Direct population policy. In terms of direct population policy, both Thailand and Indonesia have adopted proactive family planning policies since the 1960s. The result of these family planning policies have allowed the use of contraceptives that have effectively helped to reduce the fertility rate to a norm that allows reduction of family size among families.
The results of these policies can be seen in the way the population growth rates of both Thailand and Indonesia have fallen. Advances in maternal health care and in medicine have reduced death rates significantly in most countries.
In the Philippines where the debate on family planning had gone on for prolonged periods, the fertility rate remains one of the highest in the region, which today is at “3.” (Definition: Fertility rate is a measure of the number of live births per 1,000 women in the population).
Today, the fertility rate in Thailand is “1.4.” This is very low, about one-half the rate in the Philippines. Indonesia’s fertility rate is “2.3” Thus in both cases, the fertility rate is so much lower compared to that we find for the Philippines.
MANILA -- The National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) is drafting an executive order (EO) mandating all local government units (LGUs) to implement the Reproductive Health (RH) law, which it deems vital to the government’s goal of accelerating poverty reduction in the country.
“I’ve been saying that the intensive and extensive implementation of the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health law is important. We are going to submit that (EO) to the next Cabinet meeting,” NEDA Director General and Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Ernesto Pernia told reporters Thursday.
Citing Commission on Population (Popcom) data, Pernia said efforts to fully implement the RH law were expected to bring down poverty from the current 19 percent to 9 percent by the end of the Duterte administration.
“That assumes that all LGUs are aboard in terms of full implementation,” he noted. “There is a demand for it, especially from poor families who don’t have access or limited access to family planning services.”
The NEDA chief said the family planning program was a “very powerful tool” and the cheapest way to reduce poverty.
“It is harder to reduce poverty by just macroeconomic growth. It has really to be targeted, focused on the poor families who are having more children than they can afford,” he said.
"Ang Pilipino, walang alam `yan basta rapapapapap...110 milyon [populasyon] kaya mahirap ang buhay," sabi niya.
Kaya payo ng pangulo sa mga OFW, gumamit sila ng mga libreng contraceptive na pinamamahagi ng pamahalaan.
"Magpa-injection lang kayo,`yung something or the pills. `Wag kayong manganak, `wag kayong magpalabas masyado ng tao kasi ako... ako naaawa ako sa tao. May pills libre," sabi niya.
Pero hindi niya hinikayat ang paggamit ng condom dahil hindi umano "masarap."
"`Wag `yang condom kasi hindi masarap `yang condom," sambit ng pangulo na nagpatawa sa mga tao.
"Hindi, totoo. Hindi ako nagpapatawa," dagdag ni Duterte na naglabas ng kendi na may balat na bahagya niyang kinagat para gamiting halimbawa sa kaniyang katwiran tungkol sa condom.
"Ako, i'm just telling you that is why biology. alam ko ayaw ninyo ng condom so either magpa-injection kayo good for six months. so walang limit 'yung...kalibugan mo diyan. Bahala ka kung ano," patuloy ng pangulo.
Sa tala ng Philippine Statistics Authority noong 2013, wala pang dalawang porsiyento ng may asawang kababaihan ang nagsabing gumamit ng condom ang kanilang mister para sa family planning.
Mas maraming Pinoy ang gumagamit ng pills o "withdrawal method."
Gayunman, ang hindi paggamit ng condom ang isa sa mga sinisisi rin ng mga eksperto kung bakit biglang lumobo ang bilang ng mga Pilipino na nagkaroon ng HIV infection.
Mula Enero hanggang Nobyembre ng 2017, mahigit 10,000 na ang naiulat na HIV cases sa Pilipinas. -- FRJ, GMA News
Di ba dati may curfew, ngayon wala na balik lansangan na mga iyan, sa umpisa lang pala pakitang gilas...
Ningas kugon ang DSWD at gobyerno ni Duterte.
Pinagtibay ng SC last year yung sa Manila:MANILA, Philippines – The Supreme Court (SC) yesterday temporarily stopped the implementation of ordinances in Quezon City, Manila and Navotas imposing curfew on minors.
Spark, a group of students in the three cities, argued in their petition filed through lawyer Jesus Falcis III that the curfew ordinances are unconstitutional due to vagueness resulting in arbitrary and discriminatory enforcement and impair legitimate activities of minors during curfew hours.
