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Visitez ce thread hyper documenté.

Je ne me suis pas vraiment plongé dans le détail. Mais je crois qu'il vaut le détour.

Extrait (très partiel):

ablarc said:
STREETWALLS OF PARIS



Paris’ present look flows from centuries of layered development. Romans founded it as Lutetia, but little remains from those times. Medieval Paris persists as numerous churches, some secular monuments, and whole districts of ancient houses built on mazelike medieval street patterns: the Latin Quarter and the Marais. In the Renaissance, developer-kings instigated harmonious squares and residences of uniform design: Place des Vosges, Palais-Royal, Place Vendome, the Louvre.


Gustave Caillebotte

But what defines the character of Paris in most people’s minds came later. First the idea of grand axes migrated to Paris from Rome, then the architect of the Rue de Rivoli tacked a uniform wall to a long street. Finally, Haussmann combined the two ideas into today’s dominant impression of the City of Light. In the process, he helped create La Belle Epoque.



His boss, the proto-fascist Napoleon III, eventually found himself deposed-- but not until he had immersed all of Paris in his passionate hobby, which was rearranging Paris. Haussmann enthusiastically complied, scattering boulevards like angel dust, while evicting thousands of the disgruntled masses from their hovels, sometimes at gunpoint.


Gustave Caillebotte

The outcomes were: urban renewal on the most grandiose scale, and the Revolution of 1870. Now that the disgruntled masses are cold in their graves, the results look pretty good to us, unlike those of most urban renewal schemes. Could the ends in this case have justified the means?



* * *

Haussmann’s basic boulevard façade consisted of five or six stories of streetwall and an additional story or two inside the mansard. Servants lived in the mansard because it was a long climb:




Assembled, these facades make continuous, harmonious streetscape out of a similarity (but not identicality!!) of parts; they’re particularly adept at defining axes because they meet the sky to make a fairly straight line. Haussmann linked up the major landmarks of Paris with shafts of space lined with variants of his trademark streetwall:



The much-loved boulevards are defined by more-or less continuous streetwalls of sufficient height to proportionately define their considerable breadth. Ground floor shops serve the residents above, though there’s also often a healthy sprinkling of offices on the upper levels:



At sidewalk level the buildings’ upper reaches hardly matter; what’s important is that the street/corridor is intact with no unsightly and boring gaps. Such streets are livable, so people live in them:



The result is so picturesque that commercially-inclined oil-painters grind out renditions for the tourists to take home as reminders:



Major Impressionist painters started the trend when the buildings were still brand new.


Camille Pissarro


Claude Monet
 

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Particle XLR8R
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Ce qui me fait rire c'est le premier reply où un type du Texas dit ne pas se souvenir avoir vu un KFC à Paris :lol: Sinon pas mal sa démonstration en effet :yes:
 

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Paris é realmente linda ! Minha cidade preferida, além de Belo Horizonte !!!
 
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