I believe that this is one aspect of Glasgow’s long term future that has as yet not been the subject of much discussion and debate on these boards. NHS Greater Glasgow, along with other bodies such as the Glasgow Housing Association will have a considerable impact on the future state of the city’s built landscape, as well as other major factors such as the sustainability of certain communities within the wider conurbation, and the distribution of integrated future public transport infrastructure and services, in particular the planned light rail transport route along the Upper Clyde and it’s environs. In the wake of the Greater Glasgow Acute Services Review in 2002, a major £700 million programme of investment in new facilities at five of the city’s principal hospitals; Stobhill General Hospital, the Victoria Infirmary, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Gartnavel General Hospital, and the Southern General Hospital is planned over the next decade or so, or indeed is already underway. It would be interesting to hear everyone’s opinions on the proposed future make-up of our local health service and it’s associated facilities and resulting impact on the local communities of Glasgow and the immediate districts. This is particularly pertinent given the incredibly vociferous opposition to much of NHS Greater Glasgow’s modernisation plans for the area, spearheaded of course by the Evening Times in their campaigns against the scrapping of inpatient beds at the Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital at Gartnavel, and of course the campaign against the closure of the Queen Mother’s Maternity Hospital at Yorkhill. Other major campaigns have resulted in considerable political upheaval, particularly in East Dunbartonshire, where a once safe Labour Seat has been rocked by the election of Dr Jean Turner to the Scottish Parliament, running solely on a Save Stobhill ticket, in opposition to the scrapping of in-patient services and the running down of the Casualty unit there. The rebellion against Scottish Executive health policy has also directly resulted in Liberal Democrat Jo Swinson's election as the UK's youngest MP in the recent General Election, overturning John Lyons' previous majority of almost 3000 votes...
The fundamental aims of the Acute Services Review are in a nutshell:
-In-patient services provided at a re-developed Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Gartnavel General Hospital and a major new development at the Southern General Hospital that is planned to create the largest hospital facility in the UK. The creation of a new ‘Western Infirmary’ at Gartnavel enabling the closure of the existing Western Infirmary site. A new state-of-the-art £100m Beatson Oncology Centre, the UK’s largest cancer centre of excellence will open at Gartnavel in 2007.
-Development of two new Ambulatory Care and Diagnostic Hospitals at the Victoria Infirmary/Queens Park and Stobhill General Hospital. Both sites will have £60 million of additional investment in upgrading and modernisation. Out-patient, Day Surgery and Minor Injury Units will be provided at all five sites.
-Two full Accident and Emergency units provided at Glasgow Royal Infirmary and the Southern General. Trauma and orthopaedic in-patient services will also be provided from these two hospitals
-An additional £100 million will be provided for the development of consolidated Adult, Maternity and Paediatric services through the relocation of the Royal Hospital for Sick Children at Yorkhill to one of the five Hospital sites by 2009 - 2010, though the most likely locations are believed to be either Gartnavel General Hospital in the West End or the Southern General Hospital in the South Side. An Independent Working Group chaired by Professor Andy Calder of Edinburgh University will conclude the final location of this centralised facility.
The new Victoria Infirmary and Stobhill General Hospital
Initially Due to start construction: Spring 2005
Opening: Last quarter of 2007
Non Clinical Services provided at both sites:
• Day Surgery Unit
• Treatments for blood disorders and cancers
• Diagnostic treatments that require X-rays and scans including specialist imaging (CT and MRI scanners)
• Adult Renal dialysis unit
• Laboratory and Pathology Services
• Minor Injuries Unit
• Day hospital for the elderly and 60 new-build inpatient rehabilitation beds for the elderly
• GP Out-of-Hours Service
• Rehabilitation and therapy services including dietetics, physiotherapy, speech and language therapy, podiatry (feet) and occupational therapy
Victoria Infirmary ACAD Site:
Stobhill Hospital ACAD Site:
Stobhill Hospital Site Masterplan:
(The A-listed Stobhill Clocktower will be retained in the redevelopment - Listed Buildings outlined in dark red below)
Proposed Local Forensic Psychiatric Unit for Stobhill General Hospital. This facility allows patients to receive care and treatment within a safe, secure environment until they are well enough to be cared for in Glasgow's other psychiatric facilities, or to return to their own homes. There will be a further 111 bed psychiatric unit provided at Stobhill in order to replace those services at Parkhead Hospital.
