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Sri Lanka turns to microfinance to rebuild war zone

COLOMBO, July 13 (Reuters) - Sri Lanka's government on Monday launched a $26 million microfinance loan programme to spur local agriculture and business in the former northern war zone, part of the president's plan to resettle 300,000 displaced people.

Dubbed the "Awakening North", the Central Bank said the 3 billion rupee ($26.12 million) loan plan will support "the resumption of economic activities in agriculture, livestock, fisheries, micro and small enterprises."

President Mahinda Rajapaksa has staked reconciling Sri Lanka after a 25-year war with the Tamil Tiger separatists on rebuilding the economy in the north and resettling the 300,000 members of the Tamil minority from there who are now in camps.

Analysts say he must swiftly resettle those people, demine the north and deliver a political package that the majority of Tamils -- and hardline elements from the Sinhalese ethnic majority in his ruling coalition -- will accept.

Under the loan plan, people can apply for loans of up 90 percent of 200,000 rupees for a maximum of five years' repayment, at an interest rate of 12 percent.

Private lenders Commercial Bank of Ceylon COMB.CM, Hatton National Bank HNB.CM, Seylan Bank and SANASA Development Bank, and state banks Bank of Ceylon and People's Bank will take part, the central bank statement said.

The banks will be refinanced at an interest rate of 6 percent on the funds the loan, the statement said. (Editing by Bryson Hull and Nick Macfie)
 

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It will be nice to push that canal project between Sri Lanka and India, then built a massive port in Jaffna. It should bring a lot of traffic into Jaffna and inturn capital and investments.
 

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if im right that canal project will spell doom for Colombo port since a lot of container traffic to india has to go around sri lanka and with the canal, they wouldnt have to.
 

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if im right that canal project will spell doom for Colombo port since a lot of container traffic to india has to go around sri lanka and with the canal, they wouldnt have to.
I was never too sure about those claims of doom if the canal project is completed. Looking at the maps of shipping lanes, the dark red lines are the Europe-Asia shipping routes that pass through Sri Lanka. For them to go through a canal wouldn't make sense.



Of course, if Indian ports can provide significantly better services that ones in Sri Lanka, or if our ports are backed up and ships encounter delays, that could spell doom for Colombo. The sooner Hambanthota is up and CSPE is underway the better.
 

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Sometime back when there was talk about the sethusamudram canal, I was really interested in the matter (in terms of environmental degradation) and had contacted several agencies as well as individuals regarding this. Apparently the EIA (Environment Impact Assessment) had been done with only Indian participation. The following points are excerpts from a letter sent by Hemantha Withanage,
Senior Environmental Scientist/ Executive Director, Centre for Environmental Justice to the Chairperson, Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board.


• This area covers some best coral reefs which contribute to the both Sri Lankan and Indian biodiversity. This benefits fishermen of both countries to fishing in the Gulf of Mannar. Some reports suggest that 35% -70% of the fish stock for the Sri Lankan side comes from these coral reefs.

• According to the EIA there will be dredging of over 80 million m3 sand and clay. Although there are proposals to deposit this dredged material in the Bay of Bengal and to create some lands in Pumban Island the fine particles will be deposited on the coral can easily damage the reefs which will affect the biodiversity and the fishermen.

• Continues dredging during the operational phase will also create the same problems. Sri Lankan scientists are in the opinion that these fine particles can travel long distance and this dredging can affect not only the vicinity of the construction site but also in other areas.

• This EIA fails to study the impacts of the dumping of dredging material whether it deposits in the Bay of Bengal or in the Pumban Island.

• According to the EIA report, due to dredging the bottom flora and fauna on an area approximately 6 km2 along the canal alignment in Adams Bridge will be lost permanently. Although the EIA suggest that this loss is very insignificant compared to the total area of 10,500 km2 of the Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve, when consider the continues damage to the coral reefs from continuous dredging and by depositing the fine particles, this is very significant.

• This area is habitat to several species of whales, dolphins, turtles dugong and many other threatened species. Therefore serious investigation on the biodiversity in the area is very important.

• There are two circulations of water masses in the Bay of Bengal, the clockwise circulation of the south-west monsoon and the counter clockwise circulation of the north-east monsoon. Hydrological models shows that the sea water from Bay of Bengal or sea water from the western side does not cross over or hardly cross over due to the Adam’s bridge sand deposits.

• Sri Lankan scientist are in the opinion that the construction of the Ship Canal will damage this pattern and the changing of the water quality, water currents, temperature and possible arrival of alien species may affect the biodiversity.
• This may also affect the wave height and which could result beach erosion in the both countries.

