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Salamanca is a city in Cattaraugus County, New York, on the Allegheny (or Allegany) River. The population is just over 6,000. Salamanca is the only city in the United States on land leased from an Indian Reservation. The land is leased from the Seneca Nation, one of the six nations of the Iroquois. The land is currently leased until 2030.

Salamanca was originally named Bucktooth, but the name was changed to Salamanca after Don Jose de Salamanca, an investor of the Atlantic & Western Railroad, one of the 4 railroads that went through town. The other railroads were the Erie Railroad, Buffalo, Rochester, and Pittsburgh Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Railroad.


Coming down southbound New York Route 353 into Salamanca, you also enter the Allegany Indian Reservation.



A house on Clinton Street.



Businesses on Main Street at Sycamore Avenue.



An old house on Wildwood Avenue.



Houses on Wildwood Avenue.



Looking west into the sun at businesses on Main Street at Wildwood Avenue.



Houses on River Street.



More houses on River Street.



The old Seneca Theatre, built in 1945 on Main Street. The theatre seated almost 1300 and remained open until 1972, when it was flooded from Hurricane Agnes rain. The county renovated the theater in the 1980's, and it is now known as the Cattaraugus County Living Arts Center.



Houses on Broad Street.



The Seneca Allegany Casino sits on the edge of town, at the end of Broad Street by exit 20 on I-86. The casino was built in 2006.

 
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