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Scythopolis, Beth Shean

model of Scitopolis a7000 years old town.
watch the Theatre in the center
the main colounade street right of it
the hypodrum at the left
the "Acropolis" with Zeus temple upon it on the right

the "Acropolis" is an artificial hill made from archiological levels one upon the older one. 20 different towns dating 5000 BC to the Neolitic time.



Beth Shean Area

Located 17 miles (27 km) south of the Sea of Galilee, Beth Shean is situated at the strategic junction of the Harod and Jordan Valleys. The fertility of the land and the abundance of water led the Jewish sages to say, "If the Garden of Eden is in the land of Israel, then its gate is Beth Shean." It is no surprise then that the site has been almost continuously settled from the Chalcolithic period to the present.

































Scythopolis
Pompey and the Romans rebuilt Beth Shean in 63 B.C. and it was renamed Scythopolis ("city of the Scythians;" cf. Col 3:11). It became the capital city of the Decapolis and was the only one on the west side of the Jordan. The city continued to grow and prosper in the Roman and Byzantine periods until it was destroyed on January 18, 749 A.D. by an earthquake. Evidence of this earthquake includes dozens of massive columns that toppled over in the same direction.


















the theater













main colounade street





coloumes fall after an Earthquake at the 8th cen. AD









Bath house
view of the colomns which supported the heated floor




























 

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