Anyway, OT na to dito.However, the high court struck down Ordinance No. 8046 of the City of Manila, and Pambansang Ordinansa Blg. 2002-13 of Navotas, which implement curfews from 10 p.m. to 4 a.m., for failure to provide the least restrictive means to address the compelling state interest they seek to further.
As for Manila's City ordinance, the penal provisions of which impose reprimand, the high court said fines and imprisonment on minors are in conflict with Section 57-A of Republic Act 9344, also known as the Juvenile Delinquency Act.
Sa programang "Bawal ang Pasaway kay Mareng Winnie," sinabi ni Senador Risa Hontiveros na patuloy na dumadami ang bilang ng mga tinedyer na babae (edad 15 hanggang 19) ang maagang nagiging nanay.
Batay sa datos ng Philippine National Demographic and Health Survey, nitong 2017, 22.4 percent ng mga babaeng edad 19 ang naging nanay na. Sa mga 18 anyos naman, 12.8 percent sa kanila ang nagsilang na, habang 4.9 percent naman ng mga edad 17 ang maaga rin na naging ina.
Ang mga "nene" pa na 15 at 16 anyos na maagang nagkaroon ng kanilang "nene," nasa 0.5 at 3.7 percent, ayon sa pagkakasunod.
Pinakamaraming insidente umano ng teenage pregnancies ang naitala sa Davao region, Northern Mindanao, Soccsksargen, Ilocos region at Mimaropa.
Despite having the passage of the landmark Reproductive Health Law, the Philippines continues to lag behind its ASEAN neighbors in providing life-saving and life-changing services for its citizens in terms of reproductive health.
On Wednesday the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) released the 2018 State of the World Population Report. According to their data, the Philippines has a total fertility rate (per woman) of 2.9 — the highest in the ASEAN region.
More than two million people are added to the Philippine population every year, the Commission on Population and Development (POPCOM) said on Thursday.
According to the estimates of the United Nations Population Division, the country's population standing is at 108 million, making the Philippines the 13th most populous country in the world.
Even though the growth rate has declined to 1.76% annually, POPCOM said that the country's population is expected to double in the next 39 years.
POPCOM Executive Director Juan Antonio Perez III said that two million is still such a big number compared to other countries.
He said, "Almost two million na nadadagdag natin. Compare mo sa Thailand where they only add 200,000 a year, South Korea adds 200,000 a year."
"So ang resources na kailangan to support 2 million Filipinos who are added to the population every year impacts on the government's resources and the communities' resources," he added. — LA, GMA News
Commission on Population and Development (POPCOM) Executive director Undersecretary Juan Antonio Perez III said that around 500 Filipino teenagers give birth every day.
During the World Population Day Forum on Tuesday, Perez said that around 196,000 teenagers aged 15 to 19 years old give birth every year.
According to POPCOM's press statement, women aged 15 to 19 years old who have given birth or were pregnant with their first child have increased since the 1990's.
From just 6.5% back in 1993, it jumped to 8.6% in 2017.
Perez said that teen pregnancies could have been caused by exposure to the internet.
He said, "Ang nagpre-premarital sex ngayon umaabot na ng 1/3 ng kabataan. Ang palagay namin tumaas yan dahil may access na sa internet sa social media."
"Nakita namin na mas maaga mag-internet, mas likely magka-risky behavior. You have the content doon na walang filter," he added.
From an average of 4.1 children back in 1993, the Commission on Population and Development (POPCOM) learned that Filipino women in 2017 were found to have only 2.7 children.
At the World Population Day Forum on Thursday, POPCOM Executive Director Undersecretary Juan Antonio Perez III attributed this decline to educational and economic change.
He said, "Women who stayed longer in school really became more responsible towards their family and nagbabago 'yung attitude nila towards children."
"Women are deciding on their own because of their own situation that they only want, at most, 3 children. What we are doing is we are helping those women who have made those decisions by providing them the family planning services that will work," he added.
POPCOM's study cited the National Demographic and Health Survey in 2017, which said only 40% of married Filipino women are using modern methods of family planning.
Perez said that his department hopes that there will be four million new acceptors of the family planning program and that 65% of married women and women in union will be using modern family methods by the end of President Duterte's administration.
If this happens, Perez said, the government will avert 2 million abortions and 2.4 million unplanned pregnancies, as well as save 600 lives of women every year who would've died from child birth. — LA, GMA News