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How many towns and cities of Bulacan have you visited?

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Guardian Angel
1,502 Posts
Discussion Starter #1 (Edited)

Bulacan is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. It has two cities namely San Jose del Monte City and Malolos City, which is its capital. Bulacan is located immediately north of Metro Manila. Bordering Bulacan are the provinces of Pampanga to the west, Nueva Ecija to the north, Aurora and Quezon to the east, and Rizal to the south. Bulacan also lies on the northern shore of Manila Bay.

Region: Central Luzon (Region III)
Capital: Malolos City
Founded: 1572

2000 census—2,234,088 (4th largest)
Density—851 per km² (5th highest)
Area: 2,625.0 km² (29th smallest)
Highly urbanized cities—0
Component cities—2
Congressional districts—5†
Languages: Tagalog, Kapampangan, English
Governor: Josefina M. de la Cruz
† This includes the district of San Jose del Monte City.

Bulacan figures prominently in Philippine History. Many national heroes and political figures were born in Bulacan. The province was also one of the first to revolt against Spain. However, Bulacan is most noted for being the capital of the first Philippine Republic in the now city of Malolos as well as its Malolos Constitution

People and culture

According to the May 2000 census, there are a total of 2,234,088 Bulaqueños, making Bulacan the fourth most populous province in the country. It is also the fifth most densely populated province at 851 people per square kilometer. There are 463,886 households in the province with an average size of 4.81 persons, significantly lower than the national average of 4.99.

Tagalog is the predominant language of Bulacan because of its proximity to Manila. Inhabitants also speak Kapampangan, which is the language of neighboring Pampanga.


The province of Bulacan is steadily becoming industrialized due to its proximity to Metro Manila. Many corporations put up industrial plants and site in Bulacan. Some of the industries include leather tanning, cement bag making, fireworks manufacturing, ceramics, textiles, food processing, and shoe manufacturing.


The rural areas still mostly depend on agriculture as a source of income. Some of the major crops are rice, corn, vegetables, and fruits such as mangoes.

Bulacan is linked with Metro Manila primarily through the North Luzon Expressway, which crosses the province into Pampanga.


Bulacan is subdivided into 22 municipalities and 2 cities.
Malolos City
San Jose del Monte City
Balagtas (Bigaa)
Doña Remedios Trinidad
San Ildefonso
San Miguel
San Rafael
Santa María



Bulacan lies in the southern portion of the fertile plains of Central Luzon. The area is drained by the Angat and Pampanga rivers. The Sierra Madre mountain range forms the highlands of Bulacan in the east. Angat Lake, which was formed by the Angat Dam is located in that area. The highest point in the province at 1170 meters is Mount Oriol, part of the Sierra Madre.
Climate. November to April is generally dry while wet for the rest of the year. The northeast monsoon (amihan) prevails from October to January bringing in moderated and light rains. From February to April, the east trade winds predominate but the Sierra Madre (Philippines) mountain range to the east disrupts the winds resulting to a dry period. From May to September, the southwest monsoon (habagat) prevails and the period is characterized by numerous storms and typhoons.

The hottest month is May having an average temperature of 29.7°C while the coldest is February with an average temperature of 18.1°C.


The history of the province from the Spanish occupation has been replete with events worthy of recollection. As early as the time of the coming of Legaspi to conquer Manila with two of his subordinate officers, Martin de Goiti and Juan Salcedo, the Bulakeños through their seafaring brothers from Hagonoy showed their instinctive love of country by helping Raja Soliman, King of Manila, fight the Battle of the Bangkusay Channel.

The history began when a small settlement of fishermen lived along the coast of Manila Bay before the coming of the Spaniards. Later on, these settlers became farmers after moving inwards as they discovered that the land in the interior part was fertile and very much drained by the network of rivers and streams. These settlers grew and flourished into large and prosperous settlement now known as the province of Bulacan.

It is believed that flowers bloomed in the region when the Spaniards came. Because of these sprawling green orchards, vegetables and profusely flowering plants, as well as beautiful women, this lovely land had come to be called Bulacan as sort of shortened term for "bulak-lakan" and/or a derivative of the word "bulak" (kapok) which abound in the province even before the Spaniards came.

The signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato in 1897 was a brilliant chapter in the history of Bulacan. However, the crowning glory among the series of historical events in the province was the establishment of the Capital of the First Philippine Republic in Malolos. The Malolos Church and the Barasoain Church will be both remembered as the executive headquarters of President Aguinaldo and as the Legislative, from September 10, 1898 to March 29, 1899.It was also in Malolos that the famous and historical document, the Malolos Constitution, was drafted and ratified.

Bulacan is also the cradle of noble heroes, of great men and women. The early people of Bulacan, being descendants of a freedom-loving race, had also risen in revolt like their brothers in other parts of the country. Bulacan was one of the eight provinces, which rallied behind the Katipunan's call for an all-out insurrection against the Spanish tyranny in the late 19t h century. It produced the del Pilars, Balagtas, Tecson, Valenzuela, Torres, Estrella, Ponce, Sandico, Panganiban and many others. The Bulakeños take fierce pride in their history and tradition and they live by these glories. By these glories, they are quick to display leadership and seek fullest commitment to national goals.

Tourist Attractions

Malolos Cathedral Basilica in Malolos the church that served as the first Presidential Headquarters of the First Philippine Republic under Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.

Barasoain Church in Malolos was the site of the congress which drafted the first Philippine Constitution and established the first Philippine Republic.

Calumpit Church - the oldest church in the whole province of Bulacan (built in 1575)

Sta. Monica Church in Angat is over 400 years old.

Meycauayan Church in Meycauayan over a century-old church.

Divine Mercy National Shrine in Marilao.

Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto (San Jose del Monte).

Singkaban Fiesta (Linggo ng Bulacan)
Bocaue River Festival (Pagoda Festival)
Obando Festival Carabao Festival (Pulilan)
Sambuklod Festival (San Jose del Monte)

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Malolos is a city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. It is the capital city of Bulacan. Situated 40 kilometers north of Manila, it is a major suburb outside of Manila.

Malolos is the historical site of the constitutional convention of 1898 that lead to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, the first republic in Asia, lead by Emilio Aguinaldo. Malolos served as the capital of the short-lived republic from 1898-1899.

During the Philippine-American War, Malolos was captured through a blood battle that led to the escape of Aguinaldo to San Fernando, Pampanga.

Malolos became the site of the 1998 Presidential Inauguration of Joseph Estrada on June 30, 1998 in Barasoain Church. It became a city in 1999.

The major industries are agriculture, fisheries and manufacturing. It is also one of the centers of education in Central Luzon region, it has several universities like the government-funded Bulacan State University, and privately-owned Centro Escolar University and University of Regina Carmeli.


Guardian Angel
1,502 Posts
Discussion Starter #2
Malolos Republic

The Malolos Republic

The Philippine Republic
Owing to the objections of Mabini to some provisions of the constitution, Aguinaldo did not immediately promulgate it. The Congress leaders compromised with Mabini by agreeing to insert amendments to satisfy the President's closest adviser.

On January 21, 1899, Aguinaldo finally promulgated the Malolos Constitution. Earlier, on January 2, he formed the cabinet as follows:

Apolinario Mabini President of the Cabinet and Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Teodoro Sandico Secretary of the Interior
Baldomero Aguinaldo Secretary of War
Mariano Trias Secretary of Finance
Gracio Gonzaga Secretary of Welfare, including Public Instruction, Public Works, Communications, Agriculture, Industry and Commerce

The Council of Government, or the Cabinet, according to Mabini, "belongs to no party, nor does it desire to form one; it stands for nothing save the interest of the fatherland."

On January 23, 1899, the Philippine Republic was inaugurated at Malolos in colorful ceremonies. Aguinaldo took his oath of office after having been informed that he has been proclaimed President of the Republic. The Malolos Constitution was read article by article, and the army took its oath of loyalty before the President. A review of troops and procession followed.

To make the event more memorable, Aguinaldo issued a decree granting pardon to all Spanish prisoners of war who were not members of the Spanish regular army and at the same time, granting to Spaniards and other aliens the right to engage in business within the limits of the Republic.

History of the Filipino People. Teodoro A. Agoncillo


Birth of the Philippine Republic

On the sunny morning of January 23, 1899, the First Philippine Republic, popularly known as the Malolos Republic, was inaugurated amidst colorful ceremonies at the Barasoain Church.

