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Indus Priest King
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City of Fishermen in Pakistan Becomes Strategic Port
Akhtar Soomro for The New York Times


The Arabian Sea fishing town of Gwadar, in southwest Pakistan.

GWADAR, Pakistan - This city of mostly poor fishermen and their families sits on an isthmus between two picturesque bays, its most distinctive feature a flat-topped mountain of rock that extends into the sea like a fortress wall.

But by next year Gwadar stands to become one of the most strategic deepwater ports in the region that includes Central Asia and China. It will open new links to oil and markets in Central Asia for both Pakistan and China. It will reduce Pakistan's dependence on its port at Karachi, which India blockaded in 1971, and ease China's reliance on a volatile Persian Gulf for its growing energy needs. It will also give China another route for its exports, and speed the industrialization of its west.

Pakistan identified Gwadar as a possible port site in 1964. But it has taken the interest of the newly independent landlocked Central Asian republics in a warm-water port - and the active engagement of China - to make that vision a reality.

"Long live Pak-China Friendship,'' read signs posted in the bazaar here, a testament to a mutually profitable alliance.

Even so, China is involved in a number of projects in Pakistan to tap energy and mineral resources and to open links to Central Asia. And it has given the Gwadar port a laserlike focus. Through loans and grants, China is paying $198 million of the port's estimated cost, and Pakistan just $50 million.

At the peak of construction, which began in 2002, about 500 Chinese laborers kept the work going virtually around the clock, although the number now is less than half that. They are nearly finished. The first three berths will begin operation early next year.

"The geopolitical environment in the region changed in the last 15 years,'' said Rear Adm. Sarfaraz Khan, retired, the chairman of the Gwadar Port Authority, referring to the first Persian Gulf war and the continuing turmoil in the region, including the war in Iraq.

In that time, a port outside the Persian Gulf became of urgent interest not only to Pakistan but also to China and other allies, he said.

Along with the strategic benefits for Pakistan, the port will help southwestern Pakistan become a trade hub, once it is linked by road and rail to the rest of the country and Central Asia.

China's interest in the port may be even greater. Beijing has been searching the globe for a steady, long-term stream of raw materials and energy to fuel its booming economy.

Among other attractions, Gwadar sits just 1,250 miles from China's Xinjiang province, where a major industrialization effort is under way.

"In the future, the port will give China a berth from which to ensure the security of its oil and energy traffic through the Persian Gulf,'' said Ashley J. Tellis, a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. "It has been packaged as a completely commercial development, but the strategic calculations are just as important to them."

The packaging is indeed slick. The Pakistani government has produced an ambitious master plan for the area, complete with high-rise buildings and resorts.

But for now, the town remains poor. Electricity is erratic. There was no passable road link until recently, when the government began work on a coastal highway to Karachi. Water has always been a desperate problem here, even when Alexander the Great retreated from India through the province's Makran Desert in the fourth century B.C., and most residents have running water only an hour a day.

But through a mirage of marketing - developers' computer-generated illusions that this arid, empty desert land already looks like Dubai - Gwadar has become one of Pakistan's hottest real estate destinations.
 

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do u know when was this article publlished?
 

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Fishing/Boating Industry


In 1971 the government nationalised the shipping industry, and merged all shipping lines under the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation (PNSC). Later, PNSC went to the public sector also with 90.2% government ownership and 4.9% private sector ownership. PNSC has a fleet of 22 vessels and its subsidiary, the National Tanker Company, owns one tanker.

The Government has issued 35 licenses to private sector companies, but so far only two companies have started up - the Tri-Star Shipping Company with one tanker, and the Millwalla Shipping Company with only one small vessel. Although there are only two companies under the Pakistan national flag in the private sector, a number of companies are operating under flags of their own convenience.

