Expansion & Reconstruction
Threads from the Saudi Arabian Forums:
MECCA l U/C l Mataf Expansion
MECCA l U/C l Holy Mosque Expansion
King Abdullah Gate
Well said. They have destroyed the city and the history of Mecca. They have knock down the historicaly important castle to build that ugly skyscraper. Sorry to say but this city now looks like Disneyland...Not to mention wasteful; they are practically destroying thousands of years of architectural history that surrounds the holy mosque.
In the Catholic church you have a cross with a dead Jesus right there in front of you. You're not praying to the cross, but it's there for you to see. I realize Muslims aren't praying to a rock, but why not make it so the people praying can see the black box holding it?You only have to walk around it.
In all honesty though; they would have likely destroyed the castle even if they weren't going to build anything on top of it, after all they practice Wahhabism.Well said. They have destroyed the city and the history of Mecca. They have knock down the historicaly important castle to build that ugly skyscraper. Sorry to say but this city now looks like Disneyland...
Muzdalifah turns intoSaturday, 19 April 2014
a gallery of Ottoman-era artifacts
The Abbasid-Ottoman era portico of the Grand Mosque will be restored
after completion of the ongoing Mataf expansion and the largest ever
expansion of Islam’s holiest mosque by the end of 2015.
The holy site of Muzdalifah now houses a portion of the Abbasid-Ottoman era portico of the Grand Mosque, waiting to be restored after completion of the ongoing expansion of the Mataf (circumambulation area) and the largest ever expansion of Islam’s holiest mosque by the end of 2015.
Located 3.6 km west of Arafat’s Jabal Al-Rahmah (the Mount of Mercy), there is a mammoth iron fenced compound in Muzdalifah where these invaluable architectural artifacts have been kept since demolition of the portico started in November 2012.
Currently, according to a report in Makkah daily, hundreds of architects and craftsmen are engaged in refurbishing these precious pieces of history.
The mammoth Muzdalifah compound houses several huge warehouses, wooden offices and several tons of materials in different shapes, colors and weights. Nobody is allowed to enter the venue without obtaining prior permission and an entry card.
For the past several months, only a few trucks carrying these artifacts and licensed private cars have been granted entry into the compound.
The domes and the hallway on the eastern section of the Grand Mosque, which have already been removed, found a place in the compound.
The Saudi Binladin Group, which is carrying out the massive Grand Mosque expansion project, have entrusted the task of restoring and refurbishing the Ottoman-era portico to Gursoy Group, one of the leading Turkish companies specialized in restoration work.
The late Ottoman rulers Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, Sultan Selim II and his son Sultan Murad IV supervised the construction of these porticos. This renovation resulted in the replacement of the flat roof with domes decorated with internal calligraphy and supported by new columns.
These domes and columns are acknowledged as the earliest architectural features of the mosque.
Gursoy Group specializes in renovation of buildings, especially historical mosques in Turkey. Their last project was the Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul.
In the Kingdom, the company has undertaken the monumental task of performing maintenance and refurbishing of all pieces and parts of the portico.
After a team inspected the mosque and determined which of the portico’s sections in the mosque are from the Ottoman era, they were detached and packed up so they can be restored.
The company’s workers carefully collected each piece, numbered them and packed them in hundreds of wooden boxes. The pieces were then shipped to Muzdalifah, where they will be pieced together.
A portion of the Abbasid-Ottoman era portico of the Grand Mosque in Muzdalifah
Turkish article: http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/gundem/26302086.asp
The secret of the domes
When exploring the mechanism used by the Ottomans to build the domes, Saudi and Turkish companies discovered the secrets of Islamic architecture.
Experts from Gursoy said they investigated the way in which the domes were built and concluded that they have never seen such a method used in the past.
They are keen to preserve these artifacts in their full magnitude and restore the portico with the same skillfulness it was built in the 10th century Hijri. Some of the columns of the portico date back to the Abbasid period.
Experts also found an immense variety of columns and pillars used in the portico. Some of them bore the characteristics of pre-Islamic Greek architecture and others date back to the Umayyad and Abbasid periods. Most were from the Ottoman period. Diligent craftsmen and technicians are doing a painstaking job to remove dyeing materials used in previous renovation works from the Islamic inscriptions and ornamental and decorative works in the interior parts of the domes in order to restore them to their original state.
There are a lot of pillars, columns and boards bearing inscriptions and writings chronicling their donations by caliphs, sultans and kings during different phases of the expansion of the Grand Mosque. Some of them date back more than 1,200 years. Their restoration also highlights the evolution of various kinds of Islamic calligraphy, artistic creativity and Islamic architecture.
2,754 Ottoman artifacts
The Grand Mosque’s Ottoman-era structure consisted of about 2,754 historical pieces, including 496 marble columns, 881 arches, 152 domes and 993 portions of balconies.
Turkish experts working on the restoration of the domes described the architect who followed a unique method in their construction as a genius. The architect was Sinan Pasha (1499-1588), the father of Turkish architecture.
