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Salamanca is a city in Cattaraugus County on the Allegheny (or Allegany) River. The population is just over 6,000. Salamanca is the only city in the United States on land leased from an Indian Reservation. The land is leased from the Seneca Nation, one of the six nations of the Iroquois. The land is currently leased until 2030.

Salamanca was originally named Bucktooth, but the name was changed to Salamanca after Don Jose de Salamanca, an investor of the Atlantic & Western Railroad, one of the 4 railroads that went through town. The other railroads were the Erie Railroad, Buffalo, Rochester, and Pittsburgh Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Railroad.


Coming down southbound New York Route 353 into Salamanca, you also enter the Allegany Indian Reservation.



A house on Clinton Street.



Businesses on Main Street at Sycamore Avenue.



An old house on Wildwood Avenue.



Houses on Wildwood Avenue.



Looking west into the sun at businesses on Main Street at Wildwood Avenue.



Houses on River Street.



More houses on River Street.



The old Seneca Theatre, built in 1945 on Main Street. The theatre seated almost 1300 and remained open until 1972, when it was flooded from Hurricane Agnes rain. The county renovated the theater in the 1980's, and it is now known as the Cattaraugus County Living Arts Center.



Houses on Broad Street.



The Seneca Allegany Casino sits on the edge of town, at the end of Broad Street by exit 20 on I-86. The casino was built in 2006.

 

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Buffalo's Worst Nightmare
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I've driven through Salamanca a hundred times on the way to Holiday Valley... what a hole... though you somehow make it look nice... they might as well just not renew their lease in 2030 and move everyone to Jamestown. Their Uni-Mart... which is the only Uni-Mart I've ever seen in NYS... is quite dingy.
 

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Buffalo's Worst Nightmare
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wow exciting!



it closed. too much competition from Antoine's indian gas station two blocks up Rt 219.
damn... guess i'll have to find some other convenience store for a caffeine boost on that long lonely stretch from Salamanca to St. Marys, PA after a full day's skiing
 

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Told you so...
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Their Uni-Mart... which is the only Uni-Mart I've ever seen in NYS... is quite dingy.
There's a Uni-Mart in Blasdell (branded as a "Choice" cigarette store, but the PATP receipts betray it) and one in Depew on Walden.

Thank God some taste prevailed and the place still isn't called "Bucktooth". Geesh.
 

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Buffalo's Worst Nightmare
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yeah... I checked out Uni-Mart's website and there's quite a few in WNY
 

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Old Fart
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Interesting pics Matt. Gotta admit I've never been there. From the other replies, I guess these pics will suffice. Thanks.
 

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Heard of it of course, but can't remember ever driving through. We may have when I was a kid, not sure. My convenience stop once I get up in the Buffalo area, and before I leave on the way back to Jersey, is the Wilson Farms on the corner of Transit and French. The self-proclaimed 'Best cup of coffee in Depew'..lol. Can't recall seeing a Uni-Mart up there.
 

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I think it is hilarious that you posted that...because I was thinking exactly that. And it isn't typically the 'code' around here to refer to someone's town, who they may really like, as a "hole." But Salamanca is a hole, by anyone's measure.
haha you're right that was pretty funny. usually we try to mask our dislike of cities. but yeah, salamenca is very hole-ish regardless of who you are. Not only does it have the usual "depressing" factor of a WNY town, but 40 percent of the houses are literally almost completly decayed.
 

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So...if the town is on "leased land" does that mean that homeowners in the town don't actually own the land their houses are on? That seems just a little bit retarded
 

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hmm. from what i have heard from my stepdad, the "home-owners" pay like really long term "leases" on the houses that they must renew after so many years...a lot of years. but the "leases" are supposedly as cheap as if you owned that house for that many years, minus some even, because after your leases is over, you either renew or return it to the seneca nation.
 
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