Foreign shipping lines dominate the Pakistan shipping industry. Due to small size and inadequate capacity, the national fleet is presently shipping approximately 10 percent of the regular cargo and 25 percent of the liquid build cargo. For further details please visit these websites:

Pakistan National Shipping Corporation (PNSC) http://www.pnsc.com.pk/
Karachi Port Trust (KPT) http://www.kpt.gov.pk/
Port Qasim Authority http://www.portqasim.org.pk/
 

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Paiwasta Reh Shajr say..
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Integrated Cargo Container Control To Be Operational At Port Qasim
KARACHI, Jan 22 Asia Pulse - Integrated Cargo Container Control (IC3) installed at Port Qasim Authority (PQA) is expected to be operational by February 7 this year.

The IC3 would help reduce cost of exports to the United States, besides being time efficient, the PQA Chairman Vice Admiral M. Asad Qureshi said in a press release issued here. ADVERTISEMENT

He said this follows signing of Declaration of Principles between the US and Pakistan on enhancing International Maritime Trade Security under IC3.

Briefing the visiting Economic Co-operation Organisation (ECO) delegates from Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhistan, Krygyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan (THE COUNTRIES WHOSE ACCESS TO US IS ONLY POSSIBLE THROUGH AFGHANISTAN)who visited the PQA on Wednesday, he said the PQA is currently pursuing a large number of projects for capacity enhancement, industrialisation, and modernisation, attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) and undertaking major infrastructure development to further enhance efficiency.

Admiral Qureshi said the PQA is one of largest contributors to Pakistan's economy, has impressive growth in all facets of port operation and presently caters for more than 40 per cent of shipping requirements of the country.

He said PQA's three pronged strategy is to facilitate trade ie cost effective, time efficient port services, facilities, customer friendly approach and close liaison with port users.
http://au.news.yahoo.com/070122/3/125eb.html
 

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Fishing/Boating Industry



The boat business (Kishtee-Rani)

By Qasim Abdallah Moini

Fishing has been a way of life for residents of Karachi since time immemorial. In fact, as the popular legend goes, the city itself was settled by Mai Kolachi as a fishing village. Regardless of the truth of that legend, it is true that fishing, even today, is at the centre of many Karachiites’ lives.

And it would pretty much be impossible to practise this profession if it weren’t for fishing boats. At Ibrahim Hyderi, fishing boats are built to order, which literally help propel the fishing industry. As you can see from the pictures, the building of fishing boats is no less than a craft.



Fishermen come to this boat-building area to place orders according to their needs. Small boats take a couple of months to build, while bigger craft can take up to a year or more to complete. It all depends on the design, requirements and the depth of the fisherman’s pocket.

The first step is selecting the wood, which the boat-builders obtain from the timber market. After that is decided, work begins in earnest. It’s surprising to note that these craftsmen work without blueprints or any other technical specifications, other than the most rudimentary information about the boat’s structure.

After work begins, the craftsmen use a special device that helps bend the wood, giving it the curves the boat will require to navigate the waters, choppy or calm, of the Arabian Sea, or beyond. Following the completion of the boat’s skeleton, wood planks are added to give it a proper shape.

After the boat is nearly complete, it is painted, usually in bright, gaudy colour schemes. But just before it is ready for its journey on the water, several coats of fish oil are added onto the boat. The reason? Fishermen’s conventional wisdom states that the fish oil makes the boats float in water!

Once complete, these little masterpieces last for a decade or more, helping fishermen earn their livelihood, and bringing fresh fish to your dinner table.

http://www.dawn.com/weekly/dmag/dmag6.htm
 

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You would be suprised to know how long it takes to build these boats!
 

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KARACHI: Fisheries dept unfolds Rs1.3bn uplift plan

KARACHI, July 15: The Sindh government has prepared a comprehensive programme worth Rs1,300 million envisaging 13 development schemes to upgrade the fisheries sector and for the welfare of fishermen.

The uplift schemes will be in addition to the federally financed master plan for the development of aquaculture in the coastal areas and the community development project prepared by the Coastal Development Authority through the technical assistance of the Asian Development Bank.

