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" Principality of Monaco "

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" Principality of Monaco "

Monaco i/ˈmɒnəkoʊ/, officially the Principality of Monaco (French: Principauté de Monaco; Monégasque: Principatu de Múnegu; Italian: Principato di Monaco; Occitan: Principat de Mónegue), is a sovereign city state, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. Bordered by France on three sides, with one side bordering the Mediterranean Sea, its center is about 16 km (9.9 mi) from Italy, and is only 15 km (9.3 mi) north east of Nice, France.[7] It has an area of 1.98 km² (0.76 sq mi), and a population of 35,986, making Monaco the second smallest and the most densely populated country in the world.[8] Monaco has a land border of only 4.4 km (2.7 mi), a coastline of 4.1 km (2.5 mi), and a width that varies between 1.7 km (1.1 mi) and 349 metres (382 yards).[9][10] The highest point in the country is a narrow pathway named Chemin des Révoires on the slopes of Mont Agel, in the Les Révoires district, which is 161 metres (528 feet) above sea level.[11] Monaco's most populated Quartier is Monte Carlo, and the most populated Ward is Larvotto/Bas Moulins.[12] After a recent expansion of Port Hercules,[13] Monaco's total area is 2.05 km² (0.79 sq mi),[12] with new plans to extend the district of Fontvieille, with land reclaimed from the Mediterranean Sea.[14][15][16][17]
Monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state.[18] However, even though Prince Albert II is a constitutional monarch, he still has immense political power.[19] The House of Grimaldi have ruled Monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297.[20] The official language is French, but Monégasque, Italian, and English are widely spoken and understood.[note 1] The state's sovereignty was officially recognized by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861, with Monaco becoming a full UN voting member in 1993, after much political debate.[8] Despite Monaco's independence and separate foreign policy, its defence is the responsibility of France.[21] However, Monaco does maintain two small military units, totaling 255 officers and men, the Corps des Sapeurs-Pompiers de Monaco, and the Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince.[22][23]
Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad line to France, and the opening of the first casino, Monte Carlo Casino.[24] Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world-famous as a tourist and recreation center for the rich and famous.[10][25] However, in more recent years Monaco has become a major banking center holding over €100 billion worth of funds,[26] and has successfully sought to diversify its economy into the services and small, high-value-added, nonpolluting industries.[27] The state has no income tax and low business taxes, and is well known for being a tax haven.[28] Monaco boasts the world's highest GDP nominal per capita at $172,676 and GDP PPP per capita at $186,175.[29][30] Monaco also has the world's highest life expectancy at almost 90 years,[31] and the lowest unemployment rate at 0%,[32] with over 48,000 workers who commute from France and Italy each day.[12][33] For the third year in a row, Monaco in 2011 had the world's most expensive real estate market, at $56,300 per square metre.[34][35] According to the CIA World Factbook, Monaco has the world's lowest poverty rate,[27] and the highest number of millionaires and billionaires per capita in the world
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History of the Principality of Monaco

The Grimaldi ascent began one night in 1297, when Francois Grimaldi seized the fortress of Monaco from a rival Italian faction. Disguised as a monk, he successfully led a small army into the fortress reclaiming it in the name of the Pope. The legacy of his daring victory is recorded on Monaco's coat of arms, which bears two monks brandishing swords.

Over the next few centuries, Monaco prospered as an important port in major maritime trading routes and as a strategic naval base for European military powers that were constantly vying for control of The Rock.

In 1604, Lord Honore II came to the throne and launched Monaco into its "Great Century". Reflecting upon his accomplishments, he deigned himself worthy of a new title, Prince Honore II. Grimaldi rules have proudly held the title of Prince ever since.

The French revolution took a heavy toll on European royalty, including the Grimaldis. Monaco was annexed by France and members of the Monegasque royal family were imprisoned. The annexation was cut short with the abdication of Napoleon in 1814, however, and all rights of the Grimadis were restored.

In 1861, Monaco relinquished one-half of its territory to France in exchange for cash and independence. On the throne at this time was Prince Charles III. He realized that most of Monaco's natural resources had been lost with the land and something had to be done to reestablish an economic base in the Principality. He decided that the answer was tourism and gambling. In 1863, he established the Societe des Bains de Mer. The company consisted of a handful of hotels, a theater, and a casino, which would soon flourish and become the foundation of the magnificent district of Monte-Carlo.

Prince Rainier III ascended to the throne in 1949 and later caught the world's attention with his storybook marriage to actress Grace Kelly. Today, Monaco still stands as a proud monarchy with their son, H.S.H. Prince Albert II as its head of state. In 1997, the Grimaldi family celebrated the 700th anniversary of its reign in Monaco.

