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Discussion Starter · #1 ·
China Wind Pwr Generation Capacity To Hit 40 GW '20-Indus
7 November 2005

BEIJING (Dow Jones)--China's wind power sector is expected to be able to generate 40 gigawatts of electricity a year by 2020, making the country the world's largest producer of wind power, a report issued by a domestic industry group showed.

This would be double the government's 2020 wind energy target of 20 GW, according to a report by the Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association, or CREIA, released over the weekend.

To generate 40 GW of power, China needs 20,000 modern, state-of-the art wind turbines, said the report, titled ""Wind Force 12 in China."

As of the end of 2004, China had an installed capacity of 760,000 kilowatts and 43 wind power stations, according to a Xinhua News Agency report.

A nationwide energy crunch has prompted the government to increasingly explore the option of renewable energy, including wind power, to fuel the country's fast economic growth.

China will put into effect the Law on Renewable Resources Jan. 1, 2006, as part of the government's effort to boost the development of alternative energy resources.

The CREIA report was issued on the eve of the two-day Beijing International Renewable Energy Conference starting Monday.

The conference is organized by China's National Development and Reform Commission, the country's top economic planning agency.
 

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I remember being on a highway in Xinjiang and passing by a wind power farm. I didn't know it was part of such a big project.
 

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didu said:
think about all the power that can be harvested from the dozens of Typhoon each year ...
Typhoons although powerful, wouldn't be very useful for windfarms since they are seasonal and only last for a few days. Anyways you probably don't want your million dollar turbines to be reduced to scrap metal.
 

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There are a lot of wind power farms in Inner Mongolia as well.
 

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Huhu said:
Typhoons although powerful, wouldn't be very useful for windfarms since they are seasonal and only last for a few days.
But the coastal area is always windy due to the sea breezes, and the coastal
area is the place where the typhoons frequently hit, so it would be just seasonal.

Huhu said:
Anyways you probably don't want your million dollar turbines to be reduced to scrap metal.
That's why you have to build your turbines very cleverly and make sure they are
strong enough to harvest the power of the strongest typhoon.
 

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我国1.5兆瓦风力发电机组下线投入运营

http://www.oilchina.com/xxzx/xl.jsp?bsm=044A124DA.0001C9FE.0119&db=qtnyxw

本报南通6月26日电( 记者 王翰林 ) 我国正式投入运营的1.5兆瓦风力发电机组,今天在江苏省南通市航天万源安迅能风电设备制造有限公司正式下线。有关专家称,这一突破表明我国风电设备生产完成了向兆瓦级的跨越,打破了我国风电设备长期依赖进口的局面。
  
  南通航天万源安迅能风电设备制造有限公司是以制造组装调试、安装风力发电设备,并提供技术咨询与售后服务的中外合资企业,其年生产能力为450台,是我国目前生产能力最大的兆瓦级风电设备制造企业。今天下线的1.5兆瓦风力发电机组采用了独立的变桨技术和优越的控制技术,具有可靠、安全、经济的特点。
  
  风力发电是目前世界上最为成熟的清洁能源生产技术,世界发达国家风电约占本国发电总量的3%—5%左右,其中,德国最高,占到18%左右。我国风力发电到2005年为126.6万千瓦,预计2010年可达到500万千瓦,到了2020年可达到3000万千瓦,风电占全国发电总量的3%。据中国华电集团公司内蒙古辉腾锡勒风电公司总工程师张文忠介绍,制约中国风电发展的主要因素,就是国产风电设备太少,远远不能满足国内市场的需求,而国外产品的价格,比国内价格高出30%左右。
  
  中国航天科技集团公司总经理张庆伟表示,今天的风机下线是中国航天与西班牙安迅能、英莎成功合作的第一个里程碑,为我们未来在生物质能、生物柴油、太阳能、海水淡化等新能源领域以及航天技术应用领域的全面战略合作奠定了坚实的基础。
  
 

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Discussion Starter · #8 ·
ANALYSIS-China wind power boom may bust without policy change
By Nao Nakanishi

HONG KONG, July 21 (Reuters) - China's wind energy boom threatens to turn into a bust unless Beijing's new energy policymakers change its controversial investment regime soon.

