madhya Pradesh has the maximum number of dam which includes Bargi Dam,Omkareswar Dam and Jobat dam, Other major dams in Madhya Pradesh are Madikheda Dam,Bheemgarh Dam,Tigra Dam and Govindgarh Dam.

Indirasagar Dam:-The Indirasagar Dam in the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh holds the largest reservoir in India and River Narmada is fifth largest river in India. Indira Sagar Dam Project is a multipurpose Project with long concrete gravity dam for Irrigation and power generation.

Concrete Gravity Dam
Height 92 m (302 ft)
Length 653 m (2,142 ft)
Narmada River
Indira Sagar Reservoir
Capacity 9,890,701 acre·ft
Khandwa district
( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indirasagar_Dam )

Bargi Dam:- Bargi Dam is one of the first completed dams constructed on Narmada River and part of the Narmada River Valley Dam project. The Narmada Valley Development Project is the single largest river development scheme in India,Bargi Dam water reservoir is one of the best place for tourism with facilities like Speed Boating, Water Scooters, Paddle Boating and birding.

Masonry Dam
Height 69.80 m
Length 5357 m
Narmada River
Bargi Reservoir
Jabalpur District
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bargi_Dam)

Bansagar Dam:-The Bansagar Dam across Sone River is situated in the Ganges Basin in Madhya Pradesh at village Deolond in Shahdol. Ban Sagar Dam is constructed on Sone River at the confluence of Sone and Banas River for irrigation facility and also provides power generation of 425 MW in Madhya Pradesh.

Masonry Dam
Height 67 m (220 ft)
Length 1,020 m (3,350 ft)
Sone River
Bansagar Reservoir
Shahdol District
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bansagar_Dam)

Gandhi Sagar Dam:-The Gandhi Sagar Dam is one of the four major dams built on Chambal River and dam water reservoir area is the second-largest in India. Gandhi Sagar Dam attracts a large number of migratory,waterbirds and non-migratory birds throughout the year.

Masonry Gravity Dam
Height 62.17 metres (204.0 ft)
Length 514 metres (1,686 ft)
Chambal River
Capacity 5,936,000 acre·ft
Gandhi Sagar Reservoir
Mandsaur District
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gandhi_Sagar_Dam)

Madikheda Dam:-Madikheda Dam is a Multi-purpose masonry cum earthen dam situated in Shivpuri district. The lake is known as Madikheda Reservoir across river Sindh and one of the tallest dam of Madhya Pradesh.

Masonry Cum Earthen Dam
Height 62
Length 1070 m
Sindh River
Madikheda Reservoir
Shivpuri District
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madikheda_Dam)

Tawa Dam:-Tawa Dam and Reservoir is one of the large reservoir on the Tawa River,located in Hoshangabad in central India. The dam has brought prosperity to the Hoshangabad district and also a big tourist attraction during the monsoon months for Cruise boat service, Satpura National Park and Bori Wildlife Sanctuary.

Masonry Dam
Height 57.91 m
Length 1,815 m
Tawa River
Tawa Reservoir
Hoshangabad District
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tawa_Reservoir)
 

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Ken-Betwa link: Centre agrees to MP’s demand to merge phases
NEW DELHI: With poll-bound Madhya Pradesh insisting on taking up both the phases of the proposed Ken-Betwa inter-linking of rivers (ILRs) together, the Centre has agreed to the state’s demand after initial unwillingness on the issue and decided to merge the detailed project reports (DPRs) before finally rolling out the ambitious project this year.
Taken together, the project, meant to benefit drought-prone Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh through irrigation, drinking water supply and hydro-power, will cost Rs 26,651 crore (at 2015-16 price level).
“The Ken-Betwa Link Project (KBLP) is likely to be rolled out in 2018,” said the Union water resources ministry in its progress report on Tuesday.
It said, “Combined DPR, merging Phase-I & II, is under preparation and draft memorandum of agreement (between Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh governments) for implementation of the KBLP is under final stage.”
A similar report on the ILRs was shared with the Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, last Wednesday when special committee on these projects claimed to have made “substantial progress” in three priority links — Ken-Betwa; Damanganga-Pinjal Link (Gujarat and Maharashtra) and Para-Tapi-Narmada (Gujarat and Maharashtra).
Though the Centre on Tuesday spoke about rolling out the KBLP this year, experts believe that the implementation won’t be easy considering various pending clearances. They also spoke about the need to have fresh green clearances of the combined KBLP.
“Ideally, if all phases of the project are combined, they should have combined Environment Impact Assessment (EIA), appraisal, public consultation and fresh environment clearance,” said Himanshu Thakkar of the South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers & People (SANDRP).
Referring to the Centre’s earlier deadlines of rolling out the project, Thakkar said, “Union water resources minister Nitin Gadkari had promised in first week of September last year that work on three ILRs, including Ken-Betwa, will start in three months. Nine months later, he is changing the goal post to say that the work is likely to start in next six months. But, the Ken-Betwa Phase-I Environment Clearance (EC) was challenged before NGT.”
Noting other pending clearances, he said, “It still does not have final forest clearance. Its wildlife clearance stands challenged before the Central Empowered Committee of the Supreme Court. There is no inter-state agreement and the wildlife management plan is still under preparation.”
The Ken-Betwa link was conceived as part of 30 ILRs projects across the country 15 years ago by the then NDA government under Atal Bihar Vajpayee.

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com...mand-to-merge-phases/articleshow/64564767.cms
 
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