To learn more about the history of Monaco, please visit
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Tuscany Comes to LA TRATTORIA at the Sporting Monte-Carlo

Now the fine weather has returned, La Trattoria at the Sporting Monte-Carlo is reopening.

Alain DUCASSE's Italian restaurant

This Tuscan-inspired Italian restaurant overlooks the beautiful gardens at Jimmy’z and offers an uninterrupted view of the Mediterranean.

The dishes on the menu have been created by new chef Damien Leroux. They evoke journeys, simplicity and sharing - whole roasted Sea Bass, zucchini and marinated peppers for two; the Brodetto of local fish - a copious, tasty fish soup - and the Scalopine Milanese, spinach and girolle mushrooms. On the salumeria board, you'll find Coppa, Bresaola, and Cinta Senese and Culatello ham.

The buffet offers more than fifteen different types of antipasti and is a real pleasure for the senses – the colors, aromas and flavors all blend in perfect harmony. The selection includes Carpaccio of Sea Bass, pine nuts, olives and chives, Octopus with potatoes, marinated anchovies and grilled vegetables and Crostino with rabbit liver and eggplant "caviar."

Traditional recipes revisited

The restaurant also has a new take on the traditional pizzette, and offers its own versions of the Margarita, Napolitana and Focaccia di Recco …

The pasta bar is even more authentic! There is a selection of fresh and dried pasta, such as artichoke ravioli, Gnocchi with Trompette zucchini and Linguini with clams.

The desserts are an invitation to indulge, and are reinterpreted versions of the classics. Enjoy a panna cotta (caramel, chocolate or red berry fruits), a Tiramisu or a Cassata Siciliana, for one person or to share. The carrettino dei gelati, an old fashioned bicycle that pushes a red ice cream cooler decorated with silver bells, offers ice creams and multicolored sorbets.

Fine wines and an original atmosphere

The wines are mainly from Italian grapes and are an invitation to discover different types of terroir, from Liguria to Sicily. The bottles are displayed in the large wine cellar that opens onto the dining room.

The dining room is modern and elegant, with stylish furniture. There are oak tables covered in rustic linen, fine two-tone linen napkins and shell-shaped pasta dishes by Richard Ginori. These are complemented by more contemporary items such as candleholders that combine wood (light oak) with technology (LED), and chrome baskets by Alessi.

The waiters, led by Emmanuel Antonioli, bustle around in this elegant setting, so you can share this tasty, convivial and authentic food.

A real sensory experience .....
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Shopping at the Métropole During the F1 Grand Prix in Monaco

The 29 shops in the Métropole arcade will be open on Sunday 13 May, making it possible for everyone to continue shopping during the Historic Grand Prix festivities.

Met Café, Mercedeh, Mercedeh Kids, Philipp Plein, Espace Mirage Sport, Espace Mirage Enfants, Stuart Weitzman, Replay, Enfance, Reminiscence, Nail’s Bar, Pizza & Pasta, Pacific, Davidoff, Dunhill, Cravatterie Nazionali, Gucci Kids, Barbara Bui, Red Valentino, Malo, Boutique One, Kenzo, Sphere café, Jaime Mascaro, AE, Segraeti, Segraeti Home Collection and Niki de Paimpol.
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Monaco's Areas
Its surface area is 485 acres, of which nearly 100 were recovered from the sea during the course of the last twenty years. Monaco lies on a narrow coastal strip, which sometimes rises vertically upwards with its highest point at 206 feet. Its width varies between .65 miles and a mere 382 yards. Its coastline is 2.5 miles long. The Principality has only one commune, Monaco, whose limits are the same as those of the state.

Monaco is divided into different areas:

Monaco-Ville on the Rock, the old fortified town, with the Prince's Palace, the ramparts, the gardens, the Cathedral and the Oceanographic Museum.

Monte-Carlo, created in 1866, named in honor of Prince Charles III, hosts an internationally famous Casino, luxury hotels and leisure facilities, some created recently: Larvotto beach, the Monte Carlo Sporting Club, the Boulingrins Gardens.

Fontvieille is the newest area of the Principality of Monaco and was created from land reclaimed from the sea. This man-made waterfront area features a harbor, stadium and sports complex, heliport, and a pollution-free industrial zone, as well as some shopping areas and the new Columbus Monaco hotel.

Moneghetti, home to the Révoires and the Exotic Gardens (on the western border with Cap d`Ail)
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great thread with gorgeous photos from Monaco, nice read too...:cheers:
@italiano_pellicano: Thanks for reposting some of my photos i posted from flickr into my "Monte Carlo, Monaco" thread. Stay tuned for more and especially from the famous Grand Prix of F1 in Monaco which happening these days. :cheers:
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