Many industry officials have opposed Beijing's system, which they say spurs utilities to rush into cut-price investment regardless of a project's quality or viability, potentially leaving China with large wind farms that sit idle or need constant repair.

Now the issue is critical as an unrelenting oil price rally and a fresh push for green energy from the world's second-biggest power consumer is about to trigger a wave of new investment.

Under the right framework, that investment could go part way to limiting China's reliance on dirty coal or costly imported oil. But without a new policy many fear the worst.

"The policy must be changed," Shi Pengfei, vice-president of the China Wind Energy Association, told Reuters. "Otherwise, there will be damage done to the industry."

"I worry... we may have 5 gigawatts of installed capacity, but not enough electricity being generated from the wind."

Beijing will open bids for the fourth concession project totalling a modest 700 megawatts on Aug. 18, boosting the country's capacity by nearly half with one wind farm in Hebei and two in Inner Mongolia, known for its strong wind.

Many officials hope this will be the last round before a new, fairer investment model is adopted, possibly aided by the reshuffling of China's top energy policy planners.

Last month the government-appointed Chen Deming, a vice-chair of the powerful National Development Reform Commission (NDRC), to take charge of energy issues, replacing Zhang Guobao, seen as a promoter of the controversial bidding system.

"With Zhang Guobao gone, most in the industry are positive that this rule will change, possibly as soon as next year," said one Chinese official, who declined to be named.

With Beijing failing to ensure quality standards and adequate power tariffs, fierce price competition has endangered the future of the high-tech industry in China, already facing escalating cost pressure as global turbine prices rise on surging steel and copper prices and a resurgence of global demand.

"This is a bad influence," said Cao Hua, Chinese sales manager with India's Suzlon Energy Ltd., one of the world's top wind turbine manufacturers.

"The turbine manufacturers have to select cheaper parts. The parts manufacturers have to pick cheaper materials."

PRICE PRESSURES

To secure clean air despite China's soaring energy demand, Beijing plans to expand the installed wind capacity to 5 gigawatts by 2010, up from 1.3 gigawatts in 2005 and compared with 18.4 gigawatts in Germany, the world's largest last year.

At the moment, Beijing auctions off the rights to build large wind farms via a concession model, awarding large projects to bidders offering power supplies at the lowest prices.

This system has led to China's big utilities, such as Huaneng Power International Inc., offering low tariffs to win projects, shaving wind-power prices by about a third in the past two years and shutting out smaller, independent players.

Industry officials prefer feed-in tariff system, which guarantees fixed prices for wind electricity for a certain period to help investors map out business plans. Major wind generators Germany and Spain both use this model.

The officials and activists were also critical of the local content regulations that require 70 percent of wind turbine parts be manufactured in China, a rule that has a higher threshold than the 40 percent demanded for the car sector.

"The risk is that industry develops without proper quality standards and proper electricity regulation standards," said Steve Sawyer from Amsterdam-based Greenpeace International.

"Yes, there is money to be made there. And yes, there is very good condition for long-term growth. But if you come up with poor-quality products breaking down all the time, people are not going to come back," said Sawyer, who was visiting China.
 

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didu said:
But the coastal area is always windy due to the sea breezes, and the coastal
area is the place where the typhoons frequently hit, so it would be just seasonal.
Power usage is not seasonal, there needs to be a steady supply. This is a major problem for many renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar. China has a lot of coastline so you don't have to put turbines in the typhoon zone just for a sea breeze.
didu said:
That's why you have to build your turbines very cleverly and make sure they are
strong enough to harvest the power of the strongest typhoon.
That is easier said than done. Typhoons bring incredibly powerful winds that can take down buildings, they also bring torrential rain and violent waves. It would be very risky for anyone to make such an investment, you'd need turbines made out of reinforced concrete or something.
 

