Construction of a secret bunker began in late February 1942.
By this time, Samara (Kuibyshev), which was evacuated from Moscow to the Soviet government, the party apparatus komunisticheskoy and 22 foreign embassies, was officially the capital reserve of the Soviet Union.
Stalin's Bunker in Samara - the most powerful of the now declassified bunker. Its depth - 37 meters, a height of 12-storey building. For comparison, the depth of Hitler's bunker in Berlin, was 16 meters, with Churchill in London shelter located at a depth of only two floors, with Roosevelt - two floors. Analogues of the building was not there, especially if we take into account the period of time. A giant "hole" was dug out in less than 9 months of uninterrupted round the clock work. In the bunker was an autonomous system of regeneration, and its air power. By the way, all this is still in working condition. Bunker and to this day kept sealed and is designed for full autonomy for five days. The once-secret underground multi-storey building is equipped with elevators. The lowest floor is a conference room for 115 people. Next - living room, designed to Stalin. On the upper floors - to protect the premises, warehouses and logistics services. The bunker could withstand a direct hit by the biggest aviation bombs at the time - above all this building monolithic concrete three meters thick, layer of sand and one meter long concrete "mattress."
November 11, 1941 in Kuibyshev first appeared on Billboard's performances in the evacuated town of Bolshoi Theatre. He had an enormous impact on the culture of the Samara region.
The first train arrived with his actors in the Kuibyshev November 6, 1941. Among the evacuees were world-famous singer Ivan Kozlovsky, Maxim Mikhailov, Mark Reizen, Valeria Autograph, ballerina Olga Lepeshinskaya, pianists Lev Oborin and Emil Gilels, the composer Dmitri Shostakovich, Chief Conductor of the theater Samuel Samosud, and other famous masters of the arts.
For two years in Kuibyshev collective Bolshoi restored almost all of his repertoire, and even set a new ballet "Red Sails". Artists are often performed in military units, hospitals Kuibyshev in the shops of factories, collective farms in the area. http://news.samaratoday.ru/news/203552/
Opera and Ballet Theatre in the Samara city, which performed the staff of the Bolshoi Theatre.
December 27, 1941 Shostakovich finished the "Leningrad Symphony."
March 5, 1942 in Kuibyshev in the premises of the theater of opera and ballet was first performed Shostakovich's Leningrad Symphony. The conductor Samuel Samosud. This premier permanently inscribed in the musical history of the country and around the world.
Confronting Hitler's Germany and the Soviet Union began long before the Great Patriotic War (World War II). At that time, the main front of this confrontation was the front information. Capturing one European state after another, the Germans have not experienced major difficulties with the organization of broadcasting stations, they used the existing radio network. Flows of Nazi propaganda fell upon the heads of European citizens. The Soviet government, realizing the gravity of the situation of the Soviet Union, who was on the verge of war, was forced to immediately look for ways to counter Hitler's information machine.
Underground engineering building. The view from the street.
In 1939-1940, decided to build a city of Kursk, super-powerful radio transmitting station at 1200 kilowatts (at that time was enormous.) A draft, selected area. But the beginning of the war confounded the plans. Construction of the center of the transmitter was immediately relocated under the city of Kuibyshev (Samara). Already in July 1941 set a new platform under construction.
Freight entrance to the engineering building.
Based on the requirements of war was given the task to put a radio station into the ground, on top leaving only the antenna structure. Power supply cables are also conducted under the ground. Copper coaxial cables of large diameter, reaching to the antennae, too, were under the ground in a special feeder tunnel.
View of the technical roof of the building. Concrete structures - ventilation shafts.
In the distance range of the transmitting antennas of medium range.
This is an older thread, you may not receive a response, and could
be reviving an old thread. Please consider creating a new thread.
A forum community dedicated to skyscrapers, towers, highrises, construction, and city planning enthusiasts. Come join the discussion about structures, styles, reviews, scale, transportation, skylines, architecture, and more!