This was also the first republic in Asia. In this inaugural address, President Aguinaldo expressed his congratulations to the members of the Malolos Congress for drafting the Malolos Constitution, to the armed forces for winning the country's freedom by force of arms, and to the Filipino people for their cooperation and sacrifices in the struggle for independence. He stated the aspiration of the nation "to live under the democratic regime of the Philippine Republic, free from the yoke of any foreign domination."

In conclusion, he declared:
"Great is this day, glorious this date, and forever memorable this moment in which our beloved people are raised to the apotheosis of Independence."

The Philippines: A Unique Nation. Dr. Sonia M. Zaide

Pomp and Ceremony

On January 23, 1899, the First Philippine Republic was inaugurated. The people rejoiced; appropriate festivities marked the day throughout the land.
In Malolos, the inauguration ceremonies were typical of the elite. Aguinaldo took his oath of office as President of the Philippine Republic wearing formal attire "with top hat, white gloves, and bow tie" and carrying a "tasseled gold-knobbed cane." The food at the inaugural banquet was European and the menu written in French.

The Philippines: A Past Revisited. Renato Constantino

Malolos Congress

Inauguration of the First Philippine Republic.

Guardian Angel
1,502 Posts
Discussion Starter #3 (Edited)
The American Occupation of Malolos (1899

The descriptions are the original ones and show the American point of view
100 years ago.

Army Suppy Train en Route to Malolos

"This is an army supply train en route to Malolos. The wagons are hauled by a species of buffalo peculiar to the Philippines. It is a patient animal somewhat livelier than the American ox. It does the hard labor of the islands."

General Wheaton and his Aids

"General Wheaton and his aids at the suburbs of Malolos, preparing to enter after the retreating insurgents. This was the early seat of the Tagal government. The soldiers are at parade rest in the road awaiting orders to advance."

A Scene in Malolos on Entrance of Americans

Chinese flags are everywhere flying for the protection of lives and porperty of Chinese residents and merchants. These flags were always respected as covering neutrals and non-combatans."

Occupation of Malolos

"Distribution of troops in various portions of the town for preservation of lives and property of loyal natives, and to fortify against attacks of insurgents, as well as to insure the general safety."

American Troops Entering the Public Square

"The american troops are here entering the public square of Malolos. The church has just been set on fire by the retreating insurgents, ans was burned down nonwithstanding the efforts of the soldiers to save it."

Destruction of Malolos Church

"The desperate character of the insurgents is shown in this wanton destruction of Malolos church. It was fired by them as they fled before the Americans just entering the town. It was done partly in revenge against the religious orders."

Congressional Hall

"Congressional hall and executive building occupied by Aguinaldo and his aids. Here Aguinaldo took the oath of office. After the Filipinos were driven away, Gen. McArthur made it his headquarters. Photograph taken on first day of occupation. "

The Railroad Depot of Malolos

"The proclamation of General Luna is posted upon the wall near the door. The officers are Generals Otis, McArthur and Hale. Photograph was taken within half hour following evacuation of insurgents."

Source: A Wonderful Reproduction of LIVING SCENES In Natural Color Photos fo America's New Posssessions. F. Tennyson Neely. New York, Chicago, London: 1899.

See:"The First President of the Republic" (by Younghusband, 1899)

Guardian Angel
1,502 Posts
Discussion Starter #4 (Edited)
Sta. Monica Church - Angat Bulacan

A 400 year old Church considered to be one of the greatest churches in Bulacan in terms of its façade preservation, and architectural design. It has a fully painted ceiling that depicts the history of salvation and highlights of Philippine churches.

Pls see also the below website :

Guardian Angel
1,502 Posts
Discussion Starter #5 (Edited)
Kakarong Republic

History of Pandi, Bulacan

Pandi is the youngest town in Bulacan. During the Spanish days it formed part of the vast Santa Maria de Pandi Estate, which included the towns of Santa Maria and Balagtas and parts of Angat and Bustos. The present site of the Municipal building was then enclosed with high and massive walls similar to the famous Walls of Intramuros, which served as the center of power and activities of the Spanish friars who owned and administered the haciendas. Politically, however, Pandi was then a part of the town Balagtas (then Bigaa0 until its formal separation and independence on April 17, 1946.