Sultan Suleiman (1520-1566) commissioned Sinan, his chief architect, to renovate the mosque. This renovation resulted in the replacement of the flat roof with domes decorated with calligraphy internally and the placement of new support columns.
Sinan, who was the architect of more than 440 structures across the Ottoman Empire, used the engineering technique of keeping empty space inside the structure and the corner arch method while constructing domes for the Grand Mosque.
Rocks from Shumaysi
Turkish experts found that rocks from Mount Shumaysi in the neighborhood of Makkah were used to carve most of the columns used in the portico.
According to the Mataf expansion plans, the portico will be rebuilt a few meters away from their original position after the restoration work is completed.
The level of portico will be parallel to the Mataf and will be linked with the basement floor having a depth of 27 meters.
The current expansion will increase the capacity of the Mataf three-fold to accommodate 150,000 worshipers an hour instead of the present capacity of 50,000.
Photo: Orhan Durgut
معرض عمارة الحرمين الشريفينSaturday 6 July 2013
Exhibition of the Two Holy Mosques Architecture
Makkah museum draws many visitors
The museum is designed to receive 1,000 visitors a day.
Showpieces from the two holy cities are displayed in seven different halls.
The permanent exhibition of the Two Holy Mosques in the Umm Al-Joud neighborhood, near Makkah, has been receiving considerable attention from visitors and pilgrims to Makkah.
The exhibition showcases the history of the Grand Mosque in Makkah and the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah since the early age of Islam.
The museum, which is close to the Kiswa factory, has been designed to receive 1,000 visitors a day.
The Presidency of the Two Holy Mosques exhibits all its antique artifacts, inscriptions and manuscripts related to the two mosques that came into its possession during repairs and developmental works.
Muhammad Al-Jabri, director of the exhibition, said the showpieces are displayed in seven halls. The first hall has a replica of the Grand Mosque, old and new photos of the two holy mosques, and the second hall preserves a 200 years old mimbar (pulpit). The third hall has the kiswas (Kaaba cover) of past centuries apart from an old pillar and a door of the Kaaba.
The remaining halls contain photographs, articles related to the Prophet’s Mosque and Zamzam well.
Another important piece is an enclosure withthe Maqam Ibrahim, the footprints of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him).
Architecture Exhibition of the Two Holy Mosques
Tourist Destination Combines Between Presentation and Documentation
26/8/1434H - 05/07/2013
معرض عمارة الحرمين الشريفين
Mataf expansion back to work
After Umrah season ends the first phase of work and
the second project of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques,
to increase the capacity of the Mataf
بعد إنتهاء موسم العمرة إستكمال أعمال المرحلة الأولى
والثانية من مشروع خادم الحرمين الشريفين لزيادة الطاقة الإستيعابية للمطاف
إستكمالاً لمشروع خادم الحرمين الشريفين الملك عبدالله بن عبدالعزيز لزيادة الطاقة الاستيعابية للمطاف أوضح مدير إدارة المشاريع سعادة المهندس سلطان بن عاطي القرشي أنه تم إستئناف أعمال المشروع في صحن المطاف وادوار المرحلة الأولى والثانية مع استمرار تشغيل الحلقتين لجسر المطاف وتحويل الدخول للحلقة السفلية من جهة توسعة الملك فهد إلى الدخول من باب بلال الجهة الجنوبية للمسجد الحرام بسبب أعمال ربط الممر الواقع أمام توسعة الملك فهد مع الحلقة السفلية.
وبين مدير إدارة المشاريع أن ذلك يأتي حرصاً من الرئاسة على تنفيذ أعمال المشروع وبما يؤدي إن شاء الله بعد إكتمال جميع مراحله الثلاث إلى زيادة الطاقة الإستيعابية للمطاف إلى أكثر من مائة وخمسة الاف طائف في الساعة.
وسأل سعادته الله عزوجل أن يجزي خادم الحرمين خير الجزاء على ماقدم ويقدم للحرمين الشريفين وقاصديهما من الحجاج والعمار والزوار
Complementing Project Server Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz to increase the capacity of the Mataf for the Director of Project Management HE Engineer Sultan bin atthe Qurashi was the resumption of the project in the dish of the day and the roles of the first phase and the second with the continued operation of the two rings of the bridge up and turn in to ring the lower hand expansion of King Fahd access to the door of Bilal southern side of the Grand Mosque because of the connecting corridor in front of the expansion of King Fahd with the lower ring.
And the director of project management that this comes from the presidency in order to carry out the work of the project, including lead and, God willing, after the completion of all three stages to increase the capacity of the destination for more than one hundred and five thousand in the visitation time.
He asked his happiness that the Almighty Allah may reward the Custodian of the Two Holy richly rewarded on Makedm offers of the Two Holy Mosques and Qasidihma of pilgrims and visitors and Amar.
New Ottoman Porticos under construction
6 August 2014
According to one source, Turkish engineers have received the porches and ready to be installed.
But I can't confirm if some old parts will be back.
Repairing Ottoman porticos
(Osmanlı revakları onarılıyor):
Video inside: http://www.haber5.com/video/osmanli-revaklari-onariliyor