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Green energy gets a leg up

At a time when green energy sources are getting a lot of importance from power producers in the country, wind farms are Turning out to be big suppliers of energy to Tamil Nadu Electricity Board.

Wind farms in Tamil Nadu added 431 Mw of power to Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB) in 2008-09 as compared to 381 MW in 2007-08. A total of 6,655 million units were generated from wind and were fed to the grid during 2008-09.

Speaking at the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)’s Green Power 2008, an international conference and exposition on renewable energy, inagurated in Chennai today Christodas Gandhi, chairman and managing director, Tamil Nadu Electricity Development Agency said that the total installed capacity of power generated from renewal energy sources, small hydro power in Tamil Nadu was 4,813 Mw as on April 30, 2009.

This includes energy from wind at 4,311 Mw and cogneration and bomass power at 413 Mw, which accounts for 35 per cent of the installed capacity from renewable energy source in India. This alone represents 27 per cent of TNEB’s grid capacity against 9 per cent for the country as a whole. Electricity generation from renwable enegy sources in the state was 7,532 million units in 2007-08 which was about 11 per cent of the grid consumption.

He added that the Tamil Nadu Electricity Regulatory Commission had recently fixed the tariff for purchasing renewable energy by TNEB. For instance, the existing tariff for wind power rose to Rs 3.30 per unit from Rs 2.90 per unit, biomass power to Rs 4.50 per unit from Rs 3.15 per unit, cogeneration bagasse-based to Rs 4.38 per unit from Rs 3.15 per unit and solar power it would be Rs 3.15 per unit, under the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy’s incentive scheme.

Meanwhile TEDA has taken up R&D projects, jointly with Anna University, including development of Solar Cooker based on Thermal Storage System for cooking during the nightôearly morning, design and development of energy efficient building using solar passive architecture and design and develoment of bagasse drying unit using waste heat.
Source: BS
 

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Buy at least 5% renewable energy: CERC orders state utilities

The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) today said that all power state utilities in the country will have to purchase at minimum five per cent of their grid purchase from renewable energy sources from 2009-10 onwards and 15 per cent by 2020.

In his special address at Green Power 2009, an international conference and exposition on renewable energy, organised by Confederation of Indian Industry at Chennai today Pramod Deo, chairperson and chief executive, CERC said that the regulator in carrying out of an internal action plan on global climate change.

The Cerc will determine the active minimal buy standard for renewal energy which will help bring down emission from the electrical energy sector. “While the minimum purchase standard will be fixed, from 2009-10 onwards all electrical energy utilities in the country will have to buy renewable energy. There will be one per cent increase in the purchase of renewable energy for every year for the next 10 years,” he said.

He added, currently 20 state electrical energy regulative commissions (SERCs) have already determined the percentage of energy that has to be bought from renewable sources. “While Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are currently buying 10 per cent of their grid purchase from renewable sources, Maharashtra has reached four percent target,” he said.

“A minimal renewable energy purchase obligation also has to be fixed,” he said.

Deo further revealed that the ministry of new and renewable energy is also carrying on a feasibility study for introducing renewable energy certificates. “One certificate will be equal to 1 Mw of renewable energy generated. The certificates can be traded to meet the mandatory targets of renewable energy purchase,” he said.

He added, though the certificate to all forms of renewable energy the government is thinking of introducing separate certificate for solar energy.

The certificate will be valid for one year and it can be traded through the power exchanges. “Whether trading companies will be allowed to do trading, we are currently thinking about it, he said.

The new system is likely come into place from April 2010, said Deo and it will be bought by those states which are facing deficit currently. A registry from National Load Despatch Centre would handle.


Source: BS
 

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Karnataka Renewable Energy policy draft delayed

BANGALORE: India is being applauded for taking a bold step with its 'solar mission plan'. The state government, however, is yet to come up with its own draft renewable energy policy.

The state government had earlier promised that the draft renewable energy policy would be released on January 1, 2009. It's been six months and there is no sign of the draft.

"We have given the draft for wider consultation and that's the reason it's getting delayed," says principal secretary (energy department) K Jairaj. "The department has been getting an excellent response and we are reaching out to people for wider consultation," he said. The Centre had earlier directed all states, especially those that face power shortage, to prepare their drafts for renewable energy policy.