• Dumping of oil and grease and the waste material along the Ship Canal can damage the biodiversity too. This can affect the fish stocks in the area. This is already a problem in the existing ship route around Sri Lanka.

• Shallow water level will increase the risk of accidents. Any oil spill can easily damage the sea bed and the coast due to the shallow nature of the bed. Navigation of oil tankers or ships contains chemical waste and material will increase the risk of damage. Sea turtle and many other species and the shallow water environment is highly vulnerable to oil spills. This aspect has not seriously considered in the EIA document.

• As mentioned under the mitigatory measures it will not be possible to ensure that ships navigating in this region do not use such paints and anticorrosive agents on ship bottom which one known to cause damage to marine organisms.

• We do not think the mitigatory measure mentioned in EIA which state “A pilot should be trained or environmental watcher will board the ship to watch marine animals viz. turtle, dolphins, sea cow etc. in the region and navigate the ship safely avoiding any damage to this fauna” is possible.

• The ship navigation route will affect the fishermen in the area. There will be strict security zone along the ship canal. Both Sri Lankan and Indian fishermen will be affected due to this new condition.

• To our knowledge there are no adequate research done by the Sri Lankan side due to the restrictions which resulted of the civil crisis in the area. Therefore Sri Lankan scientists do not hold adequate data to consider the impacts and suggest any mitigatory measures.

• As we see the EIA is a draft document. We strongly believe that no decision should be taken based on this document. The proposal does not contain alternative proposals which is a lacking in the EIA procedure.

• This does not include any risk assessment, a cost benefit analysis and a compensation package. Also this EIA does not contain a contingency plan and has not considered the worst case scenario. Therefore we believe that even the Indian citizens do not have adequate information to participate in a proper public hearing which is contrary to the principle 10 of Rio.


If anyone wants the EIA or other documentation regarding this matter please do give me a shout.
 

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New 'Harmony Healthy Life Style Centre' in Kilinochchi

The new ‘Harmony Healthy Life Style Centre’ established at the Kilinochchi Harmony Centre was declared open at a simple ceremony under the patronage of Major General Sudantha Ranasinghe together with by Dr. P Vinodan, Regional Director of Health Services, Kilinochchi and witnessed by Dr. (Ms) Shanika Fernando at the Kilinochchi Hospital, members of the Kuliyapitiya Rotary Club, state officials.

The centre was established by troops serving the Security Force Headquarters - Kilinochchi (SFHQ-KLN) under the patronage of the Ministry of Health and Rotary Club of Kuliyapitiya with the objective of improving health standards of the people in Kilinochchi and its suburbs.

The ‘Harmony Healthy Life Style Centre’ that would provide physical exercise equipment, facilities for provision of medical consultations on regular basis and conduct of specialized medical clinics, would function as a referral medical channeling centre, through which patients could be directed to specialized medical sections upon examination at this centre.
http://www.news.lk/news/sri-lanka/item/7429-new-harmony-healthy-life-style-centre-in-kilinochchi
 

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EU presents Euro 60 m district program including N&E

The European Union (EU) yesterday presented a Euro 60 million cooperation program to support four districts in the north and east to reduce poverty and improve infrastructure.


Titled the European Union Support to District Development Program (EU-SDDP), the project, which was begun in 2012 and will continue till 2017, focuses on three key result areas including poverty reduction, provision of basic infrastructure for vulnerable populations, support for local economic development and strengthening of local governance mechanisms.


“This year is designated as the European Union Year of Development. The EU together with its 28 member states gives more than half of all development aid globally and this field is truly important to us. EU assistance to Sri Lanka has evolved from humanitarian aid to traditional developmental aid over the years and our assistance has benefitted around a million people. I’m confident the EU-SDDP program will not only assist Sri Lanka but will do so in a more effective and sustainable manner,” said EU Ambassador David Daly.


The program also addresses local economic development by supporting entrepreneurship and expansion of existing businesses, improving the business environment and improving access to quality vocational training. Strengthening local governance also remains key, and activities focus mainly on capacity development in planning and policy implementation.