Unfolding details of the projects at a news conference, Sindh Fisheries Director Anwar-ul-Islam said that the government was giving special attention to the development needs of the fisheries sector and fishermen community, which had been neglected in the past. He said the government selected sites for the development of fishermen model villages, which would have modern housing and infrastructure facilities. The project would cost Rs481.825 million, he added. Initially, each model village would have 100 housing units, which would be extended later. The sites selected included Dabla Para, Rehri, Karachi, Ghugro Kar, Zero Point, Badin, Keenjhar Lake, Thatta and Manchar Lake, Dadu.

He said the government would spend Rs334.836 for the provision of landing, chilling storage and processing facilities at the Zero Point, Keenjhar Lake, Manchar Lake and construction of a jetty for small fishermen at the Karachi Fish Harbour.

He said Rs352 million would be provided for the provision of fishing gear, modification of boats, ice-boxes and fishing crates. Under an arrangement, the fishermen would also be provided engines, nets, bicycles, insulated boxes, plastic baskets and crates.

The official pointed out that the fisheries development plan included surveillance of marine fisheries in the coastal areas of Sindh, which would cost Rs24.763 million for the effective enforcement of the Sindh Fisheries Ordinance regarding a ban on shrimp and fish catching during the breeding season and check the use of prohibited nets.

Anwar-ul-Islam said the government also planned to launch a pilot project to introduce pen culture in the coastal creeks and backwaters of Sindh. Under the project 20 pens were being installed in Thatta and Badin. Estimated to cost Rs15.226 million, the project would increase marine fish production by five per cent and increase productivity from 400,000 to 420,000 million tons.

Another component of the development programme is low-cost feed development for brackish and marine fish culture that would cost Rs21.317million. Under this project, indigenous feed ingredients would be utilised for production of feed, which would be tried on shellfish and fin-fish cultured at research stations.

Aquaculture development

In addition, the director said, the government selected 20,000 acres for the development of aquaculture at the Sindh coast for which satellite imagery had been taken through Suparco. The comprehensive plan had been prepared under the supervision of a foreign consultant. The project would cost Rs32.958 million.

The federal government also planned to finance the aquaculture and shrimp farming projects in Sindh, Punjab, the NWFP and Balochistan at a cost of Rs2 billion. The Sindh government will spend Rs19.2 million on breeding of shrimp in the coastal areas of Thatta and Badin. The fisheries official said the government was also spending Rs784.013 million on some ongoing schemes, which included improvement of fish and shrimp hatcheries in the province.

Responding to questions, the official admitted that the fisheries sector suffered a lot due to the past neglect. “There has been a decrease in the catch. The shrimp production has decline by 40 per cent that adversely affected our exports,” he added.

The official expressed hope that the fisheries would get a boost with the implementation of these projects.
 

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MFD to help Sindh upgrade fishing boats

ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Food, Agriculture and Livestock Nazar Mohammad Gondal on Tuesday directed the Marine Fisheries Department to provide technical assistance and support to the Sindh government for upgrading the boats used in fishing.

Initially, 50 boats would be modernised and upgraded by the end of this month, the minister said, adding that 75 per cent of the expenses for upgradation of the boats would be borne by the federal government.

Chairing a meeting about development in the fisheries and livestock sectors, the minister also directed for taking concrete measures to meet the standards set by the European Union (EU). He said that steps should be taken for convincing the EU to lift the ban on fisheries products’ exports from Pakistan. He was of the view that there is a great potential in fisheries and livestock sectors which needs to be exploited for the economic development of the country.

The minister said that the government wanted to provide maximum relief to the small and poor farmers of the country. “I would personally take up the issue of including the fisheries and livestock in the insurance net of the prime minister’s insurance scheme,” the federal minister added.

Among others, Sindh Fisheries and Livestock Minister Zahid Ali Bhurgari, MINFAL Additional Secretary Tauqir Ahmed Faiq, Secretary Livestock and Fisheries, Sindh and other senior officials were present on the occasion.

