Headint towards the end of the river brings us into the hood known as Cobble Hill. It goes from Degraw St to Altantic Ave between Court St and the East River. This hood is mostly residential. Originally, it was named Ponkiesbergh by Dutch farmers who settled the cobblestoned area in the 1600's. When the English began to live there after acquring the area, they translated it to Cobbes Hill. Cobble Hill Fort became one of the Brooklyn forts that George Washington had used to durring the Revolutionary War. Durring the 1850's, a number of townhouses and brownstones were being built. In 1854, Jennine Jerome, the mother of Winston Churchill was born at 197 Amity St, though her plaque was place at 426 Henry St for where here parents were. The Home Bldgs, Tower Bldgs, and Workingmen's Cottage at Warren Pl were among the first homes to suit low income families when they were built in the 1870's. Over the years Cobble Hill became home to a number of family run shops as well as Italian meat markets. Like all the rest of Brooklyn, Cobble Hill had its own share of problems. Poverty became a problem here. Also, the BQE (I-278) cut it off from the waterfront. Cobble Hill was given landmark status at its eastern and southern ends after going through a gentrification process in the 1980's and 1990's. In recent years Smith St became known as Brooklyn's Resturaunt Row. You can get here by taking the subway to Bergen -Smth St (F, G) and walking a block west. Here is what you will find in Cobble Hill.