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Huhu said:
Power usage is not seasonal, there needs to be a steady supply. This is a major problem for many renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar. China has a lot of coastline so you don't have to put turbines in the typhoon zone just for a sea breeze.
Wind power is not mutually exclusive with other power sources, so I don't see why they should not be built just because they are seasonal, I'm sure everyone can use the extra power.

Huhu said:
That is easier said than done. Typhoons bring incredibly powerful winds that can take down buildings, they also bring torrential rain and violent waves. It would be very risky for anyone to make such an investment, you'd need turbines made out of reinforced concrete or something.
clever design is the key ... :D
 

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上海将建中国首个海上风电场 预计发电2.6亿度

上海将建中国首个海上风电场 预计发电2.6亿度

http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2007-02-15/105912326738.shtml

  新华网北京2月15日电 2009年,在临港新城至洋山深水港的东海大桥两侧,几十架巨型风车将迎风旋转。预计发电量可达2.6亿度,可提供上海20多万户居民使用一年。中国将成为继荷兰、丹麦和英国等之后又一个拥有海上风电场的国家。据悉,海上风电场项目进展顺利。

  据《外滩画报》报道,东海大桥海上风电场位于临港新城至洋山深水港的东海大桥两侧1000米以外沿线,最北端距离南汇嘴岸线近6公里,最南端距岸线13公里,全部位于上海市境内。预计总装机容量10万千瓦,单机容量不低于2000千瓦。未来预计发电量可达2.6亿度,可供上海20多万户居民使用一年。海上风电场所发电能将通过海底电缆输送回陆地。
 

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ANALYSIS-Creaky power grid tempers China wind power boom

HONG KONG, July 16 (Reuters) - China is well on its way to generating more than three times its stated target and nearly 3 percent of its power from wind by 2020 -- but only if the country's creaky grid can keep pace with the expansion.

Amid an investment boom fuelled by surging coal prices and Beijing's drive for "greener" economic growth, China could have 100 gigawatts of wind power capacity by 2020, ten times its current capacity, experts and industry officials say.

But for the moment, production from turbine makers and investment by remote generators is moving far swifter than the grid, whose frailty was underscored by a severe icy spell in January that took down power lines.

China is also lagging global standards of turbine efficiency, but should overcome this as its wind power boom sees several world-class turbine manufacturers emerge.

"Quality control is a big problem," Shi Pengfei, vice president of the China Wind Energy Association, told Reuters.

"Another problem is the power grid. Power grids cannot keep up with the rapid development of wind farms."

Targets are there to be topped in the world's fastest growing wind energy producer. In March China doubled its goal for wind power by 2010 to 10 GW -- and is likely to exceed that this year.

It was the world's fifth biggest in installed wind capacity in 2007, accounting for about 6 percent of the total of 94 GW, according to the Global Wind Energy Council.

However, data from the China Electricity Council showed wind accounted only for 0.8 percent of the country's overall power generation capacity last year and a meagre 0.2 percent of its total electric energy generation.

A turbine can only produce electricity when the wind is blowing, but generation rates at around 20 percent of installed capacity are significantly below global rates of around 25-30 percent.

Data compiled by the China Wind Association from 47 wind farms in 12 provinces showed the 2007 average annual full load was 1,787 hours, or 20 percent -- below its expectation of 2,000 hours, in part due to engineering problems.

"We've already had many failures. For example, they burn the converters," Shi said. "In three years, I hope things will get better."

TITANS TO EMERGE

The country's wind turbine producers are expanding to fill the turbine shortage, with more than 40 domestic manufacturers now in existence.

Chinese machine builders, like Sinovel Wind Co. Ltd, have set up plants, joining global players, such as Vestas , Suzlon , or local leader Goldwind Science & Technology Co. Ltd .

