Eastern Visayas, Region VIII, Philippines
The Philippine Republic's Region VIII, Eastern Visayas, comprises six provinces on three principal islands (each province includes nearby islets).
o Tacloban City
o Ormoc City
* Southern Leyte
o Calbayog City
* Northern Samar
* Eastern Samar[/I][/B]
Ormoc City is a 1st class city in the province of Leyte, Philippines. The city got its name from ogmok, an old Visayan term for lowland or depressed plain. It is the first non-provincial city of the Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 154,297 people in 31,542 households. Ormoc is the economic, cultural, commercial and transportation hub of western Leyte.
Ormoc City is an independent component city, not subject to regulation from the Provincial Government of Leyte. However, the city is part of the congressional district IV of Leyte together with Albuera, Kananga, Merida, and Isabel towns.
In November 1991, the Ormoc region was inundated by Tropical Storm Thelma (local name: Uring). Flash floods and landslides killed approximately 5,000 people, mostly in Ormoc itself.
Ormoc City is a port city and is the largest city by land area in Leyte and second largest in Eastern Visayas after Calbayog City in Samar. Fronting Ormoc Bay, the city's terrain is mostly of gently rolling plains. It is bounded on the northwest by the towns of Matag-ob and Merida, in the north by Kananga, in the northeast by the towns of Jaro, Pastrana and Dagami, and in the south by the town of Albuera. High mountain ranges separate Ormoc from the eastern portion of Leyte. Numerous rivers and streams traverse Ormoc. Among them are the Bao River in the north, Pagsangahan River in the east, the Bagong-bong River in the south, the Panilahan River also in the south and the Anilao and Malbasag Rivers which border the eastern and western flanks of Ormoc City Proper.
* The Leyte Mountain Trail treking area starts at Lake Danao and goes to the Mahagnao Volcano Natural Park—a distance of 40 km.
* Rainforest tour lakes (Mahagnao, Malagsum, Casudsu-Ran and Danao), the Guinaban falls, forests, plains and views of the island of Samar from the central Amandiwing mountain range, the profusion of tropical flora and fauna, including colourful insects, butterflies, deer, wildboar, monkeys, birds, orchids and giant fern.
* Lake Danao is a violin shaped lake 3 km long at an elevation of 2,100 feet (640 m) above sea level. The lake is said to house a giant eel. Boats are available for hire. There is a floating restaurant.
* Tongonan Hotsprings National Park is a valley of geothermal power source, that can supply electricity to the whole region. The first geothermal plant to operate in the Philippines.
People and Culture
The people of Ormoc are called Ormocanons. Ormocanons are predominantly Cebuano-speaking (or Kana, as Cebuano-speakers in Leyte and Southern Leyte are often called) together with the whole western part of Leyte island. The people relate more to neighboring towns and Cebu than to eastern Leyte itself.
Like most Filipinos, Ormocanons, being predominantly Roman Catholic, celebrate the annual city fiesta for the patron saints Peter and Paul on June 28 and 29. Catholic religious festivals are observed thorughout the year.
Economy, Commerce, and Industry
Ormoc City's economic base is a good mix of agriculture, aquaculture, power industries, tourism, and commercial services. It enjoys economic growth because it supplies the whole country of its power needs due to the abundant geothermal power resources in Tongonan. Ormoc is also the gateway to the Leyte Industrial Development Estate in the nearby town of Isabel, home of the Philippine Phosphate Fertilizer Plant, the largest fertilizer factory in Asia, and the Philippine Associated Smelter and Refining Company, the country's biggest copper processing plant, among other industries.
Malls and Department Stores
* Gaisano Department Store
* A Mall
* Bank of the Philippine Islands
* Equitable Bank
* Green Bank
* Philippine National bank
* Development Bank of the Philippines
* China Bank
* Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation
* Allied Bank
Hotels and Resorts
* Hotel Don Felipe
* Bantigue Beach Resort
* Sabin Resort
* Ormoc Villa Hotel
Transportation and Communications
Land, sea and air transport are available year-round. TV and radio networks broadcasting from Cebu reach the city. Internet connection are served by local and national ISPs.
* GMA Network: Channel 12
* ABS-CBN: Channel 3
Private colleges in the city are the St. Peter's College, Western Leyte College, Sto. Niño College, San Lorenzo Ruiz College and STI College.
Ormoc City is a consistent winner of the Cleanest and Greenest City program of the DILG from 1995 to the present. The Asian Institute of Management's study titled The Philippine Cities Competitiveness Ranking Project 2005 ranked the city first in 'infrastructure' and tenth in 'dynamism of local economy' among small cities of the Philippines. The city also garnered the 2005 Most Business-Friendly City award in the Visayas by the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Ormoc City is politically subdivided into 110 barangays.
* Ormoc City official website : http://www.ormoc.gov.ph/
* Ormoc News from the West Leyte Weekly Express