When reminded that the draft has been due for six months, he said: "We do not want to make it a hit and run affair." According to Jairaj, the initial plan included just the wind and hydel energy projects, when they had announced to launch it on January 1. "Later, we realised there was a great potential for solar and biomass energy as well," he said.

The government, in the next five years, is expecting an investment of around Rs 20,000 crore in the renewable energy sector.

"This being the case, we want to be cautious while finalising the draft," Jairaj said, hinting that the policy may be finalised by July-end, after which there would be a consultation meeting with stake-holders, including energy companies and NGOs, among others.
Source: EB

BANGALORE: The proposed green cess is part of the state's first renewable energy policy. This follows the Centre's direction to all states, specially power-starved ones, to put in place their renewable energy policies.

"We proposed a green cess of 5 paise per kilowatt hour (kWh) on commercial and industrial consumers and that's expected to generate about Rs 55 crore annually for renewable energy," said G Satish, conservator of forests and general manager, KREDL.

The draft policy, a copy of which is available with TOI, aims at escalating renewable energy generation from 2,400 MW to 6,600 MW by 2014. Energy conservation and efficiency will save up to 7,901 million units or 900 MW.

Sell it to the grid!

A tariff will be set for rooftop grid-connected solar kW-level projects with net metering facility -- a system by which renewable energy can be directly sold to the grid.

The `Solar Karnataka' Programme aims for 25,000 solar rooftops of 5-10 KW with net metering in the next five years and with a generation potential of 350 MU. The solar feed tariff will be Rs 13 per kWh for the first 12 years and Rs 3 from the 13th to 25th year.

Lucrative incentive

An incentive of Rs 25 lakh per MW will be given to biogas manufacturers, which will be added to the grid and sold to Escoms. There'll be a single-window clearance for all projects by the state-level empowered committee.

"An award scheme for timely commissioning and an inter-departmental review committee to monitor policy and implementation are also part of the policy," Satish explained.

Multi-crore investment

The Akshaya Shakthi Nidhi (green energy fund) will invest Rs 500 crore in renewable energy through funds generated from the green cess. The total load from the industrial sector is 11,000 MU, and a 5 paise cess will help them generate adequate funds for renewable energy development.

The consortium of Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd, Akshaya Shakti Nidhi Trust and the energy department in collaboration with the Karnataka State Finance Corporation will raise funds. Forest-land clearance will be achieved in four months and various statutory clearances within 90 days.

A system of renewable energy economic zone for all SEZs will be created whereby 10% of the SEZ land will be provided for such energy generation. For now, the plan looks ambitious and a timely solution for the fluctuating power situation in this power-starved state.

Rise of renewable energy

* 5 paise cess per kilowatt hour on commercial and industrial users

* With this, the government hope to generate at lest Rs 55 crore

* This money will be used to develop infrastructure for renewable energy sources

* Draft policy aims to increase renewable energy generation from 2,400 MW to 6,600 MW by 2014

Solar rooftops in focus

* `Solar Karnataka' Programme aims for 25,000 solar rooftops

* These will be of 5-10 KW with net metering in the next five years

* The generation potential is 350 million units

* Solar feed tariff will be Rs 13 per kWh for the first 12 years and Rs 3 from the 13th to 25th year

* Incentive of Rs 25 lakh per MW to biogas manufacturers

Behind the initiative

* Consortium of Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd, Akshaya Shakti Nidhi Trust and the energy department in collaboration with the Karnataka State Finance Corporation will raise funds
Source: ToI
 

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Wind energy industry blows strong

CHENNAI: Tamil Nadu ranks first in wind energy generation with an output of 45 per cent of the power generated throughout the country.

“The State has installed capacity of 4,138 mw out of which for the year 2008-2009 ended March, we have generated 5,537 million units,” DV Giri, Chairman of the Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association (IWTM), told The New Indian Express on the Global Wind Day on Monday. IWTMA is the Board Member of the Global Wind Energy Council.

Tamil Nadu generated 5,537 million units for the year 2008-2009. From the period 1986 to 2009, the State has generated 32,286 million units, a TNEB report says. But this statistics fade when taken into the innumerable power cuts the State is experiencing.

