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Once upon a time (2500 years ago) there was...
A Greek colony in Pontus Euxinus (Black Sea), named Tomis which sees great prosperity due to the commercial exchange proceeded between Greek colonists and the native Gaeto-Dacians.
Around 300 BC, the Tomis settlement was the battlefield of wars between Lisymah, the macedonian king and Dromihaites, the Gaeto-Dacian king in the Danubian Plane.
Then, under the Roman domination, set up around 29 BC, Tomis made great progress. The history of the first years of our era is known due to Publius Ovidius Naso, a Roman poet exiled here between 9 - 17 AC, at Octavian Augustus's orders.
During the 2nd century, Tomis became residence of the province ,being called " the biggest metropolis of entire Pont". In the middle of the 3rd century and the beginning of the 4th century considerable efforts were made in order to restore the town. It was then when remarcable monuments were built: the Roman building with the mosaic, thermae, residential districts with paved streets, portals and sewers, underground galleries, etc. The wall of the town was built in the same period and was subseqently restored several times, the last time in the 6th century AC.
Between 4 - 6 century AC the fortress becomes an archiepiscopal headquarter. The inscriptions, the christian monuments and the four huge basilicas ilustrate this historical part. During the 6th and even at the begining of the 7th century, Tomis was violently attacked by the Slavs and the Avars. In the 9th century the region is reorganized by the Byzantine Empire. Tomis is recalled by several Byzantin writers under the name of Constantia or Constanta. The town is also found on medieval nautical maps .
During the ottoman domination, when called Kostendje, the significance of the town was minor. Town's lethargy continues until the 19th century, when some harbour arrangements were started and the railway Constanta-Cernavoda was layed out, crucial moment for further development of the town.
After the Independence War (1877-1878) the town merges out of the othoman domination, regains its name of Constanta and becomes residence of Constanta region, integrant part of Romania. Harbour arrangements are made as well as constructions of roads, bridges, railways, townplanning modernisations.
Constanta was seriously affected by the two World Wars, the town being reconstructed each time; after 1945 Constanta becames one of the most developped towns in Romania. Nowdays Constanta is the biggest harbour and the greatest ship yard in the South-Eastern Europe(~80 millions tones warefares), a powerful industrial commercial and touristic centre, a wide gate towards the world.Romania's second largest city, Constanta has always been a centre of ethnic and spiritual diversity(Orthodox 91%,Muslims 6,5%,Catholics 1% &others), attracting by the harmony between a successful buisness world and intense cultural life.
Nowadays Constanta has 400 000 inhabitants and a land area of 57,4sq.km.Mass-media of the city is represented by 3 tv ,more than 7 local radio stations and 7 newspapers.There are many libraries in Constanta and the most important one has ~600 000 volumes.
The city of Constanta with the largest port on the Black Sea and its satellite areas are on the list of regions with the greatest economic potential in Romania.
Constanta and its sea resort. The movies were made 5-6 years ago. Now, things change fast !During the next years, municipality rehabilitation programs and private investment projects will place the city amongst the references in urban design quality and touristic attractions in South-Eastern Europe.
The Municipality of Constanta is the economic and administrative centre of the county with the same name. It is located in the south-eastern extremity of Romania. The eastern side of the municipality is bathed by the Black Sea, with the Danube River flowing approximately 50 km away from the western extremity of the city. Given its location, Constanta has a multi functional naval port, the fourth largest in Europe and a large surface of beach areas parked with touristic facilities that attract both Romanian and foreign tourists each year in the summertime.
At the end of 2007 several restoration and new structure projects have been presented by the City Hall in order to enhance the touristic possibilities, attract future investments, consolidate the urban infrastructure, ease traffic and overall to transform Constanta into a top European city.
An oak-shaped "lake city" on Lake Siutghiol that will represent a main holiday attraction, having docks on the sides, restaurants and bars on land; waterskiing possibility on the same lake, or the Tomis Port development, the building of a naval lock between Lake Siutghiol and the Black sea to enhance naval traffic; these are only a few examples of the future Constanta sustainable development plan.
Referring to transport services, the last 60 km stretch of the Bucharest - Constanta motorway is due to complete. The airport is to be upgraded and the number of domestic and international flights will significantly increase. The Irish airline Ryanair will commence flights from Italy and UK during the second quarter 2008.
The real estate market in Constanta will follow the same pattern as the one in Bucharest: the number of the residential development projects will constantly grow. The new locative units will be made at a higher quality level, respecting the market trend, the same applying for both permanent and secondary homes. The prices will rise as a consequence of the increase in land and raw materials price as well as the demand increase.
One of the changes that 2007 brought and 2008 will follow is the arrival of the international developers that until now have been focusing on the Bucharest market, but are already valuing the potential of Constanta, searching for land and investment opportunities.
Therefore the next years will bring exciting modifications to the city's characteristics, developing beyond interesting and useful facilities, a sustainable environment for its citizens. As the projects shape and develop, we will update this section in order to present the economic reality of Constanta as accurate as possible.
BUCHAREST - CONSTANTA Highway