“The districts in the Northern and Eastern Provinces and the adjacent districts were alienated from the overall development process of the country. There is a compelling need to bridge inter-district disparities and strengthen the economic, social and institutional foundations of impoverished and lagging districts to draw nearer to developmental objectives and targets articulated at the national level,” UNDP Resident Coordinator Subinay Nandy said at the gathering.
- See more at: http://www.ft.lk/article/430009/EU-...ct-program-including-N-E#sthash.QPnyTR8i.dpuf

:cheers::cheers::cheers:
 

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Two vocational training institutes open in east with assistance from Government of Switzerland



The Vocational Training Authority (VTA) announced the inauguration of two vocational training institutes in Trincomalee on 8 July.
The ‘Vocational Training in the North and East of Sri Lanka’ (VTN) project is a bilateral cooperation between the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and the Federal Republic of Germany. dfhhnkl
The project is implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (German Development Bank - KfW) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
The project is co-funded by the State Secretariat for Migration of the Government of Switzerland. The Sri Lankan Governmental partner is the Ministry of Skills Development and Vocational Training.
The two institutes are amongst 11 planned satellite centres that will support the Sri Lankan-German Training Institute (SLGTI), the project’s flagship training centre, currently under construction in Kilinochchi. The Trincomalee centres, located in Kinniya and Kantale which come under the Vocational Training Authority (VTA) have been renovated and equipped as a result of ‘Bridges to the Future’, a tripartite collaboration with the Swiss Government to strengthen the VTN project.
The additional Swiss financing adds value to the current project initiatives and widens the reach of the VTN project in the North and East.
The inauguration, held at the District Vocational Training Center in Kanthale, was graced by Heinz Walker-Nederkoorn, Ambassador of Switzerland to Sri Lanka and the Maldives, Eng. (Dr.) Lionel Pinto, Chairman of the Vocational Training Authority (VTA), and Kumudhini Rosa, Senior Advisor of GIZ VTN Project.
- See more at: http://www.ft.lk/article/446653/Two...overnment-of-Switzerland#sthash.fqUkIvwz.dpuf
 

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Sri Lanka opts for desalination to solve north water problem

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka has decided to go for a seawater desalination plant to supply drinking water to people in the northern Jaffna peninsula after a plan to divert water from a reservoir failed.

The Asian Development Bank has agreed to consider a loan of 90 million US dollars to Sri Lanka to fund the seawater desalination project, the government said.

The Cabinet of Ministers has approved a proposal by Rauf Hakeem, Minister of Urban Development, Water Supply and Drainage, to seek additional funds to revamp the Jaffna - Kilinochchi water supply and sanitation project.

The ADB loan is to fund a seawater desalination plant in Jaffna after a previous plan to divert water from the Iranaimadu reservoir, south of the peninsula, failed owing to protests from farmers and drought which reduced water levels.

Implementation of the project under its initial plan failed owing to difficulties in obtaining the required amount of water from the Iranaimadu Tank, according to the Ministry of Urban Development, Water Supply and Drainage.

It said the initial design of the drinking water scheme was entirely dependent on getting water from Iranaimadu Tank in the Kilinochchi district.

This could not be done because of a dispute over water sharing between drinking requirements and irrigation needs.

With the resettlement of people displaced by the ethnic war, which ended in 2009, in Kilinochchi, demand for water for irrigation increased, resulting in strong resistance from farmer organisations to share water with Jaffna district.

The situation escalated after an unusually severe drought in 2012 when the water level in the Iranaimadu Tank fell drastically.

“All parties have now unanimously agreed that the Iranaimadu-based option to provide water to the Jaffna peninsula has to be abandoned, given current technical, social and economic considerations,” a ministry official said.

http://www.economynext.com/Sri_Lanka_opts_for_desalination_to_solve_north_water_problem-3-2434.html
 

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Sri Lanka opts for desalination to solve north water problem

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka has decided to go for a seawater desalination plant to supply drinking water to people in the northern Jaffna peninsula after a plan to divert water from a reservoir failed.

The Asian Development Bank has agreed to consider a loan of 90 million US dollars to Sri Lanka.





Worst solution and expensive too.
With the financial aid they can build two reservoir at upper catch ment area
One at Mankulam and puliyankulam crossing Kanakarayan river. This will improve the social change on good course in mentioned areas.
Furthermore proposed northern canal from moragahakanda project
Will give further supplies.
 

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Worst solution and expensive too.
With the financial aid they can build two reservoir at upper catch ment area
One at Mankulam and puliyankulam crossing Kanakarayan river. This will improve the social change on good course in mentioned areas.
Furthermore proposed northern canal from moragahakanda project
Will give further supplies.
still won't do much, It can supply water for part of the population but you can't compare the North with the West.

Northern province has some water problems and during droughts water levels drop a lot.
desalination is not a bad option for the North ,South and East
 

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water revolution envisaged by Great Prakramabahu begins....