"Domestic manufacturing capacity in China will be about 8 GW by the end of this year, and 10-12 GW by 2010. That way, even if it doesn't grow beyond that, it is more than sufficient to reach 100 GW by the end of next decade," Steve Sawyer, secretary General of Global Wind Energy Council, said.

"I think it is realistic, and possibly conservative," he said, referring to the 100 GW by 2020.

While most of turbines are still for the domestic market, some manufacturers have begun exports. Guangdong Mingyang Wind Power Technology Co Ltd will start in August shipping turbines to GreenHunter Energy Inc in the United States.

"The traffic is about to reverse," said the Wind Council in its 2007 report. "Not only does China have an insatiable demand for energy. It also has the industrial infrastructure and manpower to create a major powerhouse for turbine production."

Still, the industry officials say it will take another few years for Chinese manufacturers to mature, as they collect enough experience to improve their prototypes.

INNER MONGOLIA, GRIDS

Despite the problems, industry officials say wind power in Inner Mongolia, known for its vast grasslands in the north, is now cheaper than coal-fired power in the consuming southern province of Guangdong.

"Coal-fired power tariffs in Guangdong are already higher than wind tariffs in Inner Mongolia," said Ming Shao Lin, vice general manager for Inner Mongolia Huadian Huitengxile Wind Power Co Ltd, one of the biggest wind farms in China.

He said wind power cost 0.44 yuan/kilowatt hour, compared with 0.51 yuan/kilowatt hour for coal-fired power in Guangdong.

The province, China's top base for wind power, plans to install 8 GW by 2010 and 18 GW by 2015, with Huitengxile alone doubling its capacity to 1 GW by end-2010.

"The grid capacity is not big enough to transmit all electricity generated from wind," Ming told Reuters in Hohhot, the province's capital.

Though Chinese law requires the two state-owned power grid operators to provide connections and buy up all renewable energy, they have been slow, especially as wind farms are often remote and wind power generation fluctuates, depending on the weather.

"The government must and fully intends to build the grid out," said Paul Eveleigh, chief executive of Honiton Energy Holdings. "It is the question of whether they do it quickly enough the way everybody wants them to do it."

The company is building wind farms in Inner Mongolia, with 50 MW already completed and 100 MW to be added this year, and is using foreign-made turbines.

"I have a lot of confidence in what Chinese manufacturers are going to be able to do. And I would say very quickly Chinese turbines will be an option for everyone."
 

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China to build newly approved hydropower and wind power generation stations

Saturday, March 14, 2009

China will construct two hydropower stations and two wind farms with a total capacity of 2,001MW, a move to develop clean and renewable energy, according to Xinhua news.

The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), the country's top economic planner has said the government has approved the construction of the Luding Hydropower Station in Sichuan Province and the Dongjing Hydropower plant in Guizhou Province, two southwestern regions rich in water resource, according to a statement on the top planner's website on Thursday.

The Luding project contains four units of 230 MW each, while the Dongjing one is composed of four units each with 220 MW capacity.

The NDRC also nodded to two wind farms, one named Rudong in eastern Jiangsu Province and the other called Guyuan in northern Hebei Province. Each will have a capacity of 100.5 MW upon completion.

The 4 trillion-yuan stimulus package issued by the government late last year includes a 210 billion-yuan investment in energy conservation and ecological engineering, according to the NDRC.

(Source:en.sxcoal.com)
 

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New wind power projects in China

Guodian to build 30 MW wind farm in Xinjiang
Thursday, March 26, 2009

Guodian Xinjiang Power Co., Ltd is going to invest three billion yuan ($440 million) to build a 300MW wind farm in northern Xinjiang's Altay Prefecture, according to Xijiang Altay Prefecture Administration.

The first phase project of the wind farm, involving total investment of one billion yuan, will kick off construction in the first half of 2010. Installed capacity of the first phase project is expected to reach 100MW.

(Source:IStockAnalyst)
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HPCIC to build 400 MW wind power plant in Hebei
Thursday, March 26, 2009

Hebei Provincial Construction Investment Corp (HPCIC), a wholly state owned investment entity, announced to build a 400 MW capacity wind power projects in Hebei province, according to the Shanghai Securities.

