Only those people who were willing to fill in, or be on, the census !
I am sure there are plenty of people (for one reason or another) who did not fill in the census (maybe language problems), or did not want to be included on it (people overstaying their visas, illegal immigrants etc).
My guess is this problem of "missing people" may be worse now than in previous decades.
So our urban conurbation (without Coventry) comes to 2,419,500 people - officially! Not bad for a city region. That's what Brum should dish out when marketing itself to international organisations etc, and not the small-minded 1 million figure.
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