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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)
At the invitation of one of Bosnian members, I'm opening this thread were I will present some places from Romania. Most photos are from Flickr, in some cases they are made by me.


First, some words about the historical regions of Romania.



In the late Middle Age emerged two Romanian principalities, Wallachia (founded in 1310, in today Southern Romania) and Moldavia (founded in 1352, in the Eastern part of Romania).

Transylvania, Banat, Crișana and Maramureș have been conquered and included in the Kingdom of Hungary (Transylvania as an autonomous province). In Southern Transylvania have been colonized in 12-13 century German speaking population while in Eastern Transylvania have been colonized Szekely people, a branch of Hungarians. The Szekely region (Harghita, Covasna and half of Mureș counties) is today a region majoritary Hungarian-speaking.

Dobruja was the only region of today Romania included in the Ottoman empire, while Wallachia, Moldavia and for some period Transylvania were under Ottoman suzerainty.

In 1859 Wallachia and Moldavia united in a single state, later called Romania. Dobruja was added in 1878, with the independence from the Ottoman empire. In 1918, after the first World War, Transylvania, Crișana, Banat and Maramureș were united with Romania. Bukovina (or Northern Moldavia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian empire) and Bessarabia (today Republic of Moldavia, territory then under the rule of the Russian Empire) joined Romania also in 1918.

In 1940, under Nazi and Soviet pressure, the Romanian administration and the army were forced to retreat from Bessarabia as well from Northern Bukovina. After the second World War, most of Bessarabia was transformed in the Soviet Republic of Moldavia, while Northern part of Bukovina and Southern Bessarabia have been given to Ukraine.
 

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Discussion Starter · #3 · (Edited)
Constanța, Dobruja. With 302,000 inhabitants is the fifth most populous city in Romania. It was founded by Greek colonist around 600 BCE under the name Tomis.






The Casino


Photo by me




The Ovidiu square, with the statue of Roman poet Ovid, exiled in this city from 8 CE to his death. The mosque is the biggest in Romania, it was built in 1910 by king Carol I as a gift to the Turkish-Tatar Muslim community in Dobruja and it was the first building in reinforced concrete in Romania. On the right side of the square is the Archeological Museum, the second richest in country


Photo by me



The Port of Constanta is the largest port on Black Sea and one of the largest in Europe

http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/4310422115/
 

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Wau! I now feel sorry for not being in Romania so far. At first occasion I am going to travel to the land of dreams, Romania! :)

P.S. Casino building is outstanding! ;)
 

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Discussion Starter · #7 ·
Thanks!

Bucegi Mountains, Muntenia. Being the closest mountain range to Bucharest, they are the most visited mountains in country with the resorts of Sinaia, Busteni, Azuga and other as main destinations. The highest peak is Omu, 2505 m. On the top there is huge plateau stretching on kilometres along the range.





http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/2449072219/



http://www.flickr.com/photos/ilg-ul/4497525769/



http://www.flickr.com/photos/horiavarlan/4268691232/



http://www.flickr.com/photos/browneye/4804512060/
 

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Wow the Casino looks awesome! :eek:kay:

We definitely need more pics on Romania, as Bosnians generally dont know much about this country. Well, we are mostly familliar with Dracula and Causescu. :D
 

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Discussion Starter · #10 ·

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Discussion Starter · #12 ·
North Moldavia Monasteries on Unesco Heritage List

The painted churches of Bukovina are seven Orthodox churches in northern Moldavia, built approximately between 1487 and 1532.

Since 1993, they have been listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Church of the Resurrection Suceviţa Monastery was added to the site in 2010.




Moldovita Monastery

http://www.flickr.com/photos/soolik/2770224401/



Voronet Monastery

http://www.flickr.com/photos/iancowe/1791300155/




Sucevita Monastery

http://www.flickr.com/photos/hreniucbetuel/3301598108/in/[email protected]/


Sucevita Monastery

http://www.flickr.com/photos/dr4gosh/2969004661/
 

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Discussion Starter · #13 ·
Brașov, Transylvania, perhaps the most beautiful city in country




Panorama of the old town at the foot of Tâmpa mountain (natural reservation). The defensive walls can be seen


http://www.flickr.com/photos/katkasamkova/3906224135/in/[email protected]/



The Council Square with the Black Church (the biggest church in country)


http://www.flickr.com/photos/catalinpop/3813142520/




The old Townhall


http://www.flickr.com/photos/antonius_plaian/4838325581/



Cable car to the top of Tâmpa mountain


http://www.flickr.com/photos/lauratravels/3769008293/



The Walls


http://www.flickr.com/photos/arnimschulz/3919388438/in/[email protected]/


Pedestrian street


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/4437378363/in/[email protected]/
 

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Discussion Starter · #14 · (Edited)
Danube Delta

The Danube Delta is the second largest river delta in Europe, after the Volga Delta, and is the best preserved on the continent. The approximate surface is 4152 km², of which 3446 km² are in Romania. As a young region in full process of consolidation, the Danube Delta represents a very favourable place for the development of highly diverse flora and fauna, unique in Europe, with numerous rare species.

In 1991 it was inscribed on Unesco List of Heritage Sites.





Aerial view

http://www.flickr.com/photos/ilg-ul/4500739782/




Pelican colony

http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/3093030304/



Channel

http://www.flickr.com/photos/loopi/2583239357/



Town of Sulina

http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/2767198861/
 

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Discussion Starter · #16 ·
Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania

Transylvanian villages were often organised around a fortified church. Today ~150 such monuments are preserved, some having the appeareance of real citadels. Several of them consist of 13th century Romanesque basilicas fortified in 14-16th centuries. Currently, a group of six Saxon and one Székely villages is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site: Biertan, Câlnic, Dârjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor, Viscri. Most of these monuments are in Sibiu and Brasov counties with some of them in the Mures, Alba, Covasna and Harghita counties.



Prejmer: the fine 13th century Cistercian basilica srrounded by walls and 271 rooms, each belonging in the past to one Saxon family

http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/3950324400/



Viscri, the fortress surrounding a 12th century church

http://www.flickr.com/photos/guukaa/4019241539/



Biertan. Between 1572 and 1867 it was the see of Lutheran Evangelical Bishop in Transylvania. The church has a beautiful altar sculpted and painted in 1516

http://www.flickr.com/photos/annaadi/2786184985/in/[email protected]/


Stejaris
, typical fortified church

http://www.flickr.com/photos/tudorseulean/2901619256/in/[email protected]/
 

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like in a fairytale ...beautyfull

 
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