MEDAWACHCHIYA, Sri Lanka, July 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - S ri Lanka plans to store and use a billion cubic metres of rainwater per year, which would otherwise drain into the sea, in an ambitious effort to boost irrigation and power production.

The new water management system is being built in the country's dry zone, which covers its northern and eastern areas.

Home to at least a third of Sri Lanka's population of 20 million, the mainly agricultural zone has been hit hard by climate shifts over the past decade, and is suffering severe water shortages.

Experts say the project could harness enough water to fill two of the country's largest reservoirs, Victoria and Randenigala.

The $675 million project, funded by the government and donors, begins this month and is due to be completed by December 2024.

One of the island nation's largest water-related infrastructure projects in recent years, it envisages the construction of two new reservoirs and 260 km of new and upgraded canals linking existing reservoirs.

The aim is to help the dry zone better manage its water supply for power generation and farming.

"Rain patterns have been changing and the dry zone is getting less water now," said S Shanmugasivanathan, a senior official with the Department of Irrigation. "We need to optimise water usage."

Mean annual rainfall across Sri Lanka is 2,000 mm, of which the dry zone gets half or less. Most of the farming done there relies on irrigation, using small water tanks that are filled from the region's larger reservoirs.

"With rain patterns now coming in short and intense bursts, we are faced with frequent incidents of floods interspersed with drought," Shanmugasivanathan said.

"During floods we have no option but to release the water, because there is no infrastructure in place to retain it," he added.

The new project would put to use some of the rain and floodwater that is now wasted.

WATER TO COMBAT POVERTY

The plan to build new water retention infrastructure in the dry zone has been on the drawing board since the 1970s in the form of the Mahaweli Development Programme, which covered the country's central hills and some of the north.

The idea was to use the waters of the Mahaweli River, the longest in the country, to increase power generation capacity by about 260 MW and provide irrigation water to an additional 325,000 acres of land.

But parts of the project were stalled by the civil war that ravaged Tamil-dominated northern and eastern Sri Lanka for a quarter of a century until 2009.

The new water management project is based on a modified and upgraded version of the original Mahaweli scheme, according to government officials and the Asian Development Bank (ADB), which is providing $453 million in funding.

The ADB estimates that 70 percent of the dry zone's population depend on agriculture. The impact of weather extremes on farming in the region means average income there is 10 percent lower than in the rest of the country, it calculates.

The hope is that the new project will help pull local people out of poverty, ADB officials say.

"The dry zone communities have historically remained among the poorest on the island and changing climate patterns will further impact monsoon rains and possibly worsen droughts," said Lance Gore, a water resources specialist with the ADB in Manila.

"By providing more water, the project will enhance the earning capacity of people dependent on agriculture," he said.

It also aims to supply safe drinking water to 350,000 people.

Farmers in the dry zone are mostly in favour of the project, because even in years of above-average rainfall they have endured water shortages as reservoirs empty too quickly.

"It happened to me in 2011 and again in 2013," said Punchi Banda Herath, 55, a farmer in Medawachchiya, North Central Province, about 230 km from Colombo.

"There were floods earlier in the year, but by the time I went to do the planting towards the end of the year there was no water left. The small reservoirs in this region can't hold that much water when it rains, and run dry very fast when drought sets in," he explained.

Experts agree the new project could help ease the impact of drought in the dry zone, but say it is only part of the solution.

To end water scarcity in the region for good, farmers must learn to adapt their water usage and employ new techniques for conserving the precious resource, they say.

"We cannot build an unlimited number of reservoirs or canals - there is a limit to the amount of water we can provide," said irrigation official Shanmugasivanathan. "What is important right now is to pay attention to water management." (Reporting by Amantha Perera; editing by Megan Rowling )
 

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This thread is to propose and discuss what needs to be done to improve transport in SL from policies to infra development
 

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This thread is to propose and discuss what needs to be done to improve transport in SL from policies to infra development

Nationalise the bus service.

Compensate for the owners by a share issue. Retain the drivers after giving them better training and discipline.

Find suitable bus manufactures and agree for concessionary buses. Lease these buses through an international leasing firm or two, that can fund such a large scale operation. (to avoid an exorbitant initial cost) By leasing each bus for a period of 4-6 years the govt. wouldn't have the incur the entire cost at once.

Increase revenue to pay the monthly/annual instalments by attracting private vehicle users.

Increase the frequency and the routes.