He said that agencies involved in giving clearance to fishermen would be directed to facilitate them by starting one window operation. “The role of the agencies should be to facilitate the fishermen rather than creating problems”, he added.

The meeting reviewed the project of up-gradation of Marine Fisheries Department’s (MFD) hatchery at Hawks Bay Karachi and making it functional at its maximum capacity.
 

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KARACHI: Boat modification under way to meet EU standards

KARACHI, Aug 16: Under a boat modification plan, chalked out in line with the standards laid down by the European Union for the lifting of its ban on seafood imports from Pakistan, the Karachi Fish Harbour Authority (KFHA) has modified 22 boats and the modification of another four is near completion.

The KFHA plan envisages modification of 200 boats before inviting an EU inspection team to examine the standards maintained at the harbour to certify that the Pakistani seafood products were fit for export to EU member countries.

Sindh Minister for Fisheries Zahid Ali Bhurgari inaugurated one of the modified boats “Al-Zarr” at the Karachi fish harbour on Saturday.

Speaking at a ceremony held on the occasion, the minister said that the KFHA had publicly auctioned the rights of entry fee collection for a period of one year and the bidder offering Rs3.305 million was awarded the contract. He said a contract for operating slipway was awarded to another party who offered the highest bid of Rs0.350 million.

The minister also performed a draw to select winners of the KFHA Haj scheme from among its employees. The minister assured KFHA employees of maximum possible facilities to be extended to them in order to ensure a better quality of life for their efforts towards enhancing the KFHA earnings.

The federal government had set the deadline of August for the modification of 50 of the 200 fishing boats under the boat modification plan as the EU inspection team was due to visit the harbour to examine the hygiene standards maintained by the KFHA.

Sources in the fisheries sector point out that Pakistan’s seafood export last year touched the all time high mark of $200 million despite the fact that the EU member countries did not import the products in line with the ban, in place for more than a year. However, the government decided to accelerate the pace of work on meeting the EU standards in order to give a further boost to the seafood exports.

The boat modification plan was introduced by Commodore Tayyab Naqvi, former chairman of the KFHA and the Fishermen Co-operative Society (FCS), in the year 2000.
 

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Karachi fish harbour set to be privatised: Master plan, ‘roadmap’ for uplift almost ready

ISLAMABAD, Oct 7: Master plan of the Karachi Fish Harbour that includes a roadmap for the modernisation of the existing auction halls and construction of new ones is almost complete. It also includes provision of a shrimp-peeling unit and other plans based on the need for potential to generate revenues.

The Sindh government has taken several key initiatives to restructure and upgrade the harbour to bring it on a par with international standards, including outsourcing the entry gates to the harbour, a move which is already working well. Likewise, the spillway operation has been leased out and has brought about a reduction in congestion.

Boat modification work momentum has improved and there is a marked improvement in the coordination between the Karachi Fish Harbour Authority (KFHA) and the Marine Fisheries Department (MFD). A one-window operation has been established for fishing boats with the Karachi Port Trust (KPT), KFHA, Maritime Security Agency (MSA), Customs and Coast Guard also housed in one place

The initiatives were put in place after the provincial government sought the help of the Competitiveness Support Fund (CSF) to improve the physical and management system of the harbour. CSF is currently engaged in a number of activities with the government of Sindh, Marine Fisheries Department, KFHA and other important stakeholders for improving the harbour.

In early 2007, the European Union banned import of seafood from Pakistan. This had made the previous government ask CSF to intervene.

On the basis of a document titled “Action Plan for Fish Quality and Adding Value at Karachi Fish Harbour” CSF proposed key initiatives to the provincial and the federal governments and their agencies to improve the harbour.

The action plan proposed by the CSF included reorganisation of the management structure of the harbour. CSF suggested privatisation of the management via a private sector company structure. It also proposed better water supply, more ice-making facilities, rationalising the number of boats at the harbour, improving the sewerage system and upgrading of the auction halls.

The federal and provincial governments fully supported the proposed action plan and its recommendations. The CSF, in May 2008, prepared a “roadmap” as part of the continuing process of restructuring and upgrading the harbour.