With the total investment of 40 billion yuan ($5.85 billion), the company already has 100MW built or under construction, said Wang Yongzhong, the general manager with HPCIC.

In fact, besides HPCIC, many domestic power companies have eyes the wind resource in Hebei province. According to the earlier report, Datang International Power Generation and Beijing Guodian Longyuan Environment Engineering have signed with the Zhangjiakou Municipal Government in Hebei's Shangyi County to invest a total of 51 billion yuan in 570MW of wind power projects.

(Source:en.sxcoal.com)
 

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Powering wind power

By Zhang Qi (China Daily)
Updated: 2009-03-30


Workers assemble wind turbines at Goldwind Science & Technology Co, Ltd in Urumqi in Northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region. Goldwind is the largest maker of wind power generating turbines in China. [Agencies]

China will not stop investing in large wind farms despite insufficient electricity demand amid the economic downturn, said a senior official from National Energy Administration (NEA). Shi Lishan, deputy director of Renewable Energy Department of NEA recently told China Business Weekly that the current electricity oversupply does not alter plans to build more wind power bases. The country's goal to raise its wind power generation capacity to 100 gW is still achievable, added Shi.

At the National Energy Work Conference in early February, Zhang Guobao, director of NEA said China will build several wind farms with capacity of over 10 gW in the Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang autonomous regions and Gansu, Hebei and Jiangsu provinces over the next decade. China Wind Energy Association Vice-President Shi Pengfei confirmed that China has started building six 10 gW wind power bases in these regions and provinces. Gansu province's Jiuquan wind power base will have a 15 gW capacity by 2015, he said.

The Xinjiang wind power generation base in Hami will produce 20 gW of electricity. Inner Mongolia will have a 20 gW and 30gW wind power base in western and eastern part of the region, respectively. Both Hebei and Jiangsu will each have wind power facilities capable of generating 10 gW but 70 percent of Jiangsu's wind power capacity will come from offshore operations.
If all the wind power bases finish construction by 2020, wind will account for 3 percent of the country's overall power generation capacity, up from 1.1 percent in 2008, said Shi, adding these facilities will cost one trillion yuan ($146 billion). Domestic wind power generation capacity grew by 4 gW to 10 gW in 2008, the second fastest rate in the world, behind only the US.

Hebei is planning to attract 100 billion yuan ($14.6 billion) worth of investment for its wind farm projects, which will give the wind-rich province a total wind power capacity of 12 gW by 2020, a senior provincial energy official said. The province, one of the country's key wind power bases due to its closeness to North China's grid load center, will jointly fund the massive energy projects with nation's top power firms and other investors, said Zhao Weidong, vice director of the Hebei Provincial Development and Reform Commission's Energy department. The province's total installed wind power capacity reached 1.1 gW in 2008, the second most in the country, after Inner Mongolia.

The country's five leading power generating groups, China Huaneng Group, China Datang Group, China Guodian Group, China Huadian Group and China Power Investment Group are all involved in wind farms projects in the province, said Zhao. The largest existing projects are ones by China Energy Conservation Investment Corporation, which installed a 300 MW wind farm, and some slightly smaller ones build by Guohua Energy Investment Company (a subsidiary of China's top coal miner Shenhua Group) and Hebei Construction Investment Corporation, said Zhao.
 