During the Philippine Revolution, Pandi played a vital and historical role in the fight for Philippine Independence. It was in Kakarong de Sili, which about 6,000 Katipuneros from various towns of Bulacan headed by General Eusebio Roque, better known as "Maestrong Sebio" that the "Kakarong Republic" was organized shortly after the cry of Balintawak. History and researchers, as well as records of the National Historical Commission, tell that the "Kakarong Republic" was the first and truly organized Revolutionary Government established in the country to overthrow the Spaniards antedating event the famous "Malolos" and the "Biak-na-Bato Republic". In recognition thereof, these three 'republics" established in Bulacan have been incorporated in the seal of the province of Bulacan.

According to available records including the biography of General Gregorio del Pilar entitled "Life and Death of a Boy General" written by Teodoro Kalaw, former director of the National Library, a fort was constructed at Kakarong de Sili that was like a miniature city. It had streets, an independent police force, a musical band, a factory of falconets, bolos and repair shops for rifles and cartridges. The "Kakarong Republic" had a complete set of officials with Canuto Villanueva as Supreme Chief and "Maestrong Sebio" as Captain-General of the Army. The fort was attacked and totally destroyed on January 1, 1897 by a large Spanish force headed by General Olaguer-Feliu. Gen. Del Pilar was only a lieutenant at that time and the Battle of Kakarong de Sili was his first "baptism of fire".

The actual site of the "Battle of Kakarong de Sili" is now a part of the Barangay of Real de Kakarong where the Kakarong Lodge No. 168 of the Legionarios del Trabajo in memory of the 1,200 Katipuneros who perished in the battle erected a monument of the "Inang Pilipina" in 1924. No less than one of the greatest generals in the Philippines history, General Emilio Aguinaldo, visited this sacred ground in the late fifties.


Pandi Bulacan of the Kakarong Republic was a former Capital of the Philippines

SkyscraperCity > Club Forums > Travel & Geography
Political capitals of your country?

Originally Posted by ivanhenares
Cebu City (San Miguel / Villa del Santissimo Nombre de Jesus): April 28, 1565 - 1571 [Under Spain]
Panay (Bamban): 1571 [Under Spain]
City of Manila (Intramuros / Tondo / Manila / Greater Manila): June 24, 1571 - July 17, 1948 [Under various governments]
Bacolor: 1762 - 1764 [Under Spain during the British occupation]
Pandi: December 1896 [Site of the Real de Kakarong de Sili Republic, Katipunan]
Naic: 1897 [Revolutionary Government]
Maragondon: 1897 [Revolutionary Government]
Talisay: 1897 [Revolutionary Government]
Biak-na-Bato, San Miguel: May 1897 - December 25, 1897 [Site of the Biak-na-Bato Republic, Revolutionary Government]
Kawit (Cavite el Viejo): June 1898 - September 1898 [Revolutionary Government]
Iloilo City: August 13, 1898 - December 10, 1898 [Spanish rule, under the last Governor-General]
Malolos: September 1898 - March 31, 1899 [First Republic]
San Isidro: March 31, 1899 - May, 9 1899 [First Republic]
Cabanatuan: May 9, 1899 - June 6, 1899 [First Republic]
Bamban: June 6 1899 - June 1899 [First Republic]
City of Tarlac: June 1899 - November 10, 1899 [First Republic]
Bayambang: November 10, 1899 - November 13, 1899 [First Republic]
Palanan: September 1900 - March 23, 1901 [First Republic]
Corregidor: December 25, 1941 - February 21, 1942 [Commonwealth during the Japanese invasion]
Washington DC, US: March 13, 1942 - October 1944 [Commonwealth in exile]
Tacloban City: October 23, 1944 - February 1945 [Commonwealth during liberation from the Japanese]
Baguio City: 1945 [Second Republic towards end of the Japanese occupation]
Nara, Japan: 1945 [Second Republic officials, prior to Japan's surrender]
Quezon City: July 17, 1948 - June 24, 1976
City of Manila: June 24, 1976 - Present


Holy Immaculate Church of Pandi - March 2007

This Church was built in 1870 as per the historical marker, the original facade was unique, however in the ensuing years the facade was change.