The purpose of the roadmap was to guide the stakeholders about the steps they could take in order to bring the harbour up to a standard that complies with international requirements. The aim of the process of change and restructuring agreed with the government of Sindh was to move forward the privatisation of the harbour in respect of an international management company to be brought in to take over and manage the operations and assets of the harbour.

The first step proposed in the roadmap was taken on August 27 with the notification of a newly-constituted board for the Karachi Fish Harbour Authority. The new board members include the major stakeholders, like representatives of the federal Marine Fisheries Department, the government of Sindh and fishermen communities. CSF is also a board member representing a resolve by the government and other responsible stakeholders to develop an internationally competitive facility.

Excluded from the new board are the influential figures who previously controlled the auction halls and who contributed to the existing poor conditions at the harbour.

A meeting of the board will be held soon with the aim of undertaking the work necessary to offer a contract to a private management company.

Funding of $8 million for the next steps proposed in the roadmap will be presented to the board in the form of a draft PC-1. Central to the renewed activity by the board will be a continuation of consensus-building about the necessary technical and management steps necessary for success. Further consultations will include a series of “stakeholder workshops” and “formal consultative meetings” that will build a consensus.

“The outcome of these activities will be an increase in the value of the catch by about $35 million as a result of improved quality and better market prices,” said Mr Arthur Bayhan, Chief Executive of the CSF. He further noted that there would be a reduction in the quantity of trash fish, which was currently being used for animal feed at loss-making prices. “The interventions will restore $60 million exports, lost to Europe annually, by re-establishing EU listing for fish processors,” he said.

Pakistan marine fisheries produce more than 400,000 tons of fish and more than 20,000 tons of shrimp. The produce loses value from capture to delivery to the processors all along the cold chain due to poor handling and inadequate use of ice.

The CSF is a joint initiative of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the ministry of finance, Pakistan.

USAID’s support for CSF is part of the $2.8 billion aid that the US government has provided to Pakistan since 2002 to improve economic growth, education, health and governance, and to reconstruct the earthquake-affected areas.
 

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Fish export to EU may resume soon

By Sabihuddin Ghausi

KARACHI, Jan 14: After almost two years of the restriction imposed by the European Union on fish and shrimp import from Pakistan for failing to maintain prescribed hygienic standards at various stages of fishing, there are now strong positive indications of resumption of fish supply to 27 European member countries of the union in the next few months.

The European Union imposed a ban on fish import from Pakistan in April 2007 after having given a warning in 2005. The EU delivered a 27-page charge-sheet to Pakistan that specified the required hygienic and quarantine standards following an inspection by its three-member team in January 2007.

Next August is one indicated cut-off point to resume contacts with EU to convey that a lot has been done at the Karachi Fish Harbor for improvement and to claim that stage is set to ship fish and shrimp from Pakistan to Europe.

In Pakistan, there is a restriction on fishing from May to July which is considered to be a breeding season for many varieties of fish.

“We have done a lot of improvement in fishing boats’ structure and at other places to qualify for fish export to EU,’’ Captain Javed, Director-General of Marine Fishing Department, informed Dawn on Wednesday on telephone.

He said the EU envoy to Pakistan was invited from Islamabad to Fish Harbor last July where he was given a detailed briefing on improvements being made.

The EU appears to be satisfied on the conditions in processing plants.

In 2007, the EU authorities de-registered 11 processing plants for unhygienic conditions. Captain Javed said the conditions in processing plants have been improved considerably.

The MFD acquired four modular boats with glass fiber fish hold as required by the EU. Quite many fishermen have now acquired such boats.

Small boats that go out for three to four days trip are carrying small plastic and fiber glass containers to keep fish catch.

Almost $80 million worth of annual fish export to EU was affected from the ban imposed in 2007. But this ban apparently came as a blessing in disguise as fish exporters did not take long in diversifying markets and fish export in 2007-08 exceeded for the first time $200 million figure.