“If it had not been for the wind industry, the entire State would have simply plunged into darkness,” said Giri recalling two major power shutdown cases in TN (the Neyveli Lignite Corporation and the Tuticorin Thermal Power Station) when the wind energy industry came to the rescue of the State.

India ranks fifth in the global power list with states like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Rajasthan in production of undoubtedly, one of the best forms of renewable energy.

Going by research, 40 years down the line, with the no coal situation, the most viable option could be wind energy. It is a double whammy resource, with no fuel cost, maintenance problems and security issue.

Moreover, it is environmentally friendly. The states which have proper policies envisaged for wind energy utilisation include Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. The Southern States have the maximum potential for using wind energy.

India has a potential of upto 45,000 mw of wind production but it has been unable to deliver it. The potential is huge and untapped, Giri said.
Source: EB
 

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Sugar mills generate as much 'green' energy as windmills

NEW DELHI: Sugar mills in India produce 2,000 megawatt of biomass-based energy every year, as much as windmills produce, and at half the cost, a new study has found.

The sugar mills, which produce both electricity and heat through cogeneration, are already selling power to the grid and can produce up to 5,100 MW - 69 percent of the country's total cogeneration capacity - according to the study carried out by the New Delhi-based NGO Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).

The study said "such alternatives to fossil fuel energy are critical for India's energy and climate security. But lack of policy and pricing issues threaten the sustainability of this green power

Sugar mills generate biomass-based 'green' energy from bagasse, a waste product that comes from sugarcane cultivation. Mills in the five major sugarcane growing states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh are now generating enough to meet the energy needs of a business centre the size of Gurgaon.

However, says the study, India has no policy framework in place to strengthen this green energy source. Sunita Narain, director, CSE, points out: "This energy source is an important win-win solution, as it brings value-addition and additional funds to agricultural resources, which in turn will give better payments to farmers and improve productivity. The question is what can be done to increase this energy source for the future."

Today, out of the 650-odd sugar mills in India, 107 have cogeneration plants. This revenue stream has managed to bail out sugar mills reeling from the falling prices of sugar, says the report. The Dhampur Sugar Mills in Uttar Pradesh, which has the largest cogeneration capacity in the country, made Rs.420 million from its cogeneration unit in 2007-08, compared to Rs.110 million from its sugar units. It sold about 177 million units of power to the state. The third largest sugar maker in India, Triveni, based in Deoband, Uttar Pradesh, is selling 16-17 MW of power to the grid.

The International Energy Agency says that the sugar sector has a potential to produce 5,100 MW of power through cogeneration, which is 69 percent of total cogeneration capacity. If the resources and technology are improved, cogeneration can produce almost 10,000 MW or 40 percent of the country's 2008 power deficit.

The report points out that bagasse generates nearly the same amount of power as the wind energy sector. Wind produces almost 2,000 MW, most of which remains unutilised most of the time.

Bagasse-based cogeneration plants also earn carbon credits as the carbon dioxide absorbed by sugarcane plants while growing up is more than the carbon dioxide produced in burning bagasse. The cogeneration plant of Triveni earned about 186,000 certified emission reductions worth over Rs.30 million between March 2004 and December 2007.

India launched its biomass power (bagasse-based cogeneration) policy in 1990. As the shortage of power grew in many sugarcane states, the policy was revised in 2006 to provide capital subsidy (Rs1.5 million per MW) and tax rebates (including 80 percent depreciation in the first year for selected equipment). The 2003 Amendment to the Electricity Act also provided the necessary framework for promoting renewable energy sources - asking states to fix a minimum limit for energy utilities to buy green energy.

However, the country still has a long way to go, the report says. In the absence of a strong policy framework, feed-in tariffs (the premium cost of green power) differ from state to state and are based on scarcity (not policy). While in some states like Tamil Nadu, the tariff is as high as Rs.7 per unit, others like Uttar Pradesh pay only Rs.3 per unit. Low feed-in tariffs have begun to hurt cogeneration, says the study.

Narain says: "The policy must incentivise the generation of power, not capital investment." The capital cost of biomass energy is roughly Rs.40-50 million per MW, which is half the cost of installing wind energy. But unlike wind, the raw material - bagasse or other agricultural residues - has competing uses and value. Narain says this price must be paid, as it helps local farmers to improve their returns and encourages production of biomass.