The old orignal Church was always shown in the Tagalog movies filmed in Pandi town by Tagalog-Ilang Ilang Productions in the 60s. Fernando Poe, Joseph Estrada, Jess Lapid, Susan Roces, Romeo Vasques, Zaldy Zhornack and many more well-known actors and actresses have stayed in this town during the filming of their mostly World War II movies and western-cowboy movies.

Cezar Montano the actor owned a mangrove farm in Pandi town.

76 Posts
a question to all bulaquenyos: are there still bulac/cotton fields in Bulacan? how much of the province is actually agricultural and still consisting of farm lands and green plains? it's just that i heard this province has been getting a lot of modernization lately with malls and cities being built up, and basically becoming a suburb of Manila. I just figured Bulacan should maintain its rurality and historicity so that the trip from Manila to Clark (especially with the future North Rail) would still be enjoyable with the views of wide fields and all, offering travellers a good relief from the city feel of Manila and Clark/Subic.

Guardian Angel
1,502 Posts
Discussion Starter #7 (Edited)
a question to all bulaquenyos: are there still bulac/cotton fields in Bulacan? how much of the province is actually agricultural and still consisting of farm lands and green plains? it's just that i heard this province has been getting a lot of modernization lately with malls and cities being built up, and basically becoming a suburb of Manila. I just figured Bulacan should maintain its rurality and historicity so that the trip from Manila to Clark (especially with the future North Rail) would still be enjoyable with the views of wide fields and all, offering travellers a good relief from the city feel of Manila and Clark/Subic.
Bulac ? you have reminded me when I was growing up in Bulacan helping my grandmother to harvest cotton. Of course there must be a Bulac in other Bulacan towns except those towns which is adjacent to Manila.

I reckone Valenzuela, San Jose Del Monte, and Meycauyan can be called a suburb of Manila. Even then the views from Meycauyan up to the border with Pampanga is all wide green ricefields.


Guardian Angel
1,502 Posts
Discussion Starter #9 (Edited)
Was cotton abundant or did it even exist in Bulacan before the Spaniards arrived? I think the more plausible origin of the name of the province is burac (mud) or buracan (muddy area).

@Ivan :

I am not really sure if cotton was abundant in Bulacan but in my hometown in Bulacan, I remembered there were many Bulak trees in the roadsides. I don't know whether it exist even before the Spanish arrived. Of course, I prefer that Bulacan name was derived from Bulak or from Bulaklak since it is nice to hear than burak .....

by the way, In my hometown (which is adjacent and share common border with Angat, Bustos, etc) they say there is a kind of Intramuros Wall during the Spanish time and when I was very young I have still seen those big blocks of Stones like the stones in the Wall of Intramuros.

According to my grandparents the Spanish Friars from Manila used our town as retreat or vacation place so they lived in fortress-like village like Intramuros, in Pandi town.

Do you know if there is available photos in the museums or in the files of Spanish documents about those Intramuros-like structure in my hometown.

Guardian Angel
1,502 Posts
Discussion Starter #10 (Edited)
Some places to go in Bulacan during summer.


Malolos City


Pulilan town


Biak na Bato, San Miguel town


San Rafael town


Sta Maria town


1,812 Posts
My grandmother was from Meycauayan... we have relatives there, as well as in Balagtas town...

When I was a child, my grandparents would bring me with them during summer vacation and we'd stay there for about a week or two... at that time, Meycauayan was not as developed as it is today...

I also have friends from the bustling town (city?) of Baliuag, and so as in Norzagaray where some cement factories are located...

1,812 Posts
Marami rin sikat na schools dyan sa bulacan---CEU malolos, Bulacan Merchant Marine Academy, etc...
Pascual Laboratories is also located in Balagtas

The Original is The Best
6,410 Posts
Malolos really has an important place in our history as a nation. The first Philippine Congress was held there.

My grandmother hailed from Hagonoy, Bulacan. My mother for a time was an intern in Barasoain Church. We used to always visit Malolos, Hagonoy, Meycauayan, Bocaoue, Baliuag, San Miguel de Mayumo, etc. especially during fiestas. The fluvial parade in Meycauayan is awesome. Also, when the ladies dance to "Sta. Clara... pinong pino..." so that they will have a productive motherhood. The Tagalog in these places is really deep and pure.
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