“Our fish export in the first half of this fiscal year is up by $20 million than the fish export in same period of last fiscal year,’’ Javed claimed. In 2006-07, Pakistan exported fish to about 40 countries. If EU joins the club of fish importing countries from Pakistan in 2009, fish exporters believe the number of countries would go up beyond 60 and a total volume of fish export business may exceed $350 million business.

With an improvement of fish-processing, many hitherto rejected and trash varieties of fish are becoming popular for export. Jelly fish is a poisonous variety of fish but is now being exported to China after treatment in alum and salt water. Makareil was another rejected and trash variety of fish now being shipped to Thailand and other countries.

There is yet another very small fish, hardly one inch in length said to be almost half a million ton in Pakistani seas which is caught in a special net and requires special handling.

Iran is said to have been employing this technique to export this variety of fish in frozen canned form. Efforts are being made to acquire this technology in Pakistan.

“Even now some of Pakistan’s fish and shrimp manage to find way to EU through third countries,’’ a well informed market source confided.

He disclosed that at least 40 per cent of Pakistan’s total fish catch in a year goes to Iran where fishermen get better price. “Why not regularise this trade and offer fishermen an option of better price in the home market as well,’’ he questioned.

Proper legislation, improvement in domestic market, quality processing and better fish production techniques will fetch good price to fishermen is one suggestion.

A committee of fisheries minister of Sindh and Balochistan with their respective department secretaries has been formed to draw up a legislation for an effective monitoring and effective restriction on use of banned fishing nets. This committee is meeting early next month to draft a legislation.

The committee is also expected to draw up a programme for social uplift of fishermen and improvement in quality of life in their villages in two provinces.

source: http://www.dawn.com/2009/01/15/ebr2.htm
 

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Karachi: Wireless link system for fishing boats

A central communication centre will be established at the Karachi Fish Harbour to link deep-sea fishing vessels with the ground control through wireless electronic system, it is learnt here. The system will integrate rescue wings of the Pakistan Navy, Coastguards and Maritime Security Agency (MSA).

According to sources in the Fishermen Cooperative Society (FCS), the project is aimed at ensuring safety of fishermen and their boats sailing into deep sea away from Sindh and Balochistan coasts, especially in inclement weather conditions.

Initially, 200 fishing boats will be linked with the centre.

The sources said that acquiring a wireless link would cost Rs40,000 per boat but it could vary from case to case. The FCS would extend the facility of the payment in instalment to the subscribers, they said.

The decision to introduce the communication system was taken by FCS Administrator Mohammad Jaffar Khwaja in the backdrop of the boat deep sea tragedies that happened in the past and resulted in casualties and heavy losses to fishermen.


source: http://dawn.net/wps/wcm/connect/Daw...arachi+wireless+link+system+for+fishing+boats
 

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Crews without life jackets barred from fishing

Hundreds of boats remain anchored at Karachi harbour

Following the recent incidents of fishermen drowning, and the disappearance of a boat carrying 11 crew members from Baba Island, coastal security agencies have restricted boat crews from travelling to the open sea unless they are equipped with life jackets. As a result of this restriction, hundreds of boats are anchored at the Karachi harbour.

Officers of Maritime Security Agency (MSA), Customs and Coastguard had given a February 9 deadline to boat crews to implement these safety measures. Over the past few days, Fishermen Cooperative Society (FCS) officials have received a large number of complaints by fisherfolk who have not been allowed to go into the high seas due to this restriction. The deadline was then extended to February 23, but some of the boat owners were reluctant to follow directives as they believed that they are traditional swimmers and do not need such safety measures. Boat owners are now insisting that FCS provide life jackets at subsidized rates, a demand which FCS officials are unable to meet them in the current situation.

Mohammed Yaqoob, a boat owner from Khadda, told The News that he has two boats, each of which carries 25 members, but he is unable to go to the open sea for fishing purposes due to the restriction. “I have approached FCS officials to provide such equipments, but I am yet to receive any helpful response.” Yaqoob complained that each boat carries ice and other perishable items and the delay is causing them further losses, adding that this is a common problem faced by all boat owners.

