Well, Romania is not a developed country so some of those steps do not apply:In most developed countries (which should include Romania), the planning process is something like this;
* political agreement to build and fund a motorway (there could be years or even decades of political talk before this).
* design a preliminary alignment, with several alternatives
* public hearing
* publishing a preferred alternative + environmental impact statement
* public comment
* publishing a final EIS
* public can appeal
* court decide about the appeals
* court handles possible tender appeals from constructors.
Building a court-proof EIS takes around 1 - 1.5 years. A typical EIS is around 1,000 pages. Public hearings and commenting periods are usually at least 6 weeks, but are often longer in the initial stage. Then most projects will go to court. It usually takes at least half a year to get a project through court, but in most countries it takes longer, 1 - 2 years is not unheard of. That assumes that the project will not fail before the judge. Then you have to go through land acquisition and possible appeals during the tender process.
Most countries do not achieve this in less than 5 years.
- there is no political agreement about motorway construction, each party that gets into power has its own plans which are in general different from the ones of other parties
- I haven't heard of the possibility of the public to make comments or to appeal the EIS