Site Masterplan for Gartnavel General Hospital:
The present 465-bed in-patient services are planned to be retained at the site and expanded upon as the services provided at the Western Infirmary relocate and integrate with this site. The existing Hospital already operates in close partnership with the Western Infirmary, including at present, the provision of a shared campus for the Beatson Oncology Centre. In the future it will be established as the base for the West of Glasgow's ambulatory care facilities. Gartnavel already has a 4 theatre day surgery unit, endoscopy suite, imaging department (including CT and radiology), and the main concentration of out-patient accommodation. The range and complexity of services provided at Gartnavel General Hospital has been progressively expanded over the past few years, with the development of the Brownlee Centre for communicable diseases, which replaced services previously offered by Glasgow's Infectious Diseases Hospitals which have been phased out over recent years as such conditions declined in number. The new Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital, and a new ophthalmology department have also been developed on site in recent years. As Gartnavel General and the Western Infirmary are effectively a monolithic acute service facility spread across two sites, the long-term plan is to gradually transfer and modernise services from the Western Infirmary site to the Gartnavel site, resulting in the ultimate closure of the Western Infirmary and centralisation of all services and facilities at Garnavel.
This plan includes the development of a new, state-of-the-art 112 bed mental health facility to replace Gartnavel Royal Hospital whose redevelopment is likely to take the form of very high quality residential accommodation and the conversion of the surplus East and West Houses for residential/hotel or leisure use.
Gartnavel Royal Hospital:
New Beatson Oncology Centre:
Glasgow Royal Infirmary:
Glasgow Royal Infirmary provides 1077 in-patient beds, and provides a vast range of local, regional, and national services. The current in-patient compliment is planned to be sustained for the forseeable future.
Development is currently underway on the second phase of a redevelopment programme originally envisaged in the 1960’s to replace the James Millar designed hospital buildings dating from 1914. Over £60 million of the new capital development programme has already been completed.
These new developments include;
-The Princess Royal Maternity Hospital. Facilities include the provision of 100 beds, 14 delivery rooms, two operating theatres, 18 day beds, neo-natal care and full antenatal services.
-Plastic Surgery and Burns Facilities: these replace the previous facilities at Canniesburn Hospital. They provide six operating theatres, 85 inpatient beds, outpatient facilities, medical photography facilities, and support accommodation.
-New A&E Department located within the new Jubilee Building: these replace previous on-site accommodation dating back 100 years. They are planned to handle 70,000 accident and emergency cases per annum and include integral Emergency Receiving and Coronary Care facilities, eventually also replacing services presently offered at Stobhill Hospital.
New 1000 space multi-storey Car Parking Arrangements:
New Southern General Hospital:
This phased new-build, state-of-the-art, integrated hospital facility will be Britain’s largest. It is planned to retain over 955 modern inpatient beds.
This new hospital will provide all the acute in-patient services for the Southside and West of Scotland/Nationwide services for Neurosciences and Spinal Injuries. It would also be the home of the principal Accident and Emergency\trauma centre service on the Southside, readily accessible off the M8/M74 Extension, M77 Ayrshire link and Clyde Tunnel.
It will provide in-patient services for:
Acute geriatric assessment
ophthalmology (although its needs for in-patient beds is
expected to decline significantly, thus in the long term will only be an outpatient service)
maxillo-facial surgery (the only unit in the city, replacing services previously offered at Canniesburn Hospital in Bearsden)
As most ‘Urban Explorers’ from Hidden Glasgow will already be well aware, the reform and consolidation of the city’s NHS estates has already been underway for some time, initially concentrating on the closure of redundant hospitals and facilities such as Ruchill Hospital, Robroyston Hospital, Belvidere Hospital, Leverndale Hospital, the Glasgow Royal Maternity Hospital, Canniesburn Hospital, Bellshill Maternity Hospital, Woodilee Hospital, Lennox Castle Hospital, Gartloch Asylum etc…Many of these buildings will be or are currently in the process of being converted to residential and/or commercial use.
Here are some cases in point:
Site Plan of Woodilee Hospital redevelopment as part of the wider Kirkintilloch Initiative:
The former Woodilee hospital site will now be home to a brand new housing development boasting a diverse range of over 900 new residences developed by Cala, Miller, Persimmon and Redrow, as well as new leisure and community facilities. Development of this area is a principal objective of the Kirkintilloch Initiative and is central to bringing new life, customers and income to the local economy. The ‘Kirkintilloch Link Road’ will further link this site with the town centre and the motorway system. It will also be linked to the town centre by the countryside access network.
-Approval was granted on Thursday April 28th to develop a private housing estate, containing homes valued up to £200,000 each in the former infectious diseases hospital at Ruchill. To my knowledge, all the existing listed buildings, in particular the spectacular Watertower, are to be refurbished and integrated into the new residential development. The buildings were designed in 1900 by Glasgow's City Engineer and Surveyor, Alexander.B.MacDonald in his preferred Renaissance Style with Tudor motifs. His other Glaswegian works include; The People’s Palace 1893-8, The Prince of Wales Bridge, Kelvingrove Park 1894, The Sanitary Chambers 1895-7 and the gates and lodges of the Botanic Gardens 1904.
Ruchill Hospital Watertower:
All of this has caused a bit of a stushie throughout the local community, as was reported in the Glaswegian. Councillor Jim Mackechnie has branded it a betrayal, as it goes against the conclusions of the Joint Community Consultation Group that was formed by the then owners of the site, Scottish Enterprise Glasgow regarding the demand for socially rented homes in the area as opposed to the owner-occupied residentials which is part of the Ruchill & Keppoch New Neighbourhood Initiative. They say they are dismayed by the Council and GHA’s persistence that there is in fact negligible demand for public sector housing in Ruchill, and claim that it will exacerbate issues of social inclusion in the area. I don’t necessarily agree, it all really hinges on the boring details of the proposals, this could in fact be the primary catalyst to bringing a transfusion of the prosperity of the West End into the fringes of Northern Glasgow. This of course will hopefully turn out to be a well integrated development, that will expand the West End and mitigate the residents bone of contention. Following the example of other local regeneration projects such as the Maryhill and Glasgow North Canal Regeneration Project, it should hopefully form an important, symbiotic conduit between the communities of Firhill, Maryhill, Ruchill and Possilpark. As I have said before, I don’t think this rejuvenation can come fast enough, considering the disgraceful state that quite possibly Glasgow’s finest Victorian hospital was left in by the Greater Glasgow Health Board.
Canniesburn Hospital Masterplan:
This Masterplan was prepared by the Holmes Partnership for Cala Homes who have achieved a successful bid to redevelop the site. It incorporates the redevelopment of the 21 acre hospital site into 3 distinct areas, namely the millennium apartments, the art-deco flats and the ‘garden city’. The development will comprise of the integration of newbuild, refurbisment and restoration of existing B listed art-deco buildings, coupled with a sympathetic landscaping strategy, insuring the retention of mature woodland where possible, which will create an enhanced and attractive residential environment.
Gartloch Hospital Masterplan:
This strategic Masterplan undertaken by Bishoploch proposes the creation of a new village at Gartloch comprised of several hamlets formed around a town centre, forming an interconnected hierarchy of small scale settlements. Each hamlet is seen as a small scale, low key intervention within the landscape, integrated as far as possible with the existing topography. In addition it is hoped that each hamlet will have a unique character and its own sense of place which will be achieved through varied theming of the architectural and landscaping treatments within each area.
The masterplan comprises the following elements:
This sector forms an important focus for the development, sited on relatively high ground, it boasts excellent views north towards the Campsie Fells. The proposed form of development here is that of a central mews courtyard that will form the centrepiece of the scheme, creating a windbreak on the plateau and a strong focal point when viewed from the entrance.
This 'hamlet' is connected to the Mews Village via a new road link formed through an enlarged break in the tree belt separating the two land parcels. The nature of this hamlet is self contained and enclosed which is brought about by the equillibrium formed with the adjacent forested areas.
This site is the smallest of the proposed hamlets and is envisaged as a secluded enclave within the surrounding mature woodland, which will be appropriate for a high value cluster of development. There currently exists a natural clearing within the woods which would form the basis of the development of this land parcel. Access is gained to the site via an existing, upgraded road.
The Hamlet sits in a prominent parkland setting in view of both the main core and the Bishop Loch itself. The central east/west axis passing through the core will be extended by the form of the new development, possibly in the shape of a residential courtyard block. The scale and form of the courtyard block could be used to visually integrate the new build development with the adjacent core buildings.
This site is characterised by it's inherent proximity to the core of Listed Asylum Buildings and by its gentle gradient south towards the Bishop Loch. Therein exists an exciting opportunity to create a strong formal composition of buildings and open space which relate to the geometry of the main group, and form an integrated whole with it.
The Deco Village:
The hamlet takes it's inspiration from the original, simple geometric forms of the B-Listed Nurses Home (dating from 1937), it's refurbishment and integration will form the basis of this new residential zone.
The Town Centre:
The core of the development will be sited around the original, converted listed buildings of the former Asylum. The re-landscaped roundel formed at the main facade of the old Administrative Block will act as a ‘Village Green’, forming a communal public space for the entire community, which will also include the provision of a children’s play area. Convenience is the key in this site, as it is optimally located within 400 yards of 95% of the homes on site. This connectivity will be enhanced by the provision of a network of pedestrian and cycle friendly routes linking the Town Centre with the surrounding Hamlets. The roundel will also form the principal transport conduit for the Town, being the location of a new bus loop and drop-off point.
Some interesting overviews of original 1960’s era masterplans for the redevelopment of the Royal Infirmary, Western Infirmary and Gartnavel General Hospital by the then Western Regional Hospital Board. (Originally posted by 'My Kitten' on HG)
Western Infirmary Redevelopment by Keppie Henderson & Partners, circa 1970-’74
Gartnavel General Hospital by Keppie Henderson & Partners, circa 1967-’72
Glasgow Royal Infirmary Phase 1 & 2-(unbuilt) by Sir Basil Spence, Glover & Ferguson, circa 1973-’79