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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)
WILD BEAUTY

KALOGRIA BEACH + STROFYLIA FOREST + PROKOPOS LAGOON


Kalogria beach is located in northwestof
Peloponnes (30 Km west of Patras ) and it is a sandy beach size 10 Km . It is located in an open-air area part of protected area of Ramsar convension, lagoon Prokopos and Strofilia forest




See on the map the village Mauron Oros


See on the map the small village of Kalogria



Introduction

Along the beach, the forest of Strofylia, which owes its name to the extensive fir formations (strofylia) which domain in the area, continues, through centuries, to have a powerful existence. According to some ancient writers, the forests in the area were boundless. But, during the last centuries, they were highly cleared in order to turn into arable land. Strofylia forest presents alternations in its composition as in its sight.
The pine-forest appears either as a pure forest of Pinus hallepensis or as a pure forest of Pinus pinea or as a mixed pine-forest.

The Strofylia forest is of great ecological interest because it is the most extensive Pinus pinea forest in Greece and one of the largest in Europe. Five vertebrate species protected under EU legislation have been recorded at the site including otter Lutra lutra, turtle Caretta caretta, snake Elaphe quatuorlineata, and the fish Aphanius fasciatus. A rare Greek endemic, Centaurea niederi, is listed in the Bern Convention and is protected by national legislation. Also occurring is Malcolmia nana, a rare Mediterranean plant occurring sporadically on some sandy beaches of Greece. The important Greek species Pipistrellus pipistrellus and Anguis sp. are endemic to southwestern Greece, along with the Peloponnisos endemic fox Vulpes vulpes hellenica. Some 55 migratory birds that breed, winter, or stage in the area, are protected under EU legislation. Important breeding species include Ixobrychus minutus, Himantopus himantopus, Glareola pratincola, Falco naumanni, Sterna albifrons, and the wintering species Circus aeruginosus, Larus genei, Phalacrocorax carbo, Pluvialis apricaria, and Alcedo atthis. Some 109 other migratory species have been recorded at the site, including breeding Tachybaptus ruficollis, Charadrius alexandrinus, Acrocephalus arundinaceus, Panurus biarmicus, Riparia riparia, Passer hispaniolensis, and wintering Cygnus olor, Anas penelope, A. crecca, A. platyrhynchos, A. acuta, Aythya ferina, Fulica atra, Vanellus vanellus, Calidris alpina, C. minuta, Tringa erythropus, T. totanus, and Larus ridibundus.

Biological/Ecological notes:
Ammophilous vegetation is limited to the narrow sandy zone on the western side of the lagoon. In this zone, dunes dominated by Ammophila arenaria develop mainly near the opening of the lagoon. In a zone parallel to the ammophilous vegetation, characteristic vegetation comprising of Arthrocnemum fruticosum, Juncus maritimus and J. acutus grows. Scirpus maritimus, Phragmites australis and Elymus hispidus are also present in high density. Halophytic associations grow almost all around the lagoon, as well as on the islets in the lagoon. At the eastern side of the lagoon, where many streams enter it, the presence of Phragmites australis, Scirpus maritimus and Typha domingensis is noteworthy. Also, large areas of the northern side of the lagoon are covered with Scirpus maritimus. Small clusters of Tamarix are limited to the southeastern side. Brackish water vegetation (Ruppia and Zostera) grows in a large area of the shallow lagoon. In fully saline areas the species Ruppia maritima and Enteromorpha intestinalis grow. The pine forest begins in the northwestern part of the site, together with shrubby vegetation that is actually the southern part of Strofylia forest. The majority of the surrounding area is agricultural land and only a narrow natural zone occurs around the lagoon. Strofylia forest consists of Pinus pinea, P. halepensis, in separate or mixed communities, with lower shrubby vegetation of Junipers phoenicea, Erica multiflora, Pistacia lentiscus, Myrtus communis, Quercus coccifera etc. Prokopos Lake is characterised by extensive reedbeds to its northwestern part, and a Phragmites fringe at its boundary with the Mavrovouni hill, and wet meadows to its southern part with gradients of Tamarix associations together with scattered small Ulmus and Salix stands. Juniperus, Arenaria, Agropyron, Sporobolus, and Pancratium dominate the sandy beach. The Mavrovouni hill is dominated by Quercus macrolepis with Phlomis fruticosa and associations of J. phoenicea. The flora of the lagoon also includes the species Halocnemum strobilaceum, the populations of which are very degraded in Greece, and Cotula coronopifolia, Coris monspeliensis, Lippia nodiflora and Apium inundatum, which all have interesting distributions from a phytogeographical point of view. The densities of Pancratium have been reduced along the Greek coast, but this species is found here.


Hydrological/Physical notes:
The coastal zone has characteristic sand dune formations. Their height ranges from 2 - 10 m and they extend in a width of more than 500 m in a north-south direction. Lake Prokopos and Lamnia Marsh developed when the discharge of five streams became interrupted by the sand dune formations. Lamnia marsh has an outflow to the sea via a channel some 6,500 m long and 20 - 30 m wide. The marsh depth ranges from 5 – 60 cm. Kotychi is a shallow lagoon with a depth of 30 - 40 cm, which receives considerable freshwater inputs causing large seasonal fluctuations in surface area (710 - 850 ha). Precipitation and 8 streams entering the lagoon mainly from the south and east feed Kotychi lagoon. The water depth is reduced by the deposition of suspended matter brought into the lagoon by these streams. The lagoon is considered eutrophic to hypertrophic. At the centre of its western side there is an opening almost 30 m in width, which links the lagoon with the Ionian Sea.


Airphoto ( from www.airphotos.gr)


Part of the dune north of kalogria beach (from www.tsirman.com)
 

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Discussion Starter · #2 ·
Some more pics (Feb 2005)









 

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Discussion Starter · #4 ·
:)
Anytime Wrightcup . Here some more for you :








 

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Discussion Starter · #7 ·





Thank you Raleigh :) It is really a great place , worth a visit next time you come!
(by the way i prepare for you a thread that you asked me some time ago, i am sure you will like it)

STS : Yes it is really a long sandy beach , and actually it continues like that almost all the west side of peloponnese untill southwest edge (Pylos and Methoni)
 
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