Narain also recommends making the renewable purchase obligation (RPO) mandatory, so that it becomes a tool to push for preferential markets for green energy. "To do this," she points out, "the policy must allow for inter-state sale so that green power-deficit states can purchase from others. In addition, we should consider how biomass-based energy can be used to feed local grids for local and decentralised distribution. Local energy supply should be given preferential tariffs so that villages that do not have power get it."
Source: ET
 

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On with a solar power mission

Slightly older but important news.

NEW DELHI: The Union Government has finalised the draft for the National Solar Mission. It aims to make India a global leader in solar energy and envisages an installed solar generation capacity of 20,000 MW by 2020, of 1,00,000 MW by 2030 and of 2,00,000 MW by 2050.

The total expected funding from the government for the 30-year period will run to Rs. 85,000 crore to Rs. 105,000 crore. The requirement during the current Five Year Plan is estimated to be Rs. 5,000 crore to Rs. 6,000 crore. It will rise to between Rs. 12,000 crore and Rs. 15,000 crore during the 12th Five Year Plan.

Implementation will be in three phases. The first phase of solar deployment (2009-2012) will aim to achieve rapid scaling-up to drive down costs. It will spur domestic manufacturing through the consolidation and expansion of on-going projects for urban, rural and off-grid applications. This will involve the promotion of commercial-scale solar utility plants, mandated installation of solar rooftop or on-site photo-voltaic applications in buildings and establishments of government and public sector undertakings. The target is 100 MW installed capacity here.

The Mission will encourage the use of solar applications to meet day-time peaking power requirement that is now met through diesel generation. Further expansion of solar lighting systems through market initiatives including micro-financing, in the rural and urban sectors, is expected to provide access to lighting for three million households by 2012.

In this phase, the Mission will make it mandatory for all functional buildings such as hospitals, hotels, guest houses and nursing homes to install solar water heaters. Residential complexes with a minimum plot area of 500 sq m will also be included.

In the second phase, to be implemented between 2012 and 2017, the Mission will focus on the commercial deployment of solar thermal power plants. This will involve storage options, and the promotion of solar lighting and heating systems on a large scale in market mode. This will be without subsidies but could include micro-financing options.

Finally, between 2017 and 2020, the target is to achieve tariff parity with conventional grid power and achieve an installed capacity of 20 gigawatts (Gw) by 2020. The installation of one million rooftop systems with an average capacity of 3 kilowatts (kW) by the same year is also envisaged.

The proposed strategy of the Mission should help achieve significant reduction in the cost of solar power and create a robust infrastructure for it.
Source: The Hindu
 

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India’s Renewable Energy Investment Grew By 12% In 2008: Says UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has reported that India has seen a 12% increase in investment in the renewable energy sector with an investment of $3.7 billion in 2008. The largest share was asset finance at $3.2 billion which grew by 25%. The clean renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and small-hydro projects. The major portion of investment has been made in wind energy sector. The investment in wind energy sector grew at 17% from $2.2 billion to $2.6 billion.

The investment in small hydro projects grew about four-fold to $543 million in 2008.

The growth in biofuels fell by 80% from $251 million in 2007 to $49 million in 2008.

The venture capital and private equity remains a small piece of total clean energy investment in India, but saw a significant increase of 270% to $493 million in 2008.

In 2007, Indian companies began to explore foreign exchanges as a source of funds, raising $756 million on the Singapore Stock Exchange and London’s AIM, compared to $646 million on domestic exchanges. With the financial turmoil in 2008, both those funding avenues dried up with no money raised internationally in 2008 and only $74 million raised on Indian exchanges. Shriram EPC, an Indian wind turbine manufacturer and engineering firm, rose around $38 million in an IPO.
Source: Energy BUSINESS Review
 

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Asian Development Bank to invest $2bn a year in clean energy

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has announced it is to double its annual spending on clean energy investments in Asia-Pacific to $2bn (£1.2bn).

The increase, which forms part of ADB's Energy Efficiency Initiative, will take effect from 2013.
In year 2008 ADB spent $1bn on clean energy.

