Unless Africa's governments embrace innovative financing solutions, millions of young Africans will suffer the effects of a paradox in international development: Countries will be too prosperous to qualify for the best funding options, but too poor to meet the educational needs of their citizens on their own.
JOHANNESBURG – Africa is in the midst of an education crisis. Despite pledges to improve access to education for all children by 2030, many African governments are failing to fund this ambitious component of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). There is still time to address the financing shortfall, but only if new investment strategies are embraced with vigor.
Today, roughly half of the world’s young people, including some 400 million girls, are not being educated to succeed in the workplace of the future. This challenge is most acute in Africa; although 75% of girls in Sub-Saharan Africa start school, only 8% complete secondary education. Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region where women still do not enroll in or graduate from tertiary education at the same rates as men.
South Africa wants to make history compulsory at school. But can it?
South Africa’s minister of Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga has released a report from a ministerial task team that recommends a major overhaul of the history curriculum at schools. Most of the debate around the report has focused on its main recommendation – to make history compulsory in the final three years of high school from 2023.
The proposal faces steep challenges. One of the most important might be the availability of enough well-trained history teachers to meet the demand. The report acknowledges this. But it underestimates what will be needed to train new teachers. Can universities and specifically education faculties deliver? The funding crisis facing South African universities is well-reported. Less well-known is how it specifically affects education faculties tasked with training teachers.
FACTSHEET: Grading Nigeria’s progress in education
Researched by David Ajikobi
Do key indicators give Nigeria’s education system a passmark? Our factsheet looks at the state of early childhood, primary and secondary education in the country.
The Nigerian government has missed its April deadline to declare a state of emergency in education.
Though nine years of education are basic, free and compulsory under Nigeria’s Universal Basic Education programme, almost a third of children of primary school age are not in class.
In June 2016 President Muhammadu Buhari introduced a school-feeding programme to boost school enrolment. In northern Nigeria, another government programme has established more nomadic schools and “Almajiri” schools for destitute children.
This factsheet gives an overview of education data in Nigeria.
Primary schools (grade 1 to 6). A total of 24,893,442 children were enrolled in Nigeria’s public and private primary schools in 2012. This had grown to 25.6 million by 2016, according to the education ministry.
The year with the highest enrolment figure was 2013, when 26.2 million kids were enrolled in primary schools countrywide.
In 2016, the net enrolment rate for primary schools was 65%. This was the share of the country’s primary school age children who were actually enrolled in school.
Lower secondary schools (form 1 to 3). Enrolment in lower secondary schools was highest in 2014, when just over 6.2 million pupils were registered. In 2015 it dropped marginally, and in 2016 fell to fewer than 6 million.
(Note: The education ministry did not collect data for Borno state from 2011 to 2015 due to the insurgency by terrorist group Boko Haram, whose name means “Western education is forbidden” according to the most widely accepted translation.)
NIGERIA : The National Home-Grown School Feeding Programme asides from feeding nutritious meals to our children, creates an end-to-end value chain that includes farmers, traders, aggregators and cooks.
The Toshiko Mori Architect-designed Elementary School Opens in Rural Senegal
The school, made possible by nonprofit Le Korsa, expands education in a historically illiterate pocket of the world
This past February, temperatures climbed to 105 degrees in Fass, Senegal, some ten hours by car and canoe from Dakar. But it was 15 degrees cooler inside the village’s new elementary school, designed by Toshiko Mori Architect for the nonprofit Le Korsa. Students celebrating its opening flocked to the circular structure, whose thatched roofs, courtyard, and mud-brick walls helped cool the sub-Saharan air.
“It is a wonderful building, an extraordinary building,” says Nicholas Fox Weber, founder of Le Korsa and executive director of its parent organization, the Josef & Anni Albers Foundation. “It’s a breakthrough.” Plans for the school emerged over years, as Weber met with local religious leaders to discuss expanding education beyond traditional Koranic studies. As a result, some 200 students in a historically illiterate pocket of the world are now learning to read and write in Pulaar and French, while gaining skills like carpentry and cooking.
Composed of three buildings—one for coed classrooms, the others for restrooms and teacher housing—the complex references vernacular multi*family dwellings. To construct it, Mori and Weber relied on the same artisans with whom they had worked on Thread, a Senegalese artist residency. Funding, meanwhile, was provided by Le Korsa supporters Laurel Hixon and Michael Keane, a couple who became aware of the cause and asked guests at their 2016 wedding to donate to it. Plans are now under way for more schools. Says Weber, “People are learning. This is just the beginning.”
A forum community dedicated to skyscrapers, towers, highrises, construction, and city planning enthusiasts. Come join the discussion about structures, styles, reviews, scale, transportation, skylines, architecture, and more!