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4.1



这是4月1日拍摄的海上风力发电机的施工现场。

记者从上海勘测设计研究院获悉,亚洲首台海上风力发电机日前安装完毕,90多米高的“大风车”已矗立在我国东海之上。据介绍,正在建设中的上海东海大桥风电场是亚洲首个海上风电场,由34个这样的“大风车”组成,将于2010年上海世博会前并网发电。这个装机总容量100兆瓦的风电场,将可为10万户家庭提供全部用电。新华社记者 裴鑫 摄

Asia's first wind power generator completes installation.

a total of 34 "windmill" (90m high) has been installed in East Sea. It will provide power in 2010, with a capacity of 100 MW, enough for 100,000 household power supply.

source: http://chinaneast.xinhuanet.com/jszb/2009-04/02/content_16136887.htm
 

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MW wind turbines set to power nation's energy needs

By Zhang Yu'an (China Daily)
Updated: 2009-04-04

Five leading wind turbine manufacturers in China have made a breakthrough in the development of MW-level wind turbines, giving a strong push for the development of the country's wind power industry, a senior energy research official said yesterday. Han Wenke, director-general of the Energy Research Institute under the National Development and Reform Commission, told China Daily that the breakthrough would help the nation to commercially produce MW-level wind turbines with self-owned intellectual property rights. Mass-production of such wind turbines will substantially reduce the cost and also enhance Chinese wind turbine producers' capacity to compete in the international market in the future, he said.

The Energy Research Institute provides assistance to the National Energy Administration for the China Renewable Energy Scale-up Program implementation jointly funded by the Chinese government, the World Bank and Global Environmental Facility. The program, granted $7 million to the five enterprises in the second half of last year, including Goldwind Science and Technology Co Ltd, Zhejiang Windey Wind Generating Engineering Co Ltd, Sinovel Wind Co Ltd, Shanghai Electric and Dongfang Steam Turbine Works. The five also invested more than 80 percent of the money for design and development of MW-level wind turbines, with capacities ranging from 1.5 to 3 MW.

The 3-MW wind turbine developed by Sinovel Wind is the country's first large-type wind turbine for offshore wind power generation and the first unit had been installed last month at the Shanghai East Sea Bridge Wind Farm. The wind farm is designed to install a total of 34 such turbines with a total capacity of 102 MW. The 2.36-billion-yuan wind power project is expected to be ready by 2010. (see posting #347)

Renewable energy resources development is still high on the nation's agenda, Han said. With favorable policy support from the Chinese government, wind power has been witnessing a rapid development in recent years, with annual growth reaching over 100 percent in the past few years.
At present, the country's installed wind power capacity has touched 12.15 million KW, realizing the country's target of 10 million KW previously set for 2010, two years ahead of schedule.

The country has immense potential to further develop wind power as the third wind resource assessment conduced by China Meteorological Administration estimates that total terrestrial wind energy resources at 10 meter height in the country could reach over 4.35 billion KW, of which technically explorable wind resources are about 300 million KW. It is estimated that China's wind power industry will continue its high growth momentum in the coming few years, with annual growth rate likely surpassing 60 percent.

Though a small amount of money, the $7 million grant for leading wind power producers plays a significant role in boosting the design and development of MW-level wind turbines with self-owned intellectual property rights, Han said.
To further promote development of the industry, the program has also started to support key components makers of wind turbines to research and develop market-demanded products. With self-owned intellectual property rights, the Chinese-made wind turbines have at least a 20 percent price advantage in the world market, said Luo Zhihong, deputy executive director of the program management office, adding that some Chinese firms have already exported their wind turbine products to the United States, Britain, Southeast Asia and Latin America.

In addition to the financial support from the program, Chinese wind power turbine producers and wind farm investors also have financial support resources from the Ministry of Science and Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance, Luo said.


Wind turbines at a wind farm in Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region. [Agency]
 

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Wind power capacity likely to rise 64% this year

(Xinhua)
Updated: 2009-04-10

Installed capacity in China's wind power sector will grow 64 percent this year to 20 million kilowatts, organizers of the 3rd China (Shanghai) International Wind Energy Exhibition and Symposium 2009 forecast Friday. Installed capacity grew 105 percent last year.

Chinese industry experts believe that by about 2020, wind power will likely surpass nuclear power as China's third-largest source of electricity, after thermal and hydro power. Wind power comprised 1.5 percent of China's total installed capacity in 2008, when the country became the world's fourth-largest wind power market.
 
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