ADB said its clean tech investments to date include wind power projects in China and India, hydro-power developments in Bhutan, China and Vietnam, and a biomass power plant in Thailand.
Source: businessGreen
 

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Karnataka plans solar power projects

BANGALORE: The Karnataka Government plans to launch an ambitious self-sustaining solar technology programme in 3,900 villages in 39 most backward blocks to cater to the energy needs of 50 lakh people.

State-owned Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd (KREDL) this week invited bids from solar technology providers to design, finance, build, operate and maintain solar/hybrid power plants and collect user fee to provide solar energy on a sustainable basis for the requirement of village clusters.

These plants provide power either through a local mini-grid or stand-alone or make it available at a charging station, enabling residents to charge their electrical appliances. Solar power is to be provided for street-lights, household consumption, ente rtainment/educational purposes, water-lifting for irrigation, drinking water supply, purification/desalination plants, deflourination, milk pasteurisation and local cottage industrial applications.

Solar power would be metered and made available at a fee determined in advance. “Most of the targeted villages either have no electric supply or get poor voltage at present,” KREDL, Managing Director, Mr H.G. Shivanandamurthy, told PTI.

“We will play the role of facilitator in the project. Our interest is to see that the people get power at the lowest cost,” he added. - PTI
Source: The Hindu

^^ Biofuels recycle carbon in atmosphere. They absorb carbon while growing and put back the same amount to atmosphere when burnt. So, in effect there is no addition of carbon to the atmosphere. But, what I feel is biomass, wind, water based energy is in turn derived from solar energy. There could be a more efficient way of using solar energy directly instead of turning it to biomass. Pongamia, Jatropha or Neem require some energy to extract fuel. And also need considerable amount of fresh water. Hope in near future we would be able to harness solar energy directly in an efficient way.
 

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Indian again at the helm of World Wind Energy Association

AHMEDABAD: WIND seems to be flowing in favour of India as far as the world wind energy affairs are concerned. On Monday, Anil Kane was reelected as president of World Wind Energy Association (WWEA) for yet another two-year term during the 8th World Wind Energy Conference 2009 held on the picturesque Jeju island, Korea. This is the third consecutive term for Mr Kane as the president. The WWEA has never repeated its president.
Mr Kane will continue to be at the helm of affairs of world’ most powerful body in wind energy with membership base spread across 90 countries. WWEA’s 400 members, from 91 countries, represent a total membership of more than 50,000 members.

WWEA provides a platform for dialogues among the members worldwide and it advises and influences governments and international organisations in policymaking. WWEA also provides international technology transfer.
Source: ET
 

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Green projects get VCF energy

NEW DELHI: The power ministry is mooting a venture fund to underwrite investments in new clean energy projects, as it looks to invite fresh players into the sector.

About 50% of its kitty will come from the government directly and the rest from domestic as well as global financial institutions such as IFC, Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency and private equity firms, according to a ministry official. The proposal has been sent to the finance ministry for approval, the official said on condition of anonymity.

With backing from a government-operated fund, these firms will find it easier to raise bank loans even in the absence of a strong balance sheet or large initial investments from promoters.

“It is extremely important to have such a venture fund in the country. Such a fund would cover the risk of energy services companies and give a big boost to the sector,” The Energy and Resources Institute (Teri) executive director Leena Srivastava said.

According to Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) director-general Ajay Mathur, banks often refuse such projects since they find it difficult to understand the business models of energy-efficient projects, which often don’t reveal income projections.

“In such cases, the fund will act as a partial risk guarantee fund and help companies get loans from banks,” he said.

Clean technology projects are mostly based on savings, and hence the risk element is high. “You may either underestimate or overestimate the saving and hence the risk,” Mrs Srivastava said.

According to a recent report of the United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP) on ‘Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009’, $155 billion was invested in 2008 in clean energy companies and projects worldwide.

Countries such as China, India, Brazil and Africa contributed almost one-third of it. While China led investments in Asia with an 18% increase over 2007 to $15.6 billion, green energy investments in India grew 12% to $4.1 billion in 2008.
Source: ET
 

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Ghodawat Group lines up major expansion in renewable energy sector

Maharashtra-based Sanjay Ghodawat group is planning to focus more on renewable enery and agriculture business this fiscal,with major expansion plans in the pipeline.

The group has earmarked an investment of Rs 2,000 crore over the next five years, a major chunk of which will go into the group’s renewable, FMCG and agro business.