More than 17,000 boats have been registered with the Karachi Fish Harbour Authority, and with the start of the fishing season, fisherfolk want to resume their activities that were put on hold for two months since December 15.

Sindh Trawlers Owners Association President, Khan Mir, said that owners of big vessels have already adopted these safety measures, but the problem concerns small boat crews, who do not have the requisite equipment and are being barred from going out to the open sea by the security agencies.

He added that some people have bought these life jackets from the local market at Rs300 per jacket while others are yet to procure it. He endorsed the directives issued by the security forces, saying it will help cut down on unfortunate incidents.

FCS Administrator Mohammed Jaffar Khuwaja told The News, “This is what we wanted to do long ago. This action is important to avoid such untoward incidents and save human lives. There is a need of mass awareness as fishermen are reluctant to adopt safety measures. We are trying to convince the community to adopt modern methodology.”

The administrator added they had provided 500 life jackets to the crew of 95 boats and have submitted orders for the purchase of another 500 jackets. However, he said, it is also the responsibility of boat owners to cooperate and convince the crew to buy jackets from the local market for their safety.

Sources said that long ago, there was no customs duty on imported consignments of FCS. But in 1994, the government imposed a duty on all items used in fishing, especially those imported from Korea and Taiwan. As a result, FCS authorities are reluctant to continue importing such items, and this has adversely affected fisherfolk and boat owners.


source: http://thenews.jang.com.pk/daily_detail.asp?id=164295
 

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65 ships reach Gadani for scrapping




QUETTA: Ship-breaking industry is flourishing once again in the country as 65 more abandoned ships arrived at the Gadani’s ship-breaking yard from various countries for scrapping.

‘More ships are expected to reach Gadani,’ official sources told Dawn, adding such an activity was seen at the Gadani beach after two decades, and it would provide thousands of jobs to area people.

‘These ships would produce around half a million tons of scrap for steel industry in the country,’ sources said.

‘Around rupees one billion has, so far, been generated from customs duty and income tax,’ said Additional Collector Customs Gadani Ali Sher Bhihan.

Pakistan’s ship-breaking industry was at its zenith in the 70s when up to 150 ships had been brought to Gadani’s ship-breaking yard.

However, the industry lost its charm in the 90s when rates of ships increased and the PML-N government imposed duty on ship-breaking.

However, as scrap smuggling from Iran and Afghanistan to Pakistan stopped, it proved a boon for local ship-breaking industry.

‘The local steel industry is now depending on Gadani’s ship- breaking industry for scrap as its smuggling stopped from Iran and Afghanistan,’ said a source.

Sources said rates of abandoned ships have been reduced in the international market due to economic recession.

Balochistan would also get more financial resources with a boost in the ship-breaking industry in Gadani.

The provincial government is providing maximum facilities to ship-breakers at Gadani’s ship-breaking yard.

http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect...13+65+ships+reach+gadani+for+scrapping--za-10

are there ship-building companies/shipyards in pakistan?
 

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Pakistan’s maritime area increases by 50,000 km after UN nod

Islamabad, May 7 (ANI): Pakistan has increased its maritime area to over 50,000 kilometres, the Daily Times reports.

Pakistan Science and Technology Minister Azam Khan Swati said following the UN Commission on the Limit of Continental Shelf’s (UNCLCS) green signal, the country’s maritime area has increased substantially, and this would help in providing a reliable database for future marine research.

“It will also provide a good basis for scientists and technicians to further promote and develop marine geological and geophysical research,” Swati said.

The extension of the continental shelf would contribute directly to the petroleum and mineral sector and also to the offshore maritime industry, he added.

Pakistan had filed a claim with the UNCLCS to extend its continental shelf from 200 nautical miles to 350 nautical miles last month. (ANI)

http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal...eases-by-50000-km-after-un-nod_100189591.html
 
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