Start a facebook page so people can voice complaints and make recommendations. (also an app so people can check the bus times and location in real-time)

Make the bus service round the clock, cover all 4 corners of colombo (e.g - every 24 mins after mid-night, connecting the city center, airport and the distant suburbs like kottawa, kadawatha etc.

(this will improve the "night economy" in the city - meaning; clubs/pubs, bars, restaurants, shopping centers are open for business, therefore people will visit them and spend more, increasing the consumption, thus push the economy up)

Repairs/maintenance to the buses must be done through the insurance company, again a reputed insurance firm
 

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Nationalise the bus service.

Compensate for the owners by a share issue. Retain the drivers after giving them better training and discipline.

Find suitable bus manufactures and agree for concessionary buses. Lease these buses through an international leasing firm or two, that can fund such a large scale operation. (to avoid an exorbitant initial cost) By leasing each bus for a period of 4-6 years the govt. wouldn't have the incur the entire cost at once.

Increase revenue to pay the monthly/annual instalments by attracting private vehicle users.

Increase the frequency and the routes.

Start a facebook page so people can voice complaints and make recommendations. (also an app so people can check the bus times and location in real-time)

Make the bus service round the clock, cover all 4 corners of colombo (e.g - every 24 mins after mid-night, connecting the city center, airport and the distant suburbs like kottawa, kadawatha etc.

(this will improve the "night economy" in the city - meaning; clubs/pubs, bars, restaurants, shopping centers are open for business, therefore people will visit them and spend more, increasing the consumption, thus push the economy up)

Repairs/maintenance to the buses must be done through the insurance company, again a reputed insurance firm
Good thoughts Lak_Diva, but this model generally speaks about backing the peoples transport needs by the government coffers and may be subsidizing a part of it, which will in turn come back to people in the guise of taxes. You can't avoid politicians abusing state systems for political advantage.

But why? It is the financial model that matters regardless of the bus ownership. The only income source for a private bus is the passenger ticket fee, which is a controlled figure. Annual route permit fee, revenue license, fuel, maintenance, driver+conductor salaries and sometimes traffic fines and ransom are all to be beard by the bus owner. Obviously, one can't make a profit out of it. No wonder these buses have fallen in to this dangerous race. It's a vicious cycle itself...

How to break it? Improve the income. Not by a fee hike, but by other means like advertising. For example, why can't we print an advertisement on the back side of the ticket? There are lot more avenues to explore only on advertising. If everyone takes part can make a decent income and profit, there is no need of chasing other's money. You can't blame the private buses without looking at their legitimate concerns first.

So let's make this thread an opportunity to bring about all these brainstorming ideas of our valuable contributors. Make it a space for ideas to collide. The correct ideas will move ahead!
 

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Peace has brought with it a huge, stinking garbage problem. Shafi and other public officials have to find ways to dispose of a daily garbage collection as high as 30,000 metric tonnes. They do have a small compost plant, but it is no match for the daily collection.

During wartime, the Urban Council began dumping the garbage in the lagoon. Nowadays, that dump is a massive man-made island extending 75 metres into the lagoon. The landfill has also provided a playground to a nearby school and with its exceptional growth rate, it can easily provide for more.


http://www.ipsnews.net/2016/11/peace-fails-to-bring-prosperity-in-eastern-sri-lanka/
 

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I think the government should combine SLR and SLTB into a one company and run different Transport modes as different divisions of the same company.

Also Private buses needs to be regulated without killing off Private sector involvement. Government should put a minimum number of buses a company has to give them a licence.
Its easier to regulate if the government only have to deal with heads of transportation companies instead of everysingle bus driver
 

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Public transport services should improve: President

President Maithripala Sirisena says it is essential to make the transportation service a pleasant one to the public.

The President said this at a discussion held at his office regarding maintaining a regular transportation service and uplifting the quality of the public transportation service.

Long discussions were held in order to monitor the progress of the Sahasara Niyamu Project introduced in 2016 in order to introduce a quality transportation service to the country and find out how to drive the project forward in order to deliver a better service in the future.

President Sisirsena directed the officers’ attention towards ensuring the public used public transportation instead of alternative transportation methods by improving the country’s public transportation; reducing traffic congestion in the country thorough that to ensure the security of the public and making public transportation a mechanism which was friendly to the public.

The transportation issue has hurt the country’s economy, contributing to the inability to travel in a timely fashion, crowded buses, travellers being tired, a lack of a decent service and other issues which affect travellers as well as creating competition between the bus owners through a low salary as well as preventing bus employers from gaining professional dignity.

Even though 65% of the entire public used public transportation in 2008 it had now reduced to 45%. This was evident through research. This has occurred due to the issues that had arisen in the transportation field, forcing travellers to move towards alternatives day by day.

Discussions were held to change this situation and bring out a proper public transpiration service to the country.

Minister Patali Champika Ranawaka and Deputy Minister Lasantha Alagywanna were among those present at this event.

http://www.ft.lk/news/Public-transport-services-should-improve--President/56-662810
 

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Good thoughts Lak_Diva, but this model generally speaks about backing the peoples transport needs by the government coffers and may be subsidizing a part of it, which will in turn come back to people in the guise of taxes. You can't avoid politicians abusing state systems for political advantage.

But why? It is the financial model that matters regardless of the bus ownership. The only income source for a private bus is the passenger ticket fee, which is a controlled figure. Annual route permit fee, revenue license, fuel, maintenance, driver+conductor salaries and sometimes traffic fines and ransom are all to be beard by the bus owner. Obviously, one can't make a profit out of it. No wonder these buses have fallen in to this dangerous race. It's a vicious cycle itself...

How to break it? Improve the income. Not by a fee hike, but by other means like advertising. For example, why can't we print an advertisement on the back side of the ticket? There are lot more avenues to explore only on advertising. If everyone takes part can make a decent income and profit, there is no need of chasing other's money. You can't blame the private buses without looking at their legitimate concerns first.

So let's make this thread an opportunity to bring about all these brainstorming ideas of our valuable contributors. Make it a space for ideas to collide. The correct ideas will move ahead!
What we need is a wholesale change. Private, or public does not matter. Sound management is key. Clean efficient governance and a system that is run for the benefit of the end user.

These 3 articles highlight what we should do regarding public transport.

http://www.sundaytimes.lk/091011/Plus/plus_04.html

https://newsin.asia/china-sri-lanka-discuss-possibility-bullet-train/

https://mothership.sg/2016/05/how-s...to-spores-mrt-unbelievable-out-of-this-world/

We need:
1. HIGH SPEED ELECTRIFIED TRAIN NETWORK - import from Japan, China, Korea. Managed by a company like the Hong Kong MTR. Call it Ceylon Transport Company. List it on stock market. Get 30% ownership from Hong Kong's MTR just like how they manage railways and buses in Europe (Sweden and London). Completely private management with regulation by government in terms of safety and that's it. Bullet trains, electric trains only. No importation of Indian trains. As the article above says you should be able to cross the island North/South, or East/West within no more than 90 minutes, or 2 hours at most in a proper air conditioned electric train

Have multiple operators on each route. No regional rail monopolies. E.g. have five operators running services on lines between Colombo to Jaffna, or Kandy to Trinco etc.

2. A BUS NETWORK BASED ON A SET TIMETABLE, REGULATED WITH TENDERED ROUTES - permit the importation of electric buses only. No importation of Indian lorries. Japanese, Chinese, Korean, European buses only, if you don't manufacture at home. Tender out routes to be run on a set timetable. All bus companies will run one service branded under the Ceylon Bus Service. One electronic payment card can be used on all island wide services.

Under this system, two companies will win a contract to provide services on one route. For instance if there are six buses an hour between A and B, each company gets three slots spaced out regularly per hour. They have to run to the set timetable. All money earned on the bus goes to the CBS and is paid out accordingly at the end. ONLY if the entire CBS runs at a profit. Profit is made on running an efficient service. Independent inspection process by plain clothed inspectors on standards. This will encourage efficient management and all partners to run the entire operation properly.

Have standards - e.g. zero Indian lorries and all electric vehicles by 2030.

3. At a city level, invest in ELECTRIFIED SUBWAY AND METRO LINES to ease congestion. Build air conditioned all electric subway system and metro lines for Colombo. Build Hong Kong style tram lines for the other second cities of the country.

Public ownership is fine with private apolitical management. List the companies on the stock market, giving employees stock. Bonuses paid only if there is profit. The taxpayer should not be issuing BLANK CHEQUES to incompetent management and loss making entities.

At the same time, INCOME is raised by the CBS managing property - e.g. malls - at stations and bus terminals. And ban all the ugly lorries and advertising. Go ALL ELECTRIC within 3 decades at most.

Here is another good article - https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/e...ass-6-things-about-hong-kongs-mtr-rail-system

Basically make the entire bus, train and subway (currently non existent) network in Sri Lanka like Hong Kong. Stop this repeated attempt to make everything as chaotic, unprofitable, corrupted and inefficient as India.
 
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