The group is also looking at expanding its business network in the eastern and north eastern region, especially in states like West Bengal, Orissa, which have a lot of potential in the renewable energy sector.
“In India of the total 17,000 Mw of installed renewable energy capacity, some 10,000 Mw comes from wind energy alone. We see huge potential in this sector, and we plan to invest heavily in this sector,” said Ghodawat.
Source: BS
 

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Solar power plant likely at Udangudi

CHENNAI: Udangudi in Tuticorin district may be the site for a 100-megawatt solar thermal power plant. This was mooted during a meeting between Union Minister for New and Renewable Energy Farooq Abdullah and Electricity Minister Arcot N. Veeraswami here on Saturday.
In spite of the constraints of the wind power sector the State has been promoting the green energy. As on January 31, 2009, Tamil Nadu accounts for around 42 per cent of the country’s total installed capacity of 9,756 MW of wind energy, the memorandum stated.

The State also sought Central assistance for establishing 17 co-generation plants in cooperative and public sugar mills with a capacity of 234 MW and modernisation of the mills at a cost of Rs.1,500 crore.
Source: The Hindu
 

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New state policy of Gujarat to add thrust to green energy sector

Gujarat’s green energy sector is all set to get a major boost if the draft notification relating to the CERC (Central Electricity Regulatory Commission) Regulations 2009 (Terms and Conditions for Tariff determination from Renewable Energy Sources) is approved. The draft offers substantial incentives for future renewable energy projects in the country.

Among other things, it even provides for pre-tax return on equity of 17 per cent per annum for the first 10 years after project completion, and 23 per cent per annum from the 11th year. Sobhana Desai, Deputy Secretary, Energy and Petrochemicals Department, said, “It certainly is a desirable step by the CERC. We are looking into the draft and will send our observations before the deadline ends on the June 15.”

GEDA officials also mentioned that Gujarat, which already has its own Solar and Wind Power Policy in place, is set to gain further as the CERC draft also includes the clause enlisting sharing of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) benefits between the project developer and concerned off-taker. It states that 100 per cent of the benefits will be retained by the developer in the first year, and thereafter, it will be shared by the beneficiaries, increasing by 10 per cent every year till it reaches 50 per cent.

The tariff regulations apply to wind power projects having minimum annual mean Wind Power Density of 200 watt/sq m; small hydel projects of lower than or equal to 25 MW; biomass power projects; and non-fossil fuel based co-generation projects. The tariff determination period under these regulations will be 13 years, and single part tariff will include five fixed components of return on equity, interest on loan capital, depreciation, interest on working capital, and operation and maintenance expenses.

Meanwhile, the existing solar power policy of the state provides for a fixed tariff of Rs 13 per unit for the first 12 years for the sale of energy by those photovoltaic solar projects commissioned before December 31, 2010, and Rs 3 per unit for the remaining 13 years. The tariff fixed for other solar projects commissioned before March 31, 2014 is Rs 12 per unit for the first 12 years, and Rs 3 per unit for the remaining 13 years. With regards to wind power generators, the purchase rate has been increased from Rs 3.37 per unit to Rs 3.50 per unit to attract more investment.
Source: indian express
 

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OGP ties up Rs 400 crore for six power plants

Oriental Green Power (OGP), a renewable energy generation company promoted by Chennai-based Shriram EPC, has achieved Rs 400-crore financial closure for six bio-mass based power plants.

Speaking to Business Standard, T Shivaraman, managing director and chief executive officer of Shriram EPC, said the company was planning to invest around Rs 1,100 crore in eight projects, of which financial closure for six projects has been achieved.

“A majority of the lenders are public sector banks, with the only private sector bank being Yes Bank. The banks had come forward to extend debt to the tune of Rs 400 crore,” Shivaraman said.

OGP has set a target to set up bio-mass based power plants, with a generation capacity of 130 Mw by March 2010. The company expects about 20 per cent of its business to come from bio-mass power.

Two plants have already been commissioned at Dindugal and Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu, each entailing an investment of Rs 40 crore. Two more plants – coming up near Vandavasi and at Chibbarbarod in Rajasthan – are likely to commence operations by this September.

Shivaraman said bio-mass power plants had to source agriculture waste – the main raw material – from farmers within 40-50 km radius. The raw material is not available in huge quantities, and hence upgrading or installing power plants beyond 7.5 Mw is not viable, he added.

Shriram EPC is a leading service provider of integrated design, engineering, procurement, construction and project management services for renewable energy projects, process and metallurgical plants and municipal service sector projects throughout India and is also a manufacturer of 250 Kw wind turbine generators.
Source: BS
 

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31 biomass power projects of 338 MW to come up in Punjab

Chandigarh (PTI): State owned Punjab Energy Development Agency (PEDA) has finalized the allocation of 31 decentralized Biomass Power Projects with aggregate capacity of 338 MW to private developers.

Stating this in a release issued here on Sunday, Viswajeet Khanna, Secretary, Science and Technology, Punjab said that these power projects are to be set up in the State on Build, Operate and Own (BOO) basis and private investment to the tune of Rs.1450 Crore has been attracted in this sector.

Out of these, 21 such projects having total capacity of 220 MW have been allocated to the private developers. All these power projects are scheduled to be commissioned by September 2010.

He said that in order to encourage cogeneration in the industries, PEDA has also facilitated and commissioned 6 Biomass Cogeneration Projects with a total capacity of 39 MW and 4 such projects of total capacity of 91 MW were under advanced state of execution.

Another 8 Cogeneration Biomass Projects with a total capacity of 71 MW were in the pipeline and MOUs for the same were being signed shortly. With the commissioning of all these power projects direct employment for 1600 skilled persons and indirect employment for 5000 persons would be created in the state.

He said that these power projects being environment friendly would help in abatement of Green House Gases (GHG) emissions responsible for global warming and help the state in earning carbon credits.

The Secretary said that Punjab faces peak power shortage to the tune of 3000 MW and the commissioning of these environment friendly projects would help in supplementing power requirement of the State to the tune of around 26 per cent through renewable energy resources.

He further informed that the State Government was committed to promote renewable power through private sector by providing attractive tariff and fiscal incentives for these projects in order to add 1000 MW capacity to the state grid through renewable resources in the next two years.
Source: The Hindu
 

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3 Indian projects get Ashden Awards in London

London: The world's leading green energy awards, the Ashden Awards for this year were given out in London on Thursday evening by His Royal Highness, The Prince of Wales. Three Indian initiatives have won the Ashden Awards for sustainable energy for their work in providing renewable energy solutions to local communities.

The winners, who bagged £20,000 each, include Saran Renewable Energy of Bihar, which provides electricity using biomass and Geres, a French NGO constructing greenhouses in Ladakh.
Source: IBNLive
 

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^^ Whether the above figures are only grid-connected energy or also includes stand alone energy?

Compared to other countries we may be doing well. But, the ideal goal is 100% clean energy (renewable + nuclear) including 100% green transportation. We have to meet all energy demands, with an expected GDP growth of around 9% (?), with a minimum use of fossil energy without harming the environment much.
 

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The goal for renewable energy is to reduce carbon emission, reducel crude oil import bill, reduce coal import bill.

Fossil energy means coal, petrol and natural gas. Out of total electrical energy generated in India 67% is fossil energy consisting of coal & natural gas and 33% is renewable & nuclear.

Electrical energy generated by crude oil is negligible. India uses approximately 130 MMT of crude oil mainly for transportation. (Petrol is also used for agricultural pumps and also for generating industrial by products). If we assume that 100 MMT of petrol needed for transportation in year 2020 then this will be equivalent to approximately 140GW of electrical energy.

If we want to substitute petrol used in transportation by renewable energy option available are electrical (for example reva car) or biofuel. (Solar vehicles may not be an immediate option). Out of 140GW if we assume 100GW to be generated through eletrical power then we need total electrical power of 500GW in 2020. (got by adding another 100GW to 400GW predicted above).
 

· hazaron ke anna
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What about wave energy? Any more research on that?
The total potential of tidal energy in India is estimated at 8,000 mw with Gulf of Cambay accounting for over 90 per cent.
Read more about tidal energy in Project Monitor

There is also a potential of 10GW through geothermal energy (may not be renewable). But, I have a doubt that how much of geothermal energy is safe to extract? Whether there is any possibility of earthquakes due to cooling and shrinkage of earth's inner